Irna van der molen

Irna van der molen
University of Twente | UT · Institute for Innovation and Governance Studies (IGS)

MA, MSc, PhD

About

47
Publications
20,387
Reads
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219
Citations
Introduction
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
June 1997 - July 2012
University of Twente
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (47)
Technical Report
Full-text available
This internal working paper is focusing on the academic and policy related debates surrounding the policy term 'Fragile States'. It is a critical analysis of the challenges and shortcomings within the concept and it offers alternative ways of looking at fragile statehood.
Technical Report
Full-text available
This working paper is one of the first in a series of papers on fragile states, produced jointly by the five Working Groups which are part of the Knowledge Network Peace, Security and Development in Fragile States2. The purpose of this working paper is to identify the common denominator in different definitions, to review the discourse on fragile s...
Research
Full-text available
This chapter is continuation of the joint working paper written by: Overbeek, F. van; Hollander, T.; Van der Molen, I.; Willems, R.; Frerks, G. and L. Anten. 2009. Peace Security and Development Network, Working Paper 1. Several sections from this working paper are included in this chapter with permission from the authors.
Article
In 2012, South Lebanon faced a solid waste management crisis that particularly affected Palestinian refugee communities, which were excluded from municipal service mandates. By means of a case study of the Palestinian community living in Shabriha, this article demonstrates that the vulnerability to the environmental effects of this waste crisis ult...
Data
Full-text available
Lebanon’s history has been scarred by repeated episodes of armed conflict: the Civil War, the Israel-Lebanon war, the Nahr-el Bared clashes, the recurrent clashes in Tripoli between Bab al-Tabbaneh and Jebel Mohsen, and, more recently, the spill-over from the war in Syria. This has resulted in tragic human loss, trauma, disruption of communities an...
Book
Full-text available
Lebanon's history has been scarred by repeated episodes of armed conflict: the Civil War, the Israel-Lebanon war, the Nahr-el Bared clashes, the recurrent clashes in Tripoli between Bab al-Tabbaneh and Jebel Mohsen, and, more recently, the spill-over from the war in Syria. This has resulted in tragic human loss, trauma, disruption of communities an...
Chapter
Full-text available
Lebanon's history has been scarred by repeated episodes of armed conflict: the Civil War, the Israel-Lebanon war, the Nahr-el Bared clashes, the recurrent clashes in Tripoli between Bab al-Tabbaneh and Jebel Mohsen, and, more recently, the spill-over from the war in Syria. This has resulted in tragic human loss, trauma, disruption of communities an...
Article
Repetitive armed conflicts may be directly and indirectly responsible for severe biophysical modification to the environment. This, in turn, makes land more susceptible to degradation. Mapping and monitoring land degradation are essential for designing and implementing post-conflict recovery plans and informed policy decisions. The aim of this work...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper aims to examine the determinants of Official Development Assistance (ODA) flows received by Lebanon from 1970 to 2010. Over this period of time, Lebanon's economy and socio-political reality has been under strain due to the outbreak of the civil war (1975-1990). More specifically, the objective of this paper is to attempt to understand t...
Article
This paper examines the spatial variation in vulnerability between different geographical areas of the northern coastal region of Lebanon within the context of armed conflict. The study is based on the 'vulnerability of space' approach and will be positioned in the academic debate on vulnerability concepts. While 'vulnerability of place' is referre...
Article
This research investigates how trust plays a role in environmental management in North Lebanon, which has suffered repeated episodes of armed conflict in recent times. Previous studies have shown that environmental problems have increased and that the government has been unable to address these, even during periods of relative peace. We examined tr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper investigates trust and cooperation in the context of environmental management in Lebanon. Literature already indicated increasing environmental problems in this area that suffered from repeated episodes of armed conflict. The Lebanese government has been faced by many difficulties to address these environmental challenges. While ‘trust’...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper examines the spatial variation in vulnerability between different geographical areas of the northern coastal region of Lebanon within the context of armed conflict. The study is based on the ‘vulnerability of space’ approach and will be positioned in the academic debate on vulnerability concepts. While ‘vulnerability of place’ is referre...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper examines the variation in the effects of individuals' vulnerability and trust on human behavior within five geographical areas (Akkar, Menieh, Tripoli, Koura, Batroun) along the northern coastline of Lebanon in the context of recurring armed conflict. Lebanon has been subject to regular episodes of armed conflict since 1975, with severe...
Article
This paper investigates trust and cooperation in the context of environmental management in Lebanon. Literature already indicated increasing environmental problems in this area that suffered from repeated episodes of armed conflict. The Lebanese government has been faced by many difficulties to address these environmental challenges. While 'trust'...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper positions trust and cooperation in the context of environmental management in Lebanon. Previous studies indicated increasing environmental problems in this area that suffered from repeated episodes of armed conflict. The effectiveness of the Lebanese government to address the environmental challenges has been constrained by a large varie...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper identifies different degrees of individual empowerment in the coastal area of North Lebanon within the context of armed conflict by answering two questions: 1.What are the degrees of empowerment of individuals in the coastal area of north Lebanon? 2. How do the degrees of empowerment vary across the different geographical areas within th...
Article
This paper positions trust and cooperation in the context of environmental management in Lebanon. Previous studies indicated increasing environmental problems in this area. The effectiveness of the Lebanese government to address these challenges has been reported to be constrained by large varieties of factors. While 'trust' and 'cooperation' are r...
Article
De omstreden grenzen in het Israëlisch-Palestijnse conflict bepalen mede de toegang tot water. De verdeling van het schaarse water in het gebied is al sinds het begin vorige eeuw een sleutelprobleem in de ongelijkheid tussen Israëli's en Palestijnen. Maar die situatie kan veranderen, mede door technologisch-economische ontwikkelingen.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Monitoring landcover changes in Lebanon using multi-temporal satellite images is considered an important step towards investigating environmental change over large areas with the severe lack of environmental measurements and records. Automated change detection presents a valuable tool for monitoring large areas. Until present, Lebanon lacks an oper...
Article
The principle of ‘polluter pays’ is fundamental to environmental law. However, the principle becomes problematic in the case of environmental damage caused during conflict. The international community acknowledges that reparation should be forthcoming, but it is not clear in every case how compensation should be funded. Compensation related to envi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The main research question for this study is: How do multi-stakeholder processes (MSPs) for the improvement of service delivery affect the performance and governance of those services, and how does this affect the effectiveness and legitimacy of state institutions?This report will document the findings for the four selected Palestinian cases. The c...
Conference Paper
Direct and indirect effects of armed conflicts are often visible on the landscape and are manifested as changes in the environment. Such changes make vegetated areas more susceptible to degradation, which can lead to an increased risk of fires. The aim of this work was to assess fire risk associated with repetitive armed conflicts on the coastal zo...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we will explore how local politics of policy, in the interaction with governance mechanisms, have produced specific polity outcomes in the irrigation sector of Andhra Pradesh. The water sector of Andhra Pradesh, which has been struggling within inefficiency, poor performance, deterioration, and lack of participation as elsewhere in...
Article
Full-text available
Dit artikel schetst het politiektheoretische discours omtrent humanitaire interventie, mede op basis van veranderende inzichten in internationale betrekkingen en heersende beginselen omtrent soevereiniteit. De 'Responsibility to protect'-doctrine is de afgelopen jaren veelbesproken, en komt zelfs op de agenda nu er in Birma weliswaar geen sprake is...
Article
Ten years after the adoption of the Beijing Declaration, gender mainstreaming is still high on the donor agenda. Nonetheless, a number of evaluation reports clearly indicate that operationalisation of gender mainstreaming strategies remains a challenging task. The integration of gender concerns at the country level requires adequate financial and h...
Article
Ten years after the adoption of the Beijing Declaration, gender mainstreaming is still high on the donor agenda. Nonetheless, a number of evaluation reports clearly indicate that operationalisation of gender mainstreaming strategies remains a challenging task. The integration of gender concerns at the country level requires adequate financial and h...
Article
Irrigation schemes have contributed to the availability of water not only for agriculture but also for domestic use by rural households. In the Uda Walawe irrigation scheme in southern Sri Lanka, irrigation canals are being lined with concrete to save water, meant to enable extension of the irrigated area. The effects of lining on the availability...
Article
Full-text available
Dit hoofdstuk gaat nader in op de informele economische structuren ten tijde van gewapend conflict en de transformatie van deze structuren in de periode van wederopbouw.
Article
Since the early 1990s, the Baltic states have gone through processes of economic transition and liberalization. Although various reports give an overview of gendered impacts of these economic reforms, they fail to elaborate on the more complex relations between gender, citizenship, and social exclusion. This article explores these relations in more...
Article
Full-text available
Several authors, politicians, leaders of international organisations and journalists have cautioned the world community that the increasing scarcity of freshwater resources might lead to national and international conflicts. When relating this to climate change forecasts – most of which indicate that climate change will have a significant impact on...
Book
Full-text available
This dissertation is based on research into minor irrigation systems in the Dry Zone of Sri Lanka that was carried out between 1997 and 2000 in Anuradhapura District. In Anuradhapura District, there is large variation in rainfall and severe water shortages occur frequently, sometimes for several years in succession. The food and income security of...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
In this project, we aim to develop a tool that can be used for analyzing the ethical and legal issues related to the development and use of drone technology. More specifically, it will be a tool that can be used (a) to anticipate how a drone-in-development might have an impact on individual users, social practices, and societal processes; (b) to analyze the normative (legal and ethical) dimensions of this impact; and (c) to bring this analysis to technological and regulatory design processes. The main question guiding this research project, therefore, is: 'how to develop a tool to support the responsible development and use of drones, combining a conceptual and empirical analysis of the ways in which drones make it possible to act and perceive on a distance with both a legal and an ethical analysis of this action and perception on-a-distance?'