Ishamina Athirah Gardiner

Ishamina Athirah Gardiner
Universiti Brunei Darussalam · Language Centre

PhD Applied Linguistics

About

17
Publications
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Introduction
My research interests include phonetics and phonology, ELF, pronunciation teaching, intelligibility, Global Englishes, and EMI.

Publications

Publications (17)
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Although Malay is the official language of Brunei Darussalam, English is also widely used, especially in formal domains such as education, as it is the medium of instruction for most classes in secondary school and at the main university, Universiti Brunei Darussalam (UBD). This chapter traces the historical background for adopting English as a Med...
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This paper investigates the occurrence of misunderstandings in ELF (English as a Lingua Franca) interactions caused by vowel pronunciation in Brunei English. The study is based on ten audio recordings, each consisting of conversations between two participants: a Bruneian (L2 speaker) and a non-Bruneian speaker. Out of a total of 152 tokens (occurre...
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This chapter discusses the limitations of methods of representation on analysis of varieties of English. It describes five varieties of Outer Circle Asian Englishes: those of Singapore, Brunei, Hong Kong, India, and the Philippines. The Englishes spoken in Expanding Circle contexts often have some salient features, the chapter attempts to outline s...
Book
Malay is one of the major languages in the world, but there has been relatively little detailed research on its phonetics. This Element provides an overview of existing descriptions of the pronunciation of Standard Malay before briefly considering the pronunciation of some dialects of Malay. It then introduces materials that may be used for studyin...
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This article examines the use of the repertory grid technique as a method to investigate learner perceptions in language education research. An important issue raised in this article concerns how far a researcher’s agenda may be unintentionally imposed onto a research study which is investigating learners’ perceptions, and how far the ensuing data...
Article
This paper presents a research study which investigates the ways in which school-based language learners perceive the classroom. Concerned with the ‘ecology’ of the classroom, the aim of the study is to take language learners' own perceptions as a basis to understand more about the extent and types of learner engagement in the pedagogical dimension...
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In the past, the variety of English promoted in the education system and how the language is assessed have usually involved a choice between standard British or American English. In recent studies, two alternatives have been proposed: nativised varieties that are influenced by indigenous languages in each country (influenced by the World Englishes...
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Dusun is one of the officially-recognised indigenous languages of Brunei, though its continued existence is threatened by the dominance of Malay in the country. This paper describes the eighteen consonants and four vowels of Dusun, based on the reading of word lists and also the North Wind and the Sun passage translated into Dusun and read by a 54-...
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The drive to produce highly qualified local teachers of English is extended to the international stage as Brunei has a role in providing English language learning to ASEAN member states. In light of ASEAN integration, Brunei is continually committed to improving policies in English language teacher preparation. Universiti Brunei Darussalam (UBD) of...
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Brunei Malay (ISO 639-3: kxd ) is spoken in the Sultanate of Brunei Darussalam and also in some nearby places in East Malaysia such as Miri and Limbang in Sarawak (Asmah 2008: 65), on the island of Labuan (Jaludin 2003: 35) and around Beaufort in western Sabah (Saidatul 2003). Of the population of about 400,000 in Brunei, about two-thirds are nativ...
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In standard varieties of English, the TH sounds are pronounced with the dental fricatives [θ, ð], but previous studies have shown that they are commonly realised as plosives [t, d] in many varieties of English, including some native speaker varieties. Furthermore, the realisation of the TH sounds as plosives is common among speakers throughout Sout...
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Innovative usage of noun phrases is among the most widely reported features of new varieties of English throughout the world and also in discourse in ELF settings, but its effect on intelligibility has not been extensively investigated. In an attempt to remedy this, 10 conversations in English between Bruneians and people from elsewhere were record...
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Many studies on intelligibility focus on the role of the speaker in causing misunderstandings, but Smith and Nelson (1985) note that the listener’s role is equally as important. Indeed, intelligibility is not just speaker- or listener-oriented, but arises out of the interaction between speaker and listener, and the current paper sets out to investi...
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The study investigates the identification of the two main ethnic groups in Brunei, the Malays and the Chinese, from their speech in English using recordings of a read passage. Twenty undergraduate students from Universiti Brunei Darussalam (UBD) were recorded reading a passage and forty undergraduate students listened to short extracts of the recor...