Iskander Khusainov

Iskander Khusainov
Max Planck Institute of Biophysics

PhD

About

34
Publications
4,522
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410
Citations
Citations since 2017
24 Research Items
398 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080

Publications

Publications (34)
Article
Full-text available
Ribosome biogenesis is a complex and highly accurate conservative process of ribosomal subunit maturation followed by association. Subunit maturation comprises sequential stages of ribosomal RNA and proteins’ folding, modification and binding, with the involvement of numerous RNAses, helicases, GTPases, chaperones, RNA, protein-modifying enzymes, a...
Article
Full-text available
Ribosomes translate genetic information into primary structure. During translation, various cofactors transiently bind to the ribosome that undergoes prominent conformational and structural changes. Different translational states of ribosomes have been well characterized in vitro. However, to which extent the known translational states are represen...
Article
The ribosome is a complex cellular machinery whose solved structure allowed for an incredible leap in structural biology research. Different ions bind to the ribosome, stabilizing inter-subunit interfaces and structurally linking rRNAs, proteins, and ligands. Besides cations such as K + and Mg 2+ , polyamines are known to stabilize the folding of R...
Article
Full-text available
Cryo-electron microscopy is now used as a method of choice in structural biology for studying protein synthesis, a process mediated by the ribosome machinery. In order to achieve high-resolution structures using this approach, one needs to obtain homogeneous and stable samples, which requires optimization of ribosome purification in a species-depen...
Article
Background: Ribosome biogenesis is a complex process of ribosomal RNA and protein binding. Bacterial ribosome maturation and components involved in it are especially interesting, because they are widespread targets for antibiotics. A number of special protein factors facilitating the maturation of the 30S small ribosomal subunit are known. One of t...
Article
Background: Antibiotic resistance is a growing worldwide problem. One of the major resistant bacterial pathogens is Staphylococcus aureus, which became a burden of healthcare systems around the world. To overcome the issue, more drug discovery studies are needed. One of the main antibiotic targets is a ribosome – the central hub of protein synthesi...
Article
Full-text available
Staphylococcus aureus is a bacterial pathogen and one of the leading causes of healthcare‐acquired infections in the world. The growing antibiotic resistance of S. aureus obliges us to search for new drugs and treatments. As the majority of antibiotics target the ribosome, knowledge of its detailed structure is crucial for drug development. Here, w...
Article
Full-text available
Ribosome-binding factor A (RbfA) from Staphylococcus aureus is a cold adaptation protein that is required for the growth of pathogenic cells at low temperatures (10-15°C). RbfA is involved in the processing of 16S rRNA, as well as in the assembly and stabilization of the small 30S ribosomal subunit. Structural studies of the 30S-RbfA complex will h...
Article
Full-text available
For the sake of energy preservation, bacteria, upon transition to stationary phase, tone down their protein synthesis. This process is favored by the reversible binding of small stress-induced proteins to the ribosome to prevent unnecessary translation. One example is the conserved bacterial ribosome silencing factor (RsfS) that binds to uL14 prote...
Article
Elongation factor P (EF-P) is a translation protein factor that plays an important role in specialized translation of consecutive proline amino acid motifs. EF-P is an essential protein for cell fitness in native environmental conditions. It regulates synthesis of proteins involved in bacterial motility, environmental adaptation and bacterial virul...
Article
Staphylococcus aureus hibernation promoting factor (SaHPF) is responsible for the formation of 100S ribosome dimers, which in turn help this pathogen to reduce energy spent under unfavorable conditions. Ribosome dimer formation strongly depends on the dimerization of the C-terminal domain of SaHPF (CTDSaHPF). In this study, we solved the crystal st...
Article
Full-text available
The ribosome, the largest RNA-containing macromolecular machinery in cells, requires metal ions not only to maintain its three-dimensional fold but also to perform protein synthesis. Despite the vast biochemical data regarding the importance of metal ions for efficient protein synthesis and the increasing number of ribosome structures solved by X-r...
Article
Full-text available
Elongation factor P (EF-P) is a three domain protein that binds to the ribosome between P and E sites.The EF-P involved in a specialized translation of stalling amino acid motifs such as (PPP or APP). Proteins with stalling motifs are involved in various cell processes, including stress resistance and virulence of bacteria. EF-P stabilizes the P-tR...
Article
Full-text available
Staphylococcus aureus hibernation promoting factor (SaHPF) is a 22,2 kDa protein which plays a crucial role in 100S Staphylococcus aureus ribosome formation during stress. SaHPF consists of N-terminal domain (NTD) that prevents proteins synthesis by binding to the 30S subunit at the P- and A-sites, connected through a flexible linker with a C-termi...
Article
Full-text available
Ribosome binding factor A (RbfA) is a 14.9 kDa adaptive protein of cold shock, which is important for bacterial growth at low temperatures. RbfA can bind to the free 30S ribosomal subunit and interacts with the 5′-terminal helix (helix I) of 16S rRNA. RbfA is important for the efficient processing of 16S rRNA and for the maturation (assembly) of 30...
Article
Full-text available
Elongation Factor P (EF-P) is a 20.5 kDa protein that provides specialized translation of special stalling amino acid motifs. Proteins with stalling motifs are often involved in various processes, including stress resistance and virulence. Thus it has been shown that the virulent properties of microorganisms can be significantly reduced if the work...
Article
Full-text available
Staphylococcus aureus: hibernation-promoting factor (SaHPF) is a 22.2 kDa stationary-phase protein that binds to the ribosome and turns it to the inactive form favoring survival under stress. Sequence analysis has shown that this protein is combination of two homolog proteins obtained in Escherichia coli—ribosome hibernation promoting factor (HPF)...
Article
Full-text available
"Metal ions in the 70S ribosome structure: implications for the structure and structure solution" "Rozov A.1, El Omari K.2, Khusainov I.1, Yusupov M.1, Wagner A.2, Yusupova G.1" "1Institut de génétique et de biologie moléculaire et cellulaire, Illkirch, France; 2Diamond Light Source, Chilton, UK." "Structural studies of the 70S ribosome as well as...
Article
In bacteria, ribosomal hibernation shuts down translation as a response to stress, through reversible binding of stress-induced proteins to ribosomes. This process typically involves the formation of 100S ribosome dimers. Here, we present the structures of hibernating ribosomes from human pathogen Staphylococcus aureus containing a long variant of...
Article
Full-text available
Comparative structural studies of ribosomes from various organisms keep offering exciting insights on how species-specific or environment-related structural features of ribosomes may impact translation specificity and its regulation. Although the importance of such features may be less obvious within more closely related organisms, their existence...
Chapter
Protein synthesis is a universally conserved process that is assured by a macromolecule called the ribosome (3.4 – 4.5 Mda). In spite of the conservation of the ribosome among all orders of life, its structure presents significant differences between eukaryotes and bacteria. Bacterial ribosome, smaller than its eukaryotic counterpart, presents spec...
Article
Full-text available
Comparative structural studies of ribosomes from various organisms keep offering exciting insights on how species-specific or environment-related structural features of ribosomes may impact translation specificity and its regulation. Although the importance of such features may be less obvious within more closely related organisms, their existence...
Article
Staphylococcus aureus is a major opportunistic and versatile pathogen. Because the bacteria rapidly evolve multi-resistances towards antibiotics, there is an urgent need to find novel targets and alternative strategies to cure bacterial infections. Here, we provide a brief overview on the knowledge acquired on S. aureus ribosomes, which is one of t...
Article
Full-text available
In Staphylococcus aureus hibernation-promoting factor (SaHPF) binds to ribosomes depleting translation and turning metabolism of this pathogenic bacteria in energy saving mode. This phenomenon can be recognized as unspecific resistance mechanism, which is exploited by staphylococci to persist in presence of large spectrum of antibiotics. Investigat...
Article
Full-text available
Posttranscriptional modifications at the wobble position of transfer RNAs play a substantial role in deciphering the degenerate genetic code on the ribosome. The number and variety of modifications suggest different mechanisms of action during messenger RNA decoding, of which only a few were described so far. Here, on the basis of several 70S ribos...
Thesis
The ribosome is a large cellular machinery that performs the protein synthesis in every living cell. Therefore, the ribosome is one of the major targets of naturally produced antibiotics, which can kill bacterial cells by blocking protein synthesis. However, some bacteria are resistant to these antibiotics due to small modifications of their riboso...

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