J. Marquínez

J. Marquínez
University of Oviedo | UNIOVI · Natural Resources and Territorial Planning Institute (INDUROT)

Phd in Geology
Geomorfología aplicada

About

112
Publications
17,034
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2,153
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Introduction
Degree in geology from the University of Oviedo (Spain), where he also completed a PhD. He's a full professor in Department of Geology at University of Oviedo. Head of INDUROT in 1986-1993, 2001-2004 and since 2013. From feb. 2020 until today General Director of Biodiversity and Forest in the Spanish Govern. Main research interests are the applied geomorphology, environmental geology, management applications of natural resources, dynamics and management fluvial and coastal and natural hazards.
Additional affiliations
February 2020 - present
Ministerio para la Transición Ecológica y el Reto Demográfico
Position
  • Managing Director
November 2013 - February 2020
University of Oviedo
Position
  • Managing Director
July 2008 - February 2012
Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino
Position
  • CEO

Publications

Publications (112)
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter describes the methodological bases used and presents novel economic information we have gathered in order to quantify the direct contribution that brown bears have on local economies and also to measure the current economic and occupational dependence of this resource on different activities and businesses. In contrast to previous stud...
Chapter
Full-text available
Este capítulo describe las bases metodológicas y recoge información económica novedosa que permite cuantificar la contribución directa del oso pardo a las economías locales, y mide la dependencia económica y laboral que distintas actividades y negocios tienen de este recurso en la actualidad. A diferencia de estudios precedentes, hemos abordado la...
Book
Full-text available
Material docente sobre el que basar los cursos y jornadas de capacitación técnica sobre corredores fluviales para personal técnico administraciones, agentes protección naturaleza y ONG. Comentando además las actuaciones del proyecto LIFE Fluvial de mejora y gestión sostenible de corredores fluviales de la Región Atlántica Ibérica.
Technical Report
Full-text available
The project has been very successful, despite the problems and difficulties associated with the work to restore natural systems that are so dynamic. The coordination between the various administrations (Autonomous Regions and Councils) that manage the Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) of the Cantabrian coast has made it possible to carry out imp...
Article
Full-text available
Streambed mobility in gravel-bed rivers is largely controlled by the rate at which particles with different grain sizes are recruited from the riverbed into the bed load. In this paper, we present a study case in which we explored this question, based on combining field observations using painted plots and the grain size analysis of a large flood s...
Poster
Full-text available
River corridors are subject to numerous pressures such as invasive species, plant diseases, intensification of uses, artificial structures and activities, etc. These pressures affect their functions as reservoirs of diversity of flora and fauna species, flood peak damping, hydrological cycle regulators and ecosystem service providers. Edaphological...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Seismic data are typically employed to monitor earthquake activity, but they can also be exploited in order to investigate the existing links betweenthe seismic signal and a broad range of physical processes occurring in the nearby rivers. For instance, the noise related to water turbulence duringhigh discharges has a clear impact on the seismic si...
Article
Full-text available
El pasado día 12 de noviembre de 2019, en el marco delos trabajos preparatorios para la elaboración de la nueva Estrategia integral de prevención y lucha contra incendios forestales 2018-2021 en el Principado de Asturias, que elabora el gobierno de Asturias con la colaboración del INDUROT, tuvo lugar una sesión de trabajo entre los técnicos de dic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
River corridors are fundamental elements for the protection of biodiversity. They are ecological connectors, water regulators and are related to several ecosystem services. LIFE Fluvial project aims to improve the grade of conservation of the river corridors in Natura 2000 network of several Atlantic basins of the NW of the Iberian Peninsula. Vario...
Presentation
Identificación, control y manejo de especies alóctonas sin la aplicación de productos químicos en los sistemas ribereños.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La geomorfología fluvial es la ciencia que se ocupa del estudio de los cambios morfológicos que experimentan los ríos a lo largo del tiempo, y de los procesos que controlan estos mismos cambios. El desarrollo reciente de la fotogrametría digital a partir de imágenes dron ha supuesto una auténtica revolución para la geomorfología fluvial, al permiti...
Poster
Full-text available
Coastal sand dune ecosystems are facing threats and pressures across Europe, but the quantification of the exact impacts is not easy, particularly when natural and anthropic effects are overlapping. In order to tackle this question, during two years sand movement has been measured in pilot dune plots located in the Northern Spanish coast. We aimed...
Poster
Full-text available
The river channel in the Esva basin, a coastal catchment of the Cantabrian region (Northwest of Spain), has experienced a slight active channelwidth decrease from 1957 to 1985 (<1%) and more important decrease (close to 13%) from 1985 to 2003. This trend is well related to the main changes in the forest cover, which also increases slightly from 195...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Fluvial systems draining the northern watershed of Cantabrian mountains (NW Spain) to the Bay of Biscay are characterized by single-thread channels with short paths and steep slopes. During the last decades, they have experienced riverbed's incision, channel narrowing, vegetal colonization, loss of active gravels and abandonment of secondary c...
Poster
The aim is to analyze time series representing daily rainfall events collected in the Esva river basin in Asturias (northwest of Spain) during the last 50 years, where there is a lack of quantitative data about climatic oscillations. Our interest is a better understanding of the seasonal patterns found in these data and of possible trends which mig...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The river channel in the Esva basin, a coastal catchment of the Cantabrian region (North Iberian Peninsula) with a surface of 464 km2 and maximum high close to 1300 m, has experienced riverbed’s incision, channel narrowing, vegetal colonization and loss of active gravels. This trend has been described in other rivers from Spain and Europe, and they...
Chapter
Full-text available
Fluvial systems draining the northern watershed of Cantabrian mountains (NW Spain) are characterized by short paths and steep slopes. During the last decades, the morphology of the river channel has experienced several changes: riverbed's incision, channel narrowing, vegetal colonization, loss of active gravels and abandonment of secondary channels...
Conference Paper
During the last decades, fluvial systems of the Cantabrian region (Northwest of Spain) have experienced important geomorphological changes. These changes are characterized by main channel incision and narrowing, vegetal colonization of fluvial bars and channel morphology simplification. This trend has been described in other spanish and Atlantic Eu...
Chapter
Full-text available
The fluvial environment is very sensitive to artificial modifications and it is one of the environments where the impact of global change are more visible. During the last decades, the morphology of the rivers in the Cantabrian Mountains has changed. The aim of this paper is quantify these changes and analyse their relation with some artificial act...
Poster
Fluvial corridors are fundamental ecological elements of connection between mountain areas and lowlands including the coast. They are essential for the mobility and dispersal of numerous species, favoring the plant and animal species genetic exchange between populations. Fluvial corridors are areas of interest for the networks of protected spaces c...
Chapter
Full-text available
Los ríos que fluyen por las cuencas septentrionales de la Cordillera Cantábrica (noroeste de España), caracterizados por cortos recorridos y elevados gradientes de pendiente, han experimentado durante los últimos años cambios en su morfología. Al igual que otras regiones montañosas de España y Europa, la tendencia observada es hacia la incisión ver...
Chapter
Full-text available
Within the framework of the Subprogram Mining Environmental Management of the Ministry, the Information System of Mining Geo-environment (SIGAM) has been developed with the aim of contributing to the modernization and implantation of new capacities in the Argentinian Geological Mining Service (SEGEMAR). The process entails the design of the data an...
Conference Paper
Within the framework of the Subprogram Mining Environmental Management of the Ministry of Mining, the Information System of Mining Geo-environment (SIGAM) has been developed with the aim of contributing to the modernization and implantation of new capacities in the Argentinian Geological Mining Service (SEGEMAR). The process entails the design of t...
Article
Full-text available
In the Cantabrian region, dozens of short, sloping river courses descend down from the Cantabrian mountains to the sea with very fast flows and heavy bed loads. Hundreds of peripheral torrential streams, steep hillsides and intense rainfall further contribute to the great surface instability of the slopes. The steep profile of these mountains has l...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
En el marco del proyecto europeo LIFE ARCOS, iniciado en el año 2014 y que proseguirá hasta el 2018 (Felpete et al., en esta publicación), se están realizando cartografías geomorfológicas en 10 sistemas dunares repartidos a lo largo de la costa cantábrica, en diferentes fechas desde el año 1956. En el presente artículo se presentan algunos resultad...
Chapter
Full-text available
The 3 km of the Ésera River between Benasque and Eriste shows a simple braided morphology in a semi-natural floodplain. The fluvial system has witnessed substantial changes over the last 60 years. There has been a progressive and significant decrease in the bankfull extension, partially associated to margin defense works and urban developments. Aft...
Chapter
Full-text available
RD 9/2008 introduced into the Spanish water law the concept of "Zona de Flujo Preferente" (ZFP; main floodway), the natural route for flood evacuation where preventive measures are more effective. ZFP mapping incorporates hydraulic, geomorphic and historic criteria. The Spanish basin organism for Cantabrian rivers (CHC) has mapped flood-prone prote...
Article
Tidal wetland soils exhibit particular physical–chemical properties governed mainly by tidal dynamics. On the Atlantic seaboard of the Iberian Peninsula a great swath of tidal wetlands, which correspond to semi-confined estuaries, represents land reclaimed from the 18th century to the first half of the 20th century and used for urban development or...
Chapter
Full-text available
The recently entry into force of the revision of the Spanish Hydraulic Public Domain Regulation (RDPH) includes several references to geomorphological features such as criteria for delimiting certain elements defined within the Hydraulic Public Domain, such as the natural channel or flood prone areas, and the possibility of augmenting the “restrain...
Article
In many quartzitic slopes in the NW of the Iberian Peninsula there is a high topsoil stoniness which produces a random surface roughness. The surface roughness is one of the control parameters in the signal of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images. In this work we test the use of the SAR images for distinguishing and mapping areas with different su...
Article
Full-text available
Flood mapping requires the combination and integration of geomorphological and hydrological-hydraulic methods; however, despite this, there is very little scientific literature that compares and validates both methods. Two types of analysis are addressed in the present article. On the one hand, maps of flood plains have been elaborated using geomor...
Article
A susceptibility model of sapping-related depressions has been produced by analysing the statistical relationship between the location of depressions and topographical variables. Sapping erosion plays an important role in the growth of gullies developed over poorly-consolidated quartzite conglomerates in the northern sector of the Duero Tertiary Ba...
Article
Along the Asturian coast of northern Spain an uplifted wave-cut platform extends for ∼ 100 km east–west. The steep cliff which bounds the gently seaward-dipping platform to the north increases in height from 30 m in the west to 100 m in the east and reflects the overall eastward increase in platform elevation. The southern edge of the 2–4 km-wide p...
Article
Full-text available
A cartographic method based on satellite images was completed in order to analyse the evolution of soil erosion in areas under humid climate conditions that experience frequent small forest fires. The method uses indicators, recognisable in the images, for the spatial and temporal analysis of the soil erosion status in burnt areas where the vegetat...
Article
Full-text available
We propose a methodology to determine critical areas for brown bear (Ursus arctos) in the Cantabrian Mountains (Spain), considered as shelter areas in which there are concentrations of winter dens and groups of resting sites. We assessed a function which enabled a precise spatial distribution model to be constructed. This function helps to explain...
Article
Full-text available
Gully erosion has scarcely been reported in the Cantabrian Cordillera (Northern Iberian Peninsula), even though this phenomenon is relatively frequent in this mountain range. A total of 133 permanent channels with evidences of gully erosion have been mapped in a 71.8 km2 study area on the northern slope of this mountain range. The underlying Ordovi...
Article
Full-text available
The 90% of channelized reaches of the Narcea river, one of best preserved rivers in the Asturian region, is concentrated in the final 10 km, distributed in 5 different reaches of 3,6 km. Two of these human actuations are diques that were constructed in the 50's and 80's respectively, which induced the total or partial abandon of 35 ha of channel. T...
Article
In the North-West of the Cantabrian Range (North of Spain) the climate is oceanic and vegetation cover is continuous. In those areas where livestock farming prevails, wildfires are common, although small in size, their recurrence makes the phenomenon critical for the conservation of soils.In this study we propose that the structural stability of so...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen: El macizo calcáreo de los Picos de Europa es rico en formas de lapiaz de muy diversa naturaleza cuya dis-tribución está controlada tanto por factores internos del substrato rocoso como por condicionantes externos relaciona-dos con la topografía, el clima y el grado de desarrollo del suelo y la cubierta vegetal. Un reconocimiento de la dist...
Article
Full-text available
Rockfall susceptibility has been analysed in mountain cliffs of the Cantabrian Range, North Spain. The main aim of this analysis has been to build a predictive model of rockfall activity from a low number of environmental and geological variables. The rockfall activity has been quantified in a GIS. The cartographic information used shows the spatia...
Article
Full-text available
The Cantabrian Mountains in northern Spain are the geomorphological expression of the compression that the northern edge of the Iberian plate underwent during the Cenozoic. The mountains form an E-W linear coastal range that reach average elevations of more than 1500 m a.s.l. (up to 2700 m). Relict geomorphic features have been preserved at the mou...
Article
Full-text available
Using multiple linear regression and Geographic Information System techniques, we modelled the spatial distribution of mean monthly precipitation for the seasonal and annual periods in a mountainous region of 10,590 km2, located in the central area of the Cantabrian Coast, Spain. We used precipitation data measured at 117 stations for the period 19...
Article
Full-text available
The heavy rains associated with Hurricane Mitch triggered off a number of slope instability processes in several Central American countries. Different instability processes have been acknowledged for the various mountainous regions of Nicaragua. An enormous movement of the Casita Volcano slopes resulted in numerous deaths and some deep movements ha...
Article
Full-text available
Sistema de indicadores para aplicaciones territoriales en la Estrategia Territorial Europea
Book
Full-text available
Riesgos Naturales en Asturias: desprendimiento de rocas, deslizamientos superficiales, grandes movimientos en masa, aludes, inundaciones e incendios forestales.
Article
Full-text available
Analysis of the spatial distribution of rockfall deposits at a regional scale (over an area of 250 km2 of northern Spain) using a cartographic database supported by a Geographic Information System (GIS) reveals several relationships between rockfall activity and environmental variables. Recent rockfall activity is inferred when recent scree is pres...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen: Los estuarios de Tina Mayor y Tina Menor, muy similares en forma y tamaño, presentan notables diferencias en la extensión de los distintos ambientes estuarinos. El primero de ellos muestra a su vez una antropización notablemente superior al de Tina Menor. La identificación de tres niveles de terrazas, con características geomorfológicas pa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La puesta en marcha de la Estrategia Territorial Europea (ETE) supone un avance decisivo en la incorporación de la perspectiva territorial a la política comunitaria. El largo proceso de gestación, que supera ya los siete años, demuestra las dificultades que supone esta apuesta.
Article
Full-text available
A small study area (4,029 ha) was used to build a model of potential brown bear (Ursus arctos) habitat quality. In a first step, based on existing data of bear diets and the calculated coverage of food-producing plants, we established a series of food selection indices. Foods with the highest selection indices for bears included the Umbelliferae, a...
Article
Full-text available
A structural and metamorphic study was carried out in the basal units of the Ordenes Complex in Spain, thought to represent a subducted part of the Paleozoic margin of Gondwana. According to their metamorphic evolution, this part of the margin was subducted at the onset of the Variscan Orogeny, becoming part of an accretionary complex developed bel...
Chapter
Full-text available
Para abordar el estudio de las características de los perfiles de alteración en la vertiente Norte de la Cordillera Cantábrica se seleccionaron en una primera instancia dos áreas situadas en la cuenca alta del río Nalón, a altitudes comprendidas entre 500 y 1200 m. La evolución geomorfológica de estas dos zonas ha sido muy diferente durente el Cuat...
Chapter
Full-text available
La convergencia de las Placas Ibéricas y Europea durante el Terciario dio lugar a una colisión entre continentes en el Pirineo y Cantábrico Oriental y a la subducción de la litosfera oceánica bajo la placa Ibérica en el Cantábrico Centro-occidental. Los estilos tectónicos en ambas zonas muestran marcadas diferencias al igual que los relieves, que s...