Ivan Lupelli

Ivan Lupelli
Enel SpA · Market Analysis & Segmentation

PhD

About

109
Publications
14,227
Reads
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1,110
Citations
Additional affiliations
May 2020 - February 2022
Enel SpA
Position
  • Head of Data Management Platform
October 2018 - present
IULM Libera Università di Lingue e Comunicazione di Milano
Position
  • Lectures on Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence for UI/UX
December 2017 - May 2020
Enel SpA
Position
  • Product Owner Floor Advanced Analytics
Education
January 2011 - January 2012
University of Rome Tor Vergata
Field of study
  • Protection Against Chemical Biological and Radiological Events, Safety and Security
February 2008 - July 2011
University of Rome Tor Vergata
Field of study
  • CFD, Nuclear Safety
September 2006 - December 2007
University of Rome Tor Vergata
Field of study
  • Energetic and Nuclear Engineering

Publications

Publications (109)
Article
A new tomographic inversion technique is presented for the identification of plasma filaments in wide-angle visible camera data. The technique works on the assumption that background subtracted images of filaments can be represented as a superposition of uniformly emitting magnetic equilibrium field lines. A large collection of equilibrium magnetic...
Chapter
The paper proposes a region-based deep learning convolutional neural network to detect objects within images able to identify the filamentary plasma structures that arise in the boundary region of the plasma in toroidal nuclear fusion reactors. The images required to train and test the neural model have been synthetically generated from statistical...
Article
Density and magnetic fluctuation measurements in low-β type-III ELM discharges are obtained in the Joint European Torus (JET). They are observed during the inter-ELM pedestal evolution, after the LH transition phase, at about 60-70 kHz. Density fluctuations are measured with a correlation reflectometer system installed on the low-field side and the...
Article
Stability to the type-I edge localized mode (ELM) in JET plasmas was investigated numerically by analyzing the stability to a peeling-ballooning mode with the effects of plasma rotation and ion diamagnetic drift. The numerical analysis was performed by solving the extended Frieman–Rotenberg equation with the MINERVA-DI code. To take into account th...
Article
Experiments have been carried out on the MAST and JET tokamaks intended to compare the electrical resistivity of the plasma with theoretical formulations. The tests consist of obtaining motional stark effect (MSE) measurements in MHD-free plasmas during plasma current ramp-up (JET and MAST), ramp-down (MAST) and in stationary state (JET and MAST)....
Article
Full-text available
The 2014–2016 JET results are reviewed in the light of their significance for optimising the ITER research plan for the active and non-active operation. More than 60 h of plasma operation with ITER first wall materials successfully took place since its installation in 2011. New multi-machine scaling of the type I-ELM divertor energy flux density to...
Article
The ASDEX Upgrade (AUG) programme is directed towards physics input to critical elements of the ITER design and the preparation of ITER operation, as well as addressing physics issues for a future DEMO design. Since 2015, AUG is equipped with a new pair of 3-strap ICRF antennas, which were designed for a reduction of tungsten release during ICRF op...
Article
Full-text available
Integrating the plasma core performance with an edge and scrape-off layer (SOL) that leads to tolerable heat and particle loads on the wall is a major challenge. The new European medium size tokamak task force (EU-MST) coordinates research on ASDEX Upgrade (AUG), MAST and TCV. This multi-machine approach within EU-MST, covering a wide parameter ran...
Article
In many tokamaks ferromagnetic material, usually referred to as an iron-core, is present in order to improve the magnetic coupling between the solenoid and the plasma. The presence of the iron core in proximity to the plasma changes the magnetic topology with consequent effects on the magnetic field structure and the plasma boundary. This paper con...
Article
The stability with respect to a peeling–ballooning mode (PBM) was investigated numerically with extended MHD simulation codes in JET, JT-60U and future JT-60SA plasmas. The MINERVA-DI code was used to analyze the linear stability, including the effects of rotation and ion diamagnetic drift (), in JET-ILW and JT-60SA plasmas, and the JOREK code was...
Article
Full-text available
The pedestal structure of type I ELMy H-modes has been analysed for JET with the ITER-like Wall (JET-ILW). The electron pressure pedestal width is independent of ρ ∗ and increases proportionally to √β pol,PED. Additional broadening of the width is observed, at constant β pol, PED, with increasing ν ∗ and/or neutral gas injection and the contributio...
Article
Full-text available
In the past at JET, with the MkI divertor, a systematic study of the influence of X-point height and poloidal flux expansion has been conducted [1,2] showing minor differences in the radiation distribution, whereas in [3] experiment and simulations have shown enhancement of detachment as the flux expansion was increased. More recently at JET, equip...
Article
Pellet injection is a likely fuelling method of reactor grade plasmas. When the pellet ablates, it will transiently perturb the density and temperature profiles of the plasma. This will in turn change dimensionless parameters such as and plasma β. The microstability properties of the plasma then changes which influences the transport of heat and pa...
Article
Non-axisymmetric magnetic fields are used to perturbatively probe momentum transport physics in MAST L-mode plasmas. The low beta L-mode target was chosen to complement previous experiments conducted in high beta NSTX H-mode plasmas (β N = 3.5-4.6) where an inward momentum pinch was measured. In those cases quasi-linear gyrokinetic simulations of u...
Article
Future devices like JT-60SA, ITER and DEMO require quantitative predictions of pedestal density and temperature levels, as well as inter-ELM and ELM divertor heat fluxes, in order to improve global confinement capabilities while preventing divertor erosion/melting in the planning of future experiments. Such predictions can be obtained from dedicate...
Article
The SAGE [1] European Horizon 2020 project (grant agreement 671500), led by Seagate with 10 partners, is investigating solutions of future exascale storage systems for data intensive applications. CCFE is one of the partners and SPECTRE (SPECtral Research Engine) is one of the tools being developed to take advantage of the improved data I/O and thr...
Article
The next generation of tokamaks, e.g. ITER, will have extremely large data collection rates significantly larger than those experienced today in present tokamaks, with consequential new challenges in data management, data analysis and integrated modelling. One of these challenges is to ensure that appropriate data is efficiently made available when...
Article
L to H transition studies at JET have revealed an n = 0, m = 1 magnetic oscillation starting immediately at the L to H transition (called M-mode for brevity). While the magnetic oscillation is present a weak ELM-less H-mode regime is obtained, with a clear increase of density and a weak electron temperature pedestal. It is an intermediate state bet...
Article
Three dimensionless scans in the normalized Larmor radius ρ *, normalized collisionality ν * and normalized plasma pressure β have been performed in JET with the ITER-like wall (JET-ILW). The normalized energy confinement and the thermal diffusivity exhibit a scaling with ρ * consistent with the earlier results obtained in the carbon wall JET (JET-...
Article
New results from MAST are presented that focus on validating models in order to extrapolate to future devices. Measurements during start-up experiments have shown how the bulk ion temperature rise scales with the square of the reconnecting field. During the current ramp up models are not able to correctly predict the current diffusion. Experiments...
Article
Four numerical codes are employed to investigate the dynamics of scrape-off layer filaments in tokamak relevant conditions. Experimental measurements were taken in the MAST device using visual camera imaging, which allows the evaluation of the perpendicular size and velocity of the filaments, as well as the combination of density and temperature as...
Article
At the tokamak Joint European Torus (JET), the electron cyclotron emission spectra in O-mode and X-mode polarisations are diagnosed simultaneous in absolute terms for several harmonics with two Martin-Puplett interferometers. From the second harmonic range in X-mode polarisation, the electron temperature profile can be deduced for the outboard side...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The present paper shows the application of a divertor coils current optimization approach to design new High Flux Expansion (HFE) experiments in JET tokamak. A plasma magnetic equilibrium is taken as reference of the procedure, and additional currents to supply to the active coils are calculated in order to achieve a Flux Expansion (FExp) increase...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The design of the ITER divertor and estimates of the required fuelling throughput have relied for many years on simulations performed by use of the SOLPS plasma edge modelling tool. The newly developed SOLPS GUI is a framework tailored specifically for the SOLPS-ITER code suite in a sense that code specifics are built into the interface. Its design...
Presentation
Full-text available
IEA Workshop: Theory and Simulation of Disruptions
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The scientific workflow for which the CAD model is read or modelled, meshed and then stored as an input to be used by the code should be made easier and more efficient for retrieval and reuse with emphasis to data provenance. A link between the CAD models and physics codes is being developed and will provide a programmable access within the scienti...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The understanding of the physical processes governing the behaviour of the edge pedestal structure is crucial in order to predict the plasma performance in future devices such as ITER. A well-known theory which explains the stability conditions in the pedestal is the peeling-ballooning (PB) model [1]. In this model the bootstrap current, which can...
Article
JET neutron profile monitor ensures 2D coverage of the gamma and neutron emissive region that enables tomographic reconstruction. Due to the availability of only two projection angles and to the coarse sampling, tomographic inversion is a limited data set problem. Several techniques have been developed for tomographic reconstruction of the 2-D gamm...
Article
Full-text available
A subset of JET ITER-like wall (ILW) discharges, combining electron density and temperature as well as divertor heat flux measurements, has been collected for the validation of non-linear magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations of edge-localised-modes (ELMs). This permits a quantitative comparison of simulation results against experiments, which is r...
Article
Sawtooth stabilisation by fast ions is investigated in deuterium (D) and D-helium 3 (He3) plasmas of JET heated by deuterium Neutral Beam Injection combined in synergy with Ion Cyclotron Resonance Heating (ICRH) applied on-axis at 3rd beam cyclotron harmonic. A very significant increase in the sawtooth period is observed, caused by the ICRH-acceler...
Article
Full-text available
The H mode of confinement in Tokamaks is characterized by a thin region of high gradients, located at the edge of the plasma and called the Edge Transport Barrier. Even if various theoretical models have been proposed for the interpretation of the edge physics, the main empirical scaling laws of the plasma confinement time are expressed in terms of...
Article
Full-text available
Disruptions are a major operational concern for next generation tokamaks, including ITER. They may generate excessive heat loads on plasma facing components, large electromagnetic forces in the machine structures and several MA of multi-MeV runaway electrons. A more complete understanding of the runaway generation processes and methods to suppress...
Article
Full-text available
The Mega Ampère Spherical Tokamak (MAST) programme is strongly focused on addressing key physics issues in preparation for operation of ITER as well as providing solutions for DEMO design choices. In this regard, MAST has provided key results in understanding and optimizing H-mode confinement, operating with smaller edge localized modes (ELMs), pre...
Article
The extrapolation of the energy confinement time to the next generation of devices has been investigated both theoretically and experimentally for several decades in the tokamak community. Various scaling expressions have been proposed using dimensional and dimensionless quantities. They are all based on the assumption that the scalings are in powe...
Article
Edge localised mode (ELM) control may be essential to develop ITER scenarios with a reasonable lifetime of divertor components, whilst ELM pacing may be essential to develop stationary ITER scenarios with a tungsten divertor. Resonant magnetic perturbations (RMPs) have mitigated ELMs in high collisionality plasmas in JET. The efficacy of RMPs in mi...
Conference Paper
A list of JET Iter-like wall pulses, combining electron density and temperature as well as divertor heat flux measurements, has been collected for the validation of non-linear MHD simulations of Edge-Localised-Modes (ELMs). This permits a quantitative comparison of simulation results against experiments, which is required for the validation of pred...
Conference Paper
Runaway electrons have been created using injections of high-Z noble gases at JET. Their features are close to runaways created in the same way the carbon wall. Runaway beam suppression was achieved with massive gas injection only if fired before the beginning of the current quench. Injections of up to 4300 Pa.m3 on an already accelerated runaway b...
Article
Full-text available
This work presents a detailed characterisation of the MAST Scrape Off Layer in L-mode. Scans in line averaged density, plasma current and toroidal magnetic field were performed. A comprehensive and integrated study of the SOL was allowed by the use of a wide range of diagnostics. In agreement with previous results, an increase of the line averaged...
Conference Paper
JET neutron profile monitor is a unique instrument among neutron diagnostics available on large fusion research facilities. The plasma coverage of the emissive region enables tomographic reconstruction of the spatial profiles of the γ-ray emission. However, due to the availability of only two projection angles and to the coarse sampling, tomography...
Article
Abstract Journal publications, as the final product of research activity, are the result of an extensive complex modeling and data analysis effort. It is of paramount importance, therefore, to capture the origins and derivation of the published data in order to achieve high levels of scientific reproducibility, transparency, internal and external d...
Article
Dust re-suspension as a consequences of loss of vacuum accident (LOVA) or loss of coolant accident (LOCA) situations inside a nuclear fusion plant (ITER-like) is an important issue for the workers’ safety and for the security of the plant. The dust size expected inside tokamaks like ITER is of the order of microns (0.1-1000 μm). Analysis of the the...
Conference Paper
In recent years there has been an increasing worldwide effort to further the development of the so-called hybrid or improved H-mode scenarios. In these plasmas, representing a hybrid between “baseline” and “advanced tokamak” scenarios, enhanced normalized confinement is achieved (compared to the ITER baseline ELMy H-mode) through current profile op...
Article
Full-text available
The results of TRANSP simulations of neutron count rate profiles measured by a collimated neutron flux monitor–neutron camera (NC)—for different plasma scenarios on MAST are reported. In addition, the effect of various plasma parameters on neutron emission is studied by means of TRANSP simulation. The fast ion redistribution and losses due to fishb...
Article
Full-text available
The fuelling of plasmas by shallow frozen pellets with simultaneous mitigation of edge-localized modes (ELM) by external magnetic perturbation is demonstrated on the MAST tokamak. In these plasmas post-pellet particle loss is dominated by ELMs. It is shown that the size of post-pellet ELMs can be controlled by external magnetic perturbations. Post-...
Article
Many measurements are required to control thermonuclear plasmas and to fully exploit them scientifically. In the last years JET has shown the potential to generate about 50 GB of data per shot. These amounts of data require more sophisticated data analysis methodologies to perform correct inference and various techniques have been recently develope...
Article
Many measurements are required to control thermonuclear plasmas and to fully exploit them scientifically. In the last years JET has shown the potential to generate about 50 GB of data per shot. These amounts of data require more sophisticated data analysis methodologies to perform correct inference and various techniques have been recently develope...
Article
Various MHD (magnetohydrodynamic) equilibrium tools, some of which being recently developed or considerably updated, are used on the COMPASS tokamak at IPP Prague. MHD equilibrium is a fundamental property of the tokamak plasma, whose knowledge is required for many diagnostics and modelling tools. Proper benchmarking and validation of equilibrium t...
Article
A new approach to determine the power law expressions for the threshold between the H and L mode of confinement is presented. The method is based on two powerful machine learning tools for classification: neural networks and support vector machines. Using as inputs clear examples of the systems on either side of the transition, the machine learning...
Article
Full-text available
The core micro-instability characteristics of hybrid and baseline plasmas in a selected set of JET plasmas with carbon wall are investigated through local linear and non-linear and global linear gyro-kinetic simulations with the GYRO code (Candy and Belli 2011 General Atomics Report GA-A26818). In particular, we study the role of plasma pressure on...
Article
Air leakage into tokamaks vacuum vessel during plasma burning or maintenance operations may lead to the fast pressurization of the vacuum vessel. A fraction of the dust inventory present in the vacuum vessel can be mobilized threatening the safety of staff and workers on site, the local population and the environment. A numerical analysis of the ph...
Article
Full-text available
The fuelling of plasmas by shallow frozen pellets with simultaneous mitigation of edge localised modes (ELM) by external magnetic perturbation is demonstrated on the MAST tokamak. Post-pellet particle loss is dominated by ELMs and inter-ELM gas fuelling. It is shown that the size of post-pellet ELMs can be controlled by external magnetic perturbati...
Conference Paper
. To improve stability and confinement in fusion plasmas via sufficient control of the plasma current profile represents a major objective for the progress of thermonuclear fusion research based on the tokamak concept. The lower hybrid current drive (LHCD) would provide a solution, by removing the problematic extrapolation of LHCD to high plasma...
Conference Paper
Many processes in plasma physics are inherently complex and highly nonlinear. Typically their behaviour is difficult to interpret with theoretical models based on first principles. To perform high-quality inferences, these processes have to be modelled starting directly from the experimental data. In this contribution we study and analyse the ca...
Conference Paper
In the tokamak JET it is observed a systematic discrepancy when comparing the neutron yields as measured by KN1 diagnostic (fission chamber) with the results of codes assuming no fast particle transport beyond collisional diffusion (for example PENCIL, CHEAP, Nubeam, ASCOT). As data values from simulations are typically higher than the experimental...
Conference Paper
Many measurements are required to control thermonuclear plasmas and to fully exploit them scientifically. In the last years JET has shown the potential to generate about 50 Gbytes of data per shot. These amounts of data require more sophisticated data analysis methodologies to perform correct inference and various techniques have been recently deve...