Ira Sharkansky

Ira Sharkansky
Hebrew University of Jerusalem | HUJI · Department of Political Science

PhD

About

62
Publications
9,393
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
598
Citations
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (62)
Chapter
Full-text available
Policy analysis comes up against the realities of politics. Israel also shows systemic conditions that generally work against the aspirations of policy analysts. Especially important are high outlays on defense that effect the economic calculations about the range of government programs. Against this are elements of intense self-criticism, traceabl...
Article
Full-text available
Corruption was prominent in the run-up to the 2009 election, but did not affect the outcome. Two candidates accused of corruption, Benyamin Netanyahu and Avigdor Lieberman, led their parties to greater success than in the election of 2006. The candidate claiming to be free of corruption, Tzipi Livni, led her party to the most seats in Knesset, but...
Article
There are enough reviews in print to qualify this book as a "classic," i.e., one that everyone quotes and no one reads. Having done my professional duty and actually read the book, I find no reason to quarrel with the negative thrust in many of the reviews. To be sure, Carter is not entirely one sided. Several times he notes that a continued lack o...
Article
Full-text available
Ira Sharkansky has made a comment of Rafael Reuveny's analysis regarding the conflict between Palestine and Israel. Reuveny's use of the term colonialism to judge a country's history, which therefore tilts the analysis heavily toward Israel's fault. Sharkansky put much of the onus for years of failure on Palestinian rejection. This rejections finds...
Article
Full-text available
It is conventional wisdom in Israel, apparent in the writings of academics and publicists, and widely expressed by politicians, that the country suffers from an abnormally wide social gap, or differential between the incomes of rich and poor. The validity of the claim does not stand up to serious inquiry. Unfortunately, the State Comptroller shares...
Article
The God of the Hebrew Bible is a prime, although elusive candidate for political analysis. God is described as actively involved with the domestic and international problems of Israelites and their regimes. Yet the concept of God carries a great deal of intellectual and spiritual baggage, and the biblical text attributes to God numerous and contrad...
Article
Supreme audit institutions claim to avoid directly criticizing government policy. However, their assertions do not reflect reality. Israel's State Comptroller is explicit in criticizing government policy, and suggesting other policies in their place. The US General Accounting Office, the UK National Audit Office, and the Philippines Commission on A...
Article
Full-text available
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem is an Israeli version of the administrative hybrids represented by elite universities. Weber's norms of hierarchy and standardization according to formal rules with a minimum of exceptions falls to variations between units with different missions and quality. There are also multiple sources of funding, resources l...
Article
Full-text available
Israel, like numerous other countries, has experienced the extension of local autonomy and the expansion of non-governmental service providers. Expectations are that there will be pay-offs in terms of economy, efficiency, and service quality. The claims are not accepted universally with respect to normal times. A regional emergency presents a sever...
Article
Full-text available
Railroads have provided exciting stories of planning and construction. There has been difficult terrain, dangerous animals, populations opposed to the coming of outsiders, the management of huge workforces, and the raising of huge sums with inflated promises of profit. Recent cases feature sophisticated and competing analysis of costs and benefits,...
Article
Full-text available
A purist conception of audit independence appears to be obsolete. A survey of audit activities of the U.S. General Accounting Office (GAO) and Israel's State Comptroller describes pressures on audit bodies to examine sensitive policy issues and to enter partisan and personal squabbles between elected officials. The critique of the GAO by the Nation...
Article
Full-text available
The concept “non-decisions” is problematic, but widely used. Often it denotes entrenched interests keeping issues off the political agenda in order to limit the benefits of the powerless. Three Israeli cases illustrate different varieties of non-decision, and suggest the utility of developing a typology suitable for the concept
Article
Full-text available
Slogans are essential in politics and other endeavors of mass persuasion. Many are benign, but some are troublesome. Here the concern is with those that achieve so much popular success that they become identified with policies and render it difficult for elected officials to consider changes in programs even in the face of substantial indications t...
Article
The move toward privatization, one of the most distinctive changes in governments in recent years, has generated some ethical problems. This study explores and discusses two sets of ethical problems that emerge during the privatization process: those generated by changes in the structure of the organization and those generated during the transition...
Article
it>Dan Elazar was overly generous with respect to claims of constitutionalism, republicanism, and federalism in the Hebrew Bible, and too free with the term “federalism” for post-biblical Jewish polities. Yet numerous politically relevant episodes in the Bible indicate that the regimes of ancient Israel were something other than purely authoritaria...
Data
Full-text available
Although improvisation stands outside of conventional models for rational policy making and Weberian administration, it is nonetheless prevalent in public life. This article argues that improvi- sation is both a natural consequence of bounded rationality as well as a product of cultural and personal predilections and environmental circumstances. Dr...
Article
Full-text available
Although improvisation stands outside of conventional models for rational policy making and Weberian administration, it is nonetheless prevalent in public life. This article argues that improvisation is both a natural consequence of bounded rationality as well as a product of cultural and personal predilections and environmental circumstances. Draw...
Article
Full-text available
'Jerusalem' conveys intensely spiritual meanings seeming to preclude political accommodation. A total solution that is absolutely clear to all parties seems impossible. Yet the several names, conceptions, and geographical denotations associated with the city offer options that lend themselves to creative and flexible negotiations that emphasize cop...
Article
Full-text available
Idealized policymaking may aspire to solve problems, but the nature of vexatious problems is to resist solution. In these cases, coping and its variants, like accommodation, avoidance, ambiguity, indirection, and improvisation may be more suitable than the pursuit of solution. Two illustrations concerned with the problematic city of Jerusalem demon...
Article
Full-text available
Metropolitan Israel dominates the country. A triangle along the coast and inland to Jerusalem includes more than 20% of the land and more than 80% of the population, as well as centers of government, economics, and culture. Reformers who preach greater local autonomy overlook the existing convergence of national and local policymaking. An overlappi...
Article
Full-text available
The conditions that produced Israel's strong state and the implications of that state are not likely to be replicated elsewhere, exactly. However, Israel's case offers some general lessons that ought to be considered by advocates of a strong bureaucratic state, as suggested by the New Public Administration of the 1968 Minnowbrook Conference. These...
Article
The electronic version of this book has been prepared by scanning TIFF 600 dpi bitonal images of the pages of the text. Original source: Policy making in Israel : routines for simple problems and coping with the complex / Ira Sharkansky.; Sharkansky, Ira.; viii, 216 p. ; 24 cm.; Pittsburgh, Pa. :; This electronic text file was created by Optical Ch...
Article
Israel Studies 1.1 (1996) 306-314 THE ISSUE OF INCOME EQUALITY is technically complex and politically sensitive. It touches numerous issues of political morality plus the formal definitions and actual administration of taxes, transfer payments, social services, and statistical record keeping. Its sensitivity in Israel reflects these considerations...
Article
Full-text available
'Coping' has been used to describe the management of difficult problems in politics and policy making, typically without systematic concern for the various meanings of the concept. Psychologists have been more precise than political scientists in seeking to define coping. They have identified numerous coping behaviours as responses to stress, group...
Article
Full-text available
Policy analysis derives from a long tradition of assessing the activities of government. The most sophisticated analyses are distinguished by their concern to identify linkages between variables that represent causes and effects of social conditions, or the impacts to be expected from policy details. Inherent in their sophistication are methodologi...
Article
Full-text available
Israel's State Comptroller has audited the political behaviors of elected officials and private citizens, in what are departures from its own traditions and those of other state auditors. Political auditing seems likely to appear among other auditors, sooner or later. Auditing is likely to attract more attention from political scientists, and the p...
Article
Israel's formal structure provides a large role for national ministries in local policy making and administration. The sensitivity of Jerusalem, and its problematic status in international politics also attracts the involvement of national politicians. Yet an entrepreneurial mayor has found opportunities among the city's problems. He has attracted...
Article
Full-text available
A political scientist can introduce a focus on politics into policy analysis. However, the pervasity of politics in policymaking defines one of the outer boundaries of policy analysis. Politicians tend to think about specific needs and how they may be furthered by concrete projects more than they tend to think about principles or empirical findings...
Article
Full-text available
Conundrums have no solution. They are ambiguous, multifaceted, and do not lend themselves to quantitative assessment of their components. They produce shortfalls in policy accomplishments, and frustration among those charged with policymaking. To recognize the generality of conundrums is to prepare to cope with them. The use of the term coping is s...
Article
Full-text available
Government budgets have acquired a key role in the activities of policy makers. They have also attracted a great deal of attention from political scientists. Perhaps no other feature of policy making is so completely described and analysed. For both policy makers and political scientists, the budget is the ultimate Scoreboard, showing which agencie...
Article
: There are sharp differences between the public enterprises of Australia and Israel. Australia relies on the structure of statutory authorities for enterprises of the Commonwealth and the States; managers express a narrow view of what is permitted to them; and tend to spend their careers within single firms. “Public” enterprise in Israel reflects...
Article
The diverse interests of donors and the desires of recipients to shop for the best deals mean that coordination of projects in international assistance causes problems along with promises of greater efficiency. Evidence from East Africa indicates that political competition and lack of candor and comparability in donors' reports limit the effectiven...
Article
This essay draws from the experience of Kenya and the East African Community to ascertain the impact of single-country or regional ownership on the commercial performance of public enterprises. The advantages of the larger resource base of a regional community are mooted by the problems of mobilizing those resources. A fledgling public corporation...
Article
Ira Sharkansky, Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Wisconsin, has published several books and articles dealing with state politics, public administration, and policy making.
Article
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Wisconsin, 1964. Abstracted in Dissertation abstracts, v. 25 (1964) no. 6, p. 3672. Microfilm.
Article
Traducción de: Public administration : policy-making in government agencies
Article
A question often posed by students of American state politics is: “Do state political systems leave a distinctive imprint on patterns of public policy?” Prior to recent years the nearly automatic response of political scientists was an unqualified “yes.” More recent research has led to a qualified but increasingly confident “no.” Several recent pub...
Article
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Wisconsin. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 161-164). Photocopy.

Network

Cited By