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## Publications

Publications (104)

We analyze the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of the
Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory defined on a manifold with boundary for two different sets of boundary equations derived from a variational principle. We pay special attention to the identification of the infinite chains of boundary constraints and their resolution. We identify edge observa...

The purpose of this paper is to discuss a number of issues that crop up in the computation of Poisson brackets in field theories. This is specially important for the canonical approaches to quantization and, in particular, for loop quantum gravity. We illustrate the main points by working out several examples. Due attention is paid to relevant anal...

We study the internally abelianized version of a range of gravitational theories, written in connection tetrad form, and study the possible interaction terms that can be added to them in a consistent way. We do this for 2+1 and 3+1 dimensional models. In the latter case we show that the Cartan-Palatini and Holst actions are not consistent deformati...

We analyze the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of the Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory defined on a manifold with boundary for two different sets of boundary equations derived from a variational principle. We pay special attention to the identification of the infinite chains of boundary constraints and their resolution. We identify edge observab...

We study a generalization of the Holst action where we admit nonmetricity and torsion in manifolds with timelike boundaries (both in the metric and tetrad formalism). We prove that its space of solutions is equal to the one of the Palatini action. Therefore, we conclude that the metric sector is in fact identical to GR, which is defined by the Eins...

We study the internally abelianized version of a range of gravitational theories, written in connection tetrad form, and study the possible interaction terms that can be added to them in a consistent way. We do this for 2+1 dimensional and 3+1 dimensional models. In the latter case we show that the Cartan-Palatini and Holst actions are not consiste...

We study a generalization of the Holst action where we admit nonmetricity and torsion in manifolds with timelike boundaries (both in the metric and tetrad formalism). We prove that its space of solutions is equal to the one of the Palatini action. Therefore, we conclude that the metric sector is in fact identical to GR, which is defined by the Eins...

The Hamiltonian description of mechanical or field models defined by singular Lagrangians plays a central role in physics. A number of methods are known for this purpose, the most popular of them being the one developed by Dirac. Here, we discuss other approaches to this problem that rely on the direct use of the equations of motion (and the tangen...

We use covariant phase space methods to study the metric and tetrad formulations of general relativity in a manifold with boundary and compare the results obtained in both approaches. Proving their equivalence has been a long-lasting problem that we solve here by using the cohomological approach provided by the relative bicomplex framework. This se...

We prove the equivalence in the covariant phase space of the metric and connection formulations for Palatini gravity, with nonmetricity and torsion, on a spacetime manifold with boundary. To this end, we will rely on the cohomological approach provided by the relative bicomplex framework. Finally, we discuss some of the physical implications derive...

The Hamiltonian description of mechanical or field models defined by singular Lagrangians plays a central role in physics. A number of methods are known for this purpose, the most popular of them being the one developed by Dirac. Here, we discuss other approaches to this problem that rely on the direct use of the equations of motion (and the tangen...

We prove the equivalence in the covariant phase space of the metric and connection formulations for Palatini gravity, with nonmetricity and torsion, on a spacetime manifold with boundary. To this end, we will rely on the cohomological approach provided by the relative bicomplex framework. Finally, we discuss some of the physical implications derive...

We give a detailed account of the Hamiltonian Gotay-Nester-Hinds (GNH) analysis of the parametrized unimodular extension of the Holst action. The purpose of the paper is to derive, through the clear geometric picture furnished by the GNH method, a simple Hamiltonian formulation for this model and explain why it is difficult to arrive at it in other...

We use covariant phase space methods to study the metric and tetrad formulations of General Relativity in a manifold with boundary and compare the results obtained in both approaches. Proving their equivalence has been a long-lasting problem that we solve here by using the cohomological approach provided by the relative bicomplex framework. This al...

We give a detailed account of the Hamiltonian GNH analysis of the parametrized unimodular extension of the Holst action. The purpose of the paper is to derive, through the clear geometric picture furnished by the GNH method, a simple Hamiltonian formulation for this model and explain why it is difficult to arrive at it in other approaches. We will...

We discuss a simple symplectic formulation for tetrad gravity that leads to the real Ashtekar variables in a direct and transparent way. It also sheds light on the role of the Immirzi parameter and the time gauge.

We discuss a simple symplectic formulation for tetrad gravity that leads to the real Ashtekar variables in a direct and transparent way. It also sheds light on the role of the Immirzi parameter and the time gauge.

We give a new identity involving Bernoulli polynomials and combinatorial numbers. This provides, in particular, a Faulhaber-like formula for sums of the form $1^m (n-1)^m + 2^m (n-2)^m + \cdots + (n-1)^m 1^m$ for positive integers $m$ and $n$.

We give a new identity involving Bernoulli polynomials and combinatorial numbers. This provides, in particular, a Faulhaber-like formula for sums of the form $1^m (n-1)^m + 2^m (n-2)^m + \cdots + (n-1)^m 1^m$ for positive integers $m$ and $n$.

The goal of this paper is to propose and discuss a practical way to implement the Dirac algorithm for constrained field models defined on spatial regions with boundaries. Our method is inspired in the geometric viewpoint developed by Gotay, Nester, and Hinds (GNH) to deal with singular Hamiltonian systems. We pay special attention to the specific i...

A bstract
In this paper we study a family of generalizations of the Pontryagin and Husain-Kuchǎr actions on manifolds with boundary. In some cases, they describe well- known models — either at the boundary or in the bulk — such as 3-dimensional Euclidean general relativity with a cosmological constant or the Husain-Kuchǎr model. We will use Hamilto...

In this paper we study a family of generalizations of the Pontryagin and Husain-Kucha\v{r} actions on manifolds with boundary. In some cases, they describe well-known models---either at the boundary or in the bulk---such as 3-dimensional Euclidean general relativity with a cosmological constant or the Husain-Kucha\v{r} model. We will use Hamiltonia...

The goal of this paper is to propose and discuss a practical way to implement the Dirac algorithm for constrained field models defined on spatial regions with boundaries. Our method is inspired in the geometric viewpoint developed by Gotay, Nester, and Hinds (GNH) to deal with singular Hamiltonian systems. We pay special attention to the specific i...

We introduce a new representation for the rescaled Appell polynomials and discuss how their asymptotics can be derived from it. This representation generically consists of a finite sum and an integral over a universal contour (i.e. independent of the particular family of polynomials considered). We illustrate our method by studying the zero attract...

We introduce an iterative method to univocally determine the adiabatic expansion of the modes of Dirac fields in spatially homogeneous external backgrounds. We overcome the ambiguities found in previous studies and use this new procedure to improve the adiabatic regularization/renormalization scheme. We provide details on the application of the met...

We introduce an iterative method to univocally determine the adiabatic expansion of the modes of Dirac fields in spatially homogeneous external backgrounds. We overcome the ambiguities found in previous studies and use this new procedure to improve the adiabatic regularization/renormalization scheme. We provide details on the application of the met...

We study the distribution of the eigenvalues of the area operator in loop quantum gravity concentrating on the part of the spectrum relevant for isolated horizons. We first show that the approximations relying on integer partitions are not sufficient to obtain the asymptotic behaviour of the eigenvalue distribution for large areas. We then develop...

We discuss the introduction of boundary Hilbert spaces for a class of physical systems for which it is not possible to factor their state spaces as tensor products of Hilbert spaces naturally associated to their boundaries and bulks respectively. In order to do this we make use of the so called trace operators that play a relevant role in the analy...

We discuss the unitarity of the quantum evolution between arbitrary Cauchy surfaces of a 1+1 dimensional free scalar field defined on a bounded spatial region and subject to several types of boundary conditions including Dirichlet, Neumann and Robin.

We study the Hamiltonian formulation for a parametrized electromagnetic field with the purpose of clarifying the interplay between parametrization and gauge symmetries. We use a geometric approach which is tailor-made for theories where embeddings are part of the dynamical variables. Our point of view is global and coordinate free. The most importa...

We study the Hamiltonian formulation for a parametrized scalar field in a regular bounded spatial region subject to Dirichlet, Neumann and Robin boundary conditions. We generalize the work carried out by a number of authors on parametrized field systems to the interesting case where spatial boundaries are present. The configuration space of our mod...

We study the Fock quantization of a compound classical system consisting of
point masses and a scalar field. We consider the Hamiltonian formulation of the
model by using the geometric constraint algorithm of Gotay, Nester and Hinds.
By relying on this Hamiltonian description, we characterize in a precise way
the real Hilbert space of classical sol...

The study of light, its nature and properties was a central topic in the works of Albert Einstein. This paper discusses the role of light in the formulation of special relativity, in particular as a tool to provide operational definitions of the basic kinematic concepts. It also discusses the role of light in understanding general relativity and en...

Resumen. En este trabajo discutiremos la resolución del problema 6.94 planteado en el libro Concrete Mathematics [3] de Graham, Knuth y Patashnik mediante el uso de funciones generatrices exponenciales de dos variables. La familia de recurrencias a la que se refiere el problema contiene muchas familias conocidas de números combinatorios para elecci...

We define a new family of generalized Stirling permutations that can be interpreted in terms of ordered trees and forests. We prove that the number of generalized Stirling permutations with a fixed number of ascents is given by a natural three-parameter generalization of the well-known Eulerian numbers. We give the generating function for this new...

This article discusses and explains the Hamiltonian formulation for a class
of simple gauge invariant mechanical systems consisting of point masses and
idealized rods. The study of these models may be helpful to advanced
undergraduate or graduate students in theoretical physics to understand, in a
familiar context, some concepts relevant to the stu...

This contribution discusses the thermodynamic limit for black holes in loop quantum gravity by using the number-theoretic methods introduced to compute their entropy in this framework. We show how that the subdominant corrections for the entropy in this limit differ from the ones corresponding to the statistical entropy.

We present an overall picture of the advances in the description of black
hole physics from the perspective of loop quantum gravity. After an
introduction that discusses the main conceptual issues we present some details
about the classical and quantum geometry of isolated horizons and their quantum
geometry and then use this scheme to give a natur...

We consider Problem 6.94 posed in the book Concrete Mathematics by Graham, Knuth, and Patashnik, and solve it by using bivariate exponential generating functions. The family of recurrence relations considered in the problem contains many cases of combinatorial interest for particular choices of the six parameters that define it. We give a complete...

We discuss, within the simplified context provided by the polymeric harmonic oscillator, a construction leading to a separable Hilbert space that preserves some of the most important features of the spectrum of the Hamiltonian operator. This construction can be generalized to loop quantum cosmology and is helpful to sidestep some of the issues that...

The combinatorial problems associated with the counting of black hole states in loop quantum gravity can be analyzed by using suitable generating functions. These can be used to perform a statistical analysis of the black hole degeneracy spectrum, study the interesting sub-structure found in the entropy of microscopic black holes, and its asymptoti...

The purpose of this paper is to study in detail the constraint structure of the Hamiltonian description for the scalar and electromagnetic fields in the presence of spatial boundaries. We carefully discuss the implementation of the geometric constraint algorithm of Gotay, Nester and Hinds with special emphasis on the relevant functional analytic as...

We discuss the detailed structure of the spectrum of the Hamiltonian for the polymerized harmonic oscillator and compare it with the spectrum in the standard quantization. As we will see the non-separability of the Hilbert space implies that the point spectrum consists of bands similar to the ones appearing in the treatment of periodic potentials....

The purpose of this contribution is to review the combinatorial methods
used in loop quantum gravity to compute the entropy of black holes and
discuss some applications of the formalism, in particular to the study
of the thermodynamic limit. The main reason to look at this issue is the
fact that the entropy must be a smooth function if one wants to...

The international conference LOOPS'11 took place in Madrid from the 23–28 May 2011. It was hosted by the Instituto de Estructura de la Materia (IEM), which belongs to the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientĺficas (CSIC). Like previous editions of the LOOPS meetings, it dealt with a wealth of state-of-the-art topics on Quantum Gravity, with sp...

We discuss the recent progress on black hole entropy in loop quantum gravity, focusing in particular on the recently discovered discretization effect for microscopic black holes. Powerful analytical techniques have been developed to perform the exact computation of entropy. A statistical analysis of the structures responsible for this effect shows...

We give a short introduction to the approaches currently used to describe black holes in loop quantum gravity. We will concentrate on the classical issues related to the modeling of black holes as isolated horizons, give a short discussion of their canonical quantization by using loop quantum gravity techniques, and a description of the combinatori...

Motivated by the Goldbach conjecture in Number Theory and the abelian
bosonization mechanism on a cylindrical two-dimensional spacetime we study the
reconstruction of a real scalar field as a product of two real fermion
(so-called \textit{prime}) fields whose Fourier expansion exclusively contains
prime modes. We undertake the canonical quantizatio...

We show in this paper that it is possible to formulate general relativity in a phase space coordinatized by two SO(3) connections. We analyze first the Husain-Kuchař model and find a two connection description for it. Introducing a suitable scalar constraint in this phase space we get a Hamiltonian formulation of gravity that is close to the one gi...

The purpose of this contribution is is to discuss black hole entropy in the loop quantum gravity framework. Special attention is paid to the description of the microscopic degrees of freedom responsible for the entropy, the statement of the combinatorial problems that must be solved in order to count them, and the behaviour of the entropy as a func...

We discuss the thermodynamic limit in the canonical area ensemble used in loop quantum gravity to model quantum black holes. The computation of the thermodynamic limit is the rigorous way to obtain a smooth entropy from the counting entropy given by a direct determination of the number of microstates compatible with macroscopic quantities (the ener...

We use mathematical methods based on generating functions to study the
statistical properties of the black hole degeneracy spectrum in loop quantum
gravity. In particular we will study the persistence of the observed effective
quantization of the entropy as a function of the horizon area. We will show
that this quantization disappears as the area i...

We give a complete and detailed description of the computation of black hole
entropy in loop quantum gravity by employing the most recently introduced
number-theoretic and combinatorial methods. The use of these techniques allows
us to perform a detailed analysis of the precise structure of the entropy
spectrum for small black holes, showing some r...

We give a comprehensive review of the quantization of midisuperspace models.
Though the main focus of the paper is on quantum aspects, we also provide an
introduction to several classical points related to the definition of these
models. We cover some important issues, in particular, the use of the principle
of symmetric criticality as a very usefu...

The computation of black hole entropy in loop quantum gravity requires the resolution of a combinatorial problem consisting in the counting of finite sequences of half integer numbers satisfying a condition involving the horizon area and the so called projection constraint. Recently this problem has been approached by using number theoretic methods...

The computation of black hole entropy in loop quantum gravity is based on a nonperturbative quantization derived from a Hamiltonian formulation of general relativity on a 3-manifold with a spherical inner boundary.We show that the extra, non-dynamical, structure provided by this inner boundary allows us to define a natural area operator different f...

We use the combinatorial and number-theoretical methods developed in previous work by the authors to study black hole entropy in the new proposal put forward by Engle, Noui and Perez. Specifically we give the generating functions relevant for the computation of the entropy and use them to derive its asymptotic behavior including the value of the Im...

I will discuss here the role of the internal symmetry group in the
computations of black hole entropy in loop quantum gravity according to
the standard prescription given by Domagala and Lewandowski [1]. In
particular I will show how it is possible to take into account the
possible choice of either SO(3) or SU(2) as the internal symmetry groups
of...

We show that, for space-times with inner boundaries, there exists a natural area operator different from the standard one used in loop quantum gravity. This new flux-area operator has equidistant eigenvalues. We discuss the consequences of substituting the standard area operator in the Ashtekar-Baez-Corichi-Krasnov definition of black hole entropy...

Einstein‐Rosen waves can be exactly quantized. The Hamiltonian operator is a nonlinear, bounded function of the free Hamiltonian corresponding to an axisymmetric massless scalar field propagating in a
2+1
dimensional Minkowskian background. In this short review we will discuss the possibility of constructing true coherent states for this model....

We discuss some issues related to the computation of black hole entropy in loop quantum gravity from the novel point of view provided by the recent number-theoretical methods introduced by the authors and their collaborators. In particular we give exact expressions, in the form of integral transforms, for the black hole entropy in terms of the area...

We discuss two different types of issues concerning the quantization of Einstein-Rosen waves. First of all we study in detail the possibility of using the coherent states corresponding to the dynamics of the auxiliary, free Hamiltonian appearing in the description of the model to study the full dynamics of the system. For time periods of arbitrary...

We discuss some physical applications of a proposed canonical quantization of Einstein-Rosen waves coupled to a massless scalar field. In particular we will explore how to use the particle-like modes of the matter field to operationally explore the quantized geometry of the system. We will do this in several independent but consistent ways: By usin...

We introduce, in a systematic way, a set of generating functions that solve all the different combinatorial problems that crop up in the study of black hole entropy in Loop Quantum Gravity. Specifically we give generating functions for: The different sources of degeneracy related to the spectrum of the area operator, the solutions to the projection...

We give an efficient method, combining number-theoretic and combinatorial ideas, to exactly compute black hole entropy in the framework of loop quantum gravity. Along the way we provide a complete characterization of the relevant sector of the spectrum of the area operator, including degeneracies, and explicitly determine the number of solutions to...

The purpose of this contribution is to give an introduction to quantum
geometry and loop quantum gravity for a wide audience of both physicists and
mathematicians. From a physical point of view the emphasis will be on
conceptual issues concerning the relationship of the formalism with other more
traditional approaches inspired in the treatment of t...

The purpose of this paper is to study in detail the problem of defining unitary evolution for linearly polarized and Gowdy models (in vacuum or coupled to massless scalar fields). We show that in the Fock quantizations of these systems no choice of acceptable complex structure leads to a unitary evolution for the original variables. Nonetheless, un...

We discuss the classical and quantum mechanical evolution of systems
described by a Hamiltonian that is a function of a solvable one, both
classically and quantum mechanically. The case in which the solvable
Hamiltonian corresponds to the harmonic oscillator is emphasized. We show that,
in spite of the similarities at the classical level, the quant...

The purpose of this paper is to analyze in detail the Hamiltonian formulation for the compact Gowdy models coupled to massless scalar fields as a necessary first step towards their quantization. We will pay special attention to the coupling of matter and those features that arise for the three-handle and three-sphere topologies that are not present...

We discuss the quantization of two-Killing symmetry reductions of general relativity with cosmological interpretation. In particular we will focus on the obtention of unitary evolution operators in closed form for the class of time-dependent quadratic Hamiltonians that appear in this context. This will be done by extending to field theoretical mode...

The purpose of this paper is to discuss in detail the use of scalar matter coupled to linearly polarized Einstein-Rosen waves as a probe to study quantum gravity in the restricted setting provided by this symmetry reduction of general relativity. We will obtain the relevant Hamiltonian and quantize it with the techniques already used for the purely...

The Geroch reduction formalism can be used to simplify the Einstein field equations when symmetries are introduced as Killing fields. This makes it possible to rewrite them as those corresponding to a system of matter fields coupled to a metric defined in a lower-dimensional quotient space. We will discuss this reduction for a system of linearly po...

We give a general procedure to obtain non perturbative evolution operators in closed form for quantized linearly polarized two Killing vector reductions of general relativity with a cosmological interpretation. We study the representation of these operators in Fock spaces and discuss in detail the conditions leading to unitary evolutions.

We describe the quantization of Einstein-Rosen waves coupled to a
cylindrical massless scalar. We obtain a close form for the Hamiltonian
and for the unitary quantum evolution operator of the system. This
result allows us to discuss several issues relevant to quantum general
relativity, such as the causal structure of the space-time at quantum
scal...

We show in this letter that gravity coupled to a massless scalar field with
full cylindrical symmetry can be exactly quantized by an extension of the
techniques used in the quantization of Einstein-Rosen waves. This system
provides a useful testbed to discuss a number of issues in quantum general
relativity such as the emergence of the classical me...

We discuss the asymptotic behavior of regulated field commutators for linearly polarized, cylindrically symmetric gravitational waves and the mathematical techniques needed for this analysis. We concentrate our attention on the effects brought about by the introduction of a physical cut-off in the study of the microcausality of the model and descri...

We discuss the connection between the Fock space introduced by Ashtekar and Pierri for Einstein-Rosen waves and its perturbative counterpart based on the concept of a particle that arises in linearized gravity with a de Donder gauge. We show that the gauge adopted by Ashtekar and Pierri is indeed a generalization of the de Donder gauge to full (i.e...

We give a detailed study of the asymptotic behavior of field commutators for linearly polarized, cylindrically symmetric gravitational waves in different physically relevant regimes. We also discuss the necessary mathematical tools to carry out our analysis. Field commutators are used here to analyze microcausality, in particular the smearing of li...

We analyze cylindrical gravitational waves in vacuo with general polarization and develop a viewpoint complementary to that presented recently by Niedermaier showing that the auxiliary sigma model associated with this family of waves is not renormalizable in the standard perturbative sense.