Irus Braverman

Irus Braverman
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York | SUNY Buffalo · Law School

About

131
Publications
35,813
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1,011
Citations
Citations since 2016
82 Research Items
832 Citations
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Introduction
Irus Braverman currently works at the School of Law , University at Buffalo, The State University of New York. Irus does research in the intersection of legal ethnography, geography, and science and technology studies.

Publications

Publications (131)
Preprint
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In Paolo Patelli, Giuditta Vendrame, & Elise Limon (eds). Friction Atlas (2022 Onomatopee). Abstract The space under the street is densely occupied and extremely limited. When referring to this underground world, most of the informants I spoke with from various American cities speak of chaos and messiness, sealed and covered up by the tidy appear...
Preprint
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In Ben Minteer & Harry Greene. A Wilder Kingdom: Rethinking the Wild in Zoos, Wildlife Parks, and Beyond (forthcoming 2023, Columbia University Press). Abstract Does the Partulid snail care if she is at the London Zoo or at her place of origin in French Polynesia? Can a tardigrade distinguish between an urban backyard and the Amazon forest? And...
Article
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The Earth BioGenome Project (EBP) is an audacious endeavor to obtain whole-genome sequences of representatives from all eukaryotic species on Earth. In addition to the project’s technical and organizational challenges, it also faces complicated ethical, legal, and social issues. This paper, from members of the EBP’s Ethical, Legal, and Social Issue...
Article
You and me Knew life itself is Breathing, (Out, in, out, in, out …) Breathing – Kate Bush, ‘Breathing, on Never for Ever (1980)
Article
This article examines the underlying biopolitical premises of wildlife management in Palestine/Israel that make, remake, and unmake this region's settler colonial landscape. Drawing on interviews with Israeli nature officials and observations of their work, the article tells several animal stories that illuminate the hierarchies and slippages betwe...
Article
Our special issue provides a first-of-its kind attempt to examine environmental injustices in the occupied West Bank through interdisciplinary perspectives, pointing to the broader settler colonial and neoliberal contexts within which they occur and to their more-than-human implications. Specifically, we seek to understand what environmental justic...
Book
Full-text available
Despite their centrality to the operation of contemporary accredited zoo and aquarium institutions, the work of zoo veterinarians has rarely been the focus of a critical analysis in the social science and humanities. Drawing on in-depth interviews and observations of zoo and aquarium veterinarians, mainly in Europe and North America, this book high...
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This article aims to make visible expert practices that take place behind closed doors and that are perceived as being of no concern to the public, who wouldn’t understand them anyway. The experts that this article is concerned with are medical practitioners of a particular kind: zoo and aquarium veterinarians. I utilize both text and multimedia pr...
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This article explores two national parks in East Jerusalem and their legal administration as the focus of contradictory and complementary attempts at preservation, colonization, and normalization. Drawing on in-depth interviews with, and observations of, officials from the Israel Nature and Parks Authority and others, I expose the Judaizing of the...
Chapter
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Drawing on in-depth interviews with marine biologists and engineers, this chapter explores the relationship between human scientists, nonhuman animals (crown-of-thorns starfish and deep sea and tropical corals), and robotic entities (COTSbots, ROVs, AUVs, and OceanOne humanoids). The chapter considers how the drive to ecological management is artic...
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Ocean life is often portrayed as antithetical to life in the city. Drawing on interviews with coral hobbyists and aquarists, my article focuses on the emergence of the coral aquarium hobby within the urban home. I depict the recent fascination of city dwellers from around the globe with corals, explore the history and contemporary characteristics o...
Book
Full-text available
The ocean and its inhabitants sketch and stretch our understandings of law in unexpected ways. Inspired by the blue turn in the social sciences and humanities, Blue Legalities explores how regulatory frameworks and governmental infrastructures are made, reworked, and contested in the oceans. Its interdisciplinary contributors analyze topics that ra...
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The extensive body of social science and humanities scholarship on zoos rarely discusses aquariums. Despite their independent historical trajectory and unique characteristics and challenges, aquariums are typically considered the younger sister to the more established terrestrial zoo institutions. This article is an initial exploration of modern pu...
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Drawing on interviews with, and observations of, officials from Israel’s Nature and Park Authority, fieldworkers from environmental and human rights nonprofits, and local Palestinian farmers, this article tells stories about springs in the occupied West Bank. Entangled with the physical decline of the springs’ water supply and quality, it examines...
Article
The extensive body of social science and humanities scholarship on zoos rarely discusses aquariums. Despite their independent historical trajectory and unique characteristics and challenges, aquariums are typically considered the younger sister to the more established terrestrial zoo institutions. This article is an initial exploration of modern pu...
Article
Drawing on interviews with, and observations of, officials from Israel’s Nature and Park Authority, fieldworkers from environmental and human rights nonprofits, and local Palestinian farmers, this article tells stories about springs in the occupied West Bank. Entangled with the physical decline of the springs’ water supply and quality, it examines...
Article
Full-text available
Coral scientists are currently facing an existential crisis: their organisms, reef building corals who have existed on earth for nearly 250 million years, are dying en masse because of human induced changes to their environments. How do the scientists plan to save corals? My contribution argues that this scientific community has been oscillating be...
Article
Full-text available
מדעני הסביבה חלוקים כיום בשאלה כיצד להתמודד עם סכנת ההכחדה ההמונית של המינים, המואצת בשל שינויי האקלים. אנשי השימור המסורתי קוראים להמשיך ולהגן על המגוון הביולוגי באמצעות פארקים ושמורות טבע. לעומתם, יותר ויותר חוקרים מעריכים שמאמצי השימור של חלקות טבע ״טהורות״ נכשלו, וקוראים דווקא להעמיק את ההתערבות האנושית במערכת האקולוגית כדי למנוע הידרדרות נוספת...
Chapter
J Murray Roberts is a professor of applied marine biology and ecology in the School of GeoSciences at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland. His main research focus is deep-sea, or cold-water, corals. I interviewed him by Skype on January 27, 2016, and then over breakfast at a café in Edinburgh on April 20, 2016—in between two of his long excursion...
Chapter
Chapter 2, ““And Then We Wept”: Coral Death on Record,” documents the despair side of the pendulum as it contemplates the existing modes and technologies for recording coral bleaching and death. Here, the trajectory is typically of devastation and gloom, as the numbers are depressing at best. Much of the chapter focuses on the third global bleachin...
Chapter
Ken Nedimyer is founder and president of the Coral Restoration Foundation. He has lived and worked in the Florida Keys for over forty years and has witnessed firsthand the degradation of the Florida Reef Tract. He established one of the largest coral nurseries in the world and has been training restoration groups, especially in the Caribbean, on ho...
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Ruth Gates is director of the Hawai‘i Institute of Marine Biology at the University of Hawai‘i. The institute occupies its own tiny island, known as Moku o Lo‘e, or Coconut Island. She is also the (first female) president of the International Society for Reef Studies. Elizabeth Kolbert wrote about Gates in the ...
Chapter
Coral Whisperers is structured as a pendulum swinging between hope and despair. Chapter 1, “Coral Scientists between Hope and Despair,”explains the workings of this pendulum and the stakes involved. Relying considerably on my observations at the International Coral Reef Symposium in Hawai’i in June 2016, this chapter relates the intellectual and em...
Chapter
Peter F. Sale is a marine ecologist. He has been a faculty member at the University of Sydney, Australia; the University of New Hampshire, USA; and the University of Windsor, Canada, where he is currently professor emeritus. His research in Hawai‘i, Australia, the Caribbean, and the Middle East has focused primarily on reef fish ecology and on the...
Book
Coral Whisperers captures a key moment in the history of coral reef science and of environmental conservation at large. Drawing on more than one hundred interviews,the book documents the physical, intellectual, and emotional plight of coral scientists and their painstaking deliberations as they struggle to understand and save corals from what many...
Chapter
The fifth and final chapter in the book, “The Coral Holobiont: Hope and the Genomic Turn,” explores the hope encapsulated within coral life in the flesh. Holobionts, hologenomes, chimeras, and reticulate evolution are just a few of the concepts deployed by coral scientists to shed light on the microscopic and macroscopic complexity of corals, highl...
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Conservation is the art of cultivating—here, that means cultivating both corals and hope for the future. The book’s conclusion begins with a description of two art-science collaborations and then moves to review the main themes of the book. It highlights that alongside the story of correlation, complexity, and wonder, Coral Whisperers has also told...
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In chapter 4, “Coral Law under Threat,”the pendulum swings back to despair. The chapter documents the focus of contemporary legal regimes—in particular, the U.S. Endangered Species Act—on threat and endangerment, exposing how ill-equipped this law is for dealing with coral species and also with the sheer scale of their “super wicked problem.” Here,...
Chapter
In chapter 3, “Nursing Corals Back to Life: Fragments of Hope,”the pendulum swings again, this time to document acts of hope by coral restoration scientists. Drawing on my visits to five coral nurseries—Culebra in the Caribbean, southern Israel, Honolulu, Coconut Island in Hawai’i, and the Florida Aquarium—this chapter explores the scientific, cult...
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Ove Hoegh-Guldberg is the inaugural director of the Global Change Institute and a professor of marine science at the University of Queensland, Australia. He has held academic positions at the University of California, Los Angeles, Stanford University, and the University of Sydney, and is a member of the Australian Climate Group and the Royal Societ...
Chapter
Jeremy Bradford Cook Jackson is an American marine ecologist and paleontologist, a professor emeritus at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, and a senior scientist emeritus at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in the Republic of Panama. He has published over 150 scientific articles—including eighteen in the prestigious journal ...
Chapter
Coral Whisperers focuses on coral scientists attempting to understand their world, both individually and as a community. The book is organized around their oscillation between hope and despair, with climate change playing an intensifying role for both approaches. The phrase“on the brink” in the book’s subtitle captures the sense of urgency and cris...
Article
Questions pertaining to the role of nonhumans in law shed light on some of the most fundamental assumptions and constructions of contemporary modern law. I start by reviewing the traditions of animal welfare and animal rights in legal studies and by discussing the constitutional frameworks that contend with the animal. Then, I move beyond the indiv...
Book
Full-text available
In recent years, a catastrophic global bleaching event devastated many of the world’s precious coral reefs. Working on the front lines of ruin, today’s coral scientists are struggling to save these important coral reef ecosystems from the imminent threats of rapidly warming, acidifying, and polluted oceans. Coral Whisperers captures a critical mome...
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Full-text available
The role of zoo veterinarians has changed significantly in the last several decades, reflecting and revealing broader transformations in zoo culture, especially among North American accredited zoos. This article draws on several interviews with prominent zoo vets, as well as on regulations that pertain to their work, to highlight their current posi...
Chapter
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Technologies like CRISPR and gene drives are ushering in a new era of genetic engineering, wherein the technical means to modify DNA are cheaper, faster, more accurate, more widely accessible, and with more far-reaching effects than ever before. These cutting-edge technologies raise legal, ethical, cultural, and ecological questions that are so bro...
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Captive Zoometric Operations in Gaza Irus Braverman “We are the only people in this world who are living under such total occupation. Israel sees us as being equal to our animals, and sometimes they even value us less than our animals.” This quote, from the founder of the Gaza Zoo, demonstrates both the significance and the complexities of human-a...
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The last two decades have witnessed an explosion of national and global lists of threatened and endangered species. This article draws on interviews with prominent list managers and observations of their assessments to explore the scientific practices of list-making in the context of species conservation. Delving into the complex calculations of ri...
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Corals have recently emerged as both a sign and a measure of the imminent catastrophic future of life on earth and, as such, have become the focus of intense conservation management. . Bleached! draws on in-depth interviews and participatory observations with coral scientists and managers to explore the management of the corals' ecological catastro...
Chapter
Increasingly, the virtual became reality by a hybridization of the world as we knew it: the process that went on in recent years is one of a technically assisted hybridization of both space and self, the »old« world is becoming virtualized and functionalized to a degree never experienced before. For the first time in human history, we have reached...
Chapter
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Alongside the push to expand legal geography into new spaces and temporalities “out there,” this chapter proposes an inward expansion: a reflection on how we come to write what we write, rather than where, when, and why we do so. Such greater awareness to the craftsmanship of legal geography will pay off in a range of ways, most important, by incre...
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This essay draws on interviews with conservation biologists to reflect on two interrelated aspects of the in situ - ex situ divide and its increasing integration: database systems and population management models. Specifically, I highlight those databases and software programs used by zoos in ex situ conservation settings, and the parallel, traditi...
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Although understudied in academia and mostly unheard of by the general public, the in situ/ex situ dichotomy has shaped—and still very much shapes—the development of the nature conservation movement and its institutional alliances in the last few decades. Latin for “in” and “out” of place, the in/ex situ dichotomy often stands for the seemingly les...
Chapter
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Legal geography takes the reciprocal interconnections between law and spatiality as core objects of inquiry. The introduction explores three broadly sequential modes of legal geographic research. The first mode of legal geography includes disciplinary work in law or geography that is modeled on the conventional image of import and export. The secon...
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The importance of the door for human civilization cannot be overstated. In various cultures, the door has been a central technology for negotiating the distinction between inside and outside, private and public, and profane and sacred. By tracing the material and symbolic significance of the door in American Fourth Amendment case law, this article...

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