Isidro García-Meniño

Isidro García-Meniño
University of Santiago de Compostela | USC · Department of Microbiology and Parasitology

Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
Postdoctoral researcher in Bundesinstitut für Risikobewertung (German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, BfR)

About

26
Publications
2,261
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381
Citations
Citations since 2017
24 Research Items
380 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150

Publications

Publications (26)
Article
Full-text available
Current data on antimicrobial resistance in pig production is essential for the follow-up strategic programs to eventually preserve the effectiveness of last-resort antibiotics for humans. Here, we characterized 106 Escherichia coli recovered in routine diagnosis (2020–2022) from fecal sample pigs, belonging to 74 Spanish industrial farms, affected...
Preprint
A bstract The misuse of antibiotics in the swine industry and their on-going restriction requires alternatives to control enterotoxigenic and shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (ETEC and STEC, respectively). This study evaluates the potential of three coliphages, vB_EcoM_FJ1, vB_EcoM_FN and vB_EcoM_SP1 against 104 ETEC, STEC and ETEC/STEC strai...
Article
Full-text available
Analyzing the clonal structure and antimicrobial resistance of E. coli isolates implicated in uncomplicated urinary tract infections, one of the most frequent visits managed in primary health care, is of interest for clinicians to detect changes in the dynamics of emerging uropathogenic clones associated with the spread of fluoroquinolone resistanc...
Article
Full-text available
Currently, human and veterinary medicine are threatened worldwide by an increasing resistance to carbapenems, particularly present in opportunistic Enterobacterales pathogens (e.g., Klebsiella spp.). However, there is a lack of comprehensive and comparable data on their occurrence in wastewater, as well as on the phenotypic and genotypic characteri...
Article
Full-text available
The prevalence of Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) was determined by evaluating its presence in faecal samples from 155 heifers, and 254 dairy cows in 21 farms at North of Portugal sampled between December 2017 and June 2019. The prevalence of STEC in heifers (45%) was significantly higher than in lactating cows (16%) ( p <0.05,...
Article
Full-text available
Four colistin susceptibility testing methods were compared with the standard broth microdilution (BMD) in a collection of 75 colistin-susceptible and 75 mcr-positive E. coli, including ST131 isolates. Taking BMD as reference, all methods showed similar categorical agreement rates (CA) of circa 90%, and a low number of very major errors (VME) (0% fo...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of secondary infections by multidrug-resistant bacteria in COVID-19- infected patients has yet to be evaluated. Here, we report the clinical and molecular features of an outbreak of seven patients carrying CTX-M-15- and OXA-48-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae belonging to ST326 during COVID-19 pandemic in an ICU in northern Spain. Those p...
Article
Full-text available
The role of wildlife in the epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance is unclear. Raccoons in North America can carry a variety of enteric bacteria, with associated antimicrobial resistance, that could infect humans and livestock. The potential for raccoons to carry these bacteria in Europe, where they are an invasive species, has not been explored....
Article
Shiga toxin–producing E. coli (STEC) and enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) are the main agents of swine colibacillosis, an infectious disease which implies important economic losses. We characterized here 186 diarrheagenic E. coli from Spanish industrial pig farms (2005-2017) to know which clones were involved in this syndrome, and the rates of antibi...
Article
To assess the microbiological risk for consumers, we propose a lab workflow based on six virulence/antimicrobial resistance (AMR) traits, and including a duplex PCR for the screening of extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC). This protocol was tested in 100 poultry meat products. The characterization of 323 isolates revealed that poultry meat i...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this work was to assess the prevalence of extended spectrum-β-lactamase (ESBL)- and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in fecal samples recovered from rural and urban healthy dogs in Northwest Spain (Galicia) to identify potential high-risk clones and to molecularly characterize positive isolates regarding the genes coding for ES...
Article
For the first time, this study evaluates consumer exposure via poultry meat to Enterobacteriaceae with capacity to develop severe extraintestinal infections by either bacterial virulence and/or antibiotic resistance traits. The characterization of 256 isolates and the assessment of five parameters, showed that 96 of 100 poultry meat samples from su...
Article
Full-text available
Different surveillance studies (2005–2015) in northwest Spain revealed the presence of eae-positive isolates of Escherichia coli O153:H10 in meat for human consumption, poultry farm, wildlife and human diarrheagenic samples. The aim of this study was to explore the genetic and genomic relatedness between human and animal/meat isolates, as well as t...
Article
Full-text available
Escherichia coli is the main pathogen responsible for extraintestinal infections. A total of 196 clinical E. coli consecutively isolated during 2016 in Spain (100 from Lucus Augusti hospital in Lugo) and France (96 from Beaujon hospital in Clichy) were characterized. Phylogroups, clonotypes, sequence types (STs), O:H serotypes, virulence factor (VF...
Preprint
Different surveillance studies (2005-2015) on the presence of ESBL-producing E. coli in the northwest Spain revealed that eae-positive isolates of serotype O153:H10 were periodically detected in meat (of beef, chicken and pork), and also implicated in human diarrhea. This study aimed: i) to characterize the degree of relatedness between human and a...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was carried out to evaluate the prevalence of sequence type 131 (ST131) among 188 extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) collected in 2015 in Lucus Augusti University hospital (Lugo, Spain) and AP-HP Beaujon hospital (Clichy, France) with regard to other STs and to characterize, the types of ESBL produc...
Article
Full-text available
Porcine Escherichia coli ST131 isolates are scarcely documented. Here, whole genome sequencing and core genome (CG) and plasmidome analysis of seven isolates collected from diarrheic piglets and four from pork meat were performed. All of the 11 ST131 isolates belonged to serotype O25b:H4 and clade B and showed fimH22 allele or mutational derivative...
Preprint
Escherichia coli is the main pathogen responsible for extraintestinal infections. A total of 196 clinical E. coli consecutively isolated during 2016 in Spain (100 from Lucus Augusti hospital in Lugo) and France (96 from Beaujon hospital in Clichy) were characterized. Phylogroups, clonotypes, sequence types (STs), O:H serotypes, virulence factor (VF...
Article
Full-text available
Antimicrobial agents are crucial for the treatment of many bacterial diseases in pigs, however, the massive use of critically important antibiotics such as colistin, fluoroquinolones and 3rd–4th-generation cephalosporins often selects for co-resistance. Based on a comprehensive characterization of 35 colistin-resistant Escherichia coli from swine e...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to examine the prevalence and determine the molecular characteristics of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) causing bacteraemia in a Spanish Hospital over a 12-year period (2000 to 2011). As far as we know, this is the first study which has investigated and compared the serotypes, phy...
Article
Full-text available
This is a wide epidemiological study of 499 E. coli isolates recovered from 179 outbreaks of enteric colibacillosis from pig production farms in Spain during a period of 10 years. Most samples were of diarrheagenic cases occurred during the post-wean period (PWD) which showed to be significantly associated with ETEC (67%) followed by aEPEC (21.7%)....
Article
Colistin is an antimicrobial polypeptide commonly employed for controlling and treating neonatal and post-weaning diarrhoea (PWD) diseases caused by Enterotoxigenic and Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (ETEC and STEC). Plasmid-mediated colistin resistance gene, mcr-1, was described in late 2015, and since then multiple studies have reported i...

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