Iván Tosics

Iván Tosics
Metropolitan Research Institute

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84
Publications
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1,616
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Publications

Publications (84)
Book
Full-text available
The proposed vision of territorial development and governance in the Western Balkans is the result of an interactive workshop held in May 2019 with the members of the Western Balkan Network on Territorial Governance (TG-WeB)1. As such, the vision reflects the opinion of the network, with individual perspectives being well-balanced towards a common...
Article
Full-text available
This entry deals with the cities of Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries since the collapse of socialism around 1990. With reference to the three decades since then, the entry describes, first, the conditions (institutions, public policies, and market players) of postsocialist development. This is followed by a discussion of the main develo...
Book
Full-text available
Annual Review for Territorial Governance in Albania is a periodical publication with select policy briefs on matters related to territorial governance, sketching the present situation, the Europeanisation process, the policy, and the research and development agenda for the near future. The publication will be in both languages, English and Albanian...
Book
Full-text available
This position paper reflects input and feedback gathered from all Western Balkans Territorial Governance Network members. All Western Balkan countries share a common aspiration for a future with the European Union (EU). As a region, our territorial governance systems and practices face common imperfections that render the translation of EU policies...
Chapter
Full-text available
Urban green infrastructure (GI) has been promoted as an approach to respond to major urban environmental and social challenges such as reducing the ecological footprint, improving human health and well-being, and adapting to climate change. Various definitions of GI have been proposed since its emergence more than two decades ago. This article aims...
Book
Full-text available
This book brings together academics, members of European institutions, and regional and national level policymakers in order to assess the performance and direction of EU Cohesion policy against the background of the most significant reforms to the policy in a generation. Responding to past criticisms of the effectiveness of the policy, the policy...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report presents the findings of the GREEN SURGE Work Package 5 research on good practices of green infrastructure (UGI) planning and implementation in European urban areas. Four research questions guided the study: -What are innovative strategies and approaches for UGI planning, especially in regard to challenges European cities are facing? -W...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Description: The contents of this report outline the results of an assessment of the current state of Urban Green Infrastructure (UGI) planning and implementation in European city-regions. GREEN SURGE Deliverable 5.1
Technical Report
Full-text available
Description: The contents of this report outline the results of the first phase of research into innovative forms of participatory governance in Europe as part of the EU FP7 project GREEN SURGE (ENV.2013.6.2-5-603567; 2013-2017)
Chapter
For over 40 years, housing policy in Hungary ignored housing renewal. Older housing built originally for private rental was nationalised at the end of the 1940s. Only small-scale attempts were made in the socialist period to renovate older properties, and the stock became badly deteriorated through lack of maintenance and repair. The transition in...
Chapter
This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of recent processes of urban deconcentration in the Budapest region, along with an examination of the socioeconomic and political conditions that have enabled this phenomenon. It offers an exploration of the historical background of suburbanization in Budapest, followed by an analysis of the contempora...
Article
Full-text available
An important driving force behind urban expansion is the growth of the urban population. But for Europe, this is not a sufficient explanation. The major trend is that European cities have become much less compact. Since the mid-1950s European cities have expanded on average by 78%, whereas the population has grown by only 33%. In the PLUREL project...
Article
In the previous chapter the comparison of the PLUREL case study regions focused on a selection of the strategies adopted in each, including Hangzhou, to try to limit sprawl and to safeguard ecosystem services and quality of life as well as to secure a role for agriculture in the peri-urban. This chapter switches focus to examine the kinds of instru...
Article
Socialism shaped development in Russia for more than 70 years, and in East-Central Europe for more than 40 years. This top-down, ideology-led political system gave almost all the power to the state (politically dominated by the party). In written documents socialism promised high-level public services with equitable allocation. This article first s...
Book
Nos gustaría agradecer a todos los colaboradores del proceso de reflexión Ciudades del Mañana, tanto su participación como asistentes o ponentes en los tres seminarios organizados en mayo, junio, octubre y diciembre de 2010, como sus contribuciones escritas en forma de documento de debate o de respuestas a nuestras consultas. Isabel André Universid...
Book
Full-text available
The peri-urban – the space around urban areas which merges into the rural landscape – is growing across Europe. The peri-urban is a zone of innovation, knowledge based and globalized enterprise. It is also the place which attracts new types of housing, transport infrastructure and multifunctional agriculture, with a diverse range of recreation site...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Cities are key to the sustainable development of the European Union ● Europe is one of the most urbanised continents in the world. Today, more than two thirds of the European population lives in urban areas and this share continues to grow. The development of our cities will determine the future economic, social and territorial development of the E...
Article
Full-text available
Examines the post-war development of Hungarian housing policies, throwing new light on the determinants and impact of these policies. Begins with a re-interpretatin of the 'housing classes' concept, and details the external conditions of Budapest's housing market from 1945 to date. Three periods are examined in detail: the attempts to develop total...
Article
Twenty years after the collapse of socialism it is justified to make a stock about the results of the new political and economic system. This paper deals only with a small—but important—aspect: the situation of the most deprived social groups and most segregated areas. How did the magnitude of these groups and areas change? Did their absolute and r...
Article
Az európai fejlődés versenyképesebbé és fenntarthatóbbá tétele érdekében egyaránt alapvetően fontos a városok és a körülöttük lévő területek közötti valós együttműködés. A 21. századi új városrégiós együttműködési időszak különbözik a korábbiaktól, fixen körülhatárolt új közigazgatási szintek helyett ma inkább rugalmasabb együttműködési formák képz...
Article
Full-text available
Focusing on the recently fashionable 'city-region' (metropolitan area) issue, this article explores the potential contribution of city-regions to the sustainability and competitiveness of urban areas. Two very different sources of information are taken into account: the URBACT-1 project METROGOV, which focuses on exploring administrative set-ups an...
Chapter
Full-text available
Iván Tosics focuses on spatial restructuring in post-socialist Budapest. The conditions of spatial processes in the transition from central planning towards a market economy are determined by political, economic and institutional factors. During the socialist period, development in Budapest was dominated by the public sector as the owner of 2/3 of...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The previous chapter gave an account of the historical development of large housing estates, referring also to the problems of these estates in the process of their 'natural' development. This chapter features a separate discussion of the period of privatisation (starting in the early 1980s in Great Britain and continuing on a large sc...
Chapter
This chapter evaluates the role of partnership in housing-regeneration initiatives, focusing on four housing estates in Spain and Italy. It examines the theoretical issues related to governance, paying special attention to the implementation of the governance concept in the urban arena, and describes the specific practices of urban governance in th...
Chapter
Introduction The previous chapter gave an account of the historical development of large housing estates, referring also to the problems of these estates in the process of their ‘natural’ development. This chapter features a separate discussion of the period of privatisation (starting in the early 1980s in Great Britain and continuing on a large sc...
Chapter
Large post-war housing estates provide some of the most striking examples of the mismanagement of knowledge in recent European urban development. The symptoms are manifold. Some apparently mediocre large estates have fared well on the housing markets or have achieved a turnaround after a problematic past, while other, previously highly acclaimed, m...
Article
This introductory chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about post-Second World War restructuring of large housing estates in Europe. This book examines the factors and developments that are crucial for the development and present state and position of large housing estates in European cities, and discusses the ideas and philosophies...
Article
During the last decade, in many European countries and cities, area-based Urban Development Programmes have been initiated, in response to major problems of poverty and social exclusion. Urban Development Programmes are usually developed in a complex interplay between different governmental levels, and implemented by a wide variety of public and no...
Book
All over Europe post-Second World War large-scale housing estates face physical, economic, social and cultural problems. This book presents the key findings of a major EU-funded research programme into the restructuring of twenty-nine large-scale housing estates in Northern, Western, Southern and Eastern Europe. Policy and practice between and with...
Article
In the new Millennium, sustainable urbandevelopment is becoming a fashionable topic,almost as popular as globalization or citycompetition. European countries differ widelyfrom each other on whether they have a nationalpolicy for urban development or not, and if so,on the emphasis of such a policy. Pan Europeanorganizations are reluctant to establis...
Article
Full-text available
36 1 2179041 Fax + 36 1 2163001 Levélcím The paper concentrates on a very exciting and for sure the most visible aspect of the post-socialist city development: the spatial changes and their mutual links to urban planning and policy making. The turbulent last decade of the XXth century resulted in immense changes not only in the spatial structure of...
Article
Full-text available
The transitional economies share common, serious problems in their public sector housing stocks, including poor condition and repair, and low rents which neither cover the maintenance and managementcosts, nor reflect the market exchange value of the houses. The paper begins by looking at the general background of rental policy and alternative appro...
Article
This account of personal impressions of the 1996 Habitat II Conference on Human Settlements opens by noting that the most important lesson to be learned at the conference was that cost-effective measures used to ease poverty in the cities of developing countries can be applicable to problems in developed countries. Another important point was that...
Article
The fall of socialism in 1989–1990 led to the end of the East European housing model, which was based on the limitation of property rights, extensive central planning and politically determined allocation of subsidies. This paper aims to present a clear picture of the current housing situation through a reliable information system. The major observ...
Article
Full-text available
Poor maintenance, low rents, and high levels of occupants’ dissatisfaction with their housing have been hallmarks of state‐rental housing in Hungary and other countries in Eastern Europe. The introduction of private management has been touted as an efficient way to improve services and increase tenant satisfaction, thereby paving the way for higher...
Article
Inner‐city areas of Budapest have been almost exclusively dominated by public (state‐owned) rental housing since 1952 when massive nationalisation turned private rentals into state rentals. The last four decades have shown a slow but gradual deterioration of this housing stock (except for the CBD area) due to the problems of rent policy, bureaucrat...
Article
Full-text available
Our analysis within the framework of the Housing Indicators Program clarified two special but very important uses of housing indicators in PCPEs. First housing indicators constitute new tools for local governments. The indicators can be applied to build up local housing policy parallel with the increase in local-level decisionmaking power. Second,...
Article
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This collection of studies, both Eastern and Western in perspective, outlines the most recent housing reforms in the former Eastern Bloc and relates them to the political and economic transformation of these countries.
Article
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This paper is concerned with housing mobility within the socialist housing system in Hungary. The statementsof the filtering theory have to be reformulated in the context of East European countries. On the basis of our empirical findings-acquired from three vacancychain surveys-it seems justified to reject the two main hypotheses concerning the rol...
Article
The switch of state subsidies away from support for public housing investment and towards an intensification of market processes is no longer the prerogative of Western countries, but, in the 1980s, has also become a feature of some state socialist societies. However, given the contrasting social, political and economic character of these societies...
Article
Full-text available
Al1 over Europe huge numbers of people live in large housing estates built after the Second World War. The philosophy according to which these estates were built was socially progressive and common to the different European countries involved. The origin of the estates can be traced back to the poor housing situation of the majority of the working...
Article
Probably the biggest problem of the Kok report is that it fails to recognize the decisive role of the metropolitan cities and their regions in the fulfilment of the Lisbon Agenda. Plenty of empirical evidence suggests that the nation states, the regions and the local governments have different tasks in fostering economic development and that the me...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
OpenHeritage: Organizing, Promoting and ENabling HEritage Reuse through Inclusion, Technology, Access, Governance and Empowerment OpenHeritage identifies and tests the best practices of adaptive heritage re-use in Europe. Drawing on the observations and results, the project will develop inclusive governance and management models for marginalized, non-touristic heritage sites and tests them in selected Cooperative Heritage Labs over Europe. see: https://openheritage.eu/
Project
http://tg-web.eu: Network’s mission is to catalyze changes that develop and support innovations on better territorial governance for Western Balkan in line with its European Union ambitions. We achieve our mission through tools and approaches that mirror macro-regional specifics and encompass, but are not limited to: dissemination of information and knowledge, addressing various audiences of professionals and decision-makers, establishment of living laboratories, networking and alliances, bridging with EU institutions, and establishment of evidence-based observatories on territorial development and governance.”
Project
GREEN SURGE is is a collaborative project between 24 partners in 11 countries. It is funded by the European Commission Seventh Framework Programme (FP7). It will identify, develop and test ways of linking green spaces, biodiversity, people and the green economy in order to meet the major urban challenges related to land use conflicts, climate change adaptation, demographic changes, and human health and well-being. Green Surge is structured into 8 Work Packages (WPs): WP1. Project management WP2. Assessment of biocultural diversity WP3. Functional linkages WP4. Contributing to the Green Economy WP5. Green infrastructure planning and implementation WP6. Innovative governance of green spaces and biocultural diversity WP7. Urban Learning Labs WP8. Dissemination and knowledge brokerage