Isaac Garrido-Benavent

Isaac Garrido-Benavent
University of Valencia | UV · Department of Botany and Geology

PhD
Lecturer at the University of Valencia (Spain). Researcher on lichenized fungi and algae, as well as other fungi.

About

65
Publications
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447
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2013 - December 2016
The National Museum of Natural Sciences
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (65)
Article
Full-text available
The ventral surfaces of translucent rocks from hot desert pavements often harbor hypolithic microbial communities, which are mostly dominated by cyanobacteria. The Namib Desert fog belt supports extensive hypolithic colonization of quartz rocks, which are also colonized by lichens on their dorsal surfaces. Here, we aim to evaluate whether lichens c...
Article
The decline observed in many populations of highly sensitive lichens has led to the inclusion of some species on regional Red Lists, but this has seldom been accompanied by an examination of the genetic variation of the fungal and algal symbiotic partners. Here, the red-listed epiphytic lichen Seirophora villosa was surveyed in 14 Mediterranean coa...
Article
The new species Cortinarius himalayanus is described and illustrated based on specimens collected from the Himalayan moist temperate Abies pindrow forest of Pakistan. Macro-scopically, this taxon is characterized by umbonate to subumbonate pilei, whose cuticle is reddish brown in the center and pale yellow towards the margins, yellowish brown lamel...
Article
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This article is the 13th contribution in the Fungal Diversity Notes series, wherein 125 taxa from four phyla, ten classes, 31 orders, 69 families, 92 genera and three genera incertae sedis are treated, demonstrating worldwide and geographic distribution. Fungal taxa described and illustrated in the present study include three new genera, 69 new spe...
Article
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Buellia zoharyi is a crustose placodioid lichen, usually occurring on biocrusts of semiarid ecosystems in circum-Mediterranean/Macaronesian areas. In previous work, we found that this lichenized fungus was flexible in its phycobiont choice in the Canary Islands. Here we test whether geography and habitat influence phycobiont diversity in population...
Article
The present work represents the first comprehensive phylogenetic study of the dothideomycete genus Seynesiella. The genus belongs into the family Cylindrosympodiaceae within the order Venturiales, based on a phylogeny reconstructed with five loci. The high genetic diversity found within the type species, S. juniperi, points towards cryptic speciati...
Preprint
Full-text available
The ventral surfaces of translucent pebbles from hot desert pavements often harbor hypolithic microbial communities, which are mostly dominated by cyanobacteria. The Namib Desert fog belt supports extensive hypolithic colonization of quartz pebbles but they are also colonized by lichens on their dorsal surfaces. Hence, our aim is to evaluate whethe...
Article
Full-text available
Since its resurrection, the resinicolous discomycete genus Sarea has been accepted as containing two species, one with black apothecia and pycnidia, and one with orange. We investigate this hypothesis using three ribosomal (nuITS, nuLSU, mtSSU) regions from and morphological examination of 70 specimens collected primarily in Europe and North Americ...
Article
Widespread geographic distributions in lichens have been usually explained by the high dispersal capacity of their tiny diaspores. However, recent phylogenetic surveys have challenged this assumption and provided compelling evidence for cryptic speciation and more restricted distribution ranges in diverse lineages of lichen-forming fungi. To evalua...
Article
Polar glacier forefields offer an unprecedented framework for studying community assembly processes in regions that are geographically and climatically isolated. Through amplicon sequence variant (ASV) inference, we compared the composition and structure of soil bacterial communities from glacier forefields in Iceland and Antarctica to assess overl...
Article
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Lichens are present in most terrestrial ecosystems on Earth and colonize extreme habitats, where vascular plants are unable to thrive, due to unique properties of the fungal-algal symbiosis. Here, we explored the phylogeographic structure of green algae engaged in symbiosis with species in the genus Pseudephebe (Parmeliaceae). These often form deep...
Article
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The genus of basidiomycetous fungi Cortinarius occurs worldwide, from subtropical to boreal latitudes. Although molecular systematics has triggered the study of these fungi in the Americas and Europe in the last two decades, there is still limited research on its diversity in large portions of the planet, such as the high mountain ranges of Asia. S...
Article
We still lack studies that provide evidence for direct links between the development of soil surface cryptogamic communities and soil attributes and functioning. This is particularly true in areas free of potentially confounding factors such as different soil types, land uses, or anthropogenic disturbances. Despite the ecological importance of pola...
Article
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Geographic distributions of mushroom-forming fungi usually remain elusive because of the scarcity of occurrence data. However, the increasing number of environmental and ectomycorrhizal (EcM) root tip DNA sequences deposited in public repositories provides a unique opportunity to expand our knowledge about fungal geographic distributions, even at t...
Article
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The use of molecular tools for the systematic study of fungi is enabling the boundaries of some species for which a wide ecology and geographical distribution was assumed to be reassessed. The present work aims to establish the taxonomic identity of some recently sequenced Spanish samples belonging to the genus Fomes by means of a phylogeny built w...
Article
Powdery mildews are the subject of intense research due to their negative impact on agriculture or horticulture. The genetic diversity of these ascomycete fungi has only been surveyed in the last decades to investigate phylogenetic relationships and species boundaries, to propose new taxa, and to assess their biogeographic history. However, many of...
Article
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Novel species of fungi described in this study include those from various countries as follows: Antarctica, Cladosporium arenosum from marine sediment sand. Argentina, Kosmimatamyces alatophylus (incl. Kosmimatamyces gen. nov.) from soil. Australia, Aspergillus banksianus, Aspergillus kumbius, Aspergillus luteorubrus, Aspergillus malvicolor and Asp...
Article
Full-text available
Glacier forefields provide a unique chronosequence to assess microbial or plant colonization and ecological succession on previously uncolonized substrates. Patterns of microbial succession in soils of alpine and subpolar glacier forefields are well documented but those affecting high polar systems, including moraine rocks, remain largely unexplore...
Article
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The authors study new collections of Cortinarius ortegae Mahiques & cols., as well as Cortinarius lilacinovelatus Reumaux & Ramm and Cortinarius praetermissus Bergeron ex Reumaux, all of them rare or little known species in the Iberian Peninsula. Journal: Journal des J.E.C.
Article
Full-text available
English: There is an increasing need for improving our knowledge about the fungal diversity in the Valencian region under the current scenario of global change. Applying classical taxonomical techniques for the study of fungi, this work provides additional data about the diversity of this group of organisms in the ravines of the Vall d’Albaida. The...
Article
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Morphogenetic study of 13 Cortinarius from Cadi-Moixeró Natural Park (Catalonia), one of them new for science: C. catalanensis, section Hinnulei.
Article
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The present work has aimed at improving our knowledge on these cortinarii in a very singular natural enclave located in the mountains of Alicante: the Font Roja Natural Park. Combining morphological, anatomical and molecular data, we demonstrate that some of the studied collections represent new records for the Cortinarius checklist of this Natural...
Article
Full-text available
Cortinarius is one of the most species-rich, conspicuous and widespread genera of basidiomycete ectomycorrhizal fungi. While knowledge of the morphogenetic diversity of Cortinarius in central and northern Europe is rather extensive, less is known about the genus in other regions, such as the Iberian Peninsula. The present study assesses the taxonom...
Article
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New data on Cortinarius diversity are provided for the Cadí-Moixeró Natural Park (Iberian Peninsula). The following collections represent new reports for the Iberoinsular Cortinarius Checklist: Cortinarius cypriacoides Bidaud, Carteret & Reumaux, Cortinarius serratissimus M.M.Moser, Cortinarius suboxytoneus Bidaud and Cortinarius turgidoides (Rob....
Article
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Nomenclatural type definitions are one of the most important concepts in biological nomenclature. Being physical objects that can be re-studied by other researchers, types permanently link taxonomy (an artificial agreement to classify biological diversity) with nomenclature (an artificial agreement to name biological diversity). Two proposals to am...
Article
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The taxonomic and genetic diversity of Cortinarius section Calochroi in one of the most biodiversity-rich regions in Europe, the Iberian Peninsula, was investigated through morphological and phylogenetic methods. This combined methodological approach allowed the identification of 15 known species and one new species, Cortinarius ortegae, which is d...
Article
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We describe C. iunii Ballarà, E. Suárez, Mahiques & Garrido-Benavent sp. nov., a new species of Telamonia (section Bovini) that was found growing in coniferous forests in spring in several Iberian Peninsula localities. The species is studied through a polyphasic approach that combines conventional techniques (morphology, anatomy and chemical reacti...
Article
Full-text available
Compared to other organisms, such as vascular plants or mosses, lichen-forming fungi have a high number of species occurring in both northern and southern hemispheres but are largely absent from intermediate, tropical latitudes. For instance, ca. 160 Antarctic species also occur in polar areas or mountainous temperate regions of the northern hemisp...
Article
The hypotheses proposed to explain the high percentage of bipolar lichens in Antarctica have never been explicitly tested. We used the strictly bipolar, coastal lichenized fungus Mastodia tessellata (Verrucariaceae, Ascomycota) and its photobionts (Prasiola, Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) as model species to discern whether this extraordinary disju...
Conference Paper
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Biological Soil Crusts (BSCs) are biologically modified soil surfaces composed of a combination of organisms which include lichens, bryophytes, liverworts, microalgae, cyanobacteria, and microfungi. BSCs are complex communities due to the many different organisms involved and functional aspects they provide. Buellia zoharyi Galun is a prevailing li...
Article
Full-text available
ENG: New data on Cortinarius diversity are provided for the Cadí-Moixeró Natural Park (Iberian Peninsula). Some collections represent new references for the Iberoinsular Cortinarius Checklist. Cortinarius ferrusinus Ballarà, Mahiques & Garrido-Benavent is here proposed as new to science based on molecular and morphological characters. Finally, phyl...
Article
Symbiotic associations between green algae (Chlorophyta) and fungi give rise to morphologically and eco-physiologically distinct entities, or so-called, lichens. In one of the most peculiar of these associations, the partners are species of the macroscopic genus Prasiola (Trebouxiophyceae) and the ascomycete Mastodia tessellata (Verrucariaceae). Th...
Article
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The present work aims at proposing two novel Telamonia species that were discovered in the Cadí-Moixeró Natural Park, a protected area south of the Pyrenees. Cortinarius exsularis sp. nov. and Cortinarius garciae sp. nov. are hereby described based on conventional procedures as well as phylogenetic analyses using ITS molecular data. We also empl...
Conference Paper
Lichen-forming fungi interact with their photobionts showing different patterns, from highly specialized species to others that are able to interact with different photobiont lineages over their ranges. Most studies have so far focused on the range of photobionts interacting with a single species or with few species from the same community, genus o...
Conference Paper
Lichens, with 487 known species, are the most conspicuous component of the macroscopic biota in Antarctica. About 40% of them show amphitropical disjunct distributional ranges. Long-distance dispersion has been commonly invoked to explain this distribution pattern, but it is still unknown whether those species originated in or arrived to Antarctica...
Article
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A new species of Shackletonia (Teloschistaceae) is described from the McMurdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica, one of the regions with the harshest conditions on Earth. Distinctive traits of the new taxon are the grey thallus, its black lecideine apothecia with a dark greenish blue exterior side of the exciple, Lecidea green pigment present at the cortex...
Article
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The fungal genus Collemopsidium comprises species that develop so-called borderline lichen symbioses with algae or cyanobacteria. Together with morphologically similar pyrenocarpous fungi it has been assigned to the family Xanthopyreniaceae. The adscription of this family to higher taxonomic ranks remain uncertain. Using sequence data of five nucle...
Article
Full-text available
We report some collections of Cortinarius which constitute new references for the fungal checklist of the Cadí-Moixeró Natural Park, and also for the iberoinsular Cortinarius checklist. We describe Cortinarius millaresensis based on morphological and molecular data as new to science. The ITS phylogeny has allowed us to ascribe several doubtful coll...
Article
Full-text available
New morphological and molecular data are provided for several representatives of subg. Phlegmacium sect. Calochroi. We propose a detailed differential diagnosis for each considered species and a key to them, based on material from the Iberian Peninsula. Various algorithms of phylogenetic analysis and species delimitation were used to analyse the mo...
Article
Full-text available
Data from morphology, phylogenetics, genetic clustering, species delimitation methods, biogeography and ecology have been used to evaluate species boundaries within the Battarrea phalloides-stevenii complex. Evidences suggest the existence of three to four independent lineages that may constitute new species for science. Despite no further attempts...
Article
Morphological, anatomical and chorological data are provided for two species of the resinicolous genus Sarea Fr. (Ascomycota incertae sedis, non-lichenized fungi). Detailed descriptions and illustrations of Sarea difformis (Fr.) Fr., S. resinae (Fr.) Kuntze and their respective anamorphs, traditionally known as Epithyrium resinae (Sacc. & Berl.) Tr...
Article
Full-text available
Cortinarius cadi-aguirrei sp. nov., a new species of the sect. Fulvescentes Melot, is here presented and described. The authors also pay a posthumous tribute to Pierre Moënne-Loccoz who very kindly helped us in the discussion and the iconography of this taxon. Key words: Taxonomy, Agaricales, Cortinariaceae, Cortinarius cadi-aguirrei, sp. nov., ITS...
Conference Paper
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A three-marker study on the population genetic structure and gene flow in Mastodia tesselata is presented. Cluster delimitation, phylogenetic relationships, divergence times and gene flow analyses are performed.
Article
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The new genus of lichenicolous fungi Austrostigmidium is described from Antarctica and Tierra del Fuego (Chile). It is characterized by the presence of black pseudothecia, pseudoparaphyses, fissitunicate, I2, KI2 asci and 3-septate hyaline ascospores. So far, the only known species grows on Mastodia tessellata (Verrucariales, Eurotiomycetes). The n...
Article
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The new species Caliciopsis valentina from the eastern Iberian Peninsula is characterized morphologically, anatomically, and molecularly. The occurrence of C. subcorticalis (Cooke & Ellis) Fitzp. in Europe is discussed. Based on the revision of fresh and herbarium specimens we propose the new combination Caliciopsis beckhausii with a neotype select...
Article
Full-text available
For a long time, agriculture and recurrent fires have been the main factors promoting diversity changes in Mediterranean areas. We examined the effect of irrigated and non-irrigated crops and fires on the epiphytic lichen diversity of holm oak trees in the Vall d’Albaida region (Valencia, Spain). Lichen diversity was studied by calculating the LDV...
Article
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Based on a combined three locus analysis two new genera, Charcotiana and Amundsenia, are proposed in the lichen family Teloschistaceae, subfamily Xanthorioideae. Charcotiana includes the new species C. antarctica, which is known only from continental Antarctica. The bipolar genus Amundsenia includes the new species A. austrocontinentalis, which is...
Conference Paper
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Con c. 487 especies conocidas1, muchas de ellas endémicas, los líquenes dominan el paisaje Antártico. Algunas de las especies muestran patrones de distribución bipolar y se desconoce si su presencia en la Antártida es fruto de colonizaciones a larga distancia o si se trata de taxones antárticos propiamente dichos. Los estudios filogeográficos permi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Fruto del estudio filogeográfico que se está llevando a cabo con el liquen Mastodia tessellata (Verrucariaceae, Ascomycota), se ha descubierto una nueva especie de hongo liquenícola. Mastodia tessellata constituye un liquen singular debido a que es el único caso conocido de simbiosis liquénica entre un hongo y una alga foliosa. Este hecho hizo que...
Article
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Puccinia antirrhini Dietel & Holway, a parasitic pucciniomycete fungus, is firstly recorded for the Valencian region growing on Antirrhinum barrelieri Boreau subsp. barrelieri. A compendium of the most important papers dealing with this kind of parasitic fungi in this region is also provided.
Article
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En aquest article presentem Cortinarius cadi-aguirrei sp. nov., un nou tàxon pertanyent a la secció Fulvescentes Melot, alhora que volem retre un homenatge pòstum a Pierre Moënne-Loccoz, que molt amablement ens va ajudar en la discussió i iconografia d'aquest tàxon. Dans cet article est présenté un nouveau cortinaire de la section Fulvescentes Mel...
Article
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A catalogue of 55 lichens growing on bark of holm-oak (Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia) and 2 lichenicolous fungi is compiled from one of the most eastern areas of Betic Range. The area is characterized by an intensive agriculture since long.
Article
Full-text available
A catalogue of 55 lichens growing on bark of holm-oak (Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia) and 2 lichenicolous fungi is compiled from one of the most eastern areas of Betic Range. The area is characterized by an intensive agriculture since long.
Article
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24 vascular plants nor or scarcely mentioned are newly recorded for La Vall d’Albaida district (Valencia, E Spain). Data on the ecology for each species is provided.
Article
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It is presented a checklist of basidiomycetes and ascomycetes from the ravines of the Vall d’Albaida region (province of Valencia). The number of recorded taxa is 157. Of these, 96 are basidiomycetes and 61 are ascomycetes. The 85% of the fungal species are saprobes. Most of the species were collected in nitrophilous communities and elm and poplar...
Article
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We provide an integrative analysis of Gomphidius tyrrhenicus D. Antonini & M. Antonini, an unusual Mediterranean species collected from Quatretonda (Valencia), focusing on molecular and ecological data. A molecular phylogeny of the family Gomphidiaceae Maire ex Jülich is also provided and the hypothetical ecological features of its lifestyle are di...
Article
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The present work justifies the recently recombination of Muciturbo reticulatus P.H.B. Talbot and Muciturbo truncatus P.H.B. Talbot to the genus Ruhlandiella Henn. through a molecular analysis of the divergent domains D1/D2 from the nuclear ribosomal large subunit. Insights on the informativeness of the 28S gene and its applications in fungal molecu...
Article
Full-text available
Morphological and chorological data are provided for Entoloma saundersii (Fr.) Sacc., a new species for the Valencian Mycological Checklist. This species is threatened by the decline of Ulmus minor Mill.

Projects

Projects (6)
Project
Both Sarea resinae (Fr.) Kuntze and Sarea difformis (Fr.) Fr. are found in a variety of environments and on a variety of hosts in the northern hemisphere. Morphological work has variously been done on both species, but molecular data is lacking, with most available sequences concentrated in Northern Europe and Japan and lacking a voucher specimen with apothecia. The goal of this project is to remedy this by generating sequences from and examining morphology of numerous international specimens which will be or already have been deposited in herbaria. Special attention will be paid to potential geographic patterns or patterns of host specificity.
Project
To know the richness, diversity and chorology of lichen flora of the Valencian Community (East of Spain) to achieve a complete regional catalog.