J. C. M. Pires

J. C. M. Pires
University of Porto | UP · Departamento de Engenharia Química

PhD
Assistant Researcher at ALiCE, LEPABE, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto.

About

139
Publications
24,342
Reads
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4,278
Citations
Introduction
JCM Pires graduated in Chemical Engineering by the Faculty of Engineering of Porto University (FEUP) and is now Assistant Researcher in LEPABE, studying the environmental applications of microalgal cultures: CO2 capture, wastewater treatment and bioenergy production.
Additional affiliations
November 2020 - December 2020
ANI – National Innovation Agency
Position
  • Expert evaluator
Description
  • Call 12/SI/2019, Project in co-promotion (1); Call 13/SI/2019, Project in co-promotion (1); Call 17/SI/2019, 1 Project in co-promotion (1).
May 2020 - June 2020
European Commission
Position
  • Expert evaluator
Description
  • Call H2020-MSCA-RISE-2020, Engineering Panel
December 2018 - February 2019
Agostinho Neto University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • Course unit: Air Pollution and Gaseous Effluents Treatment (Master in Environmental Engineering).
Education
January 2006 - December 2009
University of Porto
Field of study
  • Environmental Engineering
September 1999 - July 2004
University of Porto
Field of study
  • Chemical Engineering

Publications

Publications (139)
Article
Microalgae have a lot of potential as a source of several compounds of interest to various industries. However, developing a sustainable and efficient harvesting process on a large scale is still a major challenge. This is particularly a problem when the production of low-value products is intended. Chemical flocculation, followed by sedimentation,...
Article
Modelling the conversion of residual biomass to renewable fuels is of high relevance to promote the development of effective technological solutions. The present study compares the performance of five different kinetic models (pseudo-first-order kinetics, logistics, modified Gompertz, double-Gompertz, and multi-Gompertz) to describe the cumulative...
Article
Full-text available
Microalgae are widely used in the bioremediation of wastewaters due to their efficient removal of pollutants such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and contaminants of emerging concern (CECs). Siloxanes are CECs that reach wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), leading to the production of biogas enriched with these compounds, associated with the breakdown of...
Article
Full-text available
Surface ozone (O3) is a secondary air pollutant, harmful to human health and vegetation. To provide a long-term study of O3 concentrations in Portugal (study period: 2009–2019), a statistical analysis of ozone trends in rural stations (where the highest concentrations can be found) was first performed. Additionally, the effect of nitrogen oxides (N...
Article
This work proposes distinct configurations for tubular photobioreactors (PBRs) illuminated with specific and adequate light wavelength provided by LEDs. The PBRs are characterized by an involute/flat reflective surface around/below a cylindrical borosilicate glass tube that is illuminated by a LED panel located above. Reflectors can enlarge the abs...
Article
Full-text available
The Hazard and Operability Study (HAZOP) methodology is considered one of the most effective techniques for risk analysis, developed fundamentally to provide regular processes with reduced risks that aim to guarantee the safety of activities and the operability of the production units. The study aims to apply the HAZOP methodology in process and sa...
Article
The World Health Organization has been making recommendations on assessing and monitoring air quality for human health protection. Its implementation implies a spatial distribution plan for air quality monitoring sites, especially in populated cities where high emissions of air pollutants with anthropogenic origin are observed. Therefore, the prese...
Article
Ozone (O3) is a reactive oxidant that causes chronic effects on human health, vegetation, ecosystems and materials. This study aims to create O3 isopleths in urban and suburban environments, based on machine learning with air quality data collected from 2001 to 2017 at urban (EA) and suburban (CC) monitoring stations from Madrid (Spain). Artificial...
Article
Leachates treatment relies on the adoption of a multi-barrier strategy, involving primary, secondary, and tertiary processes. Due to their ability to grow in a wide variety of environmental conditions, and their nutritional requirements, especially in terms of nitrogen and phosphorus, microalgae appear as a promising alternative for the tertiary tr...
Article
Full-text available
Humanity is facing some major global threats, namely lack of environmental sustainability, the energy crisis associated with the unsustainable reliance on fossil fuels, and water scarcity, which will be exacerbated with the rapid growth of urban areas. Researchers have drawn their attention to microalgae, photosynthetic microorganisms known for the...
Article
Full-text available
North African dust intrusions can contribute to exceedances of the European PM10 and PM2.5 limit values and World Health Organisation standards, diminishing air quality, and increased mortality and morbidity at higher concentrations. In this study, the contribution of North African dust in Mediterranean countries was estimated using the time series...
Chapter
The global population is expected to rise from seven to nine billion by 2050, which will create challenges to sustainable development. This rapid population growth will increase the pressure on natural resources, mainly for energy and food supply. Regarding food supply, the development of food industry and food-related activities contributes to the...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Dear Colleagues, Air pollution is a mixture of particles and gases, which can reach unsafe concentrations for human health, environment and vegetation and materials. It has become one of the main sustainability issues and a concerning topic in atmospheric science. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 90% of the world population lives i...
Article
Microalgae are seen as the most promising flexible feedstock, being considered the crop of the future. These microorganisms grow fast, just needing sunlight, carbon dioxide and minerals. They contain high‐value ingredients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and others (carotenoids and polymers). Thus, microalgae can be produced...
Article
This chapter presents an overview of the integration of culture of microalgae in the treatment of wastewater with heavy metals, analyzing the production of biomass and removal efficiency of nitrogen, phosphorus and heavy metals. Microalgae are a photosynthetic microorganism group that can be found in both marine and freshwater environments. The mic...
Chapter
Nitrogen and phosphorus are two macronutrients present in chemical fertilizers applied to agricultural practices. Nitrogen is usually produced from the Haber–Bosch synthesis process, which converts atmospheric nitrogen into ammonia using natural gas. Consequently, it generated substantial amounts of CO2, which is the main contributor to global warm...
Article
Full-text available
Paper and pulp industries produce effluents with high phosphorus concentrations, which need to be treated before their discharge in watercourses. The use of microalgae for this purpose has attracted the attention of researchers because: (i) microalgae can assimilate phosphorus (one of the main nutrients for their growth); and (ii) growing on efflue...
Article
Full-text available
Microalgae can be a future source of biomass with a wide range of applications, including its use to solve current environmental issues. One of the main variables for microalgal cultivation is the light supply: (i) its intensity that often does not present a uniform spatial distribution inside the culture; (ii) photoperiod; and (iii) spectrum. Ther...
Article
Full-text available
Microalgae have drawn the attention of several researchers as an alternative to the traditional physicochemical CO2 capture methods, since they can convert CO2 and water into organic matter and release oxygen into the atmosphere. Microalgal growth can be improved by changing light supply, such as light intensity, wavelength, and photoperiod. In thi...
Chapter
Cultivation of microalgae has been the focus of several research studies worldwide, due to the huge potential of these photosynthetic microorganisms in a wide range of applications, namely environmental and biotechnological ones. Regarding environmental applications, these microorganisms can play an important role in CO2 uptake and wastewater treat...
Chapter
Microalgae have attracted the attention of several researchers, due to the undeniable potential of these microorganisms in several applications. Microalgae can be used in environmental applications, such as CO2 capture from the atmosphere or flue gas emissions, and in the removal of nutrients and pollutants from different wastewaters. They can also...
Chapter
The increase in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions to the atmosphere is provoking an environmental crisis, as CO2 is considered the main responsible for the greenhouse effect and, consequently, global warming. The constant search for effective systems to capture CO2 has revealed the potential of microalgal cultures to perform this task. Microalgae are...
Article
Full-text available
Particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of less than 2.5 µm (PM2.5) is associated with adverse effects on human health (e.g., fatal cardiovascular and respiratory diseases), and environmental concerns (e.g., visibility impairment and damage in ecosystems). This study aimed to evaluate temporal and spatial trends and behaviors of PM2.5 conce...
Article
Carbon dioxide (CO2) has been proposed to be used as the geothermal working fluid, as it presents enhanced thermodynamic properties for this application when compared with the water-based system. This paper aims to present an overview of the recent research advances on CO2-based geothermal systems, particularly CO2-enhanced systems and CO2-plume ge...
Article
Angola is one of the countries with a high rate of waterborne diseases, due to the scarcity and poor quality of water for human consumption. The watercourses are receptors of many effluents, mainly domestic sewage, due to a precarious or inexistent sanitation system and a small number of wastewater treatment plants. Therefore, this study aims: (i)...
Article
The background PM2.5 concentration represents the combined emissions from natural domestic and foreign sources, which has implications for the maximum effect, in terms of air-quality control, that can be achieved by reducing emissions. However, estimating the background PM2.5 concentration via background monitoring sites for a densely populated reg...
Article
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the main greenhouse gas (GHG) and its atmospheric concentration is currently 50% higher than pre-industrial levels. The continuous GHGs emissions may lead to severe and irreversible consequences in the climate system. The reduction of GHG emissions may be not enough to mitigate climate change. Consequently, besides carbon ca...
Article
The effect of heavy metals (Cd, Ni, and Zn) on the growth of Chlorella vulgaris and nutrient uptake was assessed. C. vulgaris was cultivated in a synthetic solution with a single or ternary metal system. Biomass growth was well predicted considering a competitive inhibition model. The higher specific growth rate (0.34 d ⁻¹ ), biomass productivity (...
Article
Full-text available
Model developments to assess different air pollution exposures within cities are still a key challenge in environmental epidemiology. Background air pollution is a long-term resident and low-level concentration pollution difficult to quantify, and to which population is chronically exposed. In this study, hourly time series of four key air pollutan...
Article
The air quality is an increasingly concerning topic. Efficient air quality monitoring system is highly required in urban areas due to the existing different types of air pollution sources. Consequently, air pollution profiles of the monitored region should be regularly evaluated to infer the efficiency of the monitoring system. This study applied p...
Article
Air pollution is an increasing concern due to the negative impacts on human health, environment, and patrimony. The implementation of a Low Emission Zone (LEZ) is an important air quality policy action to reduce air pollutant emissions. This study aims to assess the air quality improvements in Lisbon with the LEZ implementation, analysing its impac...
Article
Full-text available
Background pollution represents the lowest levels of ambient air pollution to which the population is chronically exposed, but few studies have focused on thoroughly characterizing this regime. This study uses clustering statistical techniques as a modelling approach to characterize this pollution regime while deriving reliable information to be us...
Article
The intensive agricultural practices are increasing the demand for chemical fertilizers, being currently produced from a non-environmental friendly way. Besides the environmental impacts, the nutrient uptake efficiency by the crops is very low, representing huge losses into the fields. Therefore, it is crucial to study alternatives for the current...
Chapter
The rapid development of modern society has resulted in an increased demand for energy and, consequently, an increased use of fossil fuel reserves, compromising the energy sector sustainability. Moreover, the use of this source of energy led to the accumulation of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in atmosphere, which are associated with climate change. In t...
Article
Full-text available
O objetivo desta pesquisa foi de desenvolver um modelo para prever as concentrações de ozônio em função das variáveis climáticas. As medidas de concentração do ozônio foram realizadas na Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, utilizando dados do período de janeiro a dezembro de 2014. As variáveis preditoras referentes ao clima (umidade relativ...
Research
Full-text available
This is a call for papers for a Special Issue on “Carbon Capture and Storage”. Climate change is one of the main threats of the modern society. This phenomenon is associated with the increase of the greenhouse gases (GHGs, mainly carbon dioxide – CO2) emissions due to anthropogenic activities. Main causes are the burning of fossil fuels and land us...
Article
Microalgae are seen as the most promising flexible feedstock, being considered the crop of the future. They grow fast, just needing sunlight, carbon dioxide and minerals. They contain high value ingredients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and others (carotenoids and polymers). Thus, they can be produced for a wide range of m...
Article
Climate change is one of the main threats of the modern society. This phenomenon is associated with the increase of the greenhouse gases (GHGs, mainly carbon dioxide – CO2) emissions due to anthropogenic activities. Main causes are the burning of fossil fuels and land use change (deforestation). Climate change impacts are associated with risks to b...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies showed that the influence of meteorological variables and concentrations of other air pollutants on O3 concentrations changes at different O3 concentration levels. In this study, threshold models with artificial neural networks (ANNs) were applied to characterize the O3 behavior at an urban site (Porto, Portugal), describing the ef...
Book
Microalgae could play an important role in the achievement of sustainability goals related to the generation of renewable energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. These photosynthetic microorganisms are able to capture CO2 and, therefore, can be used to produce biofuels such as ethanol, methane and green diesel. Other factors, such as their high...
Article
Full-text available
Landfill leachates result from the degradation of solid residues in sanitary landfills,thus presenting a high variability in terms of composition. Normally,these effluents are characterized by high ammoniacal-nitrogen (N–NH4⁺) concentrations,high chemical oxygen demands and low phosphorus concentrations. The development of effective treatment strat...
Article
The development of anthropogenic activities has led to an excessive disposal of wastes into water bodies, thus reducing water quality and damaging aquatic ecosystems. To avoid the negative impacts associated to the discharge of wastes into water courses, effective remediation processes are required to reduce nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations i...
Method
Full-text available
Exploratory analysis of time series (TS) data is an important approach in experimental studies, with a large range of applications in many different fields, including air pollution studies. To identify structures in single (univariate) TS, main clustering analyses are based on general-purpose clustering algorithms (e.g., k-means, hierarchical clust...
Article
The increase of human population and anthropogenic activities has resulted in an excessive discharge of wastes into water bodies, contributing to nutrients enrichment and consequent degradation of aquatic environments and freshwater resources. The need for cost-effective systems able to reduce nutrients concentration in wastewaters is therefore a m...
Article
Full-text available
The rapid development of modern society has resulted in an increased demand for energy, mainly from fossil fuels. The use of this source of energy has led to the accumulation of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere. In this context, microalgae culturing may be an effective solution to reduce the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere, since these mi...
Article
The accumulation of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere, as well as the enrichment of water courses in nutrients are environmental issues associated to numerous impacts on ecosystems. Several attempts have been made to address these issues, but the cost and sustainability of current methodologies are still a concern. Cultivation of photosyntheti...
Article
Carbon dioxide is one of the most important greenhouse gas, which concentration increase in the atmosphere is associated to climate change and global warming. Besides CO2 capture in large emission point sources, the capture of this pollutant from atmosphere may be required due to significant contribution of diffuse sources. The technologies that re...
Article
Full-text available
Urban area air pollution results from local air pollutants (from different sources) and horizontal transport (background pollution). Understanding urban air pollution background (lowest) concentration profiles is key in population exposure assessment and epidemiological studies. To this end, air pollution registered at background monitoring sites i...
Article
Cultivation of microalgae and cyanobacteria has been intensified in the last decades, due to the numerous applications described for these microorganisms. However, the high process costs associated with biomass production systems reduce the economic feasibility of microalgal/cyanobacterial cultivation. A better understanding of the effects of light...
Article
Microalgae and cyanobacteria have received ample attention in the last few decades due to their environmental and biotechnological applications. Co-cultures of these microorganisms may present benefits particularly on wastewater bioremediation and biomass production. However, the understanding on the interactions between photosynthetic microorganis...
Article
Microalgae are photosynthetic microorganisms that can be found in diverse natural environments, such as water, rocks, and soil. They present higher photosynthetic efficiency than terrestrial plants, and are responsible for a significant fraction of the world oxygen production. The high growth rate attributed to microalgae gives them irrefutable eco...
Article
Full-text available
Microalgae are photosynthetic microorganisms presenting a diversity of biotechnological applications. However, microalgal cultivation systems are not energetically and economically feasible. Possible strategies that can be applied to improve the feasibility of microalgal production include biofouling control in photobioreactors, the use of attached...
Article
Cultivation of microalgae and cyanobacteria has been the focus of several research studies worldwide, due to the huge biotechnological potential of these photosynthetic microorganisms. However, production of these microorganisms is still not economically viable. One possible alternative to improve the economic feasibility of the process is the use...
Article
Microalgae are considered as one of the most promising sources of biomass for energy production. However, bioenergy production bymicroalgal culture is still not economically viable and it has high environmental impact (requirement of high amount of freshwater). These drawbacks can be surpassed by coupling microalgal biomass production with phycorem...
Article
Full-text available
Source apportionment studies use prior exploratory methods that are not purpose-oriented and receptor modelling is based on chemical speciation, requiring costly, time-consuming analyses. Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) are proposed as a routine, exploratory tool to estimate PM10 source contributions. These models were used on annual time series (TS) d...
Chapter
The high demand of resources and consumption rates to satisfy the societal needs are beyond the capacity that nature can provide. Thus, sustainability assessment has become an important task in process systems engineering. In this context, the application of sustainability metrics can define procedures to optimize the use of resources and to minimi...
Chapter
Genetic programming (GP) is an evolutionary procedure that automatic generates models, optimizing simultaneously its structure and parameters. It is able to define linear or non-linear models based on input-output training datasets, using the same principles of the Darwinian Theory of Evolution. In this modelling procedure, detailed information of...
Article
Microalgal based biofuels have been reported as an attractive alternative for fossil fuels, since they constitute a renewable energy source that reduces greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere. However, producing biofuels from microalgae is still not economically viable. Therefore, the integration of biofuel production with other microalgal appl...
Article
The effect of meteorological variables on surface ozone (O3) concentrations was analysed based on temporal variation of linear correlation and artificial neural network (ANN) models defined by genetic algorithms (GAs). ANN models were also used to predict the daily average concentration of this air pollutant in Campo Grande, Brazil. Three methodolo...
Article
The ecotoxicological response of the living organisms in an aquatic system depends on the physical, chemical and bacteriological variables, as well as the interactions between them. An important challenge to scientists is to understand the interaction and behaviour of factors involved in a multidimensional process such as the ecotoxicological respo...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to optimize the water quality monitoring of a polluted watercourse (Leça River, Portugal) through the principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis (CA). These statistical methodologies were applied to physicochemical, bacteriological and ecotoxicological data (with the marine bacterium Vibrio fischeri and the green alga C...
Chapter
Microalgae have been investigated as a sustainable solution for some environmental concerns, either by carbon dioxide capture or even wastewater treatment, essentially due to their efficiency in nutrient removal. By incorporating phosphorus and nitrogen into their biomass, they help preventing eutrophication in destination water resources. In addit...
Article
Full-text available
Ozone concentrations are valuable indicators of possible health and environmental impacts. However, they are also used to monitor changes and trends in the sources of both ozone and its precursors. For this purpose, the influence of meteorological variables is a confusing factor. This study presents an analysis of 4 year of ozone concentrations mea...