Ion Giurgea

Ion Giurgea
Romanian Academy · Institute "Iorgu Jordan - Alexandru Rosetti"

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48
Publications
2,168
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168
Citations
Introduction
Ion Giurgea currently works at the Institute "Iorgu Jordan - Alexandru Rosetti", Romanian Academy. Ion does research in Historical Linguistics and Syntax. His most recent publication is 'Non-referential topical phrases in Romanian and the theory of topicality'.
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Publications

Publications (48)
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this paper is to reconcile the definite marking with the indefinite-like semantics of those superlatives that take a relative/comparative reading. Following Szabolcsi (1986) and Heim (1999), we will assume that the difference between absolute and relative readings of superlatives is represented at the syntactic level of semantic represe...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this paper is to reconcile the definite marking with the indefinite-like semantics of those superlatives that take a relative/comparative reading. Following Szabolcsi (1986) and Heim (1999), we will assume that the difference between absolute and relative readings of superlatives is represented at the syntactic level of semantic represe...
Chapter
This book focuses on current theoretical and empirical research into countability in the nominal domain, and to a lesser extent in the verbal domain. The presented state-of-the-art studies are situated within compositional semantics combined with the theory of mereology, and draw on a wealth of data, some of which have hitherto been unknown, from a...
Chapter
Romanian, Hungarian, and Icelandic are languages in which MOST allows the proportional interpretation when combined with count NPs but not when combined with mass NPs. In English, the same generalization is found with non-generic NP restrictors. In §2.2 the generic NP restrictors found with the English most are analyzed as kind-referring DPs. Secti...
Book
This book is a study of the syntax and semantics of proportional Most and other majority quantifiers across languages. Based on data drawn from around forty languages, this book reveals the existence of two semantic types of Most : a distributive type, which compares cardinalities of sets of atoms, and a “cumulative” type, which involves measuring...
Chapter
Strings of the type the largest/LARGER PART or (THE) LARGE PART, together with MAJORITY nouns, are the most widespread means of expressing majority judgments. We take this to constitute evidence in favor of a compositional analysis, which builds the majority reading by combining the superlative form of the adjective LARGE (or the comparative or pos...
Chapter
In German, Scandinavian, and Basque, proportional MOST can combine not only with count plural NPs but also with mass NPs, and correlatively allows collective predicates in the nuclear scope. After arguing against Hackl’s and Hoeksema’s superlative-based analyses, we propose that this “cumulative” MOST (MOST cum ) is a quantificational determiner, w...
Chapter
We explain why MOST dist maintains in partitives the constraints it obeys in non-partitives, whereas the distribution of MOST cum is larger in partitives, where quantification over parts of atoms is allowed (in addition to quantification over pluralities and mass entities). We then demonstrate the existence of two MOSTs that are specialized for par...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we will examine Bare Plurals (henceforth BPs) and Bare Singulars (BSs) in Romance languages such as Romanian, Spanish and Catalan. The problem with (most) previous analyses was the lack of correlation between denotational type and semantic composition: BPs and BSs were assumed to be property-denoting but nevertheless subject to two di...
Article
This article investigates the genitival system of Old Romanian from a double perspective: historical and synchronic. A difficult problem in the diachrony of Romanian genitives is the emergence of the genitival agreement marker al from a definite article. Based on Old Romanian data, supported by Latin and comparative Romance evidence, I propose a re...
Article
Full-text available
I argue for the distinction between sentences with an affective meaning manifested in prosody (notated with the exclamation mark) and exclamatives as a distinct clause type (incompatible with the other clause types - declarative, interrogative, directive, optative - and not restricted to main clauses). I show that the defining criteria of exclamati...
Article
In many languages of the world, gender agreement is dependent on number. A useful descriptive tool for some of these systems is the distinction between controller genders and target genders. I propose a theoretical implementation of this distinction, which can make it compatible with the requirement of identity of values on the source and the targe...
Chapter
We describe the syntax and morphology of the genitival construction of Romanian, and we insist on the syntactic analysis of some peculiar properties of these constructions: the alternation between genitives introduced by the agreeing particle al and those without al, the status of this agreeing particle, the similarity in distribution between genit...
Article
The origin of the 3rd person dative plural clitic le has not been correctly explained in the historical linguistic literature on Romanian. I argue that the common Romanian form of the clitic was lǎ. This form either directly comes from Lat. illorum by several exceptional reduction processes linked to the clitic character, or, more probably, has eme...
Article
I argue that the genitival agreeing marker al, used to introduce oblique-marked DPs and agreeing possessors, originates in a strong (i.e. non-suffixal) form of the definite article, Lat. illu(m)>*elu>alu, which in an unattested stage of Romanian behaved like present-day cel. I show that this form underwent four different reanalyses, yielding geniti...
Article
The Romance pro-N clitic (Fr., Cat.) en / (It.) ne is problematic for most theories of cliticization, because some phenomena support a movement analysis, while others seem to speak against movement. Endorsing the view that the pro-N clitic is the result of movement, this paper 1 argues that the problems of this analysis can be solved by assuming th...
Article
: This article explains the correlation between agreeing and nonagreeing forms of pronominal possessors and their person features in Romanian and other Indo-European languages: first- and second-person pronouns agree, whereas third-person pronouns are nonagreeing forms marked with genitive case. We show that the distribution of agreeing and nonagre...
Article
I argue that the so-called "possessive adjectives" are not really adjectives, but pronouns (D-projections). Agreement features on possessors do not compete with genitive-marking, as it seems at first sight: they never attach directly to DP, but rather to KP (i.e. to a projection of Case), as shown by the obligatory presence of a possessive suffix (...
Article
Full-text available
I argue that the distribution of (overt) object clitics and null objects in Romanian can be explained if we assume that the so-called "neuter pronouns" of Romanian are genderless. I show that Romanian has a null object used as a bound variable with a neuter pronoun antecedent. This item differs from parasitic gaps by the fact that it does not requi...
Article
Full-text available
We discuss several possible analyses of Romanian "neuter" nouns (a productive class of nouns which trigger masculine agreement in the singular and feminine agreement in the plural): the three-gender analysis (Romanian has th ree genders and systematic syncretism), the ambigeneric analysis (Romanian neuters are masculine in the singular and feminine...
Article
This paper explores some issues related to the interpretation of gender on definite pronouns. Gender in definite pronouns (i.e. personal and demonstrative pronouns) may either reflect the gender of the noun of the antecedent (grammatical gender) or a property of the referent (natural gender). We can note, across languages, that natural gender may o...
Article
Split DP Topicalization, found in various languages such as German, Romanian, Albanian or Hungarian, looks as a DP with the determiner (usual ly an indefinite or quantifier) stranded in the base position and its nominal complement fronted to a sentence-initial position, with topic interpretation. This structure is problematic becau se it seems both...
Article
This apaper investigates a word order paraadox encountered inside NPs in languages with postnominal adjectives: whle the relative order of adjectives cannot be derived by head-movement of the noun, the order of adjectives with respect to the complements of the noun and the relative order of complements indicate head-raising of the noun under curren...

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