Jackie Blissett

Jackie Blissett
Aston University · Department of Psychology

Ph.D.

About

101
Publications
20,167
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4,631
Citations
Citations since 2017
7 Research Items
2281 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300400

Publications

Publications (101)
Article
Background: Otitis media (OM), or middle ear infections, are one of the most common diseases during early childhood. OM has been linked to changes in food preferences through potential effects on taste signalling, and thereby, to increased weight. Objectives: We investigated the associations between OM, taste sensitivity and adiposity across two...
Article
Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by involuntary, repetitive and non-rhythmic motor and vocal tics. Despite suggestion that diet may affect tics, and the substantial research into children's diet, eating behaviours and sensory processing in comorbid disorders (e.g. ASD), research in TS is lacking. The present stu...
Article
Full-text available
Despite guidance from the World Health Organization and the UK Department of Health, many mothers introduce solid food before their infant is 6 months old. The current study aimed to investigate relationships between maternal feeding behaviours (pre‐ and post‐ introduction to solids), infant temperament and the timing of introduction to solid food....
Conference Paper
Feeding problems are commonly reported by parents and can have implications for infant growth and weight gain (Wright et al., 2007). Many parents also report that getting their children to consume, what they perceive to be, a normal healthy diet is a significant challenge (Cardona Cano et al., 2015). Feeding problems can therefore be a source of fa...
Article
Feeding problems are common, with implications for nutrition, growth and family stress, placing burden on primary care services. The Montreal Children's Hospital Feeding Scale (MCHFS) is a quick and reliable measure of feeding problems for clinical settings, but there is little examination of its relationship to commonly used research measures of p...
Article
Higher fungiform papillae density (FPD) has been associated with lower taste sensitivity thresholds and greater perceived taste intensity along with consumption of fewer fruit and vegetables (FV). Children exposed to greater variety of FV tend to habitually consume more FV, however, it is unknown whether exposure effects are attenuated by individua...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Group-based children's weight management programmes are widely available in the UK and evidence shows that these are effective in the short-term. No programmes have been specifically developed to meet the cultural requirements of UK minority ethnic communities. South Asian children are a high-risk group for obesity and its consequences...
Article
Research examining the relationship between breastfeeding and infant weight has generated conflicting results. Few studies account for significant covariates and many suffer methodological problems such as retrospective self-report. The current study aimed to investigate relationships between breastfeeding duration, infant weight and eating and pos...
Article
On 5 May 2016, the British Nutrition Foundation (BNF) invited leading infant feeding experts to discuss and debate the strength of the evidence base on a ‘vegetables first’ approach to complementary feeding. Consensus was reached on the translation of the science into practical messages for parents/carers. In particular, it is known that familiaris...
Article
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Social context, specifically within the family, influences adolescent eating behaviours and thus their health. Little is known about the specific mechanisms underlying the effects of parental feeding practices on eating. We explored relationships between parental feeding practices and adolescent eating habits and brain activity in response to viewi...
Article
Background & objectives: Postnatal depression correlates with postpartum weight retention, and dysregulated cortisol metabolism is evident in depressed individuals. Cortisol metabolism, BMI and metabolic phenotype are robustly associated but the role of cortisol metabolism in postnatal mental health and weight loss has never been examined. Design...
Article
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Objective: The present study explored differences in mental health between women who experienced a trauma which involved a loss of fetal or infant life compared to women whose trauma did not involve a loss (difficult childbirth). Method: The sample consisted of 144 women (mean age = 31.13) from the UK, USA/Canada, Europe, Australia/New Zealand, who...
Article
Background: Research has highlighted links between impulsivity and weight in children and adults. Nevertheless, little is known about the nature of this link in very young children or about the underlying mechanism by which impulsivity leads to greater adiposity. Objective: The present study aimed to explore relationships between impulsivity, we...
Article
Full-text available
Background Due to contradictory findings regarding the effects of seeing and holding stillborn infants on women’s worsening mental health symptoms, there is a lack of clear of guidance in stillbirth bereavement care. Although some current research examines this phenomenon we are still not certain of the meaning of such experiences to women and what...
Article
Few children consume the recommended portions of fruit or vegetables. This study examined the effects of parental physical prompting and parental modelling in children's acceptance of a novel fruit (NF) and examined the role of children's food-approach and food-avoidance traits on NF engagement and consumption. A total of 120 caregiver-child dyads...
Article
Although a number of studies have looked at what factors might mediate the relationship between symptoms and quality of life (QoL) in a number of psychiatric disorders, little research has addressed this issue in eating disorders. In the current study, female undergraduates (N = 339) completed questionnaires assessing eating disorder symptoms, soci...
Article
Full-text available
Emotional eating in children has been related to the consumption of energy-dense foods and obesity, but the development of emotional eating in young children is poorly understood. We evaluated whether emotional eating can be induced in 5-7-y-old children in the laboratory and assessed whether parental use of overly controlling feeding practices at...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The first five years of life are fundamental for the development of future eating patterns (Savage, Fisher& Birch, 2007). Previous research has shown that children with Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASC) may present with aberrant eating behaviour such as food refusal and extreme selective eating. It has been suggested that although children who are t...
Article
This study examined the association between impulsivity and heart rate reactions to a brief psychological stress in pre-adolescent children. Impulsivity was assessed by two response inhibition tasks and maternal self-report. Heart rate was measured at rest and in response to a mental arithmetic challenge. Children high in impulsivity showed blunted...
Article
Past research on the relationship between taste sensitivity and fruit and vegetable (FV) intake in children has focused on sensitivity to bitter taste. The effects of sensitivity to sweet taste on intake of FV have never been investigated. Furthermore, the effects of children's weight on intake of FV are inconclusive. This study measured the effect...
Article
Background Maternal, perinatal and child health outcomes appear worse in families with social risk factors. The current increase in use of lay support in this area lacks evidence. Methods Following routine midwife systematic assessment of social risk factors nulliparous women were randomly assigned to standard maternity care or the addition of refe...
Article
Full-text available
Maternal mind-mindedness, or the tendency to view the child as a mental agent, has been shown to predict sensitive and responsive parenting behavior. As yet the role of mind-mindedness has not been explored in the context of feeding interactions. This study evaluates the relations between maternal mind-mindedness at 6 months of infant age and subse...
Article
Measuring hunger and satiety in children is essential to many studies of childhood eating behaviour. Few validated measures currently exist that allow children to make accurate and reliable ratings of hunger/satiety. Three studies aimed to validate the use of a new categorical rating scale in the context of estimated and real eating episodes. Forty...
Article
Full-text available
Context: Low birth weight is associated with adverse metabolic outcome in adulthood. Exposure to glucocorticoid (GC) excess in utero is associated with decreased birth weight, but the prospective longitudinal relationship between GC metabolism and growth has not been examined. Objective: We have hypothesized that changes in GC metabolism leading...
Article
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We review recent research on the effect of social context on food intake and food choice and assess the implications for nutritional interventions. We focus on studies of modelling of eating behaviour and the impact of perceived eating norms on the amounts and types of food that individuals eat. We suggest that social context influences eating via...
Article
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This study aimed to investigate the mediating role of early maladaptive schemas (core beliefs) in the relationship between childhood abuse and eating psychopathology. Three self-report questionnaires assessing experiences of childhood abuse, eating psychopathology, and levels of maladaptive schemas were administered to 118 female university student...
Article
Maternal depression can impair parenting practices and has been linked with less sensitive feeding interactions with children, but existing research is based on self-reports of feeding practices. This study examined relationships between maternal self-reported symptoms of depression with observations of mothers' child feeding practices during a mea...
Article
This study had two objectives. First, to determine links between levels of eating psychopathology and beliefs about exercise among young women. Second, to determine the predictive effects of unhealthy core beliefs on exercise beliefs. A convenience sample of 185 young female exercisers completed the Eating Disorders Inventory (EDI), the Exercise Be...
Article
Background/objectives: Childhood obesity rates differ between cultural groups in Europe. Parents influence their children's weight status and eating behaviours through feeding practices. We investigated cultural differences in feeding practices and eating behaviours and their relation to child weight in three groups that differed in cultural backg...
Article
Few children eat sufficient fruits and vegetables despite their established health benefits. The feeding practices used by parents when introducing novel foods to their children, and their efficacy, require further investigation. We aimed to establish which feeding strategies parents commonly use when introducing a novel fruit to their preschool-ag...
Article
We examined the role of priming participants’ own network expectations on their subsequent identification with their friendship group. We examined this prime alongside attachment anxiety and attachment threat, as predictors of friendship group identification. Previous research has suggested that attachment anxiety is associated with negative networ...
Article
Fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption is linked to sensitivity to the bitter compound 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP). Detection of bitter and sweet compounds is guided by common physiological pathways. This study aimed to test whether phenotypic variations in sucrose detection threshold were related to FV consumption. It was predicted that sucrose dete...
Conference Paper
Breastfeeding has a protective effect on obesity. Little is known about the mechanisms involved. Breast-milk contains cortisol, which is involved in appetite regulation (Wolkowitz, Epel, & Rues, 2001)[[Au: The references “Wolkowitz, Epel, and Rues, (2001) and Epel et al. (2001)” are cited in the text but not listed. Please check.]] and energy balan...
Article
Previous research suggests that many eating behaviours are stable in children but that obesigenic eating behaviours tend to increase with age. This research explores the stability (consistency in individual levels over time) and continuity (consistency in group levels over time) of child eating behaviours and parental feeding practices in children...
Article
Full-text available
Novel ways to increase liking and intake of food are needed to encourage acceptance of healthier food. How enjoyable we remember food to have been is likely to be a significant predictor of food choice. Two studies examined whether remembered enjoyment of eating a food can be increased and whether this makes individuals more likely to eat that food...
Article
Experience of loss of control (LOC) during eating is an important indicator of pathology, although this concept has not received a great deal of research attention. The present study explores how quality of life (QoL) is related to LOC during eating. Three hundred and thirty-nine female university students completed measures of eating pathology, ge...
Article
Predictions about enjoyment of future experiences are influenced by recalling similar past experiences. However, little is known about the relationship between hedonic memories of past eating episodes and future eating behavior. We investigated recall of previous experiences of eating vegetables and the effect of recall on future predicted liking f...
Article
The present study aimed to ascertain whether parental reports of their feeding practices are associated with independent observations of these behaviours, and whether the reliability of maternal report depends upon the child's weight. A total of 56 mothers and their children ate a lunch to satiety which was videotaped and coded for maternal use of...
Article
Despite substantial evidence suggesting that a diet high in fruit and vegetables (FV) is associated with reduced risk of cancer, only 21% of children in the UK consume the recommended 5 portions of fruit or vegetables a day. This review examines the role of parenting style, feeding style and feeding practices in FV consumption in early childhood. W...
Article
Memory is likely to be important in food choice because many food likes and dislikes are learnt. Evidence suggests that the final few moments of an experience ('end effect') and the most intense moments of an experience ('peak effect') have a disproportionately large influence on hedonic memories. In Study 1 we examined whether the end effect bias...
Article
Full-text available
It has been suggested that the perinatal period is a period of increased risk for the development and/or exacerbation of OCD and that postpartum OCD (ppOCD) presents a distinct clinical picture. This raises the possibility that ppOCD might be a distinct subtype of OCD. This review examines this contention. A search using Ovid (Medline, PsycINFO and...
Article
To examine relationships between parental eating disorder symptomatology and observed feeding interactions with children. Twenty-three mother-father pairs of children between 18 months and 5 years completed a self-report measure of eating disorders and were observed during a family mealtime. Parental reports of eating disorder symptoms were related...
Article
This study aimed to identify predictors of controlling feeding practices in both mothers and fathers of young children. Cross-sectional, questionnaire design. Nursery schools within the United Kingdom recruited participants. Ninety-six mothers and fathers comprising 48 mother-father pairs of male and female children aged 2 to 5 years. Parents' chil...
Article
Previous research has established that childhood feeding and eating problems are often related to other behavioural difficulties. Parenting practices have been implicated in both eating behaviour and broader behaviour problems. The aim of this study was to examine whether the relationship between eating and behaviour problems could be explained in...
Article
Few studies have compared low-weight individuals with eating disorder (ED) pathology with similar-weight individuals without significant pathology despite the fact that body weight is often used as a key outcome within ED research. This study compared quality of life (QoL) in one group with high levels of ED pathology to a group with low ED patholo...
Article
Following recent scientific interest in the quality of life (QoL) of individuals with eating disorders (EDs), this paper aims to provide a summary of the relevant evidence. A literature review on QoL in EDs (EDQoL) was carried out and relevant articles are described in six main sections. Following an introduction to the area and a summary of the me...
Article
This study examined the associations between eating behaviours and temperament in a sample of young children. Mothers (N=241) of children aged 3-8 years completed measures of their children's eating behaviours and temperament and reported their child's height and weight. Children with more emotional temperaments were reported to display more food a...
Article
Full-text available
Children's emotional eating is related to greater body mass index and a less-healthy diet, but little is known about the early development of this behavior. This study aimed to examine the relations between preschool children's emotional eating and parental feeding practices by using experimental manipulation of child mood and food intake in a labo...
Article
This research examined the associations between parents' reports of the quality of their romantic relationships with their partner/spouse, their feeding interactions with their children, and their children's eating behaviours. One hundred and fifty-six married/cohabiting mothers of young children completed self-report measures of their romantic rel...
Article
This study aimed to examine associations between symptoms of eating disorders and parenting style, in a non-clinical sample. One hundred and five mothers completed self-report measures of eating disorder symptoms and parenting style. Higher levels of eating disorder symptoms were associated with more authoritarian and permissive parenting styles. A...
Article
We propose a model documenting the relationship between interpersonal attachment style and identification with groups. We hypothesized that following threat to a romantic interpersonal relationship higher attachment anxiety would be associated with lowered tendencies to identify with groups. In two studies using varied social groups we observed sup...
Article
Symptoms of maternal eating disorders have been linked with the use of maladaptive restrictive child feeding practices. However, how these symptoms impact upon restriction in child feeding is poorly understood. The aims of this research were to assess whether symptoms of obsessive compulsiveness, which are often comorbid with eating disorder sympto...
Article
To explore the relationships between controlling feeding practices and a range of mental health symptoms while considering both parent and child gender. Mothers and fathers (N=214) of children aged 18-59 months completed self-report measures of their child feeding practices, eating psychopathology and general mental health symptomology. Feeding pra...
Article
A cross-sectional study was carried out to ascertain the relative contribution of food neophobia and taste sensitivity to the amount of fruit and vegetables consumed in a typical day by 73, 2-5-year-old children attending nurseries in the South Birmingham area, UK. Sensory processing, parental control, child food neophobia and fruit and vegetable (...
Article
This study aimed to examine the interrelationships between mothers' and fathers' reports on the child-feeding questionnaire (CFQ), the BMI of parents and their children, and observations of parents' controlling feeding practices at mealtimes. Twenty-three mothers and twenty-three fathers of children aged between 18 and 67 months reported on their c...
Article
Full-text available
To develop and evaluate "Families for Health", a new community based family intervention for childhood obesity. Programme development, pilot study and evaluation using intention-to-treat analysis. Coventry, England. 27 overweight or obese children aged 7-13 years (18 girls, 9 boys) and their parents, from 21 families. Families for Health is a 12-we...
Article
This study examined the relationships between parenting styles, feeding practices and BMI in a non-clinical sample of mothers and fathers of UK preschool children. Ninety-six cohabiting parents of 48 children (19 male, 29 female, mean age 42 months) completed a series of self-report questionnaires assessing parenting style, feeding practices, eatin...
Article
Full-text available
The exertion of control during child feeding has been associated with both underweight and overweight during childhood. What is as-yet unclear is whether controlling child feeding practices causally affect child weight or whether the use of control may be a reactive response to concerns about high or low child weight. The aims of this study were to...
Article
Full-text available
To establish the best predictors of maternal use of controlling feeding practices at 1 and 2 years of age. A longitudinal study from birth to 2 years. Sixty-two mothers of 2-year-old children. Infant weight at birth, 6, 12 and 24 months, breastfeeding history, infant temperament and feeding difficulties at 6 and 12 months, maternal demographics at...
Article
Unhealthy core beliefs are theorized to be stable constructs throughout the life-span, but no research to date, outside of the context of clinical intervention, has addressed this claim over a period of greater than 6weeks. This study explores the stability and continuity of core beliefs and psychopathological symptoms in a group of women over a ma...
Article
Although an important theoretical concept, little is known about the development of maternal self-esteem. This study explores the significance of maternal cognitions, psychopathological symptoms, and child temperament in the prediction of prenatal and postnatal maternal self-esteem. During pregnancy 162 women completed measures assessing their unhe...
Article
To compare the contribution of symptoms of anxiety, depression and eating psychopathology to reports of child feeding difficulties in a non-clinical group of mothers of male and female children. A community sample of 56 mothers of male children and 40 mothers of female children with a mean age of 32 months completed measures of anxiety, depression,...
Article
It has previously been shown that stress situations reveal an association between perfectionism and unhealthy eating attitudes in nonclinical females. The present study aimed to extend these findings by also measuring psychological and physiological reactions to induced stress. Forty-two female university students completed measures of state anxiet...
Article
To determine whether maternal eating psychopathology mediates the relationship between unhealthy core beliefs and reports of child feeding difficulties. A community sample of 114 mothers of 65 male children and 49 female children between 4 months and 5 years completed the Eating Disorders Inventory-II, (Garner, Eating Disorder Inventory-2 Professio...
Article
This study aimed to compare maternal and paternal feeding practices with male and female children and examine the influence of the gender of both the parent and child on the relationship between parental unhealthy eating attitudes and controlling feeding practices. One hundred and eighty-eight participants (94 co-habiting mother-father dyads, mean...
Article
Full-text available
Our objective with this study was to examine whether observed maternal control during feeding at 6 months of age moderates the development of early infant weight gain during the first year of life. Sixty-nine women were observed feeding their 6-month-old infants during a standard meal. Mealtimes were coded for maternal use of controlling feeding be...
Article
Core beliefs about the self are hypothesized to be rooted in early interpersonal experiences, particularly with one's family (Young, 1999). This study aimed to assess the relationship between reports of core beliefs and current parental attachment in young women. Two hundred and six young women completed self-report questionnaires to ascertain thei...
Article
The current study examined the contribution of prenatal and postnatal maternal core beliefs, self-esteem, psychopathologic symptoms, and postnatal infant temperament to the prediction of infant feeding difficulties. Ninety-nine women completed questionnaires assessing their core beliefs, psychopathology, and self-esteem during pregnancy and at 6 mo...
Article
This paper explores whether breast-feeding, mediated by lower maternal use of controlling strategies, predicts more positive mealtime interactions between mothers and their 1 year old infants. Eighty-seven women completed questionnaires regarding breast-feeding, assessing their control over child feeding and mealtime negativity at 1 year of infant...
Article
Full-text available
To investigate the relationship between maternal psychopathological symptomatology during pregnancy and at 6 and 12 months postnatally and maternal use of controlling and restrictive feeding practices at 1 year. Eighty-seven women completed a measure of psychological distress during pregnancy and at 6 and 12 months postpartum, and at 12 months post...
Article
Background Although maternal mental health problems have been implicated in the exacerbation of childhood feeding difficulties, little research has assessed the contribution of broader maternal cognitions to these problems. The current study examined gender differences in the relationships between mothers' core beliefs and children's feeding proble...
Article
Tube feeding is commonly used as a method of giving children nutrition while they are being treated for disease. While this is an effective way of ensuring a child thrives and grows, research studies and clinical experience have shown that long-term oral feeding difficulties often arise when the child no longer requires tube feeding. This article g...
Article
This study describes the pattern of emotional and behavioural difficulties of children whose mothers have mental illness, and explores the relationship between children’s behavioural and emotional difficulties and maternal perceptions of attachment. Thirteen mothers previously admitted to psychiatric hospital for mental illness completed a measure...
Article
This paper questions the extent to which developmental considerations have been incorporated into the theory and practice of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). It focuses on children aged between 5 and 8 years because Piagetian developmental theory places them at a prelogical cognitive level, and thus, the use of a therapeutic approach that is bas...
Article
This review describes the research evidence linking parental eating problems with processes that affect children's food selection and rejection, including child feeding difficulties, and child dieting practices and attitudes. First, studies that assess the relationship between parental eating disorder and child feeding are reviewed. Secondly, resea...
Article
This study explored the sentencing decisions made by magistrates for perpetrators of domestic violence versus perpetrators of stranger violence. Sixty-seven magistrates considered six vignettes involving violent incidents and suggested a sentence. More magistrates suggested prison for cases where the victim of the assault was a stranger rather than...
Article
This case study aimed to describe an intervention with a 2-year-old child with growth problems and moderately severe feeding difficulties. The intervention was based on cognitive behavioural principles and psycho-physiological techniques, and focused on reducing parental anxiety and returning the control of feeding to the child. The child's feeding...
Article
There is little research in the UK that focuses on medium secure psychiatric nursing staff attitudes, beliefs and knowledge about alcohol and illicit substances, substance use and mental illness. The current study presents data from 98 staff, working within a medium secure psychiatric hospital, and compares differences between staff groups in relat...
Article
Previous research suggests that eating disorders are related to homosexuality in men, although links with female sexual orientation are less clear. Appearance factors have generally been implicated in this relationship. However, previous studies have failed to consider the role of femininity, even though evidence suggests that this is a more critic...
Article
In order to identify the prevalence and severity of feeding problems in children with Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) the feeding difficulties of 32 children with SRS and 32 age- and sex-matched control children were assessed using the Feeding Assessment Questionnaire (Harris and Booth 1992). Children's ages ranged from 2 to 11 years, with 19 male an...
Article
In order to identify the prevalence and severity of feeding problems in children with Silver-Russell syndrome(SRS) the feeding difficulties of 32 children with SRS and 32 age- and sex-matched control children were assessed using the Feeding Assessment Questionnaire (Harris and Booth 1992). Children's ages ranged from 2 to 11 years, with 19 male and...
Article
The incidence of food refusal associated with illness is reviewed, not illness by illness, but according to those factors that affect the ability to eat; normal learning about eating, aversive learning about eating, regulation of appetite, children's cognitions about foods, and parental anxiety about intake. Diseases affecting the major organs are...
Article
To assess the effect of therapeutic doses of growth hormone (GH) on the feeding problems, food intake, body fat and mealtime interactions of children with growth disorders, an age-matched group of 46 children with Turner syndrome (TS) or Silver Russell syndrome (SRS) was examined using questionnaire measures and direct observation. The children's b...

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