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Ismael San Mauro

Ismael San Mauro
Research Centres in Nutrition and Health · Research and R&D

PhD

About

117
Publications
99,460
Reads
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455
Citations
Additional affiliations
November 2013 - present
Complutense University of Madrid
Position
  • Profesor en el Máster Oficial de Alimentación y Dietética Aplicada
October 2012 - present
Research Centers in Nutrition & health
Position
  • Project Manager
September 2012 - present
Complutense University of Madrid
Position
  • Profesor en 3º de Grado de Nutrición Humana y Dietética
Education
September 2012 - October 2016
Complutense University of Madrid
Field of study
  • Doctoral Tesis
October 2010 - September 2011
University of Granada
Field of study
October 2009 - September 2010

Publications

Publications (117)
Article
Objective Baby-led-weaning (BLW) is a novel model of complementary feeding. Although there is little scientific evidence to support the suitability or superiority of this complementary feeding model, BLW is followed by many families today. The aim was to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of a group of parents and health professionals regarding B...
Article
Background and aim: Reduced intake of fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAP) is useful to treat functional gastrointestinal disorders. However, there is no consensus on which foods should be included in the list of FODMAP, due to the lack of FODMAP-profiles characterization of many different foods. Th...
Article
Introduction The Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS) is a self-administered instrument designed to assess the personality/behavioural construct of impulsiveness. Impulsiveness has been associated with several psychiatric disorders, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study assesses the progression of impulsive behaviour in...
Article
Objective Baby-led-weaning (BLW) is a novel model of complementary feeding. Although there is little scientific evidence to support the suitability or superiority of this complementary feeding model, BLW is followed by many families today. The aim was to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of a group of parents and health professionals regarding B...
Article
Introduction: The market for food supplements is booming due to their increased consumption. European regulations include different ways in which vitamins/minerals are administered, without the consumer being clear if one formulation has advantages over the other. The aim was to compare the bioavailability of different forms of Mg and to analyze th...
Article
Chinese immigrants are a rapidly growing population in Spain, but the two countries have distinct diets. Chinese diet features low animal-based protein and plenty of plant-based foods, whereas Spanish diet is mostly animal-based with some vegetables and fruits. The present study examined the association between acculturation and dietary intakes amo...
Article
The effects of an intermittent fasting (IF) diet in the overweight or obese adult population are still controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of an IF diet to reduce anthropometric parameters (body mass index, body weight, and waist circumference), change body composition (fat mass, lean body mass and muscle mass) and lipid p...
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Full-text available
Introduction: Certain weight management methods may be associated with unhealthy dietary intakes, skewing toward certain dietary components and lacking others. Management of weight should not ignore the quality of the diet, as both obesity and poor diet are associated with higher risk of chronic disease. Objective: To conduct a diet quality and exe...
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Objetivo: En el Perú, los sectores de salud y alimentación están relacionados económica y socialmente. El objetivo de la investigación es demostrar cuáles son las oportunidades y desafíos del sector alimentario peruano en relación con el sector salud humana, desde donde se tomarán decisiones futuras; y promover la tecnología y la innovación tecnoló...
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Background. Applying nutrition knowledge and skills to all aspects of health care are extremely important. The quantity and quality of formalized nutrition education is shrinking in curricula of health professions. Objective. To describe the level of general nutrition knowledge in students enrolled in the B.Sc. degree in Human Nutrition and Dietet...
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Full-text available
Introduction: The Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS) is a self-administered instrument designed to assess the personality/behavioural construct of impulsiveness. Impulsiveness has been associated with several psychiatric disorders, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study assesses the progression of impulsive behaviour...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiovascular disease is linked to high serum low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol levels. Cardiovascular risk may be indirectly influenced by genetic load. Serum LDL-cholesterol levels may be reduced by the consumption of food enriched with plant sterols (PS). The aim was to test a plant sterol treatment on cholesterol levels according to di...
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Full-text available
Objetivo: En el Perú, los sectores de salud y alimentación están relacionados económica y socialmente. El objetivo de la investigación es demostrar cuáles son las oportunidades y desafíos del sector alimentario peruano en relación con el sector salud humana, desde donde se tomarán decisiones futuras; y promover la tecnología y la innovación tecnoló...
Article
Full-text available
Objetivo: En el Perú, los sectores de salud y alimentación están relacionados económica ysocialmente. El objetivo de la investigación es demostrar cuáles son las oportunidades y desafíosdel sector alimentario peruano en relación con el sector salud humana, desde donde se tomarándecisiones futuras; y promover la tecnología y la innovación tecnológic...
Article
Background: The aetiology of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) continues to be debated, although several contributing factors have been acknowledged. Objective: Assess the association between weight, birth attributes, exercise and sleep habits, dietary intake and adherence to a Mediterranean diet, and impulsive behaviour on Spanish AD...
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Full-text available
Introducción: La metabolómica permite estudiar la resistencia a insulina (RI), un factor de riesgo de pre-diabetes y diabetes. Quantose IR TM es el único test que mide la RI mediante la abrazadera hiperinsulinémica euglicémica. Objetivo: Se comprobó la eficacia de un test metabolómico en la detección de marcadores de RI en población infantil. Mat...
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Objective: Reducing obesity is a priority for employers seeking to lower the incidence and severity of chronic illness and associated health services. The aim was to identify if a workplace-based dietary intervention monitored by health professionals is effective at reducing obesity, as part of an obesity-control-program at work. Methods: A 12-w...
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Background Dyslipidemias have increased during the last decades in children. Aim The objective of this study was to analyze the influence of different polymorphisms in plasma triglyceride levels of children following a dietary treatment with plant sterols. Design A randomized, double-blind, crossover, controlled clinical trial was carried out in...
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Full-text available
Introduction: Genetic load may indirectly influence on cardiovascular risk. This work aimed to analyze the influence of polymorphisms (APOA5 C56G-Ser19Trp, Prothrombin-G20210A, F5 Arg506Gln, MTHFR-C677T, LIPC-C-514T, LPA-I4300M, PPAR_ALPHA-L162V, APOA5-1131T > C, APOE-APOE2/3/4, and APOE-APOE2,3,4) in plasma triglyceride (TG) levels of patients ing...
Article
The scientific evidence available on the association between moderate alcohol intake and levels of blood cardiometabolic markers is still inconsistent and difficult to interpret for future disease prevention. However, we hypothesize that moderate consumption of alcohol is associated with lower levels of inflammation markers and higher levels of pro...
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Full-text available
Objectives: Fibromyalgia syndrome is a chronic pain disorder of unknown causation associated with debilitating fatigue, unrefreshing sleep, cognitive and affective symptoms. There are no markers to monitor fibromyalgia progression and no cure. We aimed to analyze the effects of a turmeric-based supplement and a gluten-free, fermentable oligosacchar...
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Full-text available
Purpose The world’s aging population has led to a greater use of prescription and non-prescription medication by the elderly. Besides, older drinkers consume alcohol often regardless of the medication they consume. The purpose of this paper is to examine the intake of medication and alcohol simultaneously in a group of elderly in the community of...
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Objectives: Observe the association of foods habits, body composition, lifestyle habits, and loss of gustatory function with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods: This comparative study enrolled 75 patients with AD (mean age 77.5 years) and 267 healthy volunteers (mean age 73 years). Weight, height, body mass index (BMI), body fat, visceral fat, mu...
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Full-text available
Background: The possible consequences of a fasting-mimicking schedule on certain immune constituents or haematological variables have not been extensively documented. Aim: To analyze the effect of an intervention based on Mediterranean diet, with a 5-day semi-fast, on immunology biomarkers in overweight type II (BMI >27) or obesity (BMI >30) people...
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Objective: A proper diet, from a macronutrients quantitative point of view, does not imply it is qualitatively correct. We demonstrate that quantitative dietary advice may be qualitatively deficient. Design and setting: A search for suitable recommendations of macronutrients contribution to total energy intake was performed. Two similar quantitativ...
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Full-text available
Fibromyalgia syndrome is defined as chronic widespread pain and tenderness. It is associated with fatigue, sleep disorder, functional somatic syndromes, mental and physical disorders, as well as disability and diminished quality of life. We aimed to analyse the effects of an olive tree-based supplement and a gluten-free, FODMAP and low histamine di...
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Full-text available
Raised serum cholesterol concentration is a well-established risk factor in cardiovascular disease. In addition, genetic load may have an indirect influence on cardiovascular risk. Plant-based sterol-supplemented foods are recommended to help reduce the serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level. The objective was to analyse the influence of d...
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Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Intake of sugar sweetened beverages has been consistently linked to increased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease, among other diseases. Putative underlying mechanisms include incomplete compensation for liquid calories, adverse glycemic effects, and increased hepatic metabolism of fructose leading...
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Full-text available
ARTICLE INFO ABSTRACT Chronic diseases are recognized as a major health challenge. Given the population projections which predict a doubling of the elderly population over the next 30 years, this will give rise to a significant increase in chronic diseases. IGUBAC Diet® (Inflammatory Gut-Brain Axis Control Diet) is an evidence-based personalized di...
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Full-text available
Plant sterols are recommended to decrease low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). Possible differences between sexes in efficacy were analyzed. In a double-blind crossover clinical trial, 30 women and 24 men were divided into 2 phases of 3 weeks, separated by a 2-week washout period. Subjects ingested 2.23 g/day of sterols in 700-mL milk. Tota...
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The objectives of this study were: 1. To compare the presence of overweight and obesity in adolescents from Ar-gentina vs. Spain, 2. To compare personality according to nutritional diagnosis (ND) and place of residence (PR), and 3. To identify the presence of psychopathological risk (PR). A total of 272 adolescents, men and women from 11 to 16 year...
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Full-text available
Los péptidos bioactivos son un conjunto de moléculas de naturaleza proteica presentes en la leche de forma natural, con potenciales efectos beneficiosos en el organismo humano. El objetivo es realizar una revisión actualizada de la literatura científica sobre la acción de estos compuestos en el organismo. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica con l...
Article
Los péptidos bioactivos son un conjunto de moléculas de naturaleza proteica presentes en la leche de forma natural, con potenciales efectos beneficiosos en el organismo humano. El objetivo es realizar una revisión actualizada de la literatura científica sobre la acción de estos compuestos en el organismo. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica con l...
Article
Full-text available
Physical activity provides benefits, both to healthy as to ill population, but can also lead to psychological and emotional problems in response to stress. Furthermore, those athletes with lower body weight have higher indicators of depression and anger. We propose to relate body fat on the expression of anger and to understand the relationship bet...
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Full-text available
Introduction: Detox diets are popular dieting strategies that claim to facilitate toxin elimination and weight loss, thereby promoting health and well-being. Objective: To examine whether detox diets affect antioxidant markers in blood and body composition. Methods: 14 participants were randomly divided into two groups: a) Group 1/Detox diet: foll...
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Full-text available
Objectives: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been related to nutrient deficiencies and ‘unhealthy’ diets, and to date there is only one study that examined the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and ADHD. The aim was to determine the association between those environmental, nutritional, and body composition factors that...
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Full-text available
Physical activity, adherence to a healthy diet, and healthy beverage pattern are considered essential components of a healthy lifestyle. We aimed to evaluate the associations between physical exercise, diet quality, and total fluid intake, along with fluid recommendations compliance in a sample of adults. Data on fluid intake from different types o...
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Introducción: La prevalencia de la obesidad entre los adolescentes ha aumentado con el paso de los años, lo que supone un reto en salud pública. Objetivo: Determinar el grado de asociación de las horas de sueño y los hábitos alimentarios como factores determinantes de la obesidad en adolescentes de un país europeo y otro sudamericano. Materiales y...
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Full-text available
Introduction. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is an important global health issue which prevalence has been increasing in the last years. Many studies have linked chromium supplementation with improvement of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Aim. Perform a meta-analysis of single and double-blind, randomized, placebo controlled trials, where participants diagnose...
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Full-text available
Resumen Fundamentos: Una alimentación y estilo de vida adecuados son fundamentales para la prevención de la malnutrición, que afecta a grupos de riesgo como los presos. Métodos: Se evaluaron los conocimientos de nutrición, mediante un cuestionario ad hoc, de 53 reclusos en Aranjuez y Valdemoro, y de 45 sujetos control. Se valoró la eficacia de la e...
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Introduction: overweight and obesity achieve a high prevalence among children and adolescents in Spain. Modifiable habits, combined with the genetic load and weight perception, declines over the years making children overweight adults. Our aim was to analyze the relevance in excess weight of various modifiable factors (dietary habits, physical acti...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: overweight and obesity achieve a high prevalence among children and adolescents in Spain. Modifiable habits, combined with the genetic load and weight perception, declines over the years making children overweight adults. Our aim was to analyze the relevance in excess weight of various modifiable factors (dietary habits, physical acti...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Sleep restriction is an independent risk factor for weight gain and obesity and is significantly associated with the incidence and prevalence of obesity and various chronic non-communicable diseases. It leads to endocrine changes that might be associated with a higher intake of food and diurnal preference for energy-dense foods, gener...
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Full-text available
People with intellectual disability (PID) (0.7-1.5% of the population) have higher rates of obesity, since caloric values and nutritional status are deficient. We aimed to determine nutritional habits, analyze the effectiveness of nutritional education and improvement by introducing exercise and nutrition workshops, in a group with ID. Nutritional,...
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Full-text available
Background: Present in several types of food, bioactive amines are described as organic bases of low molecular weight, which constitute a potential health risk. An awareness of amine levels in foods today is therefore important in relation to food safety and patient care. This review aims to emphasise the need to unify the information on the conte...
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Full-text available
Purpose This work was aimed to study the relationships of moderate alcohol intake and the type of beverages consumed with health behaviors and quality of life in elderly people. Methods In this observational study, 231 subjects (55–85 years) voluntarily answering to advertisements were enrolled and divided in three study groups: abstainers and occa...
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Full-text available
Introducción: existen alteraciones frecuentes en la alimentación de la población infantil femenina, y especialmente en atletas de deportes estéticos por la presión ejercida para mantener un cuerpo.Objetivos: evaluar los aspectos nutricionales, antropométricos y la percepción del peso de niñas que realizan gimnasia rítmica frente a un grupo control....
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Achieving an adequate intake of water is crucial within a balanced diet. For that purpose, dietary guidelines for healthy eating and drinking are an important consideration and need to be updated and disseminated to the population. Aim: We aimed to evaluate the liquid intake habits of a Mediterranean and Latin American population (Spa...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción: recientemente ha surgido el interés por el posible papel de la microbiota intestinal como agente potenciador del rápido aumento que se está observando en el aumento de la prevalencia de obesidad en todo el mundo.Objetivos: relacionar las modificaciones que puede ocasionar el consumo de antibióticos en la microflora intestinal con la o...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción: la tradición de la comida picante desempeña un papel muy importante en el gusto por este tipo de comida y su tolerancia. Las preferencias alimentarias muestran influencia genética y ambiental. Objetivos: estudiar la tolerancia y el gusto por el picante de tres poblaciones, y la influencia hereditaria y del ambiente. Métodos:se realizó...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Achieving an adequate intake of water is crucial within a balanced diet. For that purpose, dietary guidelines for healthy eating and drinking are an important consideration and need to be updated and disseminated to the population. Aim: We aimed to evaluate the liquid intake habits of a Mediterranean and Latin American population (...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción: existen alteraciones frecuentes en la alimentación de la población infantil femenina, y especialmente en atletas de deportes estéticos por la presión ejercida para mantener un cuerpo.Objetivos: evaluar los aspectos nutricionales, antropométricos y la percepción del peso de niñas que realizan gimnasia rítmica frente a un grupo control....
Article
Full-text available
Introducción: recientemente ha surgido el interés por el posible papel de la microbiota intestinal como agente potenciador del rápido aumento que se está observando en el aumento de la prevalencia de obesidad en todo el mundo.Objetivos: relacionar las modificaciones que puede ocasionar el consumo de antibióticos en la microflora intestinal con la o...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción: la tradición de la comida picante desempeña un papel muy importante en el gusto por este tipo de comida y su tolerancia. Las preferencias alimentarias muestran influencia genética y ambiental.Objetivos: estudiar la tolerancia y el gusto por el picante de tres poblaciones, y la influencia hereditaria y del ambiente.Métodos:se realizó u...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are the most important cause of death worldwide. The etiology is multifactorial, they may be influenced by various factors such as diet, lifestyle, level of exercise or genetics. The large number of genes involved, as well as its various forms, can influence the risk of cardiovascular diseases through different...
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Full-text available
Introduction: Hypercholesterolemia is one of the most relevant risk factors in cardiovascular disease, and plant sterols have been postulated as beneficial regulator agents for the control of the disease. Objective: Analyze the effect of added plant sterols in milk in reducing plasma cholesterol in young adults. Methods: A randomized, clinical cont...
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Full-text available
Introducción: la hipercolesterolemia es uno de los principales factores de riesgo en la enfermedad cardiovascular. Los esteroles vegetales se han postulado como agentes reguladores y beneficiosos para el control de esta.Objetivo: analizar el efecto de los esteroles vegetales añadidos en una leche en la reducción del colesterol plasmático en adultos...
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Full-text available
Introduction. Intellectual disability refers to substantial limitations in intellectual functioning, affecting 0.7-1.5% of the population. People with intellectual disability have higher rates of obesity, since caloric values and nutritional status, are deficient. Aims. To determine the nutritional habits, analyze the effectiveness of nutritional e...
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Full-text available
Introduction: Gluten not only affects humans by causing celiac disease or non- celiac sensibility to gluten, but also contributes to other pathologies associated with glycoproteins. Gluten can cause neurologic damage through a combination of cross-reactive antibodies, complex immune diseases, and direct toxicity. Aim: The aim of our study is to rev...
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Full-text available
Introduction. Theories linking physical activity and body fat or weight have long suggested the presence of an inverse relationship between the two variables. Aim. The aim was to evaluate the association between exercise and Body Mass Index (BMI) in adults. Methods. 318 subjects aged 17-62 years were recruited from different sport clubs in Madrid (...
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Abstract Aim. The aim was to evaluate the association between polymorphisms -113C>T (rs662799) and 56C>G (rs3135506) and plasmatic triglycerides levels in adults. Methods. A randomized clinical trial of 44 subjects from two hospital centers from Madrid (Spain). Anthropometric survey, blood test, genetic analysis and an Ad hoc survey (lifestyle habi...
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Full-text available
Children, adolescents, and adults have dropped foods from the Mediterranean diet in favor of less healthy products. Seventeen nutritional features of sandwiches were calculated for a 2500 kcal diet (5%-10% for midday and afternoon breaks). Ideal reference values of macronutrients were obtained using the Mediterranean diet energy distribution. Sandw...
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Study objective: Epidemiological studies have shown an inverse relationship between sleep duration and body mass index. Respiratory sleep problems are also correlated with abdominal adiposity and fat mass indicators. We analyzed if body fat has influence on sleep duration and quality, according to percentiles, gender and exercise. Methods: An obser...
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Full-text available
Introduction: Chromium is an essential trace mineral for carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, which is currently prescribed to control diabetes mellitus. Results of previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses of chromium supplementation and metabolic profiles in diabetes have been inconsistent. Aim: The objective of this meta-analysis was to ass...