Ishnoor Kaur

Ishnoor Kaur
Chitkara University · Department of Pharmaceutics

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31
Publications
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Publications

Publications (31)
Article
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The expeditious advancement of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is a threat to the global healthcare system, that is further supplemented by therapeutic failure. The prevalence of this disorder has been expected to quadrupole by 2050, thereby exerting a tremendous economic pressure on medical sector, worldwide. Thus, there is a dire need of a change in con...
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The 2019 outbreak of corona virus disease began from Wuhan (China), transforming into a leading pandemic, posing an immense threat to the global population. The WHO coined the term nCOVID-19 for the disease on 11th February, 2020 and the International Committee of Taxonomy of Viruses named it SARS-CoV-2, on account of its similarity with SARS-CoV-1...
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Treatment of numerous ailments has been made accessible by the advent of genetic engineering, where the self-renewal property has unfolded the mysteries of regeneration, i.e., stem cells. This is narrowed down to pluripotency, the cell property of differentiating into other adult cells. The generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) was a...
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Owing to the challenging ethos of global healthcare system, the Alzheimer's Disease (AD) researchers are consistently striving for a suitable target for disease amelioration. Besides the neurotransmitter release by neurons, the cells release tau proteins and amyloid peptides, within the extracellular vacancies, aggregating into tangles and plaques...
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Despite presence of substantial evidence suggesting the pivotal role of amyloid (Aβ) in Alzheimer's disease (AD), very few therapeutic agents have been able to ameliorate the disease. This paved the way for the discovery of antibody-based immunotherapy to ace Aβ clearance and curb neuronal toxicity, resulting in revival of aduca-numab, which follow...
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The 2019 corona virus disease (COVID-19) has caused a global chaos, where a novel Omicron variant has challenged the healthcare system, followed by which it has been referred to as a variant of concern (VOC) by the World Health Organization (WHO), owing to its alarming transmission and infectivity rate. The large number of mutations in the receptor...
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The combat against the Corona virus disease of 2019 (COVID-19), has created a chaos among the healthcare institutions and researchers, in turn accelerating the dire need to curtail the infection spread. The already established entry mechanism, via ACE2 has not yet successfully aided in the development of a suitable and reliable therapy. Taking in a...
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The unprecedented setbacks and environmental complications, faced by global agro-farming industry, have led to the advent of nanotechnology in agriculture, which has been recognized as a novel and innovative approach in development of sustainable farming practices. The agricultural regimen is the “head honcho” of the world, however presently certai...
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The world has never been prepared for global pandemics like the COVID-19, currently posing an immense threat to the public and consistent pressure on the global healthcare systems to navigate optimized tools, equipments, medicines, and techno-driven approaches to retard the infection spread. The synergized outcome of artificial intelligence paradig...
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Inflammasome activity plays a vital role in various non-microbial disease states correlated with prolonged inflammation. NLRP3 inflammasome function and IL-1β formation are augmented in obesity and several obesity-linked metabolic disorders (i.e. diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hepatic steatosis, cancer, arthritis, and sleep apnea). Also, several...
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Mitochondria are unique cell organelles, which exhibit multifactorial roles in numerous cell physiological processes, significantly preserving the integrity of neural synaptic interconnections, mediating ATP production, and regulating apoptotic signaling pathways and calcium homeostasis. Multiple neurological disorders occur as a consequence of imp...
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Progressive degeneration of neurons and aggravation of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta results in the loss of dopamine in the brain of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Numerous therapies, exhibiting transient efficacy have been developed; however, they are mostly accompanied by side effects and limited reliability, ther...
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The global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread across the borders, gaining attention from both health care professional and researchers to understand the mode of entry and actions induced by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), its causative agent in the human body. The role of angiotensin-converting...
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With advanced technology and its development, Bioinformatics is one of the avant-garde fields that has managed to make amazing progress in the pharmaceutical-medical field, by modeling the infrastructural dimensions of healthcare and integrating computing tools in drug innovation, facilitating prevention, detection / more accurate diagnosis and tre...
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The occurrence of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) worldwide has been progressively accelerating at an alarming rate, without any successful therapeutic strategy for the disease mitigation. The complexity of AD pathogenesis needs to be targeted with an alternative approach, as provided by the superfamily of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters, which co...
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Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is one of the most widely spread metabolic disorder also called as “life style” disease. Due to the alarming number of patients, there is great need to therapies targeting functions which can help in maintaining the homeostasis of glucose levels and improving insulin sensitivity. Detailed analysis was done through various rese...
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Obesity or overweight are not superficial problems, constituting a pressing issue. The obesity index has almost tripled since 1975, which is an alarming state. Most of the individuals are currently becoming overweight or have inappropriate body mass index (BMI) conditions. Obesity is characterized by increased fat accumulation and thus poses a high...
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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder of the brain characterized by shortfall in the social portfolio of an individual and abbreviated interactive and communication aspects rendering stereotypical behavior and pitfalls in a child’s memory, thinking, and learning capabilities. The incidence of ASD has accelerated since the past...
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Diabetes mellitus (DM) has become one of the major healthcare challenges worldwide in the recent times and inflammation being one of its key pathogenic process/mechanism affect several body parts including the peripheral and central nervous system. High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is one of the major non-histone proteins that plays a key role in t...
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The role of mitochondria in apoptosis signaling cell death pathway is regulated by extrinsic and intrinsic pathway, encompassing multiple components like Bcl-2 family of proteins, death receptors, caspases, Smac/DIABLO, IAPs, Omi/HtrA2 and cytochrome c. These entities serve as effective molecular targets for numerous drugs targeting mitochondrial a...
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One of the most common form of neurodegenerative disorders, Alzheimer’s disease poses a great threat to the patients all over the globe with about 5.7 million cases estimated by the Alzheimer’s Association Report of 2018. The disorder is a result of β-amyloid deposition in the brain, deteriorating the cognitive ability and learning processes, commo...
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In spite of much awareness, diabetes mellitus continues to remain one of major reasons for mortality and morbidity rate all over the globe. Free radicals cause oxidative stress which is responsible for causing diabetes. The recent advancements in elucidation of ARE/keap1/Nrf2 pathway can help in better understanding of diabetes mellitus. Various cl...
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While the most common manifestations associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are synovial damage and inflammation, the systemic effects of this autoimmune disorder are life-threatening, and are prevalent in 0.5-1% of the population, mainly associated with cardiovascular disorders (CVDs). Such effects have been instigated by an altered lipid profi...
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Neuroinflammation is well established biomarker for the major neurodegenerative like Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and Parkinson’s disease (PD). Cytokines/chemokines excite phospholipase A2 and cyclooxygenases (COX), facilitating the release of arachidonic acid (AA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) from membrane glycerophospholipids, in which the former i...
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The dearth of potential of diagnostic and treatment methods hinders the fight against tumors. The advances in nanotechnology are emerging, expressing countless latent applications, whereas, the DNA damaging conventional approach of anti-cancer therapy is associated with low stability in acidic environment, untargeted release, low solubility and bio...
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One of the most commonly occurring neurodegenerative disorders, Alzheimer's Disease 15 (AD), encompasses loss of cognitive and memory potential, impaired learning, dementia and 16 behavioral defects, which has prevalent since the 1900s. The accelerating occurrence of AD is 17 expected to reach 65.7 million by 2030. The disease results in neural atr...
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The limitations of conventional treatment therapies in Parkinson's disorder, a common neurodegenerative disorder, lead to the development of an alternative gene therapy approach. Multiple treatment options targeting dopaminergic neuronal regeneration, production of enzymes linked with dopamine synthesis, subthalamic nucleus neurons, regulation of a...
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High mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) protein is a diverse, single polypeptide moiety, present in mammalian eukaryotic cells. In response to stimuli, this nuclear protein is actively secreted in to the extracellular compartment or passively released by the necrotic cells, in order to mediate inflammatory responses, by forming complexes with IL-1α, IL-1...
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Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory autoimmune disease, characterized by synovial proliferation, destruction to articular cartilage and severe pain. The cannabinoids obtained from Cannabis sativa exhibited their actions via cannabinoid-1 and -2 receptors, which also provides a platform for endocannabinoids to act. The endocannabinoid system com...
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The novel corona virus disease has shaken the entire world with its deadly effects and rapid transmission rates, posing a significant challenge to the healthcare authorities to develop suitable therapeutic solution to save lives on earth. The review aims to grab the attention of the researchers all over the globe, towards the role of ACE2 in COVID-...

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