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István Tóth-Király

István Tóth-Király

PhD
Data Analyst / Statistical consultant

About

131
Publications
122,215
Reads
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2,290
Citations
Introduction
Substantively, I am interested in exploring and documenting the nature and key drivers of optimal and suboptimal forms of engagement across various life contexts (e.g., digital world, education, organizations, physical activity). Methodologically, I am interested in the application of advanced variable- (e.g., exploratory structural equation modeling, latent growth modeling) and person-centered (e.g., latent profile analysis, growth mixture modeling) methods within the framework of structural
Additional affiliations
May 2019 - May 2021
Concordia University Montreal
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
September 2016 - June 2020
Eötvös Loránd University
Field of study
  • Psychology
September 2014 - June 2016
Eötvös Loránd University
Field of study
  • Psychology
September 2011 - June 2014
University of Szeged
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (131)
Article
Full-text available
This article assesses the multidimensionality of the Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction and Frustration Scale (BPNSFS) using bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling (bifactor ESEM). The first study relies on a sample of community adults (N = 2,301), and revealed the superiority of a bifactor ESEM representation, supporting the 6-factor...
Article
The goal of the present research was to the cross-cultural examination of the factor structure of the Academic Motivation Scale (AMS) and its extensive invariance testing with exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM). Three comprehensive samples were collected: a Hungarian high school (N = 1139), a Hungarian university (N = 1163) samples, an...
Article
Full-text available
The present research investigated the construct validity and psychometric properties of the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) with a new and advanced statistical procedure, exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM), in order to contribute to the ongoing discussion about its dimensionality by employing a bifactor-ESEM framework. A Hungarian online r...
Article
The goal of this research was to explore the relationship pattern of individual differences in time perspective and the frequency of self-reported academic cheating behavior among Hungarian high school students (N1 = 252, Mage = 16.46, SDage = 1.16; N2 = 371, Mage = 16.56, SDage = 1.18). According to the results of structural equations modeling, Fu...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of the present research was to look at the correlates of passion towards screen-based activities. In two studies, we aimed to test the role of impulsivity as a predictor of obsessive (but not harmonious) passion for Facebook use and series watching. We also aimed to distinguish between problematic and non-problematic correlates as perta...
Article
Full-text available
According to previous studies, general environmental characteristics and job‐related factors influence employees' transfer of learned skills to the job. However, among job‐related variables, the role of work engagement in connection with transfer motivation, opportunity and training transfer has not received much research attention. Building upon t...
Article
Full-text available
A growing body of literature supports that fixed intelligence mindset promotes the emergence of maladaptive emotional reactions, especially when self-threat is imminent. Previous studies have confirmed that in adverse academic situations, students endorsing fixed intelligence mindset experience higher levels of negative emotions, although little is...
Article
Full-text available
The present research assessed the psychometric multidimensionality and criterion-related validity the Interpersonal Behaviours Questionnaire using the bifactor-exploratory structural equation modeling framework. Study 1 relied on a sample of 772 participants, and supported the superiority of a bifactor-ESEM representation compared to alternative re...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Recent guidelines point out the possible risk for orthorexia nervosa in functional gastrointestinal disorders, however, to date, no study has investigated this association. The present study aimed to explore the potential relationship between irritable bowel syndrome-related functional gastrointestinal symptoms and certain maladaptive eatin...
Article
Full-text available
This study was designed to investigate academic motivation profiles (and their similarity) among distinct samples of high school students. Anchored in recent developments in Self-Determination Theory, these profiles were estimated while considering both the global and specific nature of academic motivation. The role of fixed mindsets and parenting...
Article
This study investigated the associations between academic motivation, self-concepts, and achievement in math and German using the bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling (bifactor-ESEM) framework. Data from two independent samples (N1 = 1402, N2 = 1154) of German elementary and secondary school students revealed that the bifactor-ESEM rep...
Preprint
Objectives Growth mindset beliefs promote adaptive motivations, learning, and challenge seeking; however, the learning process promoted by growth mindset is not always a joyride. It can be especially true if one faces harsh criticism. Mindfulness might be hypothesized as a potential adaptive mechanism in a negative feedback situation. The present r...
Article
Full-text available
Research in the U.S. developed and validated the State Self-Compassion Scale (SSCS), which measures self-compassionate reactions toward a specific negative event. The current study is aimed at developing the Japanese version of the State Self-Compassion Scale (SSCS-J) and extending previous findings in the U.S. by showing measurement invariance acr...
Article
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Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, an increase in pornography use has been reported based on cross-sectional findings , raising concerns about associated adverse outcomes, such as problematic pornography use (PPU). The aims of the present study were to document potential changes in adolescents' pornography use frequency, motivations, and...
Article
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Murphy (2021) argues that the field of Industrial-Organizational (I/O) Psychology needs to pay more attention to descriptive statistics (“Table 1”; e.g., M, SD, reliability, correlations) when reporting and interpreting results. We agree that authors need to present a clear and transparent description of their data and that descriptive statistics a...
Article
Full-text available
Recent research suggests that the risk of exercise addiction (REA) is primarily predicted by passion. However, this relationship stems from cross-sectional studies. The objective of this 12-week longitudinal investigation was to examine and compare the temporal changes in REA and passion among women and men (N = 149) who just started a new sport ac...
Article
Full-text available
Passion has been proposed as one of the potential constructs that could contribute to a more fulfilling life as well as to subjective well-being. The importance of the social environment has been underscored in relation to passion; however, less emphasis has been put on the role of perceived parenting practices. The present two-sample investigation...
Article
Full-text available
Even though work engagement is a popular construct in organizational psychology, the question remains whether it is experienced as a global construct, or as its three components (vigor, dedication, absorption). The present study thus contributes to the ongoing scientific debate about the dimensionality of work engagement systematically compared one...
Article
Full-text available
Intuitive eating (IE), an adaptive eating approach, has been identified as a plausible positive determinant of physical and mental well-being. This cross-sectional survey study aimed to examine the construct validity of IE measured by the Intuitive Eating Scale-2 (IES-2). The conceptual network of different adaptive and maladaptive eating behaviors...
Article
Full-text available
Using data from 4047 adolescents in three countries, this study was designed to investigate the associations between two important components of the learning process: academic motivation and student engagement. To increase the precision and accuracy of these analyses, preliminary analyses were conducted to identify the optimal measurement structure...
Article
Full-text available
While there is ample evidence documenting associations between fixed intelligence mindset and students’ mental health much less is known about the mediating mechanisms through which fixed intelligence mindset exerts its influence. The present study (N = 310) aimed to investigate exam-related irrational beliefs from cognitive-behavioral theories as...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Given the range of negative correlates associated with orthorexia nervosa (ON), it is important to identify factors that might contribute to the elevated ON tendencies. Based on the tripartite model of influence, we tested whether sociocultural attitudes towards appearance (i.e., thin and muscular internalization as well as family, peer a...
Article
Full-text available
The Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) is a widely used measure to assess the trait of self-compassion, and, so far, it has been implicitly assumed that it functions the same way across different groups. This assumption needs to be explicitly tested to ascertain that no measurement biases exist. To address this issue, the present study sought to systemati...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The purpose of this research was to create two state measures of self-compassion based on the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS): an 18-item State Self-Compassion Scale-Long form (SSCS-L) that could be used to measure the six components of self-compassion, and a six-item State Self-Compassion Scale-Short form (SSCS-S) that could be used as a me...
Preprint
Does holding a growth mindset prevent people from experiencing potentially negative or maladaptive thoughts and feelings following academic setbacks? Not necessarily: In our Hungarian sample, a culture high in negative affect, three-fourths of people who endorsed a growth mindset at a maximum level nonetheless reported at least sometimes being judg...
Chapter
Full-text available
Book chapter (written in Hungarian) about the Problematic Tinder Use Scale.
Chapter
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Book chapter (written in Hungarian) about the Series Watching Engagement Scale.
Chapter
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Book chapter (written in Hungarian) about the Multidimensional Facebook Intensity Scale.
Chapter
Full-text available
Book chapter (written in Hungarian) about the Passion Scale.
Chapter
Full-text available
Book chapter (written in Hungarian) about the Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction and Frustration Scale.
Chapter
Full-text available
Book chapter (written in Hungarian) about the Multidimensional Work Motivation Scale.
Chapter
Full-text available
Book chapter (written in Hungarian) about the Problematic Pornography Consumption Scale.
Chapter
Full-text available
Book chapter (written in Hungarian) about the Sex Mindset Scale.
Chapter
Full-text available
Book chapter (written in Hungarian) about the Pornography Use Motivation Scale.
Chapter
Book chapter (written in Hungarian) about the Hypersexual Behavior Inventory.
Article
Full-text available
Given the detrimental effects associated with problematic internet use (PIU) and the need to better understand its nature and evolution, the present study examined the development of PIU in a sample of 1750 adolescents (aged 16-19) from Finland over a three-year period. We documented the social (loneliness, perceived maternal and paternal behaviors...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of the present four-wave longitudinal study was to examine the differentiation and reciprocal associations between burnout and depression, and their associations with a series of correlates related to employees’ physical and psychological health (sleep disturbances, somatic symptoms, self-rated subjective health, and life satisfaction)....
Article
Full-text available
The present research, by using cross-sectional (Study 1, N = 413) and daily diary methods (Study 2, N = 95) aimed to investigate the way intelligence mindset influences students’ self-esteem and emotional experiences when they are confronting academic adversities (i.e., failures and difficulties). Although fixed intelligence mindset showed no assoc...
Article
Full-text available
Self-determination theory proposes that the fulfillment of the three basic psychological needs of autonomy, competence, and relatedness is important for optimal functioning. While support for this proposition have been well-documented, little attention has been paid to how these needs interact within individuals and whether having equally low, medi...
Article
Full-text available
There is much debate regarding whether pornography use has positive or negative associations with sexuality-related measures such as sexual functioning problems. The present study aimed to examine differential correlates between quantity (frequency of pornography use–FPU) and severity (problematic pornography use–PPU) of pornography use with respec...
Article
Full-text available
Although pornography viewing is widespread among Internet users, no scales for measuring pornography use motivations (PUM) have been developed and psychometrically tested for use in general populations. The present work aimed to construct a measure that could reliably assess a wide range of PUM in nonspecific populations. Self-report data of 3 sepa...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this two-wave longitudinal study was to examine the associations between work engagement and workaholism to better understand the psychological mechanisms underpinning high levels of work investment. These associations were examined in a sample of 514 employees using latent change models, allowing us to obtain a direct and explicit e...
Article
A person-centered perspective makes it possible to identify the most common combinations, or profiles, of Affective (AC), Normative (NC), and Continuance (CC) commitment to any target. Extensive person-centered research has been conducted on employees' commitment to their organization. However, only a few cross-sectional studies have focused on emp...
Article
Full-text available
In view of the growing interest regarding binge-watching (i.e., watching multiple episodes of television (TV) series in a single sitting) research, two measures were developed and validated to assess binge-watching involvement (“Binge-Watching Engagement and Symptoms Questionnaire”, BWESQ) and related motivations (“Watching TV Series Motives Questi...
Article
Full-text available
The present research proposes an improved understanding of work motivation by identifying employees’ motivational profiles while taking into account the dual global and specific nature of work motivation proposed by self-determination theory (SDT). To document the construct validity of these latent profiles, we relied on the circumplex model of emp...
Article
Full-text available
We present a series of studies on the development and validation of the Self-Compassion Scale - Youth version (SCS-Y), which is intended for use with early adolescents in middle school. Study 1 (N = 279, Mage = 12.17) describes the selection of 17 items out of a pool of 36 potential items, with three items each representing the subscales of self-ki...
Article
Full-text available
While previous studies highlighted the importance of the different motivations for doing sports as proposed by self-determination theory, less emphasis has been put on the simultaneous presence of multiple motivations within the same individual. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the complex interaction of sport motivations and to id...
Article
Full-text available
To date, no short scale existed that could assess problematic pornography use (PPU) having a solid theoretical background and strong psychometric properties. Having such a short scale may be advantageous when scarce resources are available and/or when respondents’ attention spans are limited. The aim of the present investigation was to develop a sh...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Previously, variable-centered analytic approaches showed positive, weak-to-moderate associations between frequency of pornography use (FPU) and problematic pornography use (PPU). However, person-centered studies are sparse in the literature, and these could provide insight into whether there are individuals who use pornography frequent...
Article
Full-text available
While the Dualistic Model of Passion posits that passion can fluctuate over time, the investigation of this notion still remains understudied and is mostly assessed indirectly. This study directly examined the ongoing development of passion in a sample of young adults (N = 205) over a period of four months. The contribution of individual (need fulf...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents a measure of compassion for others called the Compassion Scale (CS), which is based on Neff’s theoretical model of self-compassion. Compassion was operationalized as experiencing kindness, a sense of common humanity, mindfulness, and lessened indifference toward the suffering of others. Study 1 (n = 465) describes the developm...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In view of the emerging psychological research on binge-watching (i.e., watching TV series episodes back-to-back), two assessment measures were developed and validated in a French-speaking population to evaluate TV series watching motives (Watching TV Series Motives Questionnaire) and binge-watching engagement and symptoms (Binge-Watching Engagemen...
Article
Full-text available
The present study re-investigated whether need satisfaction and frustration are better represented as two opposite ends of the same continuum or two distinct constructs through the application of the bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling (bifactor-ESEM) framework. Also, the criterion-related validity of the final representation was test...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Given its relevance, the present study sought to reveal the motivational background of orthorexia nervosa (ON) and to examine its association to do sports. Methods A total number of 739 participants completed a self-administered, online questionnaire including questions related to sports and three scales: Ortho-11-Hu, Motivation for Health...
Data
Online supplementary material provided for our article: Tóth-Király, I., Bőthe, B., Márki, A. N., Rigó, A., & Orosz, G. (in press). Two sides of the same coin: The differentiating role of need satisfaction and frustration in passion for screen-based activities. European Journal of Social Psychology. Early view doi: 10.1002/ejsp.2588
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background and aims.– Problematic pornography use and frequency of pornography use showed positive, but small-to-moderate associations in previous studies indicating that these two aspects of pornography use are related but yet may be considered as distinct domains of pornography use with potentially different antecedents and consequences. In the c...
Article
Full-text available
According to self-determination theory, sexual motivations are cardinal in relation to sexual well-being and functioning. Despite that motivations are thought to occur in combination instead of separately, this proposition has not been explicitly tested in relation to sexual motivations. To address this issue, the present two-study investigation ex...
Article
Full-text available
Rooted in Self‐Determination Theory, the present research sought to investigate whether the “bright” and “dark” side of human functioning (need satisfaction and need frustration, respectively) would, as determinants, differentially predict harmonious passion (HP) and obsessive passion (OP) for screen‐based activities of Facebook use, TV series watc...
Article
Full-text available
Háttér és célkitűzések: Kutatásunk célja, hogy feltárja a hallgatók által észlelt tanári lelkese-dés, a hallgatók motivációja, alapvető pszichológiai szükségleteik és a számonkérések során elkövetett és bevallott csalás közötti összefüggéseket. Módszer: A vizsgálat résztvevői egyetemi hallgatók voltak (M életkor = 22,23; SD életkor = 5,44). A vizsg...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most prevalent comorbid disorders in hypersexuality; however, previous studies only examined the associations of ADHD and hypersexuality among men seeking treatment. Although problematic pornography use (PPU) might be considered the most frequent manifestation of hypersexual...