J. Crous-Duran

J. Crous-Duran
University of Lisbon | UL · Forest Research Center (CEF)

PhD in Forest Engineering and Natural Resources
Project Manager and Science Advisor at REVOLVE (revolve.media)

About

45
Publications
22,782
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907
Citations
Citations since 2017
28 Research Items
898 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250

Publications

Publications (45)
Thesis
Full-text available
Agroforestry integrates woody vegetation with crop and/or animal production. This combination can benefit from ecological and economic interactions that allow better use of natural resources and improved economic performance. But despite financial support offered through policy, the implementation of new agroforestry systems has not been widespread...
Article
Full-text available
Rural Europe encompasses a variety of landscapes with differing levels of forest, agriculture, and agroforestry that can deliver multiple ecosystem services (ES). Whilst provisioning and regulating ES associated with individual land covers are comparatively well studied, less is known about the associated cultural ES. Only seldom are provisioning,...
Article
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Article
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Boswellia papyrifera woodland provides considerable economic, ecological and socio-cultural benefits in the drylands of Ethiopia. However, its populations are in rapid decline due to human pressure and environmental degradation. As a consequence, the species is now considered being endangered, demanding an urgent conservation intervention to sustai...
Article
Full-text available
Boswellia papyrifera woodland provides considerable economic, ecological and socio-cultural benefits in the drylands of Ethiopia. However, its populations are in rapid decline due to human pressure and environmental degradation. As a consequence, the species is now considered being endangered, demanding an urgent conservation intervention to sustai...
Article
Full-text available
Traditional forms of agroforestry are often recognized as exemplar systems that successfully integrate food production, biodiversity conservation and high cultural values. However many traditional agroforestry systems in Europe are in decline or are threatened and the perspectives of local stakeholders on the production, management, socio-economic,...
Article
Full-text available
Agroforestry systems have been compared to agricultural and forestry alternatives, providing a land-use solution for additional environmental benefits while maintaining similar levels of productivity. However, there is scarce research assessing such patterns across a pan-European scale using a common methodology. This study aims to improve our unde...
Article
Full-text available
There is an increasing demand to study the long-term effects of land use from both local farm and wider societal and environmental perspectives. This study applied an approach to evaluate both the financial profitability of arable, agroforestry, and tree-only systems and the wider societal benefits over a period of 30-60 years. The biophysical inpu...
Article
Full-text available
Ethiopia economy depends strongly on Coffea arabica production. Coffee, like many other crops, is sensitive to climate change and recent studies have suggested that future changes in climate will have a negative impact on its yield and quality. An urgent development and application of strategies against negative impacts of climate change on coffee...
Article
Full-text available
Agroforestry systems, in which trees are integrated in arable or pasture land, can be used to enable sustainable food, material, and energy production (i.e. provide provisioning ecosystem services) whilst reducing the negative environmental impacts associated with farming. However, one constraint on the uptake of agroforestry in Europe is a lack of...
Article
Full-text available
Rural development policies in many Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) member countries promote sustainable landscape management with the intention of providing multiple ecosystem services (ES). Yet, it remains unclear which ES benefits are perceived in different landscapes and by different people. We present an assessment...
Article
Full-text available
Agroforestry, relative to conventional agriculture, contributes significantly to carbon sequestration, increases a range of regulating ecosystem services, and enhances biodiversity. Using a transdisciplinary approach, we combined scientific and technical knowledge to evaluate nine environmental pressures in terms of ecosystem services in European f...
Article
Full-text available
Food security, climate change mitigation, and land use challenges are inter-linked and need to be considered simultaneously. One possible solution is sustainable intensification, which is the practice of increasing food production per area of land whilst also reducing the environmental impacts associated with this. Agroforestry has been stated to b...
Article
The study assessed the economic performance of marketable ecosystem services (ES) (biomass production) and non-marketable ecosystem services and dis-services (groundwater, nutrient loss, soil loss, carbon sequestration, pollination deficit) in 11 contrasting European landscapes dominated by agroforestry land use compared to business as usual agricu...
Presentation
Full-text available
Presentation on Agroforestry Systems in Agroglobal 2018. Available here: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/15944
Article
Full-text available
Context Agroforestry systems in temperate Europe are known to provide both, provisioning and regulating ecosystem services (ES). Yet, it is poorly understood how these systems affect ES provision at a landscape scale in contrast to agricultural practises. Objectives This study aimed at developing a novel, spatially explicit model to assess and qua...
Article
Full-text available
Whilst the benefits of agroforestry are widely recognised in tropical latitudes few studies have assessed how agroforestry is perceived in temperate latitudes. This study evaluates how stakeholders and key actors including farmers, landowners, agricultural advisors, researchers and environmentalists perceive the implementation and expansion of agro...
Article
Full-text available
Agroforestry combines perennial woody elements (e.g. trees) with an agricultural understory (e.g. wheat, pasture) which can also potentially be used by a livestock component. In recent decades, modern agroforestry systems have been proposed at European level as land use alternatives for conventional agricultural systems. The potential range of bene...
Article
Full-text available
Land use systems that integrate woody vegetation with livestock and/or crops and are recognised for their biodiversity and cultural importance can be termed high nature and cultural value (HNCV) agroforestry. In this review, based on the literature and stakeholder knowledge, we describe the structure, components and management practices of ten cont...
Article
Full-text available
Agroforestry systems are known to provide ecosystem services which differ in quantity and quality from conventional agricultural practices and could enhance rural landscapes. In this study we compared ecosystem services provision of agroforestry and non-agroforestry landscapes in case study regions from three European biogeographical regions: Medit...
Article
Whilst numerous studies have examined the environmental benefits of introducing additional trees within wood pasture systems few studies have assessed the impact on farm profitability. This paper describes a model, called Forage-SAFE, which has been developed to improve understanding of the management and economics of wood pastures. The model simul...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Forage-SAFE model has been developed to better understand the impact of trees on the profitability of wood pastures. It assesses the daily balance between the demand for and production of forage to estimate an annual farm net margin. The model allows the modification of selected biophysical and financial parameters related to the tree, pasture...
Article
Full-text available
An accurate and objective estimate on the extent of agroforestry in Europe is critical for the development of supporting policies. For this reason, a more harmonised and uniform Pan-European estimate is needed. The aim of this study was to quantify and map the distribution of agroforestry in the European Union. We classified agroforestry into three...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report (updated in August 2016) is an output from work-package 1 which aims to understand the context and extent of agroforestry in Europe. In an earlier report, den Herder et al (2015) reviewed literature sources to provide a preliminary estimate of the extent of agroforestry in Europe. That report (which collected only limited data from some...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Available at: http://www.agforward.eu/index.php/en/yield-safe-model-improvements.html
Conference Paper
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Available at: http://www.agroforestry.eu/conferences/III_EURAFConference
Conference Paper
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Available at: http://www.agroforestry.eu/conferences/III_EURAFConference
Research
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This STSM intends to use the ESAT-A tool, developed by BTU (Tsonkova et al 2014) and adapt it within the possibilities, to quantify the provision of ES by the Montado and compare it to two of its land-use alternatives: wheat agriculture and dense forestry.
Research
Full-text available
The main objective of this STSM is to include an acorn production estimation method into an agroforestry process-based growth model (Yield-SAFE) and relate it to its potential for transformation to meat (Iberian pig) production.
Technical Report
Full-text available
Available in http://www.agforward.eu/index.php/pt/montado-portugal-843.html
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Under the umbrella of the EU Project AGFORWARD (Agroforestry that will Advance Rural Development, 2014-2017), initial workshops with stakeholders identified a potential eucalyptus Agroforestry System (AF) not being practiced in Portugal. Currently, Eucalyptus globulus Labill occupies about 700 000 ha mainly in monoculture plantations for pulp produ...
Technical Report
Full-text available
http://www.agforward.eu/index.php/pt/montado-portugal-843.html
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In 2005, 11% of the anthropogenic greenhouse gases emissions (GHG) were originated from agricultural activities and this value is expected to increase in the future (IPCC 2007). Besides the contribution for the restoration of soil productivity and for the improvement of conditions in degraded land, Agroforestry is also proposed as one of the main s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Most of forestry or agroforestry artificial plantations either have an orthogonal design, or curvilinear under contour lines to prevent soil erosion. These designs are known to maximize machinery workflow or erosion control respectively. As in many occasions in land use management, what optimizes machinery operation is not what optimizes prevention...
Conference Paper
Comparing the accuracy of a process-based (3PG), a hybrid (Glob3PG) and an empirical (Globulus 3.0) model against long term permanent plot data from Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Josep Crous, Susana Barreiro, José Tomé and Margarida Tomé. Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Centro de Estudos Florestais, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa.Tapada de Ajuda,13...

Questions

Questions (2)
Question
How do you plan to estimate the availability/production of mushrooms in Finnish forests? by using models? what sort of models?

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
To evaluate the implementation of agroforestry in Europe
Project
AGFORWARD (AGroFORestry that Will Advance Rural Development) is a four-year research project funded by the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7). It started in January 2014 and will continue until December 2017.