Ismael Fernández Cuevas

Ismael Fernández Cuevas
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid | UPM · Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte (I.N.E.F.)

PhD

About

56
Publications
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Introduction
My main topic and research interest is focused on the application of Infrared Thermography (IRT) as injury prevention and follow-up tool in humans, rather in sports or health sector. This increasingly interesting topic needs still further research to understand how skin temperature behaves in different situations and how influence factors can affect it. Protocol, data collection, image and data analysis are key factors to improve this technique. Correlating its results with diagnostic, pain, biomechanical patterns and other health and performance technologies outcomes are, with no doubt, my current research ambition, as well as applying IRT to bigger samples and professional athletes.

Publications

Publications (56)
Article
Full-text available
Body temperature is one of the most commonly used indicators of health status in humans. Infrared thermography (IRT) is a safe, non-invasive and low-cost technique that allows for the rapid and non-invasive recording of radiating energy that is released from the body. IRT measures this radiation, directly related to Skin Temperature (Tsk) and has b...
Article
Full-text available
Sufficient methods to reliably diagnose sport injuries and to specify the lesions produced exist; however, these methods are not simultaneously real-time, low-cost, harmless and easy-to-use as screening methods for emergency trauma services. This study attempts to establish the capacity of infrared thermography (IRT) to discriminate injuries and to...
Article
Full-text available
There is no doubt that core or central temperature has a direct relationship with exercise intensity. However, local temperature responses, specifically the acute temperature effects of workouts on joints and muscles, and the temperature changes that take place during the recovery process, have not yet been well described. Infrared thermography (IR...
Thesis
Full-text available
Infrared thermography (IRT) is a safe, non-invasive and low-cost technique that allows for the rapid and non-contact recording of the irradiated energy that is released from the body (Akimov & Son’kin, 2011; Merla et al., 2005; Ng et al., 2009; Costello et al., 2012; Hildebrandt et al., 2010). This technique has been used since the early 1960s, but...
Conference Paper
Introduction Hamstring injuries are one of the most common injuries in professional soccer players (Diemer et al., 2021). Infrared Thermography (IRT) is a technique that allows measuring Skin temperature (Tsk) and has recently been shown as a technique to prevent and monitor injuries in football (Côrte et al., 2019). The aim of this study was to de...
Conference Paper
INTRODUCTION: Infrared thermography is a fast technology that allows non-invasive measurement of skin temperature. This tool has been applied in the scientific literature for the control of training workloads and the prevention of injuries, since it allows detecting the body regions that present the greatest risk of injury. This has been shown, esp...
Chapter
Sports injuries are one of the most important problems in sports. Moreover, professional sports injuries lead to a difficult recovery process for the athletes, reduced athletic performance, and large economic costs. Infrared thermography (IRT) is a safe, non-invasive and low-cost technique that allows for the rapid and non-contact recording of Skin...
Article
Introduction: Infrared thermography is a safe, non-invasive and low-cost technique that allows for the fast recording of skin temperature. Plantar fasciopathy is the result of degenerative irritation of the plantar fascia and one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders. The aim of the study was to determine if plantar fasciopathy patients have...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction Monitoring training load is a fundamental mechanism to prevent injury risk1. GPS has been widely used to measure and analyze external load, mainly in soccer2. Infrared Thermography (IRT) helps us to detect changes in skin temperature (Tsk) that are related to the internal load3. The combination of GPS and IRT might be a key factor gett...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction Infrared Thermography (IRT) allows us to measure in a fast, non-invasive and objective way skin temperature (Tsk)1. The persistent problem of injuries in high performance sports boosts the search of technologies to reduce injury incidence2. Lately, IRT has been shown as a useful tool to prevent, support diagnosis and follow up injuries...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction Knee osteoarthritis is a pathology that involves tissue changes and cartilage degeneration, generally related to age, genetics and overuse, limiting movement and causing pain1. When functionality and symptomatology become severe, surgical intervention by means of total knee replacement (TKR) is recommended1. Infrared thermography consi...
Poster
Full-text available
We analyze the thermal reaction on a football player suffering an ankle sprain in two different training scenarios: with low or high pain perception. Introduction: Pain is a nervous system response that causes different acute physiological outputs, such as an acute decrease in body temperature (1). Plyometric training is a strategy in advanced pha...
Article
Context: Infrared thermography has been used to detect skeletal muscle overload and fatigue in athletes, but its use in injury prevention in professional soccer has not been studied to date. Objectives: To establish a novel injury prevention program based on infrared thermography and to determine its influence on the injury incidence in professi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introducción: La termografía infrarroja es una técnica segura, no invasiva y de bajo coste que permite registrar rápidamente la temperatura de la piel. La fascitis plantar es el resultado de la irritación degenerativa de la fascia plantar y uno de los trastornos musculoesqueléticos más comunes. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar si los pacie...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Las lesiones constituyen un problema creciente que afecta tanto a los deportistas como a la población en general. Su incidencia repercute a la salud, el rendimiento y la economía de los sujetos e instituciones para los que trabajan o compiten. La Termografía Infrarroja (TI) es una tecnología que permite medir la temperatura de la piel de los seres...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease, which predominantly affects the hands. Currently in clinical practice, we explore the number of swollen and painful joints in order to evaluate the activity of the disease. Infrared thermography (IT) is a non-invasive, lacking ionizing radiation, operator-independent and low-co...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction After a first golden age of infrared thermography (IRT) in the 70's and 80's, thermography had a little recession due to the evo- lution of more accurate diagnostic tools as MRI, Tomography and ultrasound devices and the reported weakness of IRT as di- agnostic tool on one of its main applications: the breast cancer (Kennedy et al, 200...
Chapter
In this chapter, we will describe how infrared thermography (IRT) can help us to prevent and monitor injuries, always based on the use of standardised protocols. We will explain some of the main physiological aspects and will enumerate the main applications, with examples gathered from our research and professional experience with top sport athlete...
Article
The importance of using infrared thermography (IRT) to assess skin temperature (tsk) is increasing in clinical settings. Recently, its use has been increasing in sports and exercise medicine; however, no consensus guideline exists to address the methods for collecting data in such situations. The aim of this study was to develop a checklist for the...
Chapter
Full-text available
Sports injuries are one of the most important problems in sports. Moreover, professional sports injuries lead to a difficult recovery process for the athletes, reduced athletic performance, and large economic costs. Infrared thermography (IRT) is a safe, non-invasive and low-cost technique that allows for the rapid and non-contact recording of Skin...
Chapter
Infrared thermography (IRT) is a rapid and noninvasive technology to assess skin temperature (Tsk). The technical improvement and new applications of IRT on humans should be accompanied by results about the reproducibility of IRT measurements in different population groups. In addition, there is a remarkable necessity of a larger supply on software...
Chapter
Full-text available
Infrared thermography (IRT) is a rapid and noninvasive technology to assess skin temperature (Tsk). The technical improvement and new applications of IRT on humans should be accompanied by results about the reproducibility of IRT measurements in different population groups. In addition, there is a remarkable necessity of a larger supply on software...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to investigate the immediate effect that kinesio taping (KT) application on vastus lateralis and vastus medialis has on skin temperature (Tsk) of rectus femoris before and after a sprint cycling effort. Eight subjects were tested on a 6 s cycling sprint in two conditions: without KT (nKT), and with KT on both limbs (KT2)....
Article
Full-text available
Infrared thermography (IRT) records the radiant heat of a body, which is emitted in the range of the electromagnetic spectrum that human vision is not able to identify. The thermal response depends on a number of specific physiological adjustments as body homeostasis and athlete’s health, which allow us to establishing interesting applications in s...
Article
Full-text available
Las lesiones en el futbol han sido investigadas por su influencia en el rendimiento deportivo y por su repercusión económica. Los futbolistas presentan la mayoría de las lesiones en el miembro inferior, causadas por mecanismos de contacto y de no contacto, esta última modalidad es la mas prevalente entre las causas de lesión. Existe una relación en...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION. One of the problems for a practical application of infrared thermography (IRT) is the great amount of factors affecting the skin temperature (Tsk) results. Apart form the intrinsic and extrinsic individual factors, both technical factors as the protocol and camera used and environmental factors as ambient temperature or humidity lead...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This document attempts to integrate the methodology for performing data collection and to introduce the most common methods for analysing the thermal results. It will not address the interpretation of thermographic images but the procedures for recording good thermograms and obtaining high-quality data for subsequent accurate interpretation.
Research
La Termografía Infrarroja es una herramienta que capta la radiación infrarroja que emite el ser humano y permite conocer la temperatura de cada una de sus zonas corporales. Su utilización en el fútbol ha posibilitado la creación de nuevas líneas de investigación que han dado a lugar a un apoyo tecnológico en el proceso de prevención y readaptación...
Article
Full-text available
La Termografía Infrarroja es una herramienta que capta la radiación infrarroja que emite el ser humano y permite conocer la temperatura de cada una de sus zonas corporales. Su utilización en el fútbol ha posibilitado la creación de nuevas líneas de investigación que han dado a lugar a un apoyo tecnológico en el proceso de prevención y readaptación...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction Skin temperature (Tsk) has been measured by Infrared Thermography (IRT) during and immediately after exercise (Merla et al., 2010). Depending on the type of exercise and intensity, Tsk over muscle and joint areas changes, indicating the activation of these areas and the assimilation of workload (Čoh & Širok, 2007). The aim of this stud...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Physical activity for pregnant women should be controlled and adapted in order to minimize the risk of loss of balance and fetal trauma (Davies, Wolfe, Mottola, y MacKinnon, 2003). Noninvasive technologies are required for understanding better the effects of physical activity on pregnant women. Infrared thermography allows, remotely,...
Article
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION: There is no doubt that core or central temperature has a direct relationship with the exercise intensity. Some studies focused on measuring the central thermal response. However it is also interesting to investigate the thermal response of skin temperature after exercising. Between many reasons, it could provide important information...
Article
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION: Infrared thermography (TIR) is an imaging technique that allows recording injured areas even with the absence of pain. In normal thermal conditions the skin temperature (TSK) of the sides of the body must have a steady state not exceeding 0.7°C [2]. Thus, the objective is to compare the TSK differences between both sides of the lower...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT: Introduction: The technical improvement and new applications of Infrared Thermography (IRT) with healthy subjects should be accompanied by results about the reproducibility of IRT measurements in different popula- tion groups. In addition, there is a remarkable necessity of a larger supply on software to analyze IRT images of human beings...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To describe the changes on Skin Temperature (Tsk) during exercise through Infrared Thermography. Method A systematic review of the current literature was made, using the keywords “exercise” and “thermography” on the database MEDLINE/PubMed, IEEEXplore and SciELO. The research was made including the articles done with healthy humans witho...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction Thermal response of skin temperature has been studied during exercise and immediately after (Merla, 2010). However, more studies about the influence of exercise on skin temperature through the time are required in order to understand the impact of physical activity on thermoregulatory system and metabolism. The aim of this study was to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction. For a correct application of Infrared Thermography (IR) on humans several influence factors should be controlled (Ring & Ammer, 2000). Subcutaneous fat is meant to be one of the most important factors on skin temperature, due to its isolation properties, between the body core and the skin. The aim of this study was to study the relati...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Infrared thermography (IFT) is an analysis tool that emits no radiation and is non-invasive, making it suitable for the study of physiological functions related to the control of skin temperature. Objectives: To establish the thermographic behaviour of a professional basketball player. Materials and methods: The study involved a profe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background Infrared thermography IR is a technique, which allows us to get rapidly and non-invasive thermal images from objects or human beings. (Barnes, 1967). Despite the large amount of studies and articles about circadian rhythm, infrared thermography was rarely used as analyze instrument and skin temperature commonly has a secondary role. Howe...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN Introducción: La termografía infrarroja (IFT) es una herramienta de análisis que no emite irradiación y no es invasiva por lo que es adecuada para el estudio de las funciones fisiológicas relacionadas con el control de temperatura de la piel. Objetivos: Establecer el comportamiento termográfico de un jugador de baloncesto. Material y mét...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction As a part of a new researching line about establishing a specific thermal profile for high performance athletes of each specialty, we have analyzed the irradiated heat variation in judokas. Infrared thermography is a fast and non-invasive technique to control muscular thermal balance. The aim of creating a thermal profile for each spo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background Infrared thermography is a technique, which allows us to get rapidly and non-invasive thermal images from objects or human beings. (Barnes, 1967). In Medicine, its usefulness as diagnosis tool was accepted decades ago (BenEliyahu, 1990), but other techniques with a higher efficiency -such as magnetic resonance or x-rays- ousted it. Never...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction: Injuries are one of the most important problems in sport. In the field of professional soccer, injuries involve, in addition to the difficult process of rehabilitation for the player, a reduced athletic performance and a great economic cost to the team or club. This study quantify the economic cost of injuries occurred into a group of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction: Many authors have worked on injury rate in professional football. The risk of injury depends on many variables, as for example: the training method. However, one of the most important factors is lied to the level of the competition in which the soccer player takes part. Method: Data from several studies made about injury rate in worl...
Article
El presente trabajo muestra las dificultades con las que se encuentran los Deportistas de Alto Rendimiento (DAR) a la hora de poder compaginar sus carreras deportivas con su formación académica y profesional. Para ilustrar esta realidad, se ha analizado la situación de nueve DAR franceses en esgrima y tenis de mesa. Los resultados muestran cómo exi...
Article
Full-text available
El presente trabajo muestra las dificultades con las que se encuentran los Deportistas de Alto Rendimiento (DAR) a la hora de poder compaginar sus carreras deportivas con su formación académica y profesional. Para ilustrar esta realidad, se ha analizado la situación de nueve DAR franceses en esgrima y tenis de mesa. Los resultados muestran cómo exi...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Archived project
Studies related with soccer, mainly in epidemiology of injuries
Project
To study the relationship between skin temperature and training load.