Ivan Orlandi

Ivan Orlandi
Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca | UNIMIB · Department of Biotechnology and Biosciences

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44
Publications
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February 2005 - present
Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca

Publications

Publications (44)
Article
Full-text available
The intensity and frequency of coral bleaching events have increased worldwide especially due to thermal stress and seawater pollution. Although it has been observed that metal concentration in seawater can affect the coral’s ability to adopt cellular defensive mechanisms to counteract bleaching, more investigations are needed to better understand...
Article
Background and Aims Little is known about the metabolic regulation of cancer stem cells (CSC) in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). We analyzed whether mitochondrial-dependent metabolism and related signaling pathways contribute to stem state in CCA. Methods The stem-like subset was enriched by sphere culture (SPH) in human intrahepatic CCA cells (HUCCT1 a...
Article
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The Voltage-Dependent Anion-selective Channel (VDAC) is the pore-forming protein of mitochondrial outer membrane, allowing metabolites and ions exchanges. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, inactivation of POR1, encoding VDAC1, produces defective growth in the presence of non-fermentable carbon source. Here, we characterized the whole-genome expression p...
Article
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Nicotinamide, nicotinic acid and nicotinamide riboside are vitamin B3 precursors of NAD+ in the human diet. NAD+ has a fundamental importance for cellular biology, that derives from its essential role as a cofactor of various metabolic redox reactions, as well as an obligate co-substrate for NAD+-consuming enzymes which are involved in many fundame...
Chapter
The single-celled yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is one of the most valuable laboratory models that has been used successfully to identify factors and pathways involved in several cellular processes, the counterparts of which are evolutionarily conserved. Furthermore, it is also a powerful tool for analyzing the effects of molecules of nutraceutica...
Article
Full-text available
Coral bleaching represents the most serious threat to contemporary coral reefs. In response, focus is being laid on understanding the cellular processes involved in the response of corals to the environmental stresses and the molecular mechanisms that determine the bleaching patterns. In the present study, a component of the cellular stress respons...
Article
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Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) represents an essential cofactor in sustaining cellular bioenergetics and maintaining cellular fitness, and has emerged as a therapeutic target to counteract aging and age-related diseases. Besides NAD+ involvement in multiple redox reactions, it is also required as co-substrate for the activity of Sirtuins,...
Article
Full-text available
In corals, different biological processes are associated with the daily variation of temperature and light, which in shallow reefs can vary widely and regularly reach extreme levels. The expression of cellular defense mechanisms such as the heat shock proteins Hsp70 and Hsp60 was analyzed in coral colonies adapted to live in a shallow lagoon, durin...
Chapter
Mitochondrial functionality is one of the main factors involved in cell survival, and mitochondrial dysfunctions have been identified as an aging hallmark. In particular, the insurgence of mitochondrial dysfunctions is tightly connected to mitochondrial metabolism. During aging, both mitochondrial oxidative and biosynthetic metabolisms are progress...
Article
Nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) is activated in innate immune cells downstream of pattern recognition receptors, but little is known about NFAT’s functions in innate immunity compared with adaptive immunity. We show that early activation of NFAT balances the two major phases of the innate response to Candida albicans skin infections: the...
Article
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Resveratrol (RSV) is a naturally occurring polyphenolic compound endowed with interesting biological properties/functions amongst which are its activity as an antioxidant and as Sirtuin activating compound towards SIRT1 in mammals. Sirtuins comprise a family of NAD⁺-dependent protein deacetylases that are involved in many physiological and patholog...
Article
Black band disease (BBD) is a widespread coral pathology caused by a microbial consortium dominated by cyanobacteria, which is significantly contributing to the loss of coral cover and diversity worldwide. Since the effects of the BBD pathogens on the physiology and cellular stress response of coral polyps appear almost unknown, the expression of s...
Article
Full-text available
Nicotinamide (NAM), a form of vitamin B3, is a byproduct and noncompetitive inhibitor of the deacetylation reaction catalyzed by Sirtuins. These represent a family of evolutionarily conserved NAD+-dependent deacetylases that are well-known critical regulators of metabolism and aging and whose founding member is Sir2 of _Saccharomyces cerevisiae_. H...
Article
Brown band disease (BrB), a virulent coral disease characterized by a dense concentration of ciliates ingesting coral tissue, is responsible for ongoing coral losses on Indo-Pacific reefs. Although several efforts have been made to identify the microbial communities associated with BrB and study the disease ecology, less attention has been given to...
Article
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During growth on fermentable substrates, such as glucose, pyruvate, which is the end-product of glycolysis, can be used to generate acetyl-CoA in the cytosol via acetaldehyde and acetate, or in mitochondria by direct oxidative decarboxylation. In the latter case, the mitochondrial pyruvate carrier (MPC) is responsible for pyruvate transport into mi...
Article
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In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the chronological lifespan (CLS) is defined as the length of time that a population of nondividing cells can survive in stationary phase. In this phase, cells remain metabolically active, albeit at reduced levels, and responsive to environmental signals, thus simulating the postmitotic quiescent state of mammalian cells...
Article
Osmotic stress represents a limiting physical parameter for marine organisms and especially for sessile scleractinian corals which are known to be basically stenohaline and osmoconformers. The salinity changes may cause important cellular damage since corals lack any developed physiological regulatory system. One mechanism of reaction to deleteriou...
Article
Yeast chronological aging is regarded as a model for aging of mammalian post-mitotic cells. It refers to changes occurring in stationary phase cells over a relatively long period of time. How long these cells can survive in such a non-dividing state defines the chronological lifespan. Several factors influence cell survival including two well known...
Article
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ACH1 encodes a mitochondrial enzyme of Saccharomyces cerevisiae endowed with CoA-transferase activity. It catalyzes the CoASH transfer from succinyl-CoA to acetate generating acetyl-CoA. It is known that ACH1 inactivation results in growth defects on media containing acetate as a sole carbon and energy source which are particularly severe at low pH...
Article
The cell wall of pathogenic microbes acts as an initial barrier that is in contact with hostile environments. Several proteins are associated to the cell wall, including the glucanosyltransferases, which are attached through glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchors to the wall. Here, we characterized the Paracoccidioides beta-1,3-glucanosyltranferase (...
Article
A marked deficiency in glutathione (GSH), the most abundant antioxidant in living systems, plays a major role in aging and the pathogenesis of diseases ranging from neurological disorders to early atherosclerosis and the impairment of various immunological functions. In an attempt to shed light on GSH homeostasis, we carried out the space experimen...
Article
Carbonylation of proteins is an irreversible oxidative damage that increases during both chronological and replicative yeast aging. In the latter, a spatial protein quality control system that relies on Sir2 is responsible for the asymmetrical damage segregation in the mother cells. Proper localization of Sir2 on chromatin depends on the deubiquiti...
Article
Following a brief description of the operational procedures of systems biology (SB), the cell cycle of budding yeast is discussed as a successful example of a top-down SB analysis. After the reconstruction of the steps that have led to the identification of a sizer plus timer network in the G1 to S transition, it is shown that basic functions of th...
Article
The fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis causes paracoccidioidomycosis, a systemic granulomatous mycosis prevalent in Latin America. In an effort to elucidate the molecular mechanisms involved in fungus cell wall assembly and morphogenesis, beta-1,3-glucanosyltransferase 3 (PbGel3p) is presented here. PbGel3p presented functional similarity to the...
Article
Histone modifications influence chromatin structure and thus regulate the accessibility of DNA to replication, recombination, repair, and transcription. We show here that the histone deubiquitinating enzyme Ubp10 contributes to the formation/maintenance of silenced chromatin at the rDNA by affecting Sir2p association.
Article
UBP10 encodes a deubiquitinating enzyme of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Its inactivation results in a complex phenotype characterized by a subpopulation of cells that exhibits the typical cellular markers of apoptosis. Here, we show that additional deletion of YCA1, coding for the yeast metacaspase, suppressed the ubp10 disruptant phenotype. Moreover,...
Article
Full-text available
UBP10 codes for a deubiquitinating enzyme of Saccharomyces cerevisiae whose loss of function determines slow growth rate and partial impairment of silencing at telomeres and HM loci. A genome-wide analysis performed on a ubp10 disruptant revealed alterations in expression of subtelomeric genes together with a broad change in the whole transcription...
Article
Full-text available
We studied the secretion of recombinant human insulin-like growth factor 1 (rhIGF-1) from transformed yeast cells. The hIGF-1gene was fused to the mating factor α prepro- leader sequence under the control of the constitutive ACT1 promoter. We found that the inactivation of the GAS1 gene in the host strain led to a supersecretory phenotype yielding...
Article
A cDNA encoding glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPD) was isolated from the fission yeastSchizosaccharomyces pombe. The nucleotide and the predicted amino acid sequences were determined. A very high degree of homology with different GPD sequences present in the SWISS-PROT data bank was observed in accordance with the evolutionary conservat...
Article
We have isolated a Schizosaccharomyces pombe cDNA encoding a small heat-shock protein, designated Hsp9. The deduced amino acid sequence shares significant homology with the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Hsp12 gene product. Northern blot analysis identified a 600-base transcript which is expressed at a low level in S. pombe exponentially growing cells, b...
Article
The GGP1/GAS1/CWH52 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a major exocellular 115 kDa glycoprotein (gp115) anchored to the plasma membrane through a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI). The function of gp115 is still unknown but the analysis of null mutants suggests a possible role in the control of morphogenesis. PHR1 gene isolated from Candida...