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While port efficiency has been broadly researched in recent years, studies analyzing effectiveness are more recent. Both efficiency and effectiveness play an important role in assessing port performance. As some authors state, we can relate efficiency to “doing things right,” whereas effectiveness refers to “doing the right things.” In this chapter...
Specialisation is a common strategy followed by ports to face the challenges of globalisation, changes in the naval industry and maritime operations. The main objective of this research is to determine if specialisation and size of ports have an impact on port efficiency. We estimate the efficiency of 27 Spanish ports during the 2001–2011 period us...
Ports are a key part in the development of international trade and, therefore, in the economic growth of countries. Despite the fact that one-third of African countries are landlocked, shipping remains the main gateway to the world market. In this chapter, we present different indicators of the performance of ports in Eastern Africa that could be p...
Since the mid-twentieth century, economic growth has yielded a major transformation in the maritime transport industry and, subsequently, in the way ports are organized and managed. The generalization of containerised cargo, accompanied by the increasing size of container ships, have not only changed port infrastructure and operations, but also aff...
Extensive use of containerized cargo has caused technological changes in the maritime industry and consequently port transformations. To face these new challenges, port reform processes were designed, coming to Latin America in the 90s. The main objectives were the modernization of ports and the promotion of competition and efficiency. However, the...