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Irene Houtman

Irene Houtman
TNO | tno · Expertise Group for Work, Health and Care

PhD

About

160
Publications
142,850
Reads
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11,422
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 1990 - present
TNO
Position
  • Senior Researcher
January 1984 - July 1990
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (160)
Article
Full-text available
The present study aimed to explore the added value of managers’ and employee representatives’ agreement in risk perception and awareness in explaining the management of more ‘subjective’ psychosocial risks as compared to the more ‘objective’ traditional OSH risks. The general assumption tested was whether the added value of agreement in risk percep...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Work stress is an important problem among employees in education in the Netherlands. The present study aims to investigate the effects of a participatory organizational level work stress prevention approach to reduce (quantitative) job demands, increase resources (i.e. autonomy, supervisor and coworker support) and to reduce work stres...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The aim of this study is to develop a new measure for the concept of mental retirement and test the construct validity of the measure. Employees who are 'mentally retired' are present at their work physically, but have already said their goodbyes mentally. Mental retirement has a three-factor structure: developmental proactivity, work...
Article
Full-text available
Background The present study aimed to investigate the effects of a stepwise, bottom-up participatory program with a tailor-made intervention process addressing the level of mental retirement in a sample of Dutch employees. Mental retirement refers to feelings of being disconnected from your work and your organization. Prevention of mental retiremen...
Article
Objectives Healthcare workers frequently deal with work stress. This is a risk factor for adverse mental and physical health effects. The objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a digital platform-based implementation strategy - compared to a control group - on stress, work stress determinants (ie. psychosocial work factors)...
Article
Objective: The objective was to evaluate the process and feasibility of a digital platform-based implementation strategy aimed at work stress prevention. Methods: The process evaluation was performed alongside a controlled trial within a health care organization, in the experimental group (N = 221). Mental models, context, and barriers and facil...
Article
Full-text available
Effective interventions to prevent work stress and to improve health, well-being, and performance of employees are of the utmost importance. This quasi-experimental intervention study presents a specific method for diagnosis of psychosocial risk factors at work and subsequent development and implementation of tailored work stress interventions, the...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Unfavourable exposure to psychosocial work factors threatens older employees' mental health, and their sustained employment. This study assesses whether an improved compared to stable unfavourable and stable favourable exposure to psychosocial work factors is associated with a change in mental health in older employees at 3-year follow-up...
Article
Full-text available
Background Adequate implementation of work-related stress management interventions can reduce or prevent work-related stress and sick leave in organizations. We developed a multifaceted integral stress-prevention strategy for organizations from several sectors that includes a digital platform and collaborative learning network. The digital platform...
Article
Full-text available
Background Health care workers are exposed to psychosocial work factors. Autonomy and social support are psychosocial work factors that are related to stress, and are argued to largely result from the psychosocial safety climate within organisations. This study aimed to assess to what extent the relation between psychosocial safety climate and stre...
Article
Full-text available
Background The prevalence of workers with demanding physical working conditions in the European work force remains high, and occupational physical exposures are considered important risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders (MSD), a major burden for both workers and society. Exposures to physical workloads are therefore part of the European nation...
Article
Het doel van deze bijdrage is om de duurzame inzetbaarheid van werknemers in de sector zorg en welzijn in kaart te brengen, zowel in de sector als geheel, alsook in subsectoren zoals ziekenhuizen, huisartsenpraktijken, verpleeg- en verzorgingstehuizen en de thuiszorg. De vraag daarbij is hoe het gesteld is met de duurzame inzetbaarheid van werkneme...
Article
Detachment from work during non-work time is generally related to a decrease in work-related strain. However, it might also hamper employees’ generation of new and useful ideas about work by completely shutting off work-related thoughts and/or feelings outside of work. In this day-level study, we used a within-person design to investigate the role...
Article
Full-text available
Working longer than the maximum recommended hours is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but the relationship of excess working hours with incident cancer is unclear. METHODS: This multi-cohort study examined the association between working hours and cancer risk in 116 462 men and women who were free of cancer at baseline....
Article
Full-text available
Background: Working longer than the maximum recommended hours is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but the relationship of excess working hours with incident cancer is unclear. Methods: This multi-cohort study examined the association between working hours and cancer risk in 116 462 men and women who were free of cance...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Long working hours might increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, but prospective evidence is scarce, imprecise, and mostly limited to coronary heart disease. We aimed to assess long working hours as a risk factor for incident coronary heart disease and stroke. / Methods: We identified published studies through a systematic review o...
Article
Full-text available
Long working hours might increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, but prospective evidence is scarce, imprecise, and mostly limited to coronary heart disease. We aimed to assess long working hours as a risk factor for incident coronary heart disease and stroke. We identified published studies through a systematic review of PubMed and Embase fro...
Article
Full-text available
It is well-known that recovery from work and job resources can counteract negative effects of high job demands, but less is known about how off-job recovery and job resources are related to each other. In this two-level daily diary study, 67 employees filled out daily surveys over the course of 8 days to examine this issue. Consistent with our expe...
Article
Psychosocial stress at work has been proposed to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, its role as a risk factor for stroke is uncertain. We conducted an individual-participant-data meta-analysis of 196 380 males and females from 14 European cohort studies to investigate the association between job strain, a measure of work-related...
Article
Full-text available
In most countries in the EU, national surveys are used to monitor working conditions and health. Since the development processes behind the various surveys are not necessarily theoretical, but certainly practical and political, the extent of similarity among the dimensions covered in these surveys has been unclear. Another interesting question is w...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Tender N° VT/2012/028 concerned a study service contract to establish the situation in EU and EEA/EFTA countries on mental health in the workplace, evaluate the scope and requirements of possible modifications of relevant EU Safety & Health at Work legislation and elaborate a guidance document to accommodate corresponding risks/concerns, with a vie...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The specific aims of the Guidance are: • To situate the management of mental health issues in the workplace (prevention, promotion and return to work) within the context of the Framework Directive and related legislation and good practice in the area • To raise awareness of the importance of mental health and wellbeing management in the workplace •...
Article
Traditional machine-paced work shows adverse effects on worker health and learning. It is hardly known whether technological pacing shows the same effects in computer work. Hypotheses on work stress and learning were formulated regarding the effects of technological pacing, in the context of computer work performed during at least half of the worki...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Many workers have been dismissed in the past few years, either becoming unemployed or finding re-employment. The current study examined whether dismissal and its follow-up for the employee (re-employment versus unemployment) could be predicted from workers' employment contract and age, and their health status, work ability, work performan...
Article
Full-text available
Incidence rates of third party workplace violence in Europe have increased, but little is known about the causes thereof. It has been suggested that the growth of the service sector and the intensification of work could be responsible for the increase. This study aimed to identify trends in the prevalence of physical workplace violence across Europ...
Article
Full-text available
Burnout: trends, international differences, determinants and effects Burnout: trends, international differences, determinants and effects The aim of this article is to describe the trends in burnout, the international differences, the determinants, the risk groups as well as the relation of burnout with absenteeism and work disability. This is done...
Article
Burnout: the state of the art Burnout: the state of the art This manuscript presents an overview of the state-of-the-art in burnout research. Burnout is a work-related syndrome of extreme fatigue (exhaustion), distancing from work (cynicism), and low levels of professional efficacy, that is rooted in either the characteristics of one’s job or on in...
Article
Het Tijdschrift voor Arbeidsvraagstukken besloot een jaar geleden een themanummer over burnout uit te brengen. Dit leek zinvol, omdat met name in kranten en weekbladen en op websites de laatste jaren steeds meer onheilspellende berichten, blogs en columns verschenen over het mentale werkklimaat in Nederland. Een aantal voorbeelden van koppen uit de...
Article
Full-text available
It is well-known that health care workers in today's general hospitals have to deal with high levels of job demands, which could have negative effects on their health, well-being, and job performance. A way to reduce job-related stress reactions and to optimize positive work-related outcomes is to raise the level of specific job resources and oppor...
Article
Full-text available
To investigate whether work related stress, measured and defined as job strain, is associated with the overall risk of cancer and the risk of colorectal, lung, breast, or prostate cancers. Meta-analysis of pooled prospective individual participant data from 12 European cohort studies including 116 056 men and women aged 17-70 who were free from can...
Data
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Appendix 2: Supplementary information on potential confounders
Data
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Appendix 1: Full details of studies and participants
Data
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Appendix 3: Flow charts and participants’ characteristics by study
Article
Full-text available
In dit hoofdstuk staan psychische aandoeningen en klachten centraal die ontstaan door of tijdens het werk, of die worden verergerd door het werk. Deze aandoeningen en klachten worden in dit hoofdstuk op een specifieke wijze belicht: vanuit de epidemiologie. Epidemiologie kan worden omschreven als de (medische) statistiek van de grote aantallen. Zij...
Article
Full-text available
Unfavorable work characteristics, such as low job control and too high or too low job demands, have been suggested to increase the likelihood of physical inactivity during leisure time, but this has not been verified in large-scale studies. The authors combined individual-level data from 14 European cohort studies (baseline years from 1985-1988 to...
Article
Objectives: Changes in employment contracts may impact the quality of working life, job insecurity, health and work-related attitudes. We examined the validity of two partly competing theoretical approaches. Based upon a segmentation approach, we expected no change in scores among stable trajectories, whereas upward trajectories were expected to b...
Article
Full-text available
: The healthy worker effect implies that healthy workers go "up" in employment status whereas less healthy workers go "down" into precarious temporary employment or unemployment. These hypotheses were tested during an economic recession, by predicting various upward and downward contract trajectories, based on workers' health status, work-related w...
Article
: Published work assessing psychosocial stress (job strain) as a risk factor for coronary heart disease is inconsistent and subject to publication bias and reverse causation bias. We analysed the relation between job strain and coronary heart disease with a meta-analysis of published and unpublished studies. Methods : We used individual records fr...
Article
Full-text available
Work in public and private sectors compared Work in public and private sectors compared During the past years, Dutch media made mention of work problems and social unrest in the public sectors. However, research did not focus very strongly on the quality of work in these sectors. Therefore the aim of this article is to describe working conditions a...
Article
Full-text available
Tobacco smoking is a major contributor to the public health burden and healthcare costs worldwide, but the determinants of smoking behaviours are poorly understood. We conducted a large individual-participant meta-analysis to examine the extent to which work-related stress, operationalised as job strain, is associated with tobacco smoking in workin...
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between work-related stress and alcohol intake is uncertain. In order to add to the thus far inconsistent evidence from relatively small studies, we conducted individual-participant meta-analyses of the association between work-related stress (operationalised as self-reported job strain) and alcohol intake. We analysed cross-sectio...
Data
Studies and participants included in the analyses. (DOC)
Data
Associations of alcohol intake and work job strain in demographic subgroups1. (DOC)
Data
Associations of smoking and work stress in demographic subgroups1. (DOC)
Data
Study design and recruitment of participants in the 12 European studies included in our individual-participant meta-analyses of alcohol intake and work stress. (DOC)
Data
Associations of tobacco smoking and job strain (adjusted for age, sex and socioeconomic position). (DOC)
Data
Studies and participants included in the analyses. (DOC)
Data
Longitudinal associations between job strain and taking up smoking among baseline never- and ex-smokers. (DOC)
Data
Longitudinal associations between smoking at baseline and job strain at follow-up, stratified by baseline job strain category1. (DOC)
Data
Associations of alcohol intake and job strain (adjusted for age, sex and socioeconomic position). (DOC)
Data
Associations of alcohol use and job strain, stratified by the availability of individual-level data (adjusted for age, sex and socioeconomic position). (DOC)
Data
Associations of smoking and job strain, stratified by the availability of individual-level data (adjusted for age, sex and socioeconomic position). (DOC)
Data
Study design and recruitment of participants. (DOC)
Article
Current theorizing holds that organizations may be less motivated to offer good work circumstances to temporary workers because the latter do not constitute the core of the organization. This implies that their quality of working life and work satisfaction could be lower than that of permanent workers. Therefore, it is potentially important to exam...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Psychosocial risks represent one of the key priorities in health and safety in the modern workplace in Europe, and a number of actions have been taken in the EU policy arena to promote the management of psychosocial risks at national as well as organisational levels. Preliminary findings from the ESENER survey (EU-OSHA, 2010a) show that fulfilment...