J. Pallot

J. Pallot
University of Oxford | OX

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69
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Publications

Publications (69)
Chapter
Imprisonment was central to Soviet history and rates of incarceration remain high in the Russian Federation today with the result that prison discourse is pervasive in Russian culture and the carceral experience the subject of many cultural productions. While men undergo the rite of passage associated with the motto ‘Every real man should pass thro...
Article
This article aims at distinguishing recurrent population movements within the territory of the Russian Federation between urban localities of different sizes and rural areas in connection to the processes of urbanization, suburbanization, and de-urbanization. Incomplete urbanization and the strong polarization of socio-economic space in Russia have...
Article
I begin by comparing two women’s descriptions of their transportation to prison. Sometime later they rudely woke us at night and ordered us to ready ourselves for departure. They put us in vans with the logo “bread,” literally jammed us in, so we could hardly breathe. The van began to move. The air became so stifling that several women fainted. … T...
Article
The inherited geography of the penal estate in the Russian Federation, which results in prisoners being sent long distances to serve their sentences, creates difficulties for maintaining prisoners' family ties. Using the results of interviews conducted with prisoners, former prisoners and relatives in the Russian Federation in 2007–2011, the articl...
Article
The identity of a prisoner's wife is often a shameful societal stigma. Yet Russia's unique history of imprisonment has provided an unusually positive trope for women who have to come to terms with their partners' incarceration: the ‘Decembrist wife’ (dekabristka). This trope originated in the aftermath of the 1825 ‘Decembrist’ uprising—the first an...
Article
This paper deploys a theoretical engagement with the concepts of ‘public’ and ‘private’ to explore the experience of surveilled penal space by incarcerated individuals, and in so doing further advances the new field of carceral geography. Foucault’s description of self-surveillance as the mechanism through which disciplinary power or biopower opera...
Book
Research on womne's imprisonment in Russia at the present time, based on interviews with serving prisoners and former prisoners
Article
The article examines the processes involved in the integration of the USSR's secret places into mainstream rural society in the Russian Federation. Taking the example of one rural district in the Volga-Ural region that has been the site of a large prison complex over a period of ninety years, the article examines how economic changes and local gove...
Article
A UK-based team of two geographers and a criminologist presents the results of its ongoing investigation of the geography of Russia's prison system, which in 2011 is in the early stages of transition from housing inmates in communal barracks (regardless of the severity of their crimes) to one more similar to that in the United States, in which faci...
Article
Against the background of structural and geographical changes that brought about the economic crises of the 1990s in the Russian Federation and subsequent recovery in the early years of the 21st century, the authors analyze the challenges of (and responses to) the 2008 global economic and financial crisis in Russia. Quantitative data derived from o...
Article
Using materials gathered during field work in the penal region in the southwest corner of the Republic of Mordoviya in 2007, the authors examine the official representations of the history of the Mordovan gulag from 1930 to the present day. Through an analysis of the penal authority's institutional newspaper, its museum and anniversary celebrations...
Article
This essay reviews four recent books based on research on the development of capitalism and the position of household-based farming in post-Soviet Russia. Each of the books represents a different set of conceptual assumptions and is based on different methods of enquiry. It is argued that a problematic feature of much of the literature on this topi...
Article
This article presents findings from research conducted in a penal colony for young women in Russia. Russia’s penal system remains under-researched in socio-legal and criminological scholarship. This contribution is the first multi-disciplinary study of Russian imprisonment to be conducted in the post-Soviet period, bringing together criminology, hu...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the construction of femininity within Russian women’s prisons. On the basis of fieldwork carried out in three women’s prisons in the secure and restricted penal zone within Mordovia, Russian Federation, we present unique and original qualitative data, as well as a critical engagement with contemporary Russian press sources. Star...
Book
Basing their findings on four years of research during which they studied rural districts drawn from a variety of contrasting regions of European Russia, the authors discuss the place of rural households in Russia's agri-food production system. They show that far from being solely concerned with 'survival' household plots in contemporary Russia are...
Chapter
Household production varies according to the range of resources available to it; different environments give rise to different types of production, setting limits upon what can be produced. But as we saw in the previous chapter, in order to gain access to the environmental resources they need, households are at the mercy of a variety of gatekeepers...
Chapter
In the first chapter we introduced the reader to a variety of different types of household agricultural producers and we also suggested that the character of production is shaped by specific sets of circumstances that determine what they produce, how they produce it, and how they dispose of the product. In the next four chapters we explore these ‘s...
Chapter
The previous chapters have shown how diverse are the patterns of household food production in Russia; most rural households grow a mixture of vegetables, roots, and fruit and might keep some poultry and small and large livestock for personal consumption, but many also have developed one or more branches geared to the market. Specialization is a fea...
Chapter
The story the official statistics tell about production in the household sector is remarkable for a country as urbanized and industrialized as the Russian Federation. As Table 2.1 shows, this former industrial giant and major oil producer derives 51 per cent of the value of its agricultural produce from farms that, on average, are under one hectare...
Chapter
In Fig. 4.1 we show diagrammatically the contrasting relationships and dependencies of rural households in the forested region of European Russia, north of Moscow and in the black earth steppe to the south. In this and the following chapters we analyse the various components making up these food production systems, beginning with the land. At the h...
Chapter
The Russian countryside has a rich variety of small and independent farmers, in addition to household producers. While many appear in records, the existence of others is hidden or is misrepresented in official typologies. Like household producers, these other independent producers cover a spectrum from those that are engaged primarily in producing...
Chapter
We met Ana Petrovna, an elderly woman in a padded jacket and shawl, on a roadside verge with her goat. She was pleased to pass the time telling her story to the visitors to her village, one hundred miles to the west of Moscow city. Ana Petrovna has been retired from her job as a farm worker for many years and has lived alone since the death of her...
Chapter
Russia is a multi-ethnic country with more than two hundred different ‘officially recognized’ ethnic groups. Of these, twenty-seven have been given administrative recognition in the form of national republics, which together with non-ethnically based oblasts and krais (regions and territories) make up the Russian Federation. The Great Russians are...
Article
Fifteen years after the collapse of communism, post-Soviet Russian remains a ‘high-imprisonment society’, second only to the USA in the relative number of people held in prison (570 per 100 000 population compared with the USA’s 714 per 100 000). This gives a total prison population of around 800 000 people. These people are detained in penal facil...
Article
Russia has a distinctive 'geography of punishment' that is the product of the use of the peripheries as a place of exile and incarceration. Framing the analysis in a discussion of recent penal theory, including in the works of Michel Foucault, the author traces the formation of Russia's penal peripheries up to the present day and uses the example o...
Article
The importance of personal food production to the reproduction of rural households in the Russian countryside has been widely acknowledged in the literature on the post-communist transition, but the variety of forms this mode of food production takes has not been explored. The authors show that there is a complicated micro-geography to the pattern...
Article
Full-text available
Using survey data from rural rayons in four oblasts, the authors show that household production, formerly personal subsidiary agriculture, is geographically differentiated in post-Soviet Russia. They argue that the common tendency to view household production as an adaptive response by those especially vulnerable to economic shocks of the transitio...
Article
In this article I use the example of the north of Perm' oblast' to show how the past and current experience of the region as a place of penal labour continues to shape its economy, society and the landscape in ways that are not captured in the current narratives of 'downward economic adjustment'. The oblast' occupies fourth place in the Russian Fed...
Article
The article reveals some new tendencies and geographical disparities in subsidiary farming households which is an important phenomenon in contemporary Russian agriculture. The impact of specialization, location and ethnic-civilized habits on household plot's marketability and stability are shown at different spatial levels: inter-regional, intrareg...
Chapter
The call in recent years for historians of Russia to show sensitivity to language and semiotics in their research is especially relevant to studying the history of the Russian peasant. Peasants were quintessential ‘others’ in Russian society; they were an objectified class which was ‘spoken for, debated over, represented and categorised, central to...
Article
The authors, based on extensive field work in northern Perm' Oblast, investigate how people who cannot or do not wish to leave Russia's economic and geographic margins survive, in this case using "subsidiary plots" and forest resources. Northern Perm' Oblast, one of the northern areas that became "overpopulated" during the Soviet period (in this in...
Article
In 1906 an imperial edict launched a reform aimed at «rationalizing» the system of peasant land holding in Russia. The reform was based upon western models of individualized farms and notions of efficiency that were alien to the Russian peasantry. In pursuing its vision of utopian transformation, the state reinforced élite views of peasant backward...
Chapter
From the foregoing it will be apparent that relative to its weight, the carotid body has attracted an enormous amount of attention. Despite this, we are still largely ignorant of the precise role played by in the overall control of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems and the method by which it responds to changes in blood chemistry. The appl...
Book
Since the collapse of the USSR there has been a growing interest in the Stolypin Land Reform as a possible model for post-Communist agrarian development. Using recent theoretical and empirical advances in Anglo-American research, Dr Pallot examines how peasants throughout Russia received, interpreted, and acted upon the government's attempts to per...
Book
The essays in this collection explore the social 'construction' of the Russian peasantry in the period between Emancipation and Collectivisation, and the impact of these constructions on Tsarist and Bolshevik agrarian policy. The international group of authors represent different trends in the historical, sociological and geographical investigation...
Chapter
Since Gorbachev came to power in the Soviet Union, there has been a reappraisal of the role of Stolypin in Russian agrarian history. In contrast to the hitherto exclusively negative evaluations of the reforms, one now reads in the press that Stolypin had just the right solution for the agrarian problem — not only the pre-revolutionary, but today’s...
Article
The frontier experience in Romanov Russia: the settlement of the central black earth region in the seventeenth century The odnodvorts The province of Voronezh under Catherine the Great Agricultural 'culture islands' in the eastern steppe: the Monnonites in Samar province Farming regions of Russia in the late nineteenth century The commune in the 18...
Article
Economic reform is not confined to urban-based industrial sectors of the economy: agriculture is also experiencing radical transformation. This study examines the changes perestroika is bringing to the Soviet countryside. The very basis of the farming system is changing, with greater control being placed in the hands of the farmer. After decades of...
Chapter
Studies in the nineteenth century drew attention to the differences that existed between communes in each of Russia’s broad geographical regions. The treatment of these differences often reflected the theoretical position held by investigators on the origin and development of the commune. In the most celebrated studies, communes were placed upon an...
Article
The time has passed when it was automatically assumed that the Stolypin Land Reform represented an attempt on the part of the tsarist government to impose on an unwilling peasantry a predetermined plan for a change in land tenure. The revision of opinion has in large measure resulted from the work of George L. Yaney, who has shown that policy and t...
Article
Russian peasant farming was forced to adapt to new pressures as a result of an acceleration in population growth from the middle of the 19th century, and by the way in which peasants were increasingly drawn into a market economy. The development of land-holdings in the late 19th and early 20th centuries was the outcome of reasoned decisions taken b...
Article
Whatever the degree of State intervention, the peasantry were able to exert some influence on the systems of land tenure and rules for the disposition of the land. When placed alongside official accounts of peasant land-holding, these adaptations provide insights into the processes at work in peasant society. Having examined the context within whic...
Book
The book examines spatial planning in the USSR in relation to settlement, urban spaces, industry, agriculture, the environment and regions.
Article
An exploration of the ideological, political and economic basis of the discussion about rural settlement planning in the Soviet Union. Contemporary policy is attributed largely to the principles and practices developed during the latter part of Khruschev's period in power. The principal cause of the present conflict over strategy is seen as the app...
Thesis
The Stolypin Land Reform passed in 1906 provided for the enclosure of the land of individual peasant households in European Russia. The political, social and legal aspects of the Reform have been studied in detail in the past but little attention has been focused on the actual results the Reform achieved on the ground. It is the author's contention...
Article
Unlike any other treatment of the subject, opening up new avenues for research.First, and only, English-language book dealing with the subject of women's imprisonment in the Russian Federation.This book is the first of its kind that brings together human geography and the sociology of punishment to explore the relationship between distance and the...

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Project (1)
Archived project
The aim of this collaborative international interdisciplinary research project was to examine the extent to which the isolation women suffer in Russia’s penal facilities shapes their experiences of custody and re-entry into society, and to identify the particular problems that Russia’s penal geography causes to this subset of prisoners. With Judith Pallot (PI, Geography, U.Oxford), and Laura Piacentini (Strathclyde Law School).