Ivo Sedlacek

Ivo Sedlacek
Masaryk University | MUNI · Department of Experimental Biology

Professor

About

276
Publications
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2,712
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Publications

Publications (276)
Article
Full-text available
Pathogenic microbes, such as bacteria and viruses, can spread quickly via contaminated surfaces. Most of these pathogenic microorganisms can survive on surfaces for a long time. Touching these surfaces can lead to the transmission of the microorganisms to the human body and cause serious illnesses. ZrN-Cu coatings containing different amounts of Cu...
Article
Strains P8930T and 478 were isolated from Antarctic glaciers located on James Ross Island and King George Island, respectively. They comprised Gram-stain-negative short rod-shaped cells forming pink pigmented colonies and exhibited identical 16S rRNA gene sequences and highly similar MALDI TOF mass spectra, and hence were assigned as representative...
Article
Full-text available
A group of seven bacterial strains producing blue-purple pigmented colonies on R2A agar was isolated from freshwater samples collected in a deglaciated part of James Ross Island and Eagle Island, Antarctica, from 2017–2019. The isolates were psychrophilic, oligotrophic, resistant to chloramphenicol, and exhibited strong hydrolytic activities. To cl...
Article
Full-text available
Staphylococci from the Staphylococcus intermedius-Staphylococcus hyicus species group include numerous animal pathogens and are an important reservoir of virulence and antimicrobial resistance determinants. Due to their pathogenic potential, they are possible causative agents of zoonoses in humans; therefore, it is important to address the properti...
Article
Interactions within bacterial communities are frequently mediated by the production of antimicrobial agents. Despite the increasing interest in research of new antimicrobials, studies describing antagonistic interactions among cold‐adapted microorganisms are still rare. Our study assessed the antimicrobial interactions of 36 Antarctic Pseudomonas s...
Conference Paper
In the present study, the anti-bacterial and mechanical properties of the ZrN/Cu nanostructured coatings were studied. Copper was introduced as the anti-bacterial agent owing to its substantial activity against bacteria. Industrial reactive magnetron sputtering was utilized to synthesize the films with varying copper contents. Mechanical properties...
Article
Full-text available
Despite unfavorable Antarctic conditions, such as cold temperatures, freeze-thaw cycles, high ultraviolet radiation, dryness and lack of nutrients, microorganisms were able to adapt and surprisingly thrive in this environment. In this study, eight cold-adapted Flavobacterium strains isolated from a remote Antarctic island, James Ross Island, were s...
Article
The isolation of Planococcus glaciei (designed strain CNCTC 7660) from blood of a patient with appendicitis is reported. Species P. glaciei (type strain CGMCC 1.6846 T) was for the first time identified as an environmental bacterium acquired from a glacier in China in 2009. To reveal the identity of the isolate CNCTC 7660, the 16S rDNA sequencing a...
Article
Leather objects, found in archaeological excavations, survive in a specific environment. This leather material is very delicate and only little is known about the mechanism of its (bio)degradation in a soil environment. The main goal of this study was to clarify how leather is affected by a soil environment and why archaeological leathers have thei...
Article
Full-text available
Our polyphasic approach provides a new understanding of the taxonomy of novel pigmented Rugamonas species isolated from freshwater samples in Antarctica. The isolates showed considerable extracellular bactericidal secretions.
Article
A rod-shaped and Gram-stain-negative bacterial strain 9AT, was isolated from an air sample collected at King George Island, maritime Antarctica. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence reveals that strain 9AT belongs to the genus Hymenobacter and shows the highest similarity to Hymenobacter coccineus CCM 8649T (96.8%). The DNA G+C con...
Article
A group of four psychrotrophic bacterial strains was isolated on James Ross Island (Antarctica) in 2013. All isolates, originating from different soil samples, were collected from the ice-free northern part of the island. They were rod-shaped, Gram-stain-negative, and produced moderately slimy red-pink pigmented colonies on R2A agar. A polyphasic t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Taxonomic and functional research of microorganisms has increasingly relied upon genome-based data and methods. As the depository of the Global Catalogue of Microorganisms (GCM) 10K prokaryotic type strain sequencing project, Global Catalogue of Type Strain (gcType) has published 1049 type strain genomes sequenced by the GCM 10K project which are p...
Article
A taxonomic study of two fluorescent Pseudomonas strains (HJ/4 T and SJ/9/1 T ) isolated from calcite moonmilk samples obtained from two caves in the Moravian Karst in the Czech Republic was carried out. Results of initial 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis assigned both strains into the genus Pseudomonas and showed Pseudomonas yamanorum 8H1 T as thei...
Article
A novel actinobacterial strain, designated 15TR583 T , was isolated from a waterlogged acidic soil collected near the town of Trebon, Czech Republic, and was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic characterization. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene and whole-genome sequences revealed that the organism forms an individual line of descent rel...
Article
A rod-shaped and Gram-stain-negative bacterial strain, 1B T , was isolated from an air sample collected at King George Island, maritime Antarctica. Strain 1B T is strictly aerobic, psychrophilic, catalase-positive, oxidase-positive and non-motile. Growth of strain 1B T is observed at 0–20 °C (optimum, 10 °C), pH 6.0–8.0 (optimum, pH 8.0) and in the...
Article
Bacteria of the genus Massilia often colonize extreme ecosystems, however, a detailed study of the massilias from the Antarctic environment has not yet been performed. Here, sixty-four Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, motile rods isolated from different environmental samples on James Ross Island (Antarctica) were subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic st...
Article
Full-text available
Pseudomonas prosekii is a recently described species isolated exclusively from James Ross Island close to the Antarctic Peninsula at 64° south latitude. Here, we present two P. prosekii genome sequences and their analyses with respect to phylogeny, low temperature adaptation, and potential biotechnological applications. The genome of P. prosekii P2...
Article
Full-text available
Members of the genus Staphylococcus are widespread in nature and occupy a variety of niches, however, staphylococcal colonization of animals in the Antarctic environment has not been adequately studied. Here, we describe the first isolation and characterization of two Staphylococcus intermedius group (SIG) members, Staphylococcus delphini and Staph...
Article
A taxonomic study was carried out on four Gram-stain-negative strains P5773T, P6169, P4708 and P6245, isolated from anus or mouth samples of Weddell seals at James Ross Island, Antarctica. The results of initial 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that all four strains formed a group placed in the genus Pseudomonas and found Pseudomonas guineae...
Article
Staphylococcus petrasii is recently described coagulase negative staphylococcal species and an opportunistic human pathogen, still often misidentified in clinical specimens. Four subspecies are distinguished in S. petrasii by polyphasic taxonomical analyses, however a comparative study has still not been done on the majority of isolates and their g...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we assessed concentrations of 13 trace metals in the scales of Notothenia coriiceps, Trematomus bernacchii and Gobionotothen gibberifrons caught off the coast of James Ross Island (Antarctic Peninsula). Overall, our results for scales broadly match those of previous studies using different fish and different organs, with most metals...
Article
A set of three psychrotrophic bacterial strains was isolated from different soil samples collected at the deglaciated northern part of James Ross Island (Antarctica) in 2014. All isolates were rod-shaped, Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative, and produced moderately slimy red-pink pigmented colonies on Reasoner's...
Article
A group of thirteen bacterial strains was isolated from rock samples collected in a deglaciated northern part of James Ross Island, Antarctica. The cells were rod-shaped, Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, catalase positive, and produced moderately slimy, ultraviolet light (UVC)-irradiation-resistant and red-pink pigmented colonies on R2A agar. A pol...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to investigate the fungal community associated with fruits and vegetables transported into the Antarctic region and observe qualitative changes of their surface mycobiota after UV-C treatment. This measure is used to prevent the post-harvest diseases of stored fruits and vegetables and reduce the risk of introducing non-na...
Article
A taxonomic study of 24 Gram-stain-negative rod-shaped bacteria originating from the Antarctic environment is described. Phylogenetic analysis using 16S rRNA gene sequencing differentiated isolated strains into two groups belonging to the genus Flavobacterium. Group I (n = 20) was closest to Flavobacterium aquidurense WB 1.1-56T (98.3% 16S rRNA gen...
Article
A group of rod-shaped, aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, gliding bacteria producing flexirubin-type pigment was isolated from environmental samples collected in Antarctica in 2009-2014. Phylogenetic analysis of the almost complete 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed two separated branches belonging to the genus Flavobacterium. Group I (n=8), represented b...
Article
Full-text available
Cold-adapted soil ecosystems represent dynamic communities varying in a structure, microbial abundance and metabolic activity. To antagonize competitors, soil bacteria produce a variety of inhibitory agents. We tested production of antimicrobials in Pseudomonas spp. isolated in James Ross Island, Antarctica, and performed transmission electron micr...
Article
This work is focused on construction of a biosensor containing unique bacterial homogenate with high lipase activity and colorimetric type of assay where camera of a smartphone was chosen as a detector. The biosensor was constructed as a tool of lipase inhibitors and paraoxon served as a representative analyte inhibiting the lipase. Psychrophilic s...
Article
Full-text available
The genus Macrococcus is a close relative of the genus Staphylococcus. Whilst staphylococci are widespread as human pathogens, macrococci have not yet been reported from human clinical specimens. Here we investigated Gram-positive and catalase-positive cocci recovered from human clinical material and identified as Macrococcus sp. by a polyphasic ta...
Article
Two Gram-stain-positive, coagulase-negative staphylococcal strains were isolated from abiotic sources, stone fragments and sandy soil in James Ross Island, Antarctica. Here we describe properties of novel species of the genus Staphylococcus that has near identical 16S rRNA gene sequence to Staphylococcus saprophyticus. However, compared to S. sapro...
Article
Full-text available
Gram-stain-positive, catalase and oxidase-negative and short rod-shaped bacterium C10 with occasional branching was isolated under strictly anaerobic conditions from the rumen fluid of a red deer (Cervus elaphus) in the course of study attempting to uncover new xylanolytic and cellulolytic rumen bacteria inhabiting the digestive tract of wild rumin...
Article
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Escherichia albertii is a recently discovered species with a limited number of well characterized strains. The aim of this study was to characterize four of the E. albertii strains, which were among 41 identified Escherichia strains isolated from the feces of living animals on James Ross Island, Antarctica, and Isla Magdalena, Patagonia. Sequencing...
Article
A bacterial strain designated CCM 8645T was isolated from a soil sample collected nearby a mummified seal carcass in the northern part of James Ross Island, Antarctica. The cells were short rods, Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, catalase and oxidase positive, and produced a red-pink pigment on R2A agar. A polyphasic taxonomic approach based on 16S...
Article
Strain P4487AT was isolated during investigation of cultivable bacterial populations of environmental materials sampled at James Ross Island, Antarctica. It revealed Gram-stain-negative short rod-shaped cells producing a pink pigment. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences allocated strain P4487AT to the genus Pedobacter but showed...
Article
Full-text available
Fresh samples of intestinal contents of three wild pigs originating from the Central Bohemia region were examined for the presence of bifidobacterial strains. During the study, we isolated many fructose-6-phosphate phosphoketolase-positive, strictly anaerobic, irregular rod-shaped bacterial isolates. Three of them were preliminarily identified as r...
Article
Four rod-shaped and Gram-stain-negative bacterial strains, CCM 8647, CCM 8649T, CCM 8643T and CCM 8648T, were isolated from rock samples collected on James Ross Island, Antarctica. Extensive biotyping, fatty acid profiling, chemotaxonomy, 16S rRNA gene sequencing and whole-genome sequencing was applied to isolates to clarify their taxonomic positio...
Article
A taxonomic study performed on 17 Gram-stain-negative rod-shaped bacterial strains originating from Antarctic environment is described. Initial phylogenetic analysis using 16S rRNA gene sequencing differentiated the strains into four groups belonging into the genus Pedobacter but they were separated from all hitherto described Pedobacter spp. Group...
Article
Full-text available
Pragia fontium is one of the few species that belongs to the group of atypical hydrogen sulfide-producing enterobacteria. Unlike other members of this closely related group, P. fontium is not associated with any known host and has been reported as a free-living bacterium. Whole genome sequencing and metabolic fingerprinting confirmed the phylogenet...
Article
Full-text available
This study presents data on fish assemblage structure for the relatively pristine and understudied Antarctic coastal zone (5–25 m). A total of 545 Notothenioidei and Bathydraconidae fish (eight species) were caught in the Prince Gustav Channel (James Ross Island, eastern Antarctic Peninsula) using Nordic multi-mesh benthic gill nets between January...
Article
Full-text available
A polyphasic taxonomic approach was applied to strains of the species Staphylococcus sciuri in order to clarify the taxonomic legitimacy of the delineation of S. sciuri into S. sciuri subsp. sciuri, S. sciuri subsp. carnaticus and S. sciuri subsp. rodentium. A group of 81 S. sciuri isolates obtained from human (n = 62) and veterinary (n = 17) clini...
Article
Full-text available
A red-pigmented, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, aerobic bacterium, designated strain CCM 8646T, was isolated from stone fragments in James Ross Island, Antarctica. Strain CCM 8646T was able to grow from 10 to 40 °C, in the presence up to 1 % NaCl and at pH range 7-11. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence placed strain CCM 8646T in the genus Ruf...
Article
In this work, 84 isolates of aeromonads were isolated from water and clinical samples, identified, and characterized. Identification was based on routine phenotyping combined with multiplex PCR. In this study, multiplex PCR was retested and reevaluated and its identification key was enhanced by 17 newly described species and five subspecies. Identi...
Article
Full-text available
During the microbiological research performed within the scope of activities of Czech expeditions based at the Johann Gregor Mendel Station at James Ross Island, Antarctica, two psychrotrophic gram-stain negative non-fluorescent strains CCM 8506T and CCM 8507 from soil were extensively characterized using genotypic and phenotypic methods. Initial c...
Article
In this study, the intestinal bacteria of wild Antarctic fish (family Nototheniidae) were examined using traditional culture-based techniques. Bacterial flora of the gut contents of four marine fish species (Notothenia coriiceps, Trematomus bernacchii, Trematomus hansoni, and Trematomus newnesi) was investigated to describe the allochthonous bacter...
Article
Full-text available
We studied dynamic changes in anthropogenic bacterial communities at a summer-operated Czech research base (the Mendel Research Station) in the Antarctic during 2012 and 2013. We observed an increase in total numbers of detected bacteria between the beginning and the end of each stay in the Antarctic. In the first series of samples, bacteria of Bac...
Article
Strain P1297T was isolated in the frame of a project aimed on the psychrotolerant microbiota occurring in water sources. The strain initially identified as a tentative species of the genus Aeromonas was rod-shaped, Gram-stain-negative, facultatively anaerobic and oxidase-positive. Subsequently, 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis placed strain P1297T w...
Article
Full-text available
Strain CCM 4446T revealing notable biodegradation capabilities was investigated in this study in order to elucidate its taxonomic position. Chemotaxonomic analysis of quinones, polar lipids, mycolic acids, polyamines, and diamino acid of the cell-wall peptidoglycan corresponded with the characteristics of the genus Rhodococcus. Phylogenetic analysi...
Article
Nitroaromatic compounds are toxic and rather recalcitrant pollutants of water and soil. Microbial degradation of the individual nitroaromatic compounds has already been well described in the literature. However, because several compounds often occur in the environment mutually influencing each other’s degradation, further research into the biodegra...
Article
Full-text available
Seven coagulase-negative, oxidase-negative, and novobiocin-susceptible staphylococci assigned tentatively as Staphylococcus petrasii were investigated in this study in order to elucidate their taxonomic position. All strains were initially shown to form a genetically homogeneous group separated from remaining Staphylococcus spp. by using a repetiti...
Article
Full-text available
Since the summer of 2013 when changes to the taxonomy of the genus Staphylococcus were last reported, five novel staphylococcal species have been described. In July 2013, the species S. jettensis was proposed in the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology (IJSEM) but was reclassified into the third subspecies of S. petrasi...
Article
Full-text available
Pseudomonas monteilii CCM 3423 bacterial strain, deposited at the Czech Collection of Microorganisms, was originally isolated by Haľama and Augustín (1980) as a bacterium degrading aromatic hydrocarbons and derivates. A detailed study supported by a molecular genetics method of sequence analyses of rrs and rpoD genes was used to reclassify the stra...
Article
The genus Aeromonas comprises primarily aquatic bacteria and also serious human and animal pathogens with the occurrence in clinical material, drinking water, and food. Aeromonads are typical for their complex taxonomy and nomenclature and for limited possibilities of identification to the species level. According to studies describing the use of M...
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