Ivette Fuentes

Ivette Fuentes
University of Nottingham | Notts · School of Mathematical Sciences

About

116
Publications
12,171
Reads
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5,327
Citations
Citations since 2016
41 Research Items
2918 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
Additional affiliations
June 2009 - present
University of Nottingham
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2002 - December 2004
January 2001 - December 2005
University of Oxford

Publications

Publications (116)
Preprint
The precision of optical atomic clocks is approaching a regime where they resolve gravitational time dilation on smaller scales than their own extensions. Hence, an accurate description of quantum clocks has to take their spatial extension into account. In this article, as a first step towards a fully relativistic description of extended quantum cl...
Article
Full-text available
Concerted efforts are underway to establish an infrastructure for a global quantum internet to realise a spectrum of quantum technologies. This will enable more precise sensors, secure communications, and faster data processing. Quantum communications are a front-runner with quantum networks already implemented in several metropolitan areas. A numb...
Article
Full-text available
We develop a method for computing the Bogoliubov transformation experienced by a confined quantum scalar field in a globally hyperbolic spacetime, due to the changes in the geometry and/or the confining boundaries. The method constructs a basis of solutions to the Klein-Gordon equation associated to each compact Cauchy hypersurface of constant time...
Preprint
We develop a method for computing the Bogoliubov transformation experienced by a confined quantum scalar field in a globally hyperbolic spacetime, due to the changes in the geometry and/or the confining boundaries. The method constructs a basis of solutions to the Klein-Gordon equation associated to each compact Cauchy hypersurface of constant time...
Preprint
Full-text available
Concerted efforts are underway to establish an infrastructure for a global quantum internet to realise a spectrum of quantum technologies. This will enable more precise sensors, secure communications, and faster data processing. Quantum communications are a front-runner with quantum networks already implemented in several metropolitan areas. A numb...
Preprint
We introduce a quantum interferometric scheme that uses states that are sharp in frequency and delocalized in position. The states are frequency modes of a quantum field that is trapped at all times in a finite volume potential, such as a small box potential. This allows for significant miniaturization of interferometric devices. Since the modes ar...
Article
We study the time evolution of an ideal system composed of two harmonic oscillators coupled through a quadratic Hamiltonian with arbitrary interaction strength. We solve its dynamics analytically by employing tools from symplectic geometry. In particular, we use this result to completely characterize the dynamics of the two oscillators interacting...
Article
Full-text available
We develop a method for computing the Bogoliubov transformation experienced by a confined quantum scalar field in a globally hyperbolic spacetime, due to the changes in the geometry and/or the confining boundaries. The method constructs a basis of modes of the field associated to each Cauchy hypersurface, by means of an eigenvalue problem posed in...
Article
We investigate the quantum thermodynamical properties of localised relativistic quantum fields, and how they can be used as quantum thermal machines. We study the efficiency and power of energy transfer between the classical gravitational degrees of freedom, such as the energy input due to the motion of boundaries or an impinging gravitational wave...
Preprint
Gravity gradiometry with Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) has reached unprecedented precisions. The basis of this technique is the measurement of differential forces by interference of single-atom wave functions. In this article, we propose a gradiometry scheme where phonons, the collective oscillations of a trapped BEC's atoms are used instead. We...
Preprint
We study the time evolution of an ideal system composed of two harmonic oscillators coupled through a quadratic Hamiltonian with arbitrary interaction strength. We solve the dynamics analytically by employing Lie algebraic tools that allow to decouple the time-evolution operator induced by quadratic Hamiltonians. In particular, we use this result t...
Preprint
We propose an experiment based on a Bose-Einstein condensate interferometer for strongly constraining fifth-force models. Additional scalar fields from modified gravity or higher dimensional theories may account for dark energy and the accelerating expansion of the Universe. These theories have led to proposed screening mechanisms to fit within the...
Article
Additional scalar fields from scalar-tensor, modified gravity or higher dimensional theories beyond general relativity may account for dark energy and the accelerating expansion of the Universe. These theories have led to proposed models of screening mechanisms, such as chameleon and symmetron fields, to account for the tight experimental bounds on...
Article
Full-text available
Despite almost a century worth of study, it is still unclear how general relativity (GR) and quantum theory (QT) should be unified into a consistent theory. The conventional approach is to retain the foundational principles of QT, such as the superposition principle, and modify GR. This is referred to as 'quantizing gravity', resulting in a theory...
Preprint
We consider an interferometer that contains active elements, such as a parametric amplifier, with general two-mode Gaussian unitary channels rather than the usually considered phase-shift channel. We concentrate on a scheme based on the recently proposed pumped-up SU(1,1) active interferometer where all input particles participate in the parameter...
Preprint
Quantum theory and relativity offer different conceptions of time. To explore the conflict between them, we study a quantum version of the light-clock commonly used to illustrate relativistic time dilation. This semiclassical model combines elements of both theories. We show for Gaussian states of the light field that the clock times are independen...
Preprint
Despite almost a century worth of study, it is still unclear how general relativity (GR) and quantum theory (QT) should be unified into a consistent theory. The conventional approach is to retain the foundational principles of QT, such as the superposition principle, and modify GR. This is referred to as 'quantizing gravity', resulting in a theory...
Preprint
A gravitational-wave (GW) detector that utilizes the phononic excitations of a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) has recently been proposed [NJP 16, 085003 (2014)]. A subsequent and independent study, [arXiv:1807.07046], has suggested an alternative GW detection scheme that also uses phonons of a BEC but which was found to be many orders of magnitude...
Preprint
We develop a method for computing the evolution of a quantum real Klein-Gordon field in a region of spacetime. The method is both of general applicability and particularly useful in certain important problems, such as the study of confined quantum fields under small perturbations. Instead of computing the evolution of the initial state of the field...
Preprint
We consider schemes where quantum optical signals are exchanged between a source on Earth and a satellite. The curved spacetime background changes the quantum state of the photons. We employ quantum metrology techniques to obtain optimal bounds for the precision of the quantum measurements of relevant physical parameters encoded in the final state....
Preprint
Full-text available
Additional scalar fields from scalar-tensor, modified gravity or higher dimensional theories beyond general relativity may account for dark energy and the accelerating expansion of the Universe. These theories have lead to proposed models of screening mechanisms, such as chameleon and symmetron fields, to account for the tight experimental bounds o...
Preprint
We study relativistic effects on polarised photons that travel in a curved spacetime. As a concrete application, we specialise to photons propagating in the gravitational field of the Earth between a laboratory and satellites. We show that wave packets of light initially in quantum superpositions of momentum-helicity states acquire Wigner phases as...
Article
Full-text available
A description of the dynamical response of uniformly trapped Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) to oscillating external gravitational fields is developed, with the inclusion of damping. Two different effects that can lead to the creation of phonons in the BEC are identified; direct driving and parametric driving. Additionally, the oscillating gravita...
Article
Full-text available
Models of quantum systems on curved space-times lack sufficient experimental verification. Some speculative theories suggest that quantum correlations, such as entanglement, may exhibit different behavior to purely classical correlations in curved space. By measuring this effect or lack thereof, we can test the hypotheses behind several such models...
Article
Full-text available
The effect of gravity and proper acceleration on the frequency spectrum of an optical resonator - both rigid or deformable - is considered in the framework of general relativity. The optical resonator is modeled either as a rod of matter connecting two mirrors or as a dielectric rod whose ends function as mirrors. Explicit expressions for the frequ...
Preprint
A description of the dynamical response of uniformly trapped Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) to oscillating external gravitational fields is developed, with the inclusion of damping. Two different effects that can lead to the creation of phonons in the BEC are identified; direct driving and parametric driving. Additionally, the oscillating gravita...
Article
Full-text available
We apply recently developed techniques from quantum optics and quantum information science to Bose-Einstein Condensates (BECs) in order to study the quantum decoherence of phonons of isolated BECs. In the last few years, major advances in the manipulation and control of phonons have highlighted their potential as carriers of quantum information in...
Article
The recent detections of gravitational waves (GWs) by the LIGO and Virgo collaborations have opened the field of GW astronomy, intensifying interest in GWs and other possible detectors sensitive in different frequency ranges. Although strong GW producing events are rare and currently unpredictable, GWs can in principle be simulated in analogue syst...
Chapter
The conflict between quantum theory and the theory of relativity is exemplified in their treatment of time. We examine the ways in which their conceptions differ, and describe a semiclassical clock model combining elements of both theories. The results obtained with this clock model in flat spacetime are reviewed, and the problem of generalizing th...
Data
The video shows the impact of the crate source on the drop tower experiment with different playback speeds.
Data
The video shows how the centrifuge accelerates with the crate source to 30g.
Article
Full-text available
We study how quantum systems that propagate in the spacetime of a rotating planet are affected by the curved background. Spacetime curvature affects wavepackets of photons propagating from Earth to a satellite, and the changes in the wavepacket encode the parameters of the spacetime. This allows us to evaluate quantitatively how quantum communicati...
Article
Full-text available
Models of quantum systems on curved space-times lack sufficient experimental verification. Some speculative theories suggest that quantum properties, such as entanglement, may exhibit entirely different behavior to purely classical systems. By measuring this effect or lack thereof, we can test the hypotheses behind several such models. For instance...
Article
The conflict between quantum theory and the theory of relativity is exemplified in their treatment of time. We examine the ways in which their conceptions differ, and describe a semiclassical clock model combining elements of both theories. The results obtained with this clock model in flat spacetime are reviewed, and the problem of generalizing th...
Article
Full-text available
The quantization of the electromagnetic field has successfully paved the way for the development of the Standard Model of Particle Physics and has established the basis for quantum technologies. Gravity, however, continues to hold out against physicists' efforts of including it into the framework of quantum theory. Experimental techniques in quantu...
Article
Full-text available
At the beginning of the previous century, Newtonian mechanics fell victim to two new revolutionary theories, Quantum Mechanics (QM) and General Relativity (GR). Both theories have transformed our view of physical phenomena, with QM accurately predicting the results of experiments taking place at small length scales, and GR correctly describing obse...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate the quantum thermodynamical properties of localised relativistic quantum fields that can be used as quantum thermal machines. We study the efficiency and power of energy transfer between the classical degrees of freedom, such as the energy input due to motion or to an impinging gravitational wave, and the excitations of the confined...
Article
Full-text available
We construct a practical method for finding optimal Gaussian probe states for the estimation of parameters encoded by Gaussian unitary channels. This method can be used for finding all optimal probe states, rather than focussing on the performance of specific states as shown in previous studies. As an example, we apply this method to find optimal p...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate the thermodynamical properties of quantum fields in curved spacetime. Our approach is to consider quantum fields in curved spacetime as a quantum system undergoing an out-of-equilibrium transformation. The non-equilibrium features are studied by using a formalism which has been developed to derive fluctuation relations and emergent i...
Article
Full-text available
We employ quantum estimation techniques to obtain ultimate bounds on precision measurements of gravitational parameters of the spacetime outside a rotating planet. Spacetime curvature affects the frequency distribution of a photon sent from Earth to a satellite, and this change encodes parameters of the spacetime. This allows us to achieve precise...
Article
Full-text available
Relativistic quantum metrology provides an optimal strategy for the estimation of parameters encoded in quantum fields in flat and curved spacetime. These parameters usually correspond to physical quantities of interest such as proper times, accelerations, gravitational field strengths, among other spacetime parameters. The precise estimation of th...
Article
Moving cavities promise to be a suitable system for relativistic quantum information processing. It has been shown that an inertial and a uniformly accelerated one-dimensional cavity can become entangled by letting an atom emit an excitation while it passes through the cavities, but the acceleration degrades the ability to generate entanglement. We...
Article
Full-text available
Gaussian states are of increasing interest in the estimation of physical parameters because they are easy to prepare and manipulate in experiments. In this article, we derive formulae for the optimal estimation of parameters using two- and multi-mode Gaussian states. As an application of our result, we derive the optimal Gaussian probe states for t...
Article
Full-text available
Quasiparticles in a Bose-Einstein condensate are sensitive to space-time distortions. Gravitational waves can induce transformations on the state of phonons that can be observed through quantum state discrimination techniques. We show that this method is highly robust to thermal noise and depletion. We derive a bound on the strain sensitivity that...
Article
Full-text available
Quantum metrology studies quantum strategies which enable us to outperform their classical counterparts. In this framework, the existence of perfect classical reference frames is usually assumed. However, such ideal reference frames might not always be available. The reference frames required in metrology strategies can either degrade or become mis...
Article
Full-text available
We address the issue of precisely estimating small parameters encoded in a general linear transformation of the modes of a bosonic quantum field. Such Bogoliubov transformations frequently appear in the context of quantum optics. We provide a recipe for computing the quantum Fisher information for arbitrary pure initial states. We show that the max...
Article
Full-text available
We analyse the generation of quantum discord by means of the dynamical Casimir effect in superconducting waveguides modulated by superconducting quantum interferometric devices. We show that for realistic experimental parameters, the conditions for the existence of quantum discord are less demanding than the previously considered for quantum entang...
Article
Full-text available
We introduce a primary thermometer which measures the temperature of a Bose-Einstein Condensate in the sub-nK regime. We show, using quantum Fisher information, that the precision of our technique improves the state-of-the-art in thermometry in the sub-nK regime. The temperature of the condensate is mapped onto the quantum phase of an atomic dot th...
Article
Full-text available
We show that motion and gravity affect the precision of quantum clocks. We consider a localised quantum field as a fundamental model of a quantum clock moving in spacetime and show that its state is modified due to changes in acceleration. By computing the quantum Fisher information we determine how relativistic motion modifies the ultimate bound i...
Article
Full-text available
We propose a quantum experiment to measure with high precision the Schwarzschild space-time parameters of the Earth. The scheme can also be applied to measure distances by taking into account the curvature of the Earth's space-time. As a wave-packet of (entangled) light is sent from the Earth to a satellite it is red-shifted and deformed due to the...
Article
Full-text available
We show that gravitational waves create phonons in a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC). A traveling spacetime distortion produces particle creation resonances that correspond to the dynamical Casimir effect in a BEC phononic field contained in a cavity-type trap. We propose to use this effect to detect gravitational waves. The amplitude of the wave ca...
Article
Full-text available
We study the effects of three-body collisions in the basic physical properties of a two-mode Bose-Einstein condensate. By finding the exact analytical solution of a model which includes two-body and three-body elastic and mode-exchange collisions, we show analytically that three-body interactions produce observable effects in the probability distri...
Article
We introduce a microscopic computation which shows that the Hamiltonian of a Bose-Einstein Condensate can be analytically solved in the two-mode approximation, in particular, in the case of an asymmetric double-well condensate in the dilute regime. Our model is exactly diagonalisable when the overlap of the quasilocalized modes in each well is smal...
Article
We show how to vary the physical properties of a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) in order to mimic an effective gravitational-wave spacetime. In particular, we focus in the simulation of the recently discovered creation of particles by real spacetime distortion in box-type traps. We show that, by modulating the speed of sound in the BEC, the phonons...
Article
Full-text available
We present a framework for relativistic quantum metrology that is useful for both Earth-based and space-based technologies. Quantum metrology has been so far successfully applied to design precision instruments such as clocks and sensors which outperform classical devices by exploiting quantum properties. There are advanced plans to implement these...
Article
We show that particle creation of Bogoliubov modes in a Bose-Einstein condensate due to the accelerated motion of the trap is a genuinely relativistic effect. To this end we show that Bogoliubov modes can be described by a time rescaling of the Minkowski metric. A consequence of this is that Rindler transformations are perceived by the phonons as g...
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Full-text available
We propose an experiment to test the effects of gravity and acceleration on quantum entanglement in space-based setups. We show that the entanglement between excitations of two Bose-Einstein condensates is degraded after one of them undergoes a change in the gravitational field strength. This prediction can be tested if the condensates are initiall...
Article
Experimental searches for the thermal radiation from analogue black holes require the measurement of very low temperatures in regimes where other thermal noises may interfere or even mimic the sought-after effect. In this letter, we parameterize the family of bosonic thermal channels which give rise to such thermal effects and show that by use of c...
Article
Full-text available
In quantum metrology quantum properties such as squeezing and entanglement are exploited in the design of a new generation of clocks, sensors and other measurement devices that can outperform their classical counterparts. Applications of great technological relevance lie in the precise measurement of parameters which play a central role in relativi...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate the intrinsic uncertainty in the accuracy to which a static spacetime can be measured from scattering experiments. In particular, we focus on the Schwarzschild black hole and a spatially kinked metric that has some mathematical resemblance to an expanding universe. Under selected conditions we find that the scattering problem can be...
Article
Full-text available
Time dilation, a striking prediction of Einstein's relativity, plays an important role in applications such as the Global Positioning System. One of the most compelling consequences of time dilation is known as the twin paradox, where a twin at rest ages more than her sibling travelling at relativistic speeds. In this paper, we propose an implement...
Article
Full-text available
We show how to use relativistic motion to generate continuous variable Gaussian cluster states within cavity modes. Our results can be demonstrated experimentally using superconducting circuits where tunable boundary conditions correspond to mirrors moving with velocities close to the speed of light. In particular, we propose the generation of a qu...
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Full-text available
We investigate the possibility to generate quantum-correlated quasi-particles utilizing analogue gravity systems. The quantumness of these correlations is a key aspect of analogue gravity effects and their presence allows for a clear separation between classical and quantum analogue gravity effects. However, experiments in analogue systems, such as...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate the effects of space-time curvature on space-based quantum communication protocols. We analyze tasks that require either the exchange of single photons in a certain entanglement distribution protocol or beams of light in a continuous-variable quantum key distribution scheme. We find that gravity affects the propagation of photons, th...
Article
Full-text available
We show that the relativistic motion of a quantum system can be used to generate quantum gates. The nonuniform acceleration of a cavity is used to generate well-known two-mode quantum gates in continuous variables. Observable amounts of entanglement between the cavity modes are produced through resonances that appear by repeating periodically any t...
Article
Full-text available
We show that mode-mixing quantum gates can be produced by non-uniform relativistic acceleration. Periodic motion in cavities exhibits a series of resonant conditions producing entangling quantum gates between different frequency modes. The resonant condition associated with particle creation is the main feature of the dynamical Casimir effect which...
Article
Full-text available
We show how Berry phase can be used to construct an ultra-high precision quantum thermometer. An important advantage of our scheme is that there is no need for the thermometer to acquire thermal equilibrium with the sample. This reduces measurement times and avoids precision limitations.
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Full-text available
The techniques employed to solve the interaction of a detector and a quantum field typically require perturbation methods. We introduce mathematical techniques to solve the time evolution of an arbitrary number of detectors interacting with a quantum field. Our techniques apply to harmonic oscillator detectors and can be generalized to treat detect...
Article
Full-text available
We study the effects of relativistic motion on quantum teleportation and propose a realizable experiment where our results can be tested. We compute bounds on the optimal fidelity of teleportation when one of the observers undergoes non-uniform motion for a finite time. The upper bound to the optimal fidelity is degraded due to the observer's motio...