Ivana Fiore

Ivana Fiore

About

115
Publications
38,129
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,931
Citations

Publications

Publications (115)
Article
Full-text available
Grotta Guattari (San Felice Circeo, central Italy) is best known for the discovery of a Neanderthal skull in 1939. New investigations of an area never investigated before, the so-called Antro del Laghetto (literally Chamber of the small lake), have been recently carried out by the Soprintendenza Archeologia, Belle Arti e Paesaggio per le Province d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Grotta di Pozzo (AQ) is a Lateglacial cave site of central Italy, where a well-dated stratigraphic sequence accumulated between 23,000 and 9,000 cal BP. Early Epigravettian, Final Epigravettian and Sauveterrian industries were all discovered. Human activity is especially well documented with the Final Epigravettian. During the Lateglacial, the most...
Article
SUMMARY – Subsistence strategies in The Lower Palaeolithic at La Polledrara di Cecanibbio (Rome): the exploitation of a carcass of PALAEOLOXODON ANTIQUUS – The deposit of La Polledrara di Cecanibbio (Rome, central Italy) is located in the western area of the Campagna Romana. From 1985 to 2013, deposits of an ancient river were excaveted in an area...
Article
Full-text available
Cremation 168 from the second half of the 8 th century BCE (Pithekoussai's necropolis, Ischia Island, Italy), better known as the Tomb of Nestor's Cup, is widely considered as one of the most intriguing discoveries in the Mediterranean Pre-Classic archaeology. A drinking cup, from which the Tomb's name derives, bears one of the earliest surviving e...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Chamois hunting and chamois exploitation in Italy at the time of the Epigravettian – Over 30 sites were analysed, where the two species of chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica ornata and Rupicapra rupicapra rupicapra) were both discovered. Chamois prevails at Riparo Soman and at three cave sites (Maritza, di Ortucchio, and di Pozzo). At five sites the perc...
Article
Dogs were the first domestic animal, but little is known about their population history and to what extent it was linked to humans. We sequenced 27 ancient dog genomes and found that all dogs share a common ancestry distinct from present-day wolves, with limited gene flow from wolves since domestication but substantial dog-to-wolf gene flow. By 11,...
Article
Riparo Dalmeri is an Epigravettian high altitude rock shelter, seasonally occupied for specialized ibex hunting. Its occupation pattern indicates the mobility of human groups from the lowlands to the mountains, in order to exploit a territory which is inaccessible during the winter. This work presents the results of the taphonomic study carried out...
Article
Full-text available
Dogs were the first domestic animal, but little is known about their population history and to what extent it was linked to humans. We sequenced 27 ancient dog genomes and found that all dogs share a common ancestry distinct from present-day wolves, with limited gene flow from wolves since domestication but substantial dog-to-wolf gene flow. By 11,...
Article
Full-text available
Dog domestication was multifaceted Dogs were the first domesticated animal, likely originating from human-associated wolves, but their origin remains unclear. Bergstrom et al. sequenced 27 ancient dog genomes from multiple locations near to and corresponding in time to comparable human ancient DNA sites (see the Perspective by Pavlidis and Somel)....
Article
Full-text available
We present a multidisciplinary study of a fossiliferous site located in the Vulsini Volcanic District, on the western side of the Tiber River Valley north of Rome, highlighting the peculiar geologic factors that contributed to the origin and preservation of an outstanding archaeological record testifying of the early human frequentation in this reg...
Article
Full-text available
Microscopic analysis of backed lithic pieces from the Uluzzian technocomplex (45–40 thousand yr ago) at Grotta del Cavallo (southern Italy) reveals their use as mechanically delivered projectile weapons, attributed to anatomically modern humans. Use-wear and residue analyses indicate that the lithics were hunting armatures hafted with complex adhes...
Conference Paper
Interdisciplinary approaches to the lives of infant and children in past and present urban communities. Promoting debate to shape current policies in health and education • Museo delle Civiltà
Article
Grotta di Castelcivita (Campania, Southern Italy) is a cave-site containing a key archaeological sequence for the study of the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition in Southern Italy. A Late Mousterian occupation, whose modelled dates span from 47.6 to 41.1 ka cal BP, is followed by layers bearing evidence of the Uluzzian techno-complex, which un...
Article
Archaeologists investigating Middle Bronze to Early Iron Age periods (1600–900 b.c.) in southern Italy often explore linkages between emerging inequality and foreign trade connections, establishing a coupled trope of “change emerges from external forces” and “waiting for civilization to arrive”. Based on excavations at the Recent/Final Bronze and E...
Chapter
Full-text available
In southeastern France, many Final Acheulean/Early Middle Palaeolithic and Middle Palaeolithic assemblages have yielded bone retouchers. The oldest are dated to the Middle Pleistocene: from MIS 11 at Terra Amata; MIS 9 at Orgnac 3; and MIS 6-7 at Payre F, Sainte-Anne I and Le Lazaret. However, this early evidence of bone tool use only concerns a fe...
Article
The rhinoceros remains collected during the past century in the lower levels XII (= K) and XI (= I) of the famous Pleistocene locality of Grotta Romanelli (Lecce, southern Italy) are described and compared in detail for the first time. Some remains are referred to Stephanorhinus sp. and others are assigned here to the late early-middle Pleistocene...
Article
Full-text available
In the site of La Polledrara di Cecanibbio (MIS 9) the analysis of the riverbed morphology, combined to that of the spatial disposition of the accumulated skeletal remains and of their taphonomic modifications, allows to reconstruct the events that have led to the formation and evolution of the deposit.
Article
Full-text available
This work reviews the anthropogenic exploitation of small mammals during a crucial time span for the reconstruction of human behavior at the dawn of the Middle - Upper Palaeolithic boundary in the Northern Mediterranean region. Data are sourced from faunal assemblages recovered in the final Mousterian levels of Grotta di Fumane (A5-A6 complex) and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In southeastern France, many Final Acheulean/Early Middle Palaeolithic and Middle Palaeolithic assemblages have yielded bone retouchers. The oldest are dated to the Middle Pleistocene: from MIS 11 at Terra Amata; MIS 9 at Orgnac 3; and MIS 6-7 at Payre F, Sainte-Anne I and Le Lazaret. However, this early evidence of bone tool use only concerns a fe...
Article
Full-text available
Fossil hominids often processed material held between their upper and lower teeth. Pulling with one hand and cutting with the other, they occasionally left impact cut marks on the lip (labial) surface of their incisors and canines. From these actions, it possible to determine the dominant hand used. The frequency of these oblique striations in an a...
Poster
This study aims to analyze non-masticatory dental wear patterns in fossil ”Homo” from Europe.
Poster
Full-text available
A grotta di Pozzo sono abbondanti le tracce di attivitá domestiche quotidiane:-focolari di cui è ben conservata la fovea;-strutture di blocchetti esposti ad un vivo calore, usati per la cottura;-ammassi di cenere derivanti dalla ripulitura dei focolari, con tracce dei rametti che si sono _lentamente inceneriti;-pozzetti presumibilmente rivestiti da...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The cave opens on a cliff at about 500 m from the modern coastline. The excavations discovered an impressive archaeological deposit, evidencing human frequentation from the Upper Palaeolithic to the Middle Ages. Since 2002 new excavations adjacent to the old trench were carried out. In the new excavations, evidences of the latest Mesolithic frequen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of the study of the Mesolithic structures recovered during the 2008-2011 field seasons. These include a combustion structure and several small post-holes in SU 582, a pit (SU 638) and a hearth (SUs 641-652) with adjacent charcoal-rich area (SU 657). The structures differ in morphology and content, although all of the...
Article
Full-text available
The genus Sciurus is known since Late Miocene in the European fossil record, but it is quite rare. Fossil remains of squirrels occur in relatively few sites and generally with very few specimens, sometimes only one or two teeth. Recent finds of a Sciurus vulgaris mandible from Grotta Mora Cavorso (Latium), and the reanalysis of the red squirrel rem...
Article
Labial striations on the anterior teeth have been documented in numerous European pre-Neandertal and Neandertal fossils and serve as evidence for handedness. OH-65, dated at 1.8 mya, shows a concentration of oblique striations on, especially, the left I¹ and right I¹, I² and C¹, which signal that it was right-handed. From these patterns we contend...
Article
The site of La Polledrara di Cecanibbio (Rome, Central Italy) clearly documents a close connection between elephant remains and the subsistence strategies of human beings. A carcass of a straight-tusked elephant was recently discovered in sediments that represent the edge of a former swampy area. Some limbs are still in anatomical connection and th...
Article
Full-text available
The avifaunal assemblage from unit A9 of Grotta di Fumane provides clear evidence of the human consumption of birds and contributes to an understanding of the role of avifaunal resources in the subsistence strategies of Middle Palaeolithic hominids. In the course of these analyses, some new species of birds were identified along with the most commo...
Article
Full-text available
Introduzione Il sito di Grotta di Pozzo (AQ), a circa 720 m s.l.m., è un riparo di modeste dimensioni (12 m x 5 m) ubicato nella parte meridionale del bacino del Fucino. Le annuali campagne di scavo, condotte dal 1993, hanno messo in evidenza un deposito archeologico formatosi a partire dall'Ultimo Massimo Glaciale e contraddistinto da livelli rife...
Article
Given the still scanty amount of data ascribable to the interaction between raptors and hominins, this contribution aims to fuel the debate on the complexity of Neanderthal behavior during MIS3 in Western Eurasia. Nowadays, large raptors in general are scarce in nature, due to being top consumers in the trophic chain, and attracted hominins possibl...
Article
Full-text available
The paper illustrates the preliminary results of a multidisciplinary investigation of bone manufacture in ancient Ostia, a project started in the early 2000s. After a review of the bone collection now stored in the deposits, three different lines of investigation were pursued: A) research of the evidence of bone working in Ostia; b) typological ana...
Article
Full-text available
Cetacean mass strandings occur regularly worldwide, yet the compounded effects of natural and anthropogenic factors often complicate our understanding of these phenomena. Evidence of past stranding episodes may, thus, be essential to establish the potential influence of climate change. Investigations on bones from the site of Grotta dell’Uzzo in No...
Article
Full-text available
Small preys of the Lateglacial and early Holocene: the case of Grotta di Pozzo (AQ) Grotta di Pozzo (AQ) is a Lateglacial cave site of central Italy, where a well-dated stratigraphic sequence accumulated between 23,000 and 9,000 cal BP. Early Epigravettian, Final Epigravettian and Sauveterrian industries were all discovered. Human activity is espec...
Article
Full-text available
RIASSUNTO Il camoscio è spesso presente nei siti dell'Epigravettiano, ma soltanto in rari casi è l'animale prevalentemente cacciato. Lo scopo di questo studio è di ricostruire l'importanza del camoscio nella sussistenza tenendo conto del rapporto con gli altri ungulati e delle diverse aree geografiche della penisola. Vengono analizzati oltre 30 sit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Grotta di Pozzo is a cave site (23.000-6.500 cal. BP) at 720m asl in the Apennine range of Abruzzo (central Italy). We tested the hypothesis that Epigravettian lithic elements from layers PS19 to PS1, 23.000 (unpublished)-14.000 cal. BP, were hafted with an adhesive agent, and used as projectile points to catch middle- to small-sized mammals during...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Grotta del Santuario della Madonna at Praia a Mare, located in Northern Calabria, was continuously occupied from the Upper Paleolithic until the Middle Ages. Over 1,200 bird bones belonging to 50 species were found in the Mesolithic layer I. The rocky species are prevalent, mainly because of the high frequency of rock dove. Woodland and aquatic bir...
Article
Full-text available
Diversity in the used bone found in the European Middle Paleolithic is very low, but bone retouchers are the most abundant and the most common. This paper focuses on the detailed study of numerous bone retouchers found in nine Middle Paleolithic sites bordering the French Massif Central in Southeastern France. Multidisciplinary and recent data on c...
Article
Full-text available
Ce PCR regroupait en première année de fonctionnement 47 chercheurs professionnels et bénévoles, plusieurs collaborateurs occssionnels et un prestataire privé pour analyses spécialisées, autour de la thématique « espaces et subsistances » dans le sud-est du Massif central, entre moyenne montagne et couloir rhodanien. Les travaux conduits s’appuient...
Article
Full-text available
A-In the southern French Massif Central and on its southeastern border but at different altitudes, open-air sites, rock-shelters and caves have yielded artefacts ranging from isolated finds to abundant series that date from MIS 9 to at least MIS 3, representing Lower Palaeolithic (sensu Acheulean bifacial production) and diverse Middle Palaeolithic...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of the archaeozoological and taphonomic study on a sample of about 55,000 bone remains collected in the Gravettian occupation levels (Layer D) of Riparo Mochi (Balzi Rossi, Ventimiglia - Italy). Humans are the main agent responsible for the accumulation of the faunal remains as indicated by the presence of impact con...
Chapter
Full-text available
At Grotta di Fumane, signatures such as butchering traces, burned bones, fragmentation and scanty carnivore traces prove that the faunal remains from the Uluzzian layers (A4 and A3) are the product of human activity. Human modifications are also present on the bones of birds like black grouse, Alpine chough, and large raptors like the golden eagle....
Article
Full-text available
In the southern French Massif Central and on its southeastern border but at different altitudes, open-air sites, rock-shelters and caves have yielded artefacts ranging from isolated finds to abundant series that date from MIS 9 to at least MIS 3, representing Lower Palaeolithic (sensu Acheulean bifacial production) and diverse Middle Palaeolithic f...