Jacob Galson

Jacob Galson
Alchemab Therapeutics Ltd

BA, DPhil

About

47
Publications
9,857
Reads
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907
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2016 - present
Kymab
Position
  • Researcher
June 2014 - March 2015
GlaxoSmithKline Vaccines
Position
  • DPhil Student
September 2012 - October 2016
University of Oxford
Position
  • DPhil Student

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
Full-text available
Nearly all licensed vaccines have been developed to confer protection against infectious diseases by stimu- lating the production of antibodies by B cells, but the nature of a successful antibody response has been diffi- cult to capture. Recent advances in next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology have allowed high-reso- lution characterization o...
Article
Full-text available
High-throughput sequencing of the B cell receptor (BCR) repertoire can provide rapid characterization of the B cell response in a wide variety of applications in health, after vaccination and in infectious, inflammatory and immune-driven disease, and is starting to yield clinical applications. However, the interpretation of repertoire data is compr...
Article
Full-text available
Influenza pandemics require rapid deployment of effective vaccines for control. Adjuvants such as AS03 improve vaccine immunogenicity, but this mechanism is poorly understood. We used high-throughput B cell receptor sequencing of plasma cells produced following AS03-adjuvanted and non-adjuvanted 2009 pandemic H1N1 vaccination, as well as pre-pandem...
Article
Full-text available
Next-generation sequencing was used to investigate the B cell receptor heavy chain transcript repertoire of different B cell subsets (naïve, marginal zone, IgM memory and IgG memory) at baseline, and of plasma cells 7 days following administration of serogroup ACWY meningococcal polysaccharide and protein-polysaccharide conjugate vaccines. Baseline...
Article
Full-text available
BackgroundA diverse B-cell repertoire is essential for recognition and response to infectious and vaccine antigens. High-throughput sequencing of B-cell receptor (BCR) genes can now be used to study the B-cell repertoire at great depth and may shed more light on B-cell responses than conventional immunological methods. Here, we use high-throughput...
Preprint
Immunoglobulin loci-transgenic animals are widely used in antibody discovery and increasingly in vaccine response modelling. In this study, we phenotypically characterised B-cell populations from the Intelliselect® Transgenic mouse (Kymouse) demonstrating full B-cell development competence. Comparison of the naïve B-cell receptor (BCR) repertoires...
Article
Full-text available
An individual’s B cell receptor (BCR) repertoire encodes information about past immune responses and potential for future disease protection. Deciphering the information stored in BCR sequence datasets will transform our understanding of disease and enable discovery of novel diagnostics and antibody therapeutics. A key challenge of BCR sequence ana...
Article
Malaria transmission-blocking vaccines induce antibodies that target Plasmodium in the mosquito vector. We recently reported that Pfs230 vaccine achieves superior activity to Pfs25 in humans. Here, we describe clonal expansion in the variable region of immunoglobulin heavy chains (VH) of antigen-specific single B cells collected from humans immuniz...
Article
Full-text available
Several human B-cell subpopulations are recognized in the peripheral blood, which play distinct roles in the humoral immune response. These cells undergo developmental and maturational changes involving VDJ recombination, somatic hypermutation and class switch recombination, altogether shaping their immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) repertoire. Here...
Article
Full-text available
Passive immunization using monoclonal antibodies will play a vital role in the fight against COVID-19. The recent emergence of viral variants with reduced sensitivity to some current antibodies and vaccines highlights the importance of broad cross-reactivity. This study describes deep-mining of the antibody repertoires of hospitalized COVID-19 pati...
Article
Full-text available
Malaria elimination requires tools that interrupt parasite transmission. Here, we characterize B cell receptor responses among Malian adults vaccinated against the first domain of the cysteine-rich 230 kDa gamete surface protein Pfs230, a key protein in sexual stage development of P. falciparum parasites. Among nine Pfs230 human monoclonal antibodi...
Article
Full-text available
Due to their shared genetic history, antibodies from the same clonotype often bind to the same epitope. This knowledge is used in immune repertoire mining, where known binders are used to search bulk sequencing repertoires to identify new binders. However, current computational methods cannot identify epitope convergence between antibodies from dif...
Article
Full-text available
Deep sequencing of B cell receptor (BCR) heavy chains from a cohort of 31 COVID-19 patients from the UK reveals a stereotypical naive immune response to SARS-CoV-2 which is consistent across patients. Clonal expansion of the B cell population is also observed and may be the result of memory bystander effects. There was a strong convergent sequence...
Article
Plasma antimalarial Ab can mediate antiparasite immunity but has not previously been characterized at the molecular level. Here, we develop an innovative strategy to characterize humoral responses by integrating profiles of plasma immunoglobulins (IGs) or Abs with those expressed on B cells as part of the B cell receptor. We applied this strategy t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Malaria elimination requires tools that interrupt parasite transmission. Here, we characterized B cell receptor responses among Malian adults vaccinated against the first domain of the cysteine-rich 230kDa gamete surface protein Pfs230 1–3 to neutralize sexual stage P. falciparum parasites and halt their further spread. We generated nine Pfs230 hum...
Article
Full-text available
B cells play a central role in adaptive immune processes, mainly through the production of antibodies. The maturation of the B cell system with age is poorly studied. We extensively investigated age-related alterations of naïve and antigen-experienced immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) repertoires. The most significant changes were observed in the fi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Due to their shared genetic history, antibodies from the same clonotype often bind to the same epitope. This knowledge is used in immune repertoire mining, where known binders are used to search bulk sequencing repertoires to identify new binders. However current computational methods cannot identify epitope convergence between antibodies from diff...
Preprint
Full-text available
Deep sequencing of B cell receptor (BCR) heavy chains from a cohort of 19 COVID-19 patients from the UK reveals a stereotypical naive immune response to SARS-CoV-2 which is consistent across patients and may be a positive indicator of disease outcome. Clonal expansion of the B cell memory response is also observed and may be the result of memory by...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Vaccines have greatly reduced the burden of infectious disease, ranking in their impact on global health second only after clean water. Most vaccines confer protection by the production of antibodies with binding affinity for the antigen, which is the main effector function of B cells. This results in short term changes in the B cell r...
Article
Malaria elimination requires tools that interrupt parasite transmission. Here, we characterized B cell receptor responses among Malian adults vaccinated against the first domain of the cysteine-rich 230kDa gamete surface protein Pfs230 1–3 to neutralize sexual stage P. falciparum parasites and halt their further spread. We generated nine Pfs230 hum...
Article
Background: Hemophilia A is caused by deficiency of factor VIII (F.VIII), an essential blood-clotting cofactor. The current standard of care involves prophylactic or on-demand use of F.VIII. However, approximately 30% of severe hemophilia A patients develop inhibitory antibodies against the replacement factor VIII. Additionally, venous infusion of...
Preprint
Full-text available
B cells play a central role in adaptive immune processes, mainly through the production of antibodies. The maturation of the B-cell system through continuous antigen exposure with age is poorly studied. We extensively investigated naive and antigen-experienced B-cell receptor (BCR) repertoires in individuals aged 6 months to 50 years. Most dynamics...
Article
B cells play a central role in adaptive immune processes, mainly through the production of antibodies. The maturation of the B-cell system through continuous antigen exposure with age is poorly studied. We extensively investigated naïve and antigen-experienced B-cell receptor (BCR) repertoires in individuals aged 6 months to 50 years. Most dynamics...
Preprint
Full-text available
Vaccines have greatly reduced the burden of infectious disease, ranking in their impact on global health second only after clean water. Most vaccines confer protection by the production of antibodies with binding affinity for the antigen, which is the main effector function of B cells. This results in short term changes in the B Cell receptor (BCR)...
Article
Full-text available
Vaccines have greatly reduced the burden of infectious disease, ranking in their impact on global health second only after clean water. Most vaccines confer protection by the production of antibodies with binding affinity for the antigen, which is the main effector function of B cells. This results in short term changes in the B Cell receptor (BCR)...
Article
Full-text available
Every human possesses millions of distinct antibodies. It is now possible to analyze this diversity via next-generation sequencing of immunoglobulin genes (Ig-seq). This technique produces large volume sequence snapshots of B-cell receptors that are indicative of the antibody repertoire. In this paper, we enrich these large-scale sequence datasets...
Article
Full-text available
Next-generation sequencing of immunoglobulin gene repertoires (Ig-seq) allows the investigation of large-scale antibody dynamics at a sequence level. However, structural information, a crucial descriptor of antibody binding capability, is not collected in Ig-seq protocols. Developing systematic relationships between the antibody sequence informatio...
Article
Full-text available
The advent of next-generation sequencing now allows a detailed assessment of the adaptive immune system in health and disease. In particular, high-throughput B-cell receptor (BCR) repertoire sequencing provides detailed information about the functionality and abnormalities of the B-cell system. However, it is mostly unknown how the BCR repertoire i...
Article
Full-text available
Key Points FAS-dependent apoptosis in Vδ1 T cells makes the latter possible culprits for the lymphadenopathy observed in patients with FAS mutations. Rapamycin and methylprednisolone resistance should prompt clinicians to look for Vδ1 T cell proliferation in ALPS-FAS patients.
Article
Full-text available
Background A diverse B-cell repertoire is essential for recognition and response to infectious and vaccine antigens. High-throughput sequencing of B-cell receptor (BCR) genes can now be used to study the B-cell repertoire at great depth and may shed more light on B-cell responses than conventional immunological methods. Here, we use high-throughput...
Article
Full-text available
Germinal centers (GCs) are microanatomical structures critical for the development of high-affinity Abs and B cell memory. They are organized into two zones, light and dark, with coordinated roles, controlled by local signaling. The innate lectin-like transcript 1 (LLT1) is known to be expressed on B cells, but its functional role in the GC reactio...
Article
Full-text available
Advances in next-generation sequencing now allow characterization of the global B-cell receptor (BCR) heavy-chain repertoire at a level that reflects its huge diversity. This technology has provided great insight into the structure of the BCR repertoire and how it responds to specific antigen stimuli. There are numerous potential clinical and resea...
Article
Full-text available
Generating a diverse B cell immunoglobulin repertoire is essential for protection against infection. The repertoire in humans can now be comprehensively measured by high-throughput sequencing. Using hepatitis B vaccination as a model, we determined how the total immunoglobulin sequence repertoire changes following antigen exposure in humans, and co...
Article
An antigen refers to a molecule that is able to bind to the cells of the immune system. If an antigen can also stimulate an immune response, it is termed an immunogen. Immunogenicity is a measure of this ability to activate the immune response: that is, the B and T cells underlying humoral and cell-mediated immunity. Understanding the concept of im...
Article
When discussing changes in graduate training and the career options of young scientists, the voices of trainees are often missing. With this in mind, we asked a number of young scientists to tell us about their motivation, about what inspires and challenges them, and how they aim to contribute.
Article
Full-text available
High-throughput sequencing allows detailed study of the BCR repertoire postimmunization, but it remains unclear to what extent the de novo identification of Ag-specific sequences from the total BCR repertoire is possible. A conjugate vaccine containing Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and group C meningococcal polysaccharides, as well as tetanus...
Article
Full-text available
SUMMARY We compared Campylobacter jejuni/coli multilocus sequence types (STs) from pets (dogs/cats) and their owners and investigated risk factors for pet-associated human campylobacteriosis using a combined source-attribution and case-control analysis. In total, 132/687 pet stools were Campylobacter-positive, resulting in 499 strains isolated (320...

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