István Winkler

István Winkler
Research Centre for Natural Sciences · Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychology

PhD, DSc

About

307
Publications
39,606
Reads
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16,012
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2008 - August 2016
University of Szeged
Position
  • Professor (Full)
June 2005 - present
Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
Position
  • Consultant
Description
  • Previously Institute of Psychology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
November 1989 - November 2005
University of Helsinki
Position
  • Visiting researcher
Description
  • I regularly visited the group for 3 month a year.

Publications

Publications (307)
Article
Infants are able to extract words from speech early in life. Here we show that the quality of forming longer-term representations for word forms at birth predicts expressive language ability at the age of two years. Seventy-five neonates were familiarized with two spoken disyllabic pseudowords. We then tested whether the neonate brain predicts the...
Article
Full-text available
Hearing is one of the earliest senses to develop and is quite mature by birth. Contemporary theories assume that regularities in sound are exploited by the brain to create internal models of the environment. Through statistical learning, internal models extrapolate from patterns to predictions about subsequent experience. In adults, altered brain r...
Article
Many aspects of cognitive ability and brain function that change as we age look like deficits on account of measurable differences in comparison to younger adult groups. One such difference occurs in auditory sensory responses that index perceptual learning. Meta-analytic findings show reliable age-related differences in auditory responses to repet...
Article
The effects of lexical meaning and lexical familiarity on auditory deviance detection were investigated by presenting oddball sequences of words, while participants ignored the stimuli. Stimulus sequences were composed of words that were varied in word class (nouns vs. functions words) and frequency of language use (high vs. low frequency) in a fac...
Preprint
Infants are able to extract words from speech early in life. Here we show that the quality of word-form learning at birth predicts language development at the age of two years. Seventy-five neonates were familiarized with two spoken disyllabic pseudowords. We then tested whether the neonate brain predicts the second syllable from the first one by p...
Article
People with normal hearing can usually follow one of the several concurrent speakers.Speech tempo affects both the separation of concurrent speech streams and information extraction from them. The current study varied the tempo of two concurrent speech streams to investigate these processes in a multi-talker situation. Listeners performed a target-...
Article
Introduction The global COVID-19 pandemic has affected the economy, daily life, and mental/physical health. The latter includes the use of electroencephalography (EEG) in clinical practice and research. We report a survey of the impact of COVID-19 on the use of clinical EEG in practice and research in several countries, and the recommendations of a...
Article
Speech unfolds at different time scales. Therefore, neuronal mechanisms involved in speech processing should likewise operate at different (corresponding) time scales. The present study aimed to identify speech units relevant for selecting speech streams in a multi-talker situation. Functional connectivity was extracted from the continuous EEG whil...
Article
A study by Tóth, Kocsis, Háden, Szerafin, Shinn-Cunningham, and Winkler [Neuroimage 141, 108 − 119 (2016)] reported that spatial cues (such as interaural differences or ITDs) that differentiate the perceived sound source directions of a target tone sequence (figure) from simultaneous distracting tones (background) did not improve the ability of par...
Article
Full-text available
Acoustic predictability has been shown to affect auditory stream segregation, while linguistic predictability is known to be an important factor in speech comprehension. We tested the effects of linguistic predictability on auditory stream segregation and target detection by assessing the event-related potentials elicited by targets and distractors...
Article
Full-text available
Fatigue is a core symptom in many psychological disorders and it can strongly influence everyday productivity. As fatigue effects have been typically demonstrated after long hours of time on task, it was surprising that in a previous study, we accidentally found a decline of temporal order judgment (TOJ) performance within 5–8 min. After replicatin...
Article
The task of making sense of the world around us is supported by brain processes that simplify the environment. For example, repetitive patterns of sensory input help us to predict future events. This study builds on work, suggesting that sensory predictions are heavily influenced by first impressions. We presented healthy adults with a sequence com...
Article
Full-text available
Human listeners can follow the voice of one speaker while several others are talking at the same time. This process requires segregating the speech streams from each other and continuously directing attention to the target stream. We investigated the functional brain networks underlying this ability. Two speech streams were presented simultaneously...
Article
The formation of auditory events requires integration between successive sounds. There is a temporal limit below which a single sound event is perceived while above which a second perceptual event is formed. Behavioral studies applying the Temporal Order Judgment paradigm showed that this boundary is between 20 and 70 ms. Here we provide event-rela...
Article
Full-text available
Human listeners can focus on one speech stream out of several concurrent ones. The present study aimed to assess the whole-brain functional networks underlying a) the process of focusing attention on a single speech stream vs. dividing attention between two streams and 2) speech processing on different time-scales and depth. Two spoken narratives w...
Data
NIRS FC networks significantly affected by TASK TYPE. Stronger for the tracking than for the detection task (Tracking Task Specific Networks. The left column of panels A) and B) separately shows the regional distribution of the functional connections (color scale right from each panel). 100% refers to the sum of the connections comprising the signi...
Data
Grand average spectral power. Spectral density is shown for all 64 channel channels separately (colored lines). The scalp distribution of the power for 1 Hz, 10 Hz and 20 Hz are plotted above the diagram. (TIF)
Data
Supplementary information on EEG FC and behavioral data correlation analysis. (DOCX)
Data
Summary of the number of connections within the subnetworks that showed significant ATTENTION or TASK TYPE effects, separately for the three EEG bands (columns). Each line represents a ROI (identified by its abbreviation as defined in S1 Table). ROIs are grouped by brain lobes (Frontal, Cingular, Temporal, and Parietal). The sum of connections with...
Data
Results of the assessment of source localization accuracy. ROI pair distances above the thresholds of 15 (top panel) and 20 mm (bottom panel) are plotted as lines connecting the corresponding ROI centers. The threshold was defined as 50% indicating that more than half of the ROI’s voxel’s source activity could be unreliably attributed to another RO...
Data
Assessment of EEG source localization accuracy. (DOCX)
Data
Effect size measure of FC statistics. (DOCX)
Data
Source regions and their abbreviation. Source regions and their abbreviation (third column) for EEG (second column) and NIRS sources (fourth column) grouped according to large-scale anatomical areas (first column). (DOCX)
Data
Results of the post hoc pairwise dependent sample t-tests performed on the average subnetwork connectivity strength values (Student’s t, degree of freedom, p, and Cohen’s d effect size values). (DOCX)
Data
Summary of the number of connections within the subnetworks showing a significant TASK TYPE effect for the NIRS deoxygenated hemoglobin concentration. Each line represents a ROI (identified by its abbreviation as defined in S1 Table). ROIs are grouped by brain lobes (Frontal, Cingular, Temporal, and Parietal). The sum of connections within each lob...
Data
NIRS functional connectivity analysis. (DOCX)
Data
Supplementary results: The effect of the LOCATION. (DOCX)
Data
EEG source localization accuracy results. All ROIs pairs (listed region as A-B) above the threshold degree of overlap reported separately for 15 and 20 mm localization error distance values. (DOCX)
Data
Stimuli: Syntactic violation. (DOCX)
Data
Supplementary results: NIRS deoxygenated hemoglobin concentration. (DOCX)
Data
Statistical analysis: Extended description of the NBS statistics. (DOCX)
Data
NIRS recording and preprocessing. (DOCX)
Data
Supplementary results: Behavioral responses–testing the effects of location. (DOCX)
Data
Supplementary results: The effect of the DETECTION TASK TYPE on EEG FC. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Large-scale functional brain network correlates of speech predictability effects on speaker separation The predictability of speech influences the quality of comprehension, especially in noisy environments. We explored the large-scale functional brain networks underlying speech perception in the presence of an interfering stream while varying sema...
Article
Grouping distinct, temporally separated sounds is assumed to follow Gestalt principles, such as similarity or proximity. In the auditory streaming paradigm, the probability of perceiving all sounds as part of the same repeating pattern (the integrated percept) increases when the interstimulus interval (ISI) is increased from medium to long interval...
Article
Auditory perceptual inference engages learning of complex statistical information about the environment. Inferences assist us to simplify perception highlighting what can be predicted on the basis of prior learning (through the formation of internal "prediction" models) and what might be new, potentially necessitating an investment of resources to...
Article
The notion of automatic syntactic analysis received support from some event-related potential (ERP) studies. However, none of these studies tested syntax processing in the presence of a concurrent speech stream. Here we present two concurrent continuous speech streams, manipulating two variables potentially affecting speech processing in a fully cr...
Article
Full-text available
The dynamics of perceptual bistability, the phenomenon in which perception switches between different interpretations of an unchanging stimulus, are characterised by very similar properties across a wide range of qualitatively different paradigms. This suggests that perceptual switching may be triggered by some common source. However, it is also po...
Article
Predictive coding is arguably the currently dominant theoretical framework for the study of perception. It has been employed to explain important auditory perceptual phenomena, and it has inspired theoretical, experimental, and computational modelling efforts aimed at describing how the auditory system parses the complex sound input into meaningful...
Article
In perceptual multi-stability, perception stochastically switches between alternative interpretations of the stimulus allowing examination of perceptual experience independent of stimulus parameters. Previous studies found that listeners show temporally stable idiosyncratic switching patterns when listening to a multi-stable auditory stimulus, such...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper reports on a preliminary study carried out to examine whether the phoneme classes defined by linguists elicit distinguishable electroencephalographic (EEG) responses from the brain. To this end event-related potentials (ERP) were recorded in response to three-syllabic nonsense words (non-words) with three consonant-vowel transitions (CVC...
Article
Full-text available
The organization of functional brain networks changes across human lifespan. The present study analyzed functional brain networks in healthy full-term infants (N = 139) within 1-6 days from birth by measuring neural synchrony in EEG recordings during quiet sleep. Large-scale phase synchronization was measured in six frequency bands with the Phase L...
Article
Full-text available
Supplementary material includes a supplementary text, three figures, and nine tables
Article
Full-text available
Multistability in perception is a powerful tool for investigating sensory–perceptual transformations, because it produces dissociations between sensory inputs and subjective experience. Spontaneous switching between different perceptual objects occurs during prolonged listening to a sound sequence of tone triplets or repeated words (termed auditory...
Article
Full-text available
Auditory scene analysis (ASA) refers to the process (es) of parsing the complex acoustic input into auditory perceptual objects representing either physical sources or temporal sound patterns, such as melodies, which contributed to the sound waves reaching the ears. A number of new computational models accounting for some of the perceptual phenomen...
Article
Significance statement: Our research presents the first definite evidence for the auditory system prioritizing transitional probabilities over probabilities of individual sensory events. Forming representations for transitional probabilities paves the way for predictions of upcoming sounds. Several recent theories suggest that predictive processin...
Article
Background and aims: Syntax needs to be processed in order to understand a sentence. Here we studied the event-related brain potentials (ERPs) elicited by syntactic violations: the left anterior negativity (LAN) and the P600. LAN signals the morphosyntactic violations. P600 is assumed to reflect structural reanalysis when encountering grammatically...
Article
The auditory environment typically comprises several simultaneously active sound sources. In contrast to the perceptual segregation of two concurrent sounds, the perception of three simultaneous sound objects has not yet been studied systematically. We conducted two experiments in which participants were presented with complex sounds containing sou...
Article
Full-text available
Multi-stability refers to the phenomenon of perception stochastically switching between possible interpretations of an unchanging stimulus. Despite considerable variability, individuals show stable idiosyncratic patterns of switching between alternative perceptions in the auditory streaming paradigm. We explored correlates of the individual switchi...
Data
Spearman Rank Order correlation coefficients between the perceptual and the executive functions, personality traits, and creativity. MDS X = the first dimension of the MDS, MDS Y = the second dimension of the MDS, MDS Z = the third dimension of the MDS, Duration of integrated = average phase duration of the integrated percept in seconds, Duration o...
Data
Descriptive statistics of the measured variables. Mean (SD) = the mean and the standard deviation of the variable, Min = the minimum of the variable, Max = the maximum of the variable, α = Cronbach’s alpha in the case of the personality questionnaires and inter-rater reliability in case of Creativity tasks, MDS X = the first dimension of the MDS, M...
Article
The ability to isolate a single sound source among concurrent sources is crucial for veridical auditory perception. The present study investigated the event-related oscillations evoked by complex tones, which could be perceived as a single sound and tonal complexes with cues promoting the perception of two concurrent sounds by inharmonicity, onset...
Article
Full-text available
While subjective reports provide a direct measure of perception, their validity is not self-evident. Here, the authors tested three possible biasing effects on perceptual reports in the auditory streaming paradigm: errors due to imperfect understanding of the instructions, voluntary perceptual biasing, and susceptibility to implicit expectations. (...
Article
Full-text available
Although first-impressions are known to impact decision-making and to have prolonged effects on reasoning, it is less well known that the same type of rapidly formed assumptions can explain biases in automatic relevance filtering outside of deliberate behaviour. This paper features two studies in which participants have been asked to ignore sequenc...
Article
Full-text available
In the adult auditory system, deviant detection and updating the representation of the environment is reflected by the event-related potential (ERP) component termed the mismatch negativity (MMN). MMN is elicited when a rare-pitch deviant stimulus is presented amongst frequent standard pitch stimuli. The same stimuli also elicit a similar discrimin...
Article
Full-text available
Complex first, simple later: Higher-order auditory capabilities in preverbal infants The perceptual resolution of basic auditory features is much lower in young infants than in adults. However, regarding higher-order auditory capabilities, infants perform qualitatively similarly to adults. Infants are competent perceivers of sound. They form audit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this work, we compare two skewness-based salient event detector algorithms, which can detect transients in human speech signals. Speech transients are characterized by rapid changes in signal energy. The purpose of this study was to compare the identification of transients by two different methods based on skewness calculation in order to develo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In collaboration with This research is supported by: Methods Fig 2a. Striped blocks contain a 30ms standard and 60ms deviant sound. These roles were reversed in greyed blocks. Conditions were distinct due to a difference of stability in the relative tone probabilities (2.4mins versus 0.8mins) b. Halves analysis was conducted to compare MMN size imm...
Article
Communication by sounds requires that the communication channels (i.e. speech/speakers and other sound sources) had been established. This allows to separate concurrently active sound sources, to track their identity, to assess the type of message arriving from them, and to decide whether and when to react (e.g., reply to the message). We propose t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Most people are able to recognise familiar tunes even when played in a different key. It is assumed that this depends on a general capacity for relative pitch perception; the ability to recognise the pattern of inter-note intervals that characterises the tune. However, when healthy adults are required to detect rare deviant melodic patterns in a se...