Iris Marusic

Iris Marusic
The Institute for Social Research, Croatia | IDIZ · Centre for Educational Research and Development

PhD

About

53
Publications
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Publications

Publications (53)
Article
Full-text available
Affect is involved in many psychological phenomena, but a descriptive structure, long sought, has been elusive. Valence and arousal are fundamental, and a key question-the focus of the present study-is the relationship between them. Valence is sometimes thought to be independent of arousal, but, in some studies (representing too few societies in th...
Article
In this study, we examined the mediating role of academic self-efficacy and motivational learning strategies in the relationship between personality and elementary school students’ achievement. The data were collected using a questionnaire that was administered to 511 Croatian eighth-grade students (14–15 years old) and analysed using Hayes’s PROCE...
Article
Transitions into higher educational levels are normative life events that challenge students' academic and socio-emotional development. This longitudinal study aims to examine outcomes of and determinants of students' adaptation to the transition from classroom (4th grade) to subject teaching (5th grade). The outcomes of adaptation were assessed by...
Article
Aggressive behaviour has negative consequences for students who are exposed to it and those who are aggressive. In addition to a number of negative consequences at the individual level aggression negatively impacts processes within the school. Successful methods of preventing and reducing aggressive behaviour at school often include activities rela...
Article
Integrativni teorijski modeli, poput socijalno-kognitivne teorije obrazovnih i karijernih izbora, prepoznaju brojnost i složenost odrednica učeničke odluke o odabiru vrste srednjoškolskog obrazovanja. No, malobrojna su istraživanja u kojima se istodobno provjeravao doprinos većeg broja odrednica te odluke. Cilj ovog rada je istražiti doprinos razli...
Conference Paper
Sve veći broj istraživanja ukazuje na važnost socio-emocionalnih kompetencija za brojne životne ishode, poput boljeg akademskog uspjeha, mentalnog zdravlja i kvalitetnijih odnosa s drugim ljudima (Durlak, Weissberg, Dymnicki, Taylor i Schellinger, 2011). Prema CASEL modelu (Bridgeland, Bruce i Hariharan, 2013), socio-emocionalne kompetencije uključ...
Article
Framed by the EU-project Hand in Hand focusing on Social, Emotional and Intercultural (SEI) competencies among students and school staff the paper discusses implementation and professional competencies based on a literature review. Five themes were identified: 1) Intercultural/transcultural competency is not often referred to in the same research a...
Conference Paper
Socio-emocionalne kompetencije su sklop vještina koje omogućuju osobi da prepozna vlastite emocije i njima upravlja, uvažava perspektivu drugih, ostvaruje dobre međuljudske odnose i odgovorno donosi odluke (Jennings, 2011). Dobro razvijene socio-emocionalne kompetencije nastavnika/ca važne su za njihovu osobnu dobrobit i nošenje sa stresom, kao i z...
Research
Full-text available
The HAND in HAND project started with in-depth and systematic state-of-the-art analyses in the partner countries (Slovenia, Croatia, Sweden, Germany, Denmark) and wider (the EU and international) in relation to SEI competency measurements or the SEI programme development, resulting in three comprehensive catalogues to be used during the project lif...
Research
Full-text available
The HAND in HAND project started with in-depth and systematic state-of-the-art analyses in the partner countries (Slovenia, Croatia, Sweden, Germany, Denmark) and wider (the EU and international) in relation to SEI competency measurements or the SEI programme development, resulting in three comprehensive catalogues to be used during the project lif...
Research
Full-text available
The HAND in HAND project started with in deapth and systematic state of the art analyses in the partner countries (Slovenia, Croatia, Sweden, Germany, Denmark) and wider (EU and international) in relation to SEI competences measurement or SEI program development, resulting in three comprehensive catalogues to be used during the project lifetime (in...
Poster
Full-text available
The presentation focuses on the importance of social, emotional and intercultural skills (SEI skills) for building inclusive societies and to prevent segregation and discriminative bullying by enhancing SEI skills of all students and school staff (the whole school approach) focusing on schools with larger proportions of migrant and refugee students...
Chapter
Full-text available
The goal of this research was to explore the relationships between personality, self-concept, learning strategies and mathematics anxiety in elementary school students. The sample consisted of 511 8th grade students from 36 Croatian elementary schools who completed the Maths Anxiety Scale, Big Five Inventory, the Self-Description Questionnaire-II a...
Chapter
The first part of the chapter gives an overview of teacher education and teacher professional development in Croatia, together with an empirical review of motivations for the teaching profession in Croatia, whereas the second part presents the results of the new study. The goal of the present study was to explore the role of personality and motivat...
Chapter
Full-text available
The first part of the chapter gives an overview of teacher education and teacher professional development in Croatia, together with an empirical review of motivations for the teaching profession in Croatia, whereas the second part presents the results of the new study. The goal of the present study was to explore the role of personality and motivat...
Article
Full-text available
Cilj istraživanja bio je provjeriti razlike u aspektima školskog samopoimanja (Marsh, 1990) te korištenju kognitivnih i motivacijskih strategija učenja (Lončarić, 2014a) kod učenika različitog školskog uspjeha. U istraživanju su sudjelovali učenici osmog razreda osnovnih škola u Zagrebu i Zagrebačkoj županiji (N = 589). Rezultati pokazuju da, u usp...
Article
Full-text available
The motivation, skills and professional identity of future teachers develop during their initial teacher education. The aim of this research is to assess the differences between first-year and fifth-year student teachers on a number of personality and motivational variables that are indicative of their approaches to learning, using a cross-sectiona...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the research was to examine the role that personality variables, mathematics anxiety, stereotypes about mathematics as a male domain and the perception of mathematics teachers’ role and behaviour have in explaining students’ mathematics self-concept, over and above the information about their mathematics success. The participants were 8t...
Article
Full-text available
Although large international studies have found consistent patterns of sex differences in personality traits among adults (i.e., women scoring higher on most facets), less is known about cross-cultural sex differences in adolescent personality and the role of culture and age in shaping them. The present study examines the NEO Personality Inventory-...
Article
Full-text available
Although large international studies have found consistent patterns of sex differences in personality traits among adults (i.e., women scoring higher on most facets), less is known about cross-cultural sex differences in adolescent personality and the role of culture and age in shaping them. The present study examines the NEO Personality Inventory-...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the research was to examine the role that personality variables, mathematics anxiety, stereotypes about mathematics as a male domain and the perception of mathematics teachers' role and behaviour have in explaining students' mathematics self-concept, over and above the information about their mathematics success. The participants were 8t...
Article
Full-text available
Numerous studies have documented subtle but consistent sex differences in self-reports and observer-ratings of five-factor personality traits, and such effects were found to show well-defined developmental trajectories and remarkable similarity across nations. In contrast, very little is known about perceived gender differences in five-factor trait...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Numerous studies have documented subtle but consistent sex differences in self-reports and observer-ratings of five-factor personality traits, and such effects were found to show welldefined developmental trajectories and remarkable similarity across nations. In contrast, very little is known about perceived gender differences in five-fact...
Article
Full-text available
Consensual stereotypes of some groups are relatively accurate, whereas others are not. Previous work suggesting that national character stereotypes are inaccurate has been criticized on several grounds. In this article we (a) provide arguments for the validity of assessed national mean trait levels as criteria for evaluating stereotype accuracy; an...
Article
Full-text available
Age trajectories for personality traits are known to be similar across cultures. To address whether stereotypes of age groups reflect these age-related changes in personality, we asked participants in 26 countries (N = 3,323) to rate typical adolescents, adults, and old persons in their own country. Raters across nations tended to share similar bel...
Article
Full-text available
The study presents results founded upon the Factors Influencing Teaching Choice scale validation and the relations between personality traits and motivation for teaching in Croatia. A sample of 374 first-year preservice teachers from three universities participated in the study. Confirmatory factor analysis of the items comprising the Croatian vers...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this research was to test gender differences in academic achievement in mathematics and in mathematics anxiety, and to explore the factors that explain mathematics achievement and anxiety. According to the expectancy-value theory (Eccles, 1983) educational choices and achievement are determined by motivational variables such as expectan...
Article
Full-text available
Studies on motivation for teaching as a career choice are still relatively rare and lacking clear theoretical framework based on recent theories of motivation and career choice. The aim of this research was to empirically test the model of influences on choice of teaching as a career based on expectancy-value theory of motivation (Eccles, 2005) in...
Article
Full-text available
Our study examines the relations of attachment andpersonality dimensions in young adults. Particular focus ofthe study is attachment to friends, a form of intimaterelations that is less frequently represented in attachmentresearch. For this purpose, modified Brennan's Inventory ofExperience in Close Relations (Kamenov & Jelic ́, 2003) andNEO PI-R a...
Article
This paper presents the short Scale of Student Experiences with Teaching and Learning. The aim of the scale is to provide a valid, reliable and useful tool for monitoring the important aspects of teaching and learning from the students 'perspective. The conceptual framework for the development of this scale is the learner-centred approach where stu...
Article
The research reported here is a part of the larger study on professional role development of student teachers during their pre-service education. The aim of the study was to explore the role of academic self-concept, basic psychological needs, motivation for teaching and self-efficacy for learning and performance as potential determinants of intrin...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the short Scale of Student Experiences with Teaching and Learning. The aim of the scale is to provide a valid, reliable and useful tool for monitoring the important aspects of teaching and learning from the students’ perspective. The conceptual framework for the development of this scale is the learner-centred approach where stu...
Article
Full-text available
College students (N=3,435) in 26 cultures reported their perceptions of age-related changes in physical, cognitive, and socioemotional areas of functioning and rated societal views of aging within their culture. There was widespread cross-cultural consensus regarding the expected direction of aging trajectories with (a) perceived declines in societ...
Article
In recent years, the need to systematically research the phenomenon of peer violence in Croatian schools and its various manifestations related to socio-demographic characteristics of the perpetrators and victims has been increasingly recognised. The aim of this research was to analyse the frequency of individual forms of peer abuse in two measurem...
Article
Full-text available
Posljednjih nekoliko godina sve se više prepoznaje potreba sustavnih istraživanja fenomena vršnjačkog nasilja u hrvatskim školama i njegovih različitih manifestacija vezanih uz socio-demografska obilježja počinitelja i žrtve. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je ispitati učestalost pojedinih oblika vršnjačkog zlostavljanja u dvije točke mjerenja, na počet...
Article
Full-text available
The analysis of the results obtained from the research carried out in 2003 on a representative sample of the schools in the Republic of Croatia is aimed at determining the presence of differentiation among 8th grade pupils of the primary school. The research was carried out in 121 schools from all Croatian regions and it included 2674 pupils, 14 ye...
Article
Full-text available
Most people hold beliefs about personality characteristics typical of members of their own and others' cultures. These perceptions of national character may be generalizations from personal experience, stereotypes with a “kernel of truth,” or inaccurate stereotypes. We obtained national character ratings of 3989 people from 49 cultures and compared...
Article
Full-text available
Most people hold beliefs about personality characteristics typical of members of their own and others' cultures. These perceptions of national character may be generalizations from personal experience, stereotypes with a "kernel of truth," or inaccurate stereotypes. We obtained national character ratings of 3989 people from 49 cultures and compared...
Article
Cross-cultural research has in recent years become one of the central topics of personality psychology. According to numerous authors such research has been given new momentum by the appearance of the Big-Five personality model whose development and promotion has been contributed to by researchers from many countries. An array of data speaking in f...
Article
Cross-cultural research has in recent years become one of the central topics of personality psychology. According to numerous authors such research has been given new momentum by the appearance of the Big-Five personality model whose development and promotion has been contributed to by researchers from many countries. An array of data speaking in f...
Article
Cross-cultural research has in recent years become one of the central topics of personality psychology. According to numerous authors such research has been given new momentum by the appearance of the Big-Five personality model whose development and promotion has been contributed to by researchers from many countries. An array of data speaking in f...
Article
Full-text available
Both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies in the United States have shown consistent changes between college age and middle adulthood. There appear to be declines in 3 of the 5 major factors of personality--Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Openness--and increases in Agreeableness and Conscientiousness. To examine cross-cultural generalizability o...
Article
Full-text available
AISS (Arnett, 1994) and Zuckerman's SSS scales were administered to 94 pairs of males between 17 and 47 yr of age (M = 29.6 yr) from Zagreb, capital of Croatia. Pairs were equivalent in age and education. The independent variable is the risk level of the sports they are engaged in (high risk sports were parachuting, diving, gliding, speleology and...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to examine the relations of masculinity and femininity with five-factor personality dimensions in Croatian adolescents. Sample consisted of 464 high school graduates, all of them Caucasian, and approximately 90% Croatian. Results were analyzed by multiple regression procedure using masculinity, femininity, gender, and thei...
Article
Full-text available
NEO—PI-R (Costa & McCrae, 1992) was administered to a sample of 138 adolescents and their parents. Father-offspring correlations, mother-offspring correlations and regressions of offspring on midparent score were computed for 30 facet scales as well as for the five broad domains: neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness and...
Article
The aim of this investigation was to examine the relations between self-reliance and some well-known personality traits such as sensation seeking, Eysenck's personality dimensions, shyness, Machiavellianism, as well as self rated physical attractiveness. The data, obtained on a sample of 150 male and 211 female university students, were analysed se...

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The goal of the project is to explore the motivation for teaching and professional identity of future subject teachers, with special emphasis on the gender dimension of choosing teaching as a career and also on social and emotional competencies of future teachers. Conceptual framework for this research is situated within the Factor Influencing Teaching Choice (FIT-Choice) model (Richardson & Watt, 2006) and CASEL's conceptualization of social-emotional competencies.
Project
Principal investigator: Boris Jokić, PhD Project beneficiary: The Institute for Social Research in Zagreb Financed by: Croatian Science Foundation Project duration: February 2016 – February 2019 The research aims to examine the nature, determinants and change in pupils’ educational aspirations at three transitional periods of Croatian elementary education. Employing a fully integrated mixed model design, combining qualitative and quantitative methods, it represents the first systemic longitudinal examination of this topic in the Croatian context. In this project, educational aspirations are broadly defined as the ambitions and goals pupils hold with regards to both immediate and future educational experiences and outcomes. Within the conceptual framework, educational aspirations are placed at the centre of an ecological system extending from the most proximal levels of the individual pupil, through the level of parents to the more distant levels of class (peers) and school. For each level, a number of psychological concepts are selected in order to investigate the nature and determinants of pupils’ aspirations. The research focuses on the aspirations of pupils from three different cohorts at three transitional periods of elementary education: the introduction to elementary education (1st to 2nd grade), the transition from class to subject teaching (4th to 5th grade) and the completion of elementary education prior to the transition to secondary education (7th to 8th grade). The qualitative research phase centres on an in-depth exploration of educational aspirations through a series of semi-structured interviews with participant triads made up of a pupil, his parent and teacher. The quantitative phase consists of the repeated administration of a pupil questionnaire aimed at examining the determinants of and change in pupils’ educational aspirations. The questionnaire will be administered in 20 randomly selected schools in Zagreb, Croatia. In each school, all 4th and 7th grade pupils will be invited to participate. The results from both research phases will be integrated through a concurrent examination of individual perspectives over time and the use of statistical modelling from the large samples.