Isabel Figueiral

Isabel Figueiral
Institut national de recherches archéologiques préventives | INRAP · Department Méditerranée

About

132
Publications
31,113
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2,273
Citations
Citations since 2016
50 Research Items
1230 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200

Publications

Publications (132)
Article
Full-text available
The use and socio-environmental importance of fruits dramatically changed after the emergence of arboriculture and fruit domestication in the eastern Mediterranean, between the 5th and the 3rd millennia BCE. Domesticated fruits together with cultivation techniques apparently reached the western Mediterranean via colonial activities during the 1st m...
Preprint
Full-text available
Stable isotope analyses (δ13C and δ15N) of human bones have been crucial for understanding the diets of Neolithic societies. However, isotopic measurements of wild and cultivated vegetal resources have not as yet been integrated into reconstructions of human diets. This study explores the isotopic variations in seed and fruit remains from seven Neo...
Article
Full-text available
The pip, as the most common grapevine archaeological remain, is extensively used to document past viticulture dynamics. This paper uses state of the art morphological analyses to analyse the largest reference collection of modern pips to date, representative of the present-day diversity of the domesticated grapevine from Western Eurasia. We tested...
Chapter
The development of agricultural societies is closely entangled with that of domestic animals and plants. Local and traditional domestic breeds and varieties are the result of millennia of selec- tion by farmers. DEMETER (2020-2025) is an international pro- ject which is aiming to characterize the changes in animal and plant agrobiodiversity (pigs,...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the history of the introduction and expansion of arboriculture during the 1st millennium BC from the South of the Iberian Peninsula to the South of France. The earliest evidence of arboriculture at the beginning of the 1st millennium hails from the south of the Iberia from where it spread northward along the peninsula's eastern...
Article
Full-text available
Excavation work carried out at Istres and Saint-Rémy-de-Provence (Provence, Southern France), in the framework of preventive archaeology, uncovered evidence of ancient gardens (13/14th–17th centuries), equipped with lined wells. Significant numbers of waterlogged remains of fruit species as well as legumes and condiments provided information on the...
Article
Full-text available
Located on the plateau of Larzac, the site of Soulages testifies, for the first time in a low mountain area, a rural settlement which expand from the 6th to the 9th century. The remains are organised in an area that groups together all living quarters, mixed with the burials of the inhabitants. Within this area, the buildings are divided by activit...
Article
Full-text available
Stable isotope analyses (δ13C and δ15N) of human bones have been crucial for understanding the diets of Neolithic societies. However, isotopic measurements of wild and cultivated vegetal resources have not as yet been integrated into reconstructions of human diets. This study explores the isotopic variations in seed and fruit remains from seven Neo...
Article
El yacimiento de Soulages, situado en la meseta calcárea del Larzac, ilustra, por primera vez en este sector de media montaña, una ocupación rural que se desarrolla entre los siglos VI y IX. Los restos se organizan en un espacio que agrupa el conjunto de los lugares de vida, mezclados con las sepulturas de los habitantes. En el seno de este espacio...
Article
Zusammenfassung: Die auf der Hochebene Causse du Larzac gelegene Siedlung von Soulages liefert ein bislang unbekanntes Beispiel für eine ländliche Ansiedlung in mittlerer Höhenlage, die sich zwischen dem 6. und 9. Jahrhundert n. Chr. entwickelte. Die Hinterlassenschaften umfassen den gesamten Siedlungsbereich, sowie Gräber der Bewohner. Innerhalb d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Les développements méthodologiques en anthracologie permettent actuellement d’obtenir des spectres de fréquences de taxons représentatifs des environnements passés, moyennant des conditions précises d’échantillonnage et de tamisage. Pourtant, d’autres informations sont disponibles dans les charbons de bois, en particulier ceux de taille pluricentim...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Résumé La formation interne de l'Inrap « Archéologie environnementale » vise à présenter les apports des différentes disciplines bioarchéologiques et géoarchéologiques mises en oeuvre pour une meilleure compréhension des activités humaines au cours du temps. Des exemples croisés sont présentés par thématique, comme la restitution du paysage, l'expl...
Article
Full-text available
The phenotypic changes that occurred during the domestication and diversification of grapevine are well known, particularly changes in seed morphology, but the functional causes and consequences behind these variations are poorly understood. Wild and domesticate grapes differ, among others, in the form of their pips: wild grapes produce roundish pi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Des analyses de contours de pépins de raisin archéologiques des sites de Troyes et de Reims (France) dont les résultats ont été examinés au regard d'un vaste référentiel moderne, permettent d’inférer l’identité, les origines et l’histoire des anciennes variétés utilisées en Champagne. Cet article explore trois aspects de l’agrobiodiversité historiq...
Article
Full-text available
Farming economy was first introduced to the coastal areas of Southern France by Impressa groups (ca. 5850–5650 cal BC), originating from Italy, and subsequently spread to the hinterland by Cardial/Epicardial communities (ca. 5400–4500 cal BC). Fruit and seed remains preserved in archaeological sites provide direct evidence of the botanical resource...
Presentation
Depuis le début des années 2000, plusieurs études et projets cherchent à exploiter les informations de morphologie des cernes (courbure, largeur etc.) des charbons de bois retrouvés en contextes archéologiques afin de répondre à des questions liées aux durées d’occupation des sites, à l’interdatation des structures (habitations, fours), à la gestio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
De récentes synthèses archéobotaniques ont mis en évidence le rôle prégnant de la vigne au cours des périodes historiques en France méridionale rurale, la plaçant, au côté du blé nu et de l'orge, parmi les plantes les plus couramment consommées/exploitées. En ville, les productions vitivinicoles auraient également joué un rôle important, connaissan...
Article
Full-text available
The Eurasian grapevine (Vitis vinifera) has long been important for wine production as well as being a food source. Despite being clonally propagated, modern cultivars exhibit great morphological and genetic diversity, with thousands of varieties described in historic and contemporaneous records. Through historical accounts, some varieties can be t...
Preprint
Full-text available
If grapevine phenotypic changes occurred during domestication and diversification processes are quite well known, particularly seed morphology used in archaeobiological studies, the functional causes and consequences behind these variations are still poorly understood. This study clarifies many aspects of size and shape (co)variation between pip an...
Chapter
Les graines et les fruits conservés en contexte archéologique constituent un moyen direct de percevoir les ressources végétales des sociétés passées, les pratiques que celles-ci mettaient en oeuvre pour les exploiter, et donc plus particulièrement l’économie agricole. Aborder ces questions sur de grandes échelles d’espace ou de temps demande de com...
Article
Full-text available
The multidisciplinary study carried out at Crasto de Palheiros testifies to the local/regional importance of this site from the 3rd to the 1st millennium BC (Chalcolithic-Iron Age). Emphasis is on the overall picture obtained rather than on the specific data from each discipline. Food production is based on plant husbandry (wheat, barley, millet) a...
Chapter
Full-text available
An overview of woodland history in the north-western Mediterranean region, based on charcoal analysis (Anthracology) from Mesolithic and Neolithic sites, is proposed for the Mediterranean areas of France, Spain and Portugal. The taxonomic identification of charcoal fragments and the diachronic variations of taxa frequencies provide, for each settle...
Book
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Ce recueil présente le programme des 12e Rencontres nationales d’Archéobotanique (Perpignan, 7-10 juin 2017). Il s’articule autour de 4 thématiques. La première, à visée méthodologique, présente les dernières avancées de la recherche en matière de protocoles d’études et les nouvelles problématiques abordables grâce à leur développement. La deuxième...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this work was to explore the possibility (1) of carrying out both morphogeometric and archaeological DNA analyses on the same grape pips and (2) of comparing different molecular markers to reveal DNA variation, namely Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs) and Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs). We focused on waterlogged seeds originating f...
Article
Information on the exploitation of firewood in proto-urban/urban contexts is provided by the study of archaeological charcoal from the site of Jean-Jaurès (Nîmes, Southern France). The ubiquity and abundance of Erica (mostly if not exclusively Erica arborea) in the blacksmith's quarter raises the question to why these plants were such an important...
Article
Full-text available
The multidisciplinary study carried out at Crasto de Palheiros testifies to the local/regional importance of this site from the 3 rd to the 1 st millennium BC (Chalcolithic-Iron Age). Emphasis is on the overall picture obtained rather than on the specific data from each discipline. Food production is based on plant husbandry (wheat, barley, millet)...
Research
Full-text available
Chères et chers collègues, Nous sommes heureux de vous convier aux prochaines Rencontres d’Archéobotanique qui se tiendront à Perpignan (Pyrénées-Orientales, France) du 7 au 10 juin 2017. Nous espérons que cette table ronde sera l’occasion pour tous de mettre en commun nos données et de discuter de nos recherches. Pour cela nous vous proposons des...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
During Historical times, fire was one of the main energy used for industry, craft and domestic activities. For the past 40 years, anthracological analyses were realized in Mediterranean France on nearly 97 ancient, medieval and modern sites. If several activities are now well documented (charcoal and lime burning, pottery, cremation), no global app...
Poster
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This poster discuss the paleoetnological interpretation of the intentional use of fire in the processes of construction, use and condemnation of 2 megalithic barrows of Northern Portugal (Dolmen of Castelo and Alagoa ), dating between the end of the fifth and the beginning of the 3rd millennium BC. //Espanha, 22-26 Junho 2016. Universidade de Grana...
Chapter
Full-text available
Gharb plain, Northwestern Morocco, Pollen (see chapter of S. D. Muller), Charcoal, seed and fruits. Cereals , Pulses, Fruit trees, Flax, Weeds, Riverbank plants - Wood supply, Plant productions, Diet, Fuel. date: 5th-4th BC to 1st AD (Mauretanian) ; 1st-3th AD (Roman); 9th to 14th AD (Medieval (Islamic) period).
Article
Archaeological wells have recently become a major source of palaeoenvironmental and palaeoeconomic information, thus, providing the background for past day-to-day material life. At the site of La Lesse-Espagnac (Hérault), combined evidence from archaeobotany, morphometry and palynology, from two wells, offers a coherent picture of the diversity of...
Article
Full-text available
This summary of the archaeobotanical data available for the rural habitats from the 2nd Iron Age, in the Languedoc Roussillon, is put together in an attempt to recognize potential specificities in terms of environment, farming economy and society. A very reduced number of studies is taken into account due to the very restrictive time period conside...
Conference Paper
Twenty-five years after the Nemours meeting and the first synthesis proposed by Ph. Marinval, this manuscript presents an up-to-date overview of the archaeobotanical data available for the Chasséen, and more broadly the Middle Neolithic. As far as we know, more than seventy sites have benefited from the study of archaeobotanical remains; around fif...
Article
Une méthode de travail appliquée spécifiquement aux habitats contemporains du développement de la métallurgie dans le nord-ouest du Portugal est proposée. Plusieurs vecteurs de recherche méthodologique sont exposés en détail.
Article
Archaeological wells have recently become a major source of palaeoenvironmental and palaeoeconomic information, thus, providing the background for past day-to-day material life. At the site of La Lesse–Espagnac (Hérault), combined evidence from archaeobotany, morphometry and palynology, from two wells, offers a coherent picture of the diversity of...
Article
Full-text available
A study of plant remains from seven archaeological wells at Mas de Vignoles IX, near Nîmes, southern France, was used to shed light on a current gap in the archaeological record caused by erosion and modern agriculture. The analysis also explored the reliability of these sources for palaeoenvironmental and palaeoeconomical information. Significant...
Article
Full-text available
Se presentan estudios antracol?gicos de yacimientos de la pen?nsula Ib?rica con el objetivo de conocer la flora durante el Solutrense y, a partir de ella, las condiciones termoclim?ticas y ombroclim?ticas. Con los datos publicados e in?ditos se demuestra que los refugios de las especies m?s c?lidas est?n al sur del paralelo 40? N. La flora identifi...
Article
Full-text available
Grapevine (Vitis vinifera), one of the most important fruit species in the Classical Mediterranean world, is thought to have been domesticated first in South-Western Asia, during the Neolithic. However, the domestication process remains largely unknown. Crucial unanswered questions concern the duration of the process (rapid or slow?) and the relate...