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Izaskun Elezgarai

Izaskun Elezgarai
Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea/ University of the Basque Country · Nurozientziak/Neurosciences

About

39
Publications
6,545
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1,555
Citations
Citations since 2017
10 Research Items
900 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200

Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Full-text available
Kate luzeko omega-3 mantenugaiak, azido α-linolenikoa (ALA), azido eikosapentaenoikoa (EPA) etaazido dokosahexaenoikoa (DHA), dietaren bitartez bereganatzen diren gantz-azido (GA) poliasegabeak dira. Propietate antioxidatzaileak barne hartzen dituzten hiru osagai horien elikagai-iturri nagusia arrain koipetsua (izokina, antxoa, hegalaburra…) eta ho...
Article
The cannabinoid CB1 receptor localizes to the glutamatergic parallel fiber (PF) terminals of the cerebellar granule cells and participates in synaptic plasticity, motor control and learning that are impaired in CB1 receptor knockout (CB1‐KO) mice. However, whether ultrastructural changes at the PF‐Purkinje cell (PC) synapses occur in CB1‐KO remains...
Article
Full-text available
Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) is a risk factor for myelination disturbances, a key factor for cerebral palsy. Cannabidiol (CBD) protects neurons and glial cells after HI insult in newborn animals. We hereby aimed to study CBD’s effects on long-lasting HI-induced myelination deficits in newborn rats. Thus, P7 Wistar rats received s.c. vehicle (HV)...
Article
Full-text available
Binge drinking is a significant problem in adolescent populations, and because of the reciprocal interactions between ethanol (EtOH) consumption and the endocannabinoid (eCB) system, we sought to determine if adolescent EtOH intake altered the localization and function of the cannabinoid 1 (CB1) receptors in the adult brain. Adolescent mice were ex...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) are measurement instruments that patients complete to provide information on aspects of their health status that are relevant to their quality of life. The use of PROMs improves patient-clinician communication, emotional well-being of patients and clinical management, as well as patient satisf...
Article
Full-text available
The endocannabinoid system modulates synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus, but a link between long-term synaptic plasticity and the type 1 cannabinoid (CB 1 ) receptor at medial perforant path (MPP) synapses remains elusive. Here, immuno-electron microscopy in adult mice showed that ∼26% of the excitatory synaptic terminals in the middle 1/3 of t...
Article
Full-text available
Binge drinking (BD) is a common pattern of ethanol (EtOH) consumption by adolescents. The brain effects of the acute EtOH exposure are well‐studied; however, the long‐lasting cognitive and neurobehavioral consequences of BD during adolescence are only beginning to be elucidated. Environmental enrichment (EE) has long been known for its benefits on...
Article
Full-text available
Endokannabinoide-sistema (EKS) zelulen arteko komunikazio sistema fisiologiko neuromodulatzaile garrantzitsuenetako bat da eta funtzio ezagunena, animalia helduan neurotransmisoreen doikuntzan datza. Azken urteotako ikerketek, aldiz, funtzio garrantzitsu honez gain, garapeneko prozesuetan ere biziki parte hartzen duela erakutsi dute. Izan ere, zenb...
Article
Astroglial type-1 cannabinoid (CB1) receptors are involved in synaptic transmission, plasticity and behavior by interfering with the so-called tripartite synapse formed by pre- and post-synaptic neuronal elements and surrounding astrocyte processes. However, little is known concerning the subcellular distribution of astroglial CB1 receptors. In par...
Article
Full-text available
Cannabinoid type-1 (CB1) receptors are widely distributed in the brain and play important roles in astrocyte function and the modulation of neuronal synaptic transmission and plasticity. However, it is currently unknown how CB1 receptor expression in astrocytes is affected by long-term exposure to stressors. Here we examined CB1 receptors in astroc...
Article
Cellular activity in the brain depends on the high energetic support provided by mitochondria, the cell organelles which use energy sources to generate ATP. Acute cannabinoid intoxication induces amnesia in humans and animals, and the activation of type-1 cannabinoid receptors present at brain mitochondria membranes (mtCB1) can directly alter mitoc...
Article
Full-text available
The cannabinoid type 1 (CB1) receptor is widely distributed in the brain and peripheral organs where it regulates cellular functions and metabolism. In the brain, CB1 is mainly localized on presynaptic axon terminals but is also found on mitochondria (mtCB1), where it regulates cellular respiration and energy production. Likewise, CB1 is localized...
Article
Type-1 cannabinoid (CB1 ) receptors are widely distributed in the brain. Their physiological roles depend on their distribution pattern that differs remarkably among cell types. Hence, subcellular compartments with little but functional relevant CB1 receptors can be overlooked, fostering an incomplete mapping. To overcome this, knock-in mice with c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Laburpena Gaur egun, gero eta ebidentzia gehiago aurkitzen dira sistema endokannabinoideak (eCB) estres-prozesuetan duen ondorioei buruz. Sistema horretan dagoen CB1 hartzailea (CB1R) genetikoki ezabatzeak hipotalamo-hipofisi-adrenal (HPA) ardatzaren aktibitatea areagotzea eragiten du eta animaliak estresera sentsibilizatzen ditu. Are gehiago, iker...
Article
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A preembedding immunoperoxidase method was used to study the distribution of the GluR2/3 and GluR4 AMPA subunits of the ionotropic glutamate receptors in the peripheral vestibular epithelium of the hatched chicken. At the light microscopic level, a strong immunoreactivity for both subunits was observed around type I hair cells in the cristae ampull...
Article
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We have recently shown that the transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1), a non-selective cation channel in the peripheral and central nervous system, is localized at postsynaptic sites of the excitatory perforant path synapses in the hippocampal dentate molecular layer (ML). In the present work, we have studied the distribution of TRP...
Article
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The hypothalamus and the endocannabinoid system are important players in the regulation of energy homeostasis. In a previous study, we described the ultrastructural distribution of CB1 receptors in GABAergic and glutamatergic synaptic terminals of the dorsomedial region of the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMH). However, the specific lo...
Article
Full-text available
The transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) is a non-selective cation channel that plays an important role in pain perception and modulates neurotransmitter release and synaptic plasticity in the brain. TRPV1 function must lay on its anatomical distribution in the peripheral and central nervous system regions involved in the physiolog...
Article
To what extent the intrinsic glutamatergic system of the cerebellum is able to keep normal features in the absence of mossy and climbing fibres, is at present not known. To answer this question, immunocytochemistry for light and high resolution electron microscopy was used to reveal the cellular and subcellular distribution of glutamate receptors i...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Type-1 cannabinoid receptors (CB(1)R) are enriched in the hypothalamus, particularly in the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus (VMH) that participates in homeostatic and behavioral functions including food intake. Although CB(1)R activation modulates excitatory and inhibitory synaptic transmission in the brain, CB(1)R contribution to th...
Article
A proper motor activity relies on a correct cerebellar function. The Kv3.1 and Kv3.3 voltage-gated potassium channels are key proteins involved in cerebellar function and dysfunction, as the lack of these causes severe motor deficits. Both channel subunits are coexpressed in granule cells and are rapidly activated at relatively positive potentials...
Article
Full-text available
The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) is involved in behaviors related to natural reward, drug addiction and stress. In spite of the emerging role of the endogenous cannabinoid (eCB) system in these behaviors, little is known about the anatomy and function of this system in the anterolateral BNST (alBNST). The aim of this study was to prov...
Article
The mature calyx of Held ending on principal neurons of the medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB) has very specialized morphological and molecular features that make it possible to transmit auditory signals with high fidelity. In a previous work we described an increased localization of the ionotropic alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4 isoxazol...
Article
Deep cerebellar dentate nuclei are in a key position to control motor planning as a result of an integration of cerebropontine inputs and hemispheric Purkinje neurons signals, and their influence through synaptic outputs onto extracerebellar hubs. GABAergic dentate neurons exhibit broader action potentials and slower afterhyperpolarization than non...
Article
Full-text available
The endocannabinoid system is involved in multiple physiological functions including reward. Cannabinoids potently control the activity of midbrain dopamine cells, but the contribution of cortical projections in this phenomenon is unclear. We show that the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) efficient relays cortical excitation to dopamine n...
Article
Full-text available
Cannabinoids have deleterious effects on prefrontal cortex (PFC)-mediated functions and multiple evidences link the endogenous cannabinoid (endocannabinoid) system, cannabis use and schizophrenia, a disease in which PFC functions are altered. Nonetheless, the molecular composition and the physiological functions of the endocannabinoid system in the...
Article
The pattern of expression of ionotropic glutamate receptor (GluR) subunits 1-4 in the medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB) has been reported to change during development. The aim of this study was to compare the distribution of the GluR1-4 subunits in the MNTB at postnatal day (P) 9, before high-frequency signal transmission in the auditory...
Article
Several studies indicate that metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) participate in the transmission of visual stimuli in optic layers of the superior colliculus (SC). We examined the cellular and subcellular distribution of the group III mGluR4a in superficial layers of the rat SC by means of a specific antiserum and a preembedding immunogold m...
Article
A pre-embedding immunocytochemical method was used to study the subcellular distribution of the voltage-dependent potassium channel Kv3.1b in the medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB) in developing and adult rat. The main finding was the localization of the channel in specific membrane compartments of the calyces of Held and principal globula...
Article
Studies indicate that metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) may play a role in spinal sensory transmission. We examined the cellular and subcellular distribution of the mGluR subtype 4a in spinal tissue by means of a specific antiserum and immunocytochemical techniques for light and electron microscopy. A dense plexus of mGluR4a-immunoreactive...
Article
The existence of a neuronal-glial signalling through the activation of neurotransmitter receptors expressed in glia is well-documented. In excitatory synapses, glutamate released from presynaptic terminals activates not only postsynaptic receptors, but also ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptors localized in the glia ensheathing the synaps...
Article
The position of neurotransmitter receptors relative to active neurotransmitter release sites may be a major factor influencing neuronal responses. The location of the metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype mGluR2/3 was investigated in synaptic structures in the rat superficial spinal dorsal horn laminae by using a pre-embedding immunogold techniqu...
Article
Several metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) subtypes have been identified in the cerebellar cortex that are targeted to different compartments in cerebellar cells. In this study, preembedding immunocytochemical methods for electron microscopy were used to investigate the subcellular distribution of the mGluR1b splice variant in the rat cerebell...
Article
This study evaluates the localization of the metabotropic glutamate receptor mGluR4a in the piriform cortex of rats using preembedding immunocytochemical methods. At the light microscopic level, punctate labeling was evident in layers Ia and Ib of the piriform cortex, and immunolabeled fibers were present in layers II and III. Following bilateral d...
Article
We report in this study with a pre-embedding immunogold method, the clustering of the group III metabotropic glutamate receptor 4a (mGluR4a) along the presynaptic membrane of parallel fiber synaptic terminals in the cerebellar molecular layer. The mGluR4a clusters were homogeneously distributed and interspaced by about 60 nm. These results suggest...
Article
A preembedding immunocytochemical method for light microscopy was used to study the postnatal development of expression of the group III metabotropic glutamate receptor mGluR4a in the medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB) of the rat. Immunoreactivity for mGluR4a was localized in axonal endings wrapping the principal globular neurons in MNTB,...
Article
The midbrain periaqueductal gray is a key structure for the mediation of an integrated defence behaviour. Although a prominent role for glutamate in PAG mechanisms is supported by both behavioural and morphological studies, whether PAG afferents conveying somatosensory information constitute a source of glutamatergic input to the PAG remains unknow...

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