Ivan Visentin

Ivan Visentin
Università degli Studi di Torino | UNITO · Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences

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72
Publications
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Publications

Publications (72)
Article
Strigolactones (SLs) are carotenoid-derived phytohormones governing a wide range of physiological processes, including drought-associated stomatal closure. We have previously shown in tomato that SLs regulate the so-called after-effect of drought, whereby stomatal conductance is not completely restored for some time during recovery after a drought...
Article
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Background and aims Phosphorus (P) is an essential nutrient for plant growth, but is also one of the least accessible in soil. Plants have evolved several strategies to cope with P deficiency and recently the role of the phytohormones strigolactones (SLs) in modulating tomato plants acclimation to P shortage has been described. How SLs regulate the...
Article
Full-text available
Strigolactones (SLs) are plant hormones that modulate morphological, physiological and biochemical changes as part of the acclimation strategies to phosphorus (P) deficiency, but an in-depth description of their effects on tomato P-acquisition strategies under P shortage is missing. Therefore, in this study, we investigate how SLs impact on root ex...
Article
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Abstract: Strigolactones (SLs) have been implicated in many plant biological and physiological processes, including the responses to abiotic stresses such as drought, in concert with other phytohor-mones. While it is now clear that exogenous SLs may help plants to survive in harsh environmental condition, the best, most effective protocols for trea...
Chapter
The binding of strigolactones to their receptor, the α/β hydrolase DWARF14 (D14), leads to the modulation of transcriptional activity by destabilization of specific transcriptional corepressors via proteasomal degradation. Subsequently, strigolactones also promote D14 degradation by the same pathway. Here we describe an innovative quantitative bioa...
Article
miR156 is a conserved microRNA whose role and induction mechanisms under stress are poorly known. Strigolactones are phytohormones needed in shoots for drought acclimation. They promote stomatal closure ABA‐dependently and independently; however, downstream effectors for the former have not been identified. Linkage between miR156 and strigolactones...
Conference Paper
Il report seguente simula gli indicatori relativi alla produzione scientifica in relazione alle soglie ASN 2018-2020 del proprio SC/SSD. Si ricorda che il superamento dei valori soglia (almeno 2 su 3) è requisito necessario ma non sufficiente al conseguimento dell'abilitazione. La simulazione si basa sui dati IRIS e presenta gli indicatori calcolat...
Article
Full-text available
Strigolactones (SLs) are plant hormones with various functions in development, responses to stress and interaction with (micro)organisms in the rhizosphere, including seeds of parasitic plants. Their perception for hormonal functions requires an α,β-hydrolase belonging to the D14 clade in higher plants; perception of host-produced SLs in parasitic...
Article
Full-text available
Besides signalling to soil organisms, strigolactones (SL) control above- and below-ground morphology, in particular shoot branching. Furthermore, SL interact with stress responses, possibly thanks to a cross-talk with the abscisic acid (ABA) signal. In grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.), ABA drives the accumulation of anthocyanins over the ripening seas...
Article
After quickly touching upon general aspects of strigolactones biology and functions, including structure, synthesis and perception, this review focuses on the role and regulation of the strigolactone pathway during osmotic stress, in light of the most recent research developments. We discuss available data on organ-specific dynamics of strigolacton...
Chapter
Transcript levels of key genes in a biosynthetic pathway are often taken as a proxy for metabolite production. This is the case of FUM1, encoding the first dedicated enzyme in the metabolic pathway leading to the production of the mycotoxins Fumonisins by fungal species belonging to the genus Fusarium. FUM1 expression can be quantified by different...
Article
Full-text available
• Strigolactones (SL) contribute to drought acclimatization in shoots, since SL-depleted plants are hypersensitive to drought due to stomatal hyposensitivity to abscisic acid (ABA). However, under drought, SL biosynthesis is repressed in roots, suggesting organ specificity in their metabolism and role. Since SL can be transported acropetally, such...
Article
When more scientists describe independently the same species under different valid Latin names, a case of synonymy occurs. In such a case, the international nomenclature rules stipulate that the first name to appear on a peer-reviewed publication has priority over the others. Based on a recent episode involving priority determination between two co...
Article
Full-text available
Main conclusion: Strigolactone changes and cross talk with ABA unveil a picture of root-specific hormonal dynamics under stress. Strigolactones (SLs) are carotenoid-derived hormones influencing diverse aspects of development and communication with (micro)organisms, and proposed as mediators of environmental stimuli in resource allocation processes...
Article
Full-text available
Oxylipins are fatty acid-derived signaling compounds produced by all eukaryotes so far investigated; in mycotoxigenic fungi, they modulate toxin production and interactions with the host plants. Among the many enzymes responsible for oxylipin generation, Linoleate Diol Synthase 1 (LDS1) produces mainly 8-hydroperoxyoctadecenoic acid and subsequentl...
Article
Fumonisins, toxic secondary metabolites produced by some Fusarium spp. and Aspergillus niger, have strong agro-economic and health impacts. The genes needed for their biosynthesis, named FUM, are clustered and co-expressed in fumonisin producers. In eukaryotes, coordination of transcription can be attained through shared transcription factors, whos...
Article
Full-text available
The genus Gnomoniopsis (Gnomoniaceae, Dia-porthales) is currently composed of 13 species which are endophytic and/or parasitic to plants in the families Fagaceae, Onagraceae and Rosaceae. Species definition is based on a combination of morphological traits, association with specific plant hosts, and phylogeny. In this paper a new species, Gnomoniop...
Article
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When the fungal pathogen Gibberella moniliformis (anamorph, Fusarium verticillioides) colonizes maize and maize-based products, it produces class B fumonisin (FB) mycotoxins, which are a significant threat to human and animal health. FB biosynthetic enzymes and accessory proteins are encoded by a set of clustered and cotranscribed genes collectivel...
Article
Since 2005, chestnut growers have observed increasing losses in yield in some sweet chestnut orchards lying to the South of Cuneo. In 2007-2008 a health survey was carried out on branches, flowers and developing nuts. A fungus was constantly isolated from the bark, but not from the xylem, of 1 to 3-year old branches, fruit stem, burrs, and with a v...
Chapter
Full-text available
Pink and red ear rot of maize are common diseases in temperate cropping zones. These diseases are caused by toxigenic fungi belonging to the genus Fusarium. Economic losses flow from both reduced yield (shriveled grain) and compromised quality (contamination with mycotoxin). Since the etiology of these diseases is complex and the taxonomy of the ge...
Article
The maize pathogens Fusarium verticillioides (Fv) and Fusarium proliferatum (Fp) are morphologically very similar to one another, so Fp isolates have been often mistaken as Fusarium moniliforme (the former name of Fv). The only presently accepted morphological discriminator between these species is the presence/absence of polyphialides. Here, a col...

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Project
The overall goal of TOMRES is to enhance resilience to combined water and nutrient stress in tomato and to maximize water (WUE) and nutrient use efficiency (NUE) by designing and testing in the field (open and protected) novel combinations of genotypes and management practices reducing the environmental impact of agricultural activities.