Iroshani Kodikara

Iroshani Kodikara
University of Ruhuna · Department of Anatomy

MBBS MD Radiology

About

41
Publications
3,726
Reads
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23
Citations
Citations since 2016
40 Research Items
23 Citations
201620172018201920202021202202468101214
201620172018201920202021202202468101214
201620172018201920202021202202468101214
201620172018201920202021202202468101214
Introduction
Iroshani Kodikara currently works at the Department of Anatomy, University of Ruhuna. Iroshani does research in Radiology.

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
Full-text available
Branching pattern of aortic arch (AA) has a direct impact on the outcomes of thoracic surgical and angiographic procedures. Since, geographical variations in the branching pattern of AA have been described, this descriptive cross-sectional study describes the AA variations in a Sri Lankan population compared to the available global data. For that,...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Although several chest X-ray (CXR) severity scoring systems are in use to assess COVID-19 pneumonia (CP), inhomogeneity has been observed among the assessment methodologies. Objectives: To describe and validate severity scoring system based on different features to identify the most suitable scoring system to predict CP severity and o...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background/ objectivesThe severity of Covid-19 pneumonia has shown a positive association with co-existing risk factors. However, the exact nature of lung involvement in high-risk Covid-19 patients is yet to be resolved. Therefore, we evaluated the CXR features, temporal progression, and the factors associated with CXR severity in high-risk patient...
Article
Full-text available
Background The accuracy of internal organ volume estimation done with ultrasound (US) was found to be multifactorial. Hence, we aimed to describe and validate the volume assessment of ultrasound and standard volume estimation formulae for different shaped intra-abdominal organs using spleens and kidneys. Materials and methods Dissected cadaveric k...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background /Objectives Branching pattern of aortic arch (AA) has a direct impact on the outcome of thoracic surgical and angiographic procedures. Geographical variations in the branching pattern of AA has been described. Hence, this descriptive cross sectional study describes the AA variations in a Sri Lankan population compared to the available gl...
Article
Full-text available
Background Association between early diagnosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and low morbidity and mortality rate has been proven. Thus, tools for early CKD diagnosis are vital. Ultrasonography has been widely used to diagnose and monitor the progression of CKD. Objectives To determine the performance of selected renal ultrasonographic parameter...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To evaluated the prevalence and some associated factors of basilar invagination (BI) in a group of Sri Lankan adults. Material and methods: Brain computed tomographic images (CT) of adults admitted to Teaching Hospital Rathnapura, Sri Lanka were studied, excluding subjects with craniofacial syndromes, cerebral or spinal pathologies. The...
Article
Full-text available
Schwannoma typically a slow-growing tumour that bears the reputation of the most common benign peripheral nerve sheath tumour. Sciatic nerve schwannoma is rare (1%) tumour that can manifest with symptoms of sciatica. Diagnosis of schwannoma is often delayed, notably when presents with symptoms of sciatica
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Background Insulin therapy is essential for type 1 diabetes. While a reasonable glycemic control prevents complications, inadvertent intramuscular (IM) insulin injection results in hypoglycemia and fluctuations of blood glucose levels. Objective To assess the subcutaneous thickness (SCt) at the potential insulin injection sites, in order...
Article
Full-text available
Background Insulin therapy is essential for type 1 diabetes. While a reasonable glycemic control prevents complications, inadvertent intramuscular (IM) insulin injection results in hypoglycemia and fluctuations of blood glucose levels. Objective To assess the subcutaneous thickness (SCt) at the potential insulin injection sites, in order to determ...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Introduction: Renal sizes are of immense use to diagnose renal pathologies. As ethnic variations are known to influence renal sizes, we aimed to assess the ethnic variations in bipolar renal length (RL) and kidney to body height ratio (KBR) of a young adult Sri Lankan population. Methods: Healthy adults were recruited, by excluding subjec...
Article
Full-text available
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is an uncommon disease entity. In contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance venography (MRV) images of the brain, CVST usually manifests as a filling defect of the dural venous sinuses. Brain parenchymal involvement in CVST can be ranged from parenchymal oedema to haemorrhagic infarctio...
Article
Background In image assisted volume estimation, the volume of the object is calculated with a formula, using linear measurements of the objects. Since the volume estimation accuracy is thought to be influenced by the shape of the object, the volume estimation error would be related to the calculation formula used. Purpose To evaluate the volume es...
Article
Full-text available
Background Aetiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD) has shown geographical clustering. Renal ultrasound (USS) is used to diagnose CKD, but USS features are known to vary with aetiology of CKD. Objectives To describe aetiological factors and USS features of CKD. Methods Renal USS was performed in diagnosed adult CKD patients (n=100) and a control...
Article
Full-text available
Association of volume estimation accuracy obtained using USS, CT and volume calculation formulae for different shaped objects SKYI Kodikara1, DTK Gamage2, I Abeysekara3, LGM Gamage1, I Ilayperuma1 1Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka. 2Teaching Hospital, Rathnapura, Sri Lanka. 3 National Dengue Control Unit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ultrasonography (USS) and computer-tomography (CT) are frequently warranted for volume estimation of internal organs. Volume estimation accuracy is said to be influenced by the shape of the object. The scanner utilizes a formula to calculate the volume of a specific shaped object. Therefore the volume estimation error described for non globular obj...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Volume estimation of organs using two-dimensional (2D) ultrasonography is frequently warranted. Considering the influence of estimated volume on patient management, maintenance of its high accuracy is empirical. However, data are scarce regarding the accuracy of estimated volume of non-globular shaped objects of different volumes. Pur...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
2D ultrasongraphic volume assessment of globular and non globular objects – A preliminary study KODIKARA SKYI 1, GAMAGE DTK2, NILMINI KWGP1, ILAYPERUMA I1. 1Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ruhuna,Galle 2Consultant Radiologist, Provincial General Hospital Rathnapura, Rathnapura Introduction Ultrasonography is a widely u...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Morphometric evaluation of renal dimensions: A preliminary cadaver study SKYI Kodikara, KWGP Nilmini, I Ilayperuma, BG Nanayakkara Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka. Introduction: Renal dimensions are considered as important parameters for clinical assessment of patients with congenital anomolies, neoplasi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Association of renal cortical echogenicity and renal function in chronic kidney disease - sonographic study I KODIKARA1, DTK GAMAGE 2, KWGP NILMINI1, BG NANAYAKKARA 1, I ILAYPERUMA1. 1Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ruhuna,Galle. 2Consultant Radiologist, Base Hospital Tissamaharama,Tissamaharama. Introduction Ultrasoson...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Renal length in a healthy Sri Lankan adult population – Sonographic study I KODIKARA1, DTK GAMAGE2, KWGP NILMINI1, BG NANAYAKKARA1, I ILAYPERUMA1 1Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ruhuna,Galle. 2Consultant Radiologist, Base Hospital Tissamaharama,Tissamaharama. Introduction Kidney to body height ratio (KBR) is consider...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Prevalence of Renal Cysts in a Group of Adult Sri Lankan Cadavers I. Kodikara1, K. W. G. P. Nilmini1, R. Hasan2, B. G. Nanayakkara1, I.Ilayperuma1 1 Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka. 2 Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka. Introduction: Cysts are the most common sp...
Article
Background:Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common causes for chronic liver disease in Asians. It occurs more commonly in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).However, data on prevalence and associations of NAFLD among Sri Lankans with diabetes are lacking. The main aim of this study is to investigate the preval...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Value of sonography in diagnosis of early chronic kidney disease (CKD) is discussed. Renal cortical and parenchymal thicknesses best predictor of early CKD. Ultrasound renal morphology varies with associated comorbidity of CKD.
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: A detailed knowledge on morphometric variations of the spleen is of great
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global & local health problem. Serum creatinine (Scr) is an indicator of renal function. Ultrasound is a freely available safe, reliable imaging modality, commonly used to assess kidneys in CKD. Association of renal length and Scr in CKD is evaluated in this study, as such data is lacking for Sri Lank...
Article
Full-text available
Dengue infection is a mosquito born endemic disease with rising trend in Sri Lanka. Diagnosis of DF is clinical, supported by investigations. The phase of illness, warning signs, hydration and hemodynamic status of the patient determine the need for hospitalization and fluid management. Fluid management is crucial in prognosis. Ultrasonography (USG...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Accurate estimation of the body weight (BW) increases the safety and effectiveness of medical and pharmacological interventions. However, various situations make it difficult or even impossible to obtain a patient’s body weight. In those instances, the need for an alternate method of weight determination arises. Consequently, several...
Poster
Full-text available
Study population= 131 children (2-13 years): Study setting= Lady Ridgeway Hospital Colombo: Sites of measurements= bilateral mid-arms, anterior abdomen and mid-thighs, with and without a skin fold by ultrasonography. •Those with a distance from skin surface to muscle less than 15mm or 5mm were considered as having IM risk in the insulin injection s...

Questions

Questions (5)
Question
What is the criteria used to label a journal as a fake or predator journal?
Is there a list of fake journals?
Question
I am looking for a reliable source to learn regression analysis.
Can anyone recommend me a U tube video/ book?
Question
Is it essential to standardize a self administered questionnaire?
If it is essential what is the best methodology?

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
To describe radiological features of Covid 19 lung disease. To identify risk factors associated with severe lung disease.
Project
To define the role of lung ultraound in different clinical conditions. To identify the role of lung ultrasound in respiratory infections
Project
To evaluate the role of radiological investigations in dengue management