Iokiñe Rodríguez

Iokiñe Rodríguez
University of East Anglia | UEA · School of International Development

Doctor of Philosophy

About

62
Publications
38,630
Reads
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1,167
Citations
Citations since 2017
29 Research Items
920 Citations
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Introduction
Iokiñe Rodríguez is a Venezuela sociologist, who specializes on local environmental knowledge and conflict transformation in Latin America using participatory action-research. She has worked in Venezuela, Guyana, Ecuador, Chile, Bolivia and Colombia building local and institutional capacity to transform environmental conflicts. Her work on environmental conflict transformation focuses on issues of local history, local knowledge, power, environmental justice, equity and intercultural dialogue.
Additional affiliations
September 2013 - April 2017
University of East Anglia
Position
  • Fellow
May 2013 - May 2014
Venezuelan Institute for Scientific Research
Position
  • Researcher
January 2008 - May 2013
Venezuelan Institute for Scientific Research
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (62)
Article
Full-text available
In light of the Aichi target to manage protected areas equitably by 2020, we ask how the conservation sector should define justice. We focus in particular on ‘recognition’, because it is the least well understood aspect of environmental justice, and yet highly relevant to conservation because of its concern with respect for local knowledge and cult...
Article
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Recent research on the ecology of fire has challenged the view that the use of fire by indigenous peoples is detrimental to ecosystems and wildlife in protected areas. However, in Canaima National Park and World Heritage Site in southeastern Venezuela, since 1981 managers have employed a costly fire control program to eliminate savanna burning by t...
Article
Full-text available
Although environmental justice and conflict transformation have many common goals, they rarely talk to each other. In this article we try to bring these two bodies of knowledge closer with a discussion of the contributions that the theory and practice of conflict transformation offer to the field of environmental justice. In order to do so, it draw...
Article
Full-text available
Es importante analizar y comparar el conocimiento ecológico sobre el fuego entre los indígenas Pemón en el Parque Nacional Canaima, Venezuela, con el de los técnicos y científicos, para esclarecer las causas del largo conflicto entre las dos partes por el uso del fuego en esta área protegida. Durante décadas se ha tratado de restringir la quema de...
Chapter
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In Mexico, 71% of indigenous territories are biocultural regions. These are areas with high levels of biodiversity associated with ethnocultural diversity, where people seek a way of living that is in harmony with their values. This article reports on the cultural management of fire by indigenous Antelá and Tziscao communities in and around Lagunas...
Book
Full-text available
Las paces construidas desde los territorios son resultado de la interacción entre los procesos de reconocimiento/alineamiento estatal, de la presencia de los actores violentos y de las dinámicas de autonomía local. Los capítulos que componen este libro amplían, profundizan y problematizan estos ejes. Cada capítulo aborda y ofrece un panorama muy ri...
Book
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En este manuscrito tiene el propósito de examinar de cerca las dinámicas de poder en las luchas de resistencias a los extractivismos en América Latina, a través de un estudio de caso en el Parque Nacional Canaima, Venezuela. A través de un análisis retrospectivo de un conflicto socioambiental por la construcción de un tendido eléctrico de alta ten...
Article
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Formalised knowledge systems, including universities and research institutes, are important for contemporary societies. They are, however, also arguably failing humanity when their impact is measured against the level of progress being made in stimulating the societal changes needed to address challenges like climate change. In this research we use...
Article
Transformative changes in agriculture at multiple scales are needed to ensure sustainability, i.e. achieving food security while fostering social justice and environmental integrity. These transformations go beyond technological fixes and require fundamental changes in cognitive, relational, structural and functional aspects of agricultural systems...
Article
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Resumen Introducción: El objetivo de esta investigación es comprender los cambios en las prácticas de uso del fuego en dos comunidades indígenas del Parque Nacional Lagunas de Montebello, Chiapas, México, donde a raíz de la implementación de políticas públicas sobre la supresión del uso del fuego, se han presentado repercusiones sociales y ecológi...
Article
Full-text available
Formalised knowledge systems, including universities and research institutes, are important for contemporary societies. They are, however, also arguably failing humanity when their impact is measured against the level of progress being made in stimulating the societal changes needed to address challenges like climate change. In this research we use...
Book
Full-text available
'Environmental Justice: Key Issues' is the first textbook to offer a comprehensive and accessible overview of environmental justice, one of the most dynamic fields in environmental politics scholarship. The rapidly growing body of research in this area has brought about a proliferation of approaches; as such, the breadth and depth of the field can...
Article
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Biodiversity conservation interventions have long confronted challenges of human poverty. The ethical foundations of international conservation, including conservation's relationship with poverty, are currently being interrogated in animated debates about the future of conservation. However, while some commentary exists, empirical analysis of conse...
Article
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atención al rol que juegan los conflictos socio ambientales y su transformación en la necesaria transformación socio-ecológica. Los conflictos socio ambientales son una parte inherente de la crisis del sistema ecomómico actual. Hacen visibles las injusticias y las asimetrías de poder que se configuran en el orden político y mundial y por lo tanto t...
Article
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This research is concerned with the trend towards commodification of forestry, in the context of community forest governance for sustainable development in the tropics. In these contexts, commodification takes different forms, including sales of certified timbers and sales of carbon credits. In addition to the general aim to enhance income, these m...
Book
Full-text available
El presente libro recoge aportes teóricos - conceptuales, reflexiones y análisis de personas comprometidas con la transformación de conflictos socioambientales. Estas personas fueron reunidas por el Instituto de Investigación Científica y Social de la Universidad Núr, en el marco del desarrollo de una línea de investigación que surge de la imperiosa n...
Chapter
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A pesar de que se habla cada vez más de la transformación de conflictos socio-ambientales como meta y proceso en la gestión ambiental, todavía existe una necesidad apremiante de desarrollar herramientas conceptuales y prácticas que permitan a profesionales, organizaciones comunitarias, actores gubernamentales, organizaciones internacionales, activi...
Chapter
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El estudio de caso del pueblo Monkoxi de Lomerío ubicado en el departamento de Santa Cruz- Bolivia hace énfasis en la descripción densa y el análisis de los procesos autonómicos indígenas desarrollados en el marco del Estado plurinacional boliviano. El abordaje de este caso es desde el enfoque de transformación de conflictos socioambientales, y por...
Article
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We explore local people’s perspectives of community forest (CF) on their land in Tanzania and Bolivia. Community forest management is known to improve ecological conditions of forests, but is more variable in its social outcomes. Understanding communities’ experience of community forestry and the potential benefits and burdens its formation may pla...
Article
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El articulo explora los peligros del Proyecto Arco Minero para el avance de los derechos de los pueblos indigenas en Venezuela.
Article
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A transformation to sustainability calls for radical and systemic societal shifts. Yet what this entails in practice and who the agents of this radical transformation are require further elaboration. This article recenters the role of environmental justice movements in transformations, arguing that the systemic, multi-dimensional and intersectional...
Article
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One of the distinctive features of environmental justice theory in Latin America is its influence by decolonial thought, which explains social and environmental injustices as arising from the project of modernity and the ongoing expansion of a European cultural imaginary. The decolonization of knowledge and social relations is highlighted as one of...
Article
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Across the globe, conservation policies have often suppressed nonscientific forms of knowledge and ways of knowing nature, along with the social practices of the groups that are informed by such knowledge. Reversing this process of epistemic supremacy is crucial both for achieving greater cognitive justice in conservation areas and ensuring that co...
Book
Full-text available
El libro que tienen en sus manos es uno de los productos del proyecto de investigación Conservación, Mercados y Justicia (CMJ) en Bolivia, realizado de manera conjunta entre la escuela de Desarrollo Internacional (DEV) de la a Universidad de East Anglia (UEA) del Reino Unido, la Universidad NUR en Santa Cruz y la Central Indígenas de Comunidades Or...
Article
Full-text available
Este artículo examina el papel central que juega la revitalización cultural, sentando las bases para un diálogo de saberes simétrico respecto a temas ambientales contenciosos. Para ello, se discuten varias experiencias de investigación participativa llevadas a cabo en el Parque Nacional Canaima, Venezuela, entre 1999 y el presente, para facilitar e...
Article
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We discuss how (PV) can help with indigenous needs for cultural reassertion as well as with creating opportunities for restoring environmental justice in their territories when community-based natural resource management and autonomous development themselves have become issues of local contention. The story we share is the one of the Monkox people...
Chapter
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Indigenous people in Latin America have their own way of talking about wellbeing. The Quechua from Ecuador call it Sumak Kawsay, the Aymará, Suma Gamaña, the Guaraní from Paraguay, Teko porâ o teko kavi, and the Mapuche from Argentina call it Kyme Mogen. 1 Inspired by indigenous notions of Living Well, many Latin American countries including Ecuado...
Article
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A diferencia de otros minerales como la bauxita y el hierro, o fuentes energéticas como el petróleo y el carbón, el oro tiene valor desde su centro de origen. Una vez logrado el proceso de extracción (separación del oro de su entorno mineral), fenómeno que ocurre en el propio yacimiento e incluso de forma prácticamente artesanal, éste adquiere valo...
Book
Full-text available
La transformación de conflictos y la interculturalidad son conceptos que se vienen usando de manera creciente en América Latina como propuestas para ayudar a hacer frente a la creciente conflictividad socio-ambiental en la región. Pocos han sido, sin embargo, los esfuerzos para ayudar a definir de manera sencilla y desde una perspectiva crítica en...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of reflexive governance has to a large extent emerged from an increasing recognition of the need to consider different meanings of nature in the environmental policy-making process. Yet, so far, little attention has been paid to creating conditions for reflexive governance among different actors in intercultural settings, particularly i...
Article
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Re-significando el fuego: gobernabilidad reflexiva y transformación de conflictos en territorios indígenas culturalmente frágiles A pesar de que hoy día existe una mayor aceptación del uso del fuego en ecosistemas de bosques y sabanas por parte de pueblos indígena que la que había hace dos décadas, esta sigue siendo una práctica local altamente con...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the fact that there is much more acceptance today to the use of fire by indigenous people in forests and savannas ecosystems than there was two decades ago, it still remains a highly controversial and questioned local practice, to the point that reducing green house emissions from tropical forest and savanna fires is top in the Global Chang...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El reconocimiento de las dimensiones humanas del cambio global, ha abierto una nueva agenda de investigación que se orienta, entre otras cosas, a comprender la dinámica de las interacciones entre los sistemas naturales y los humanos, el papel que tienen las instituciones, y la búsqueda de gobernabilidad. Este es el contexto en el que se inscribe un...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This study discusses the environmental and social factors influencing both controlled and uncontrolled burning of savannah and other vegetation in South Rupununi and provides practical recommendations for fire/land management. It compiles, for the first time, baseline information about the traditional Wapichan and Makushi knowledge, norms and belie...
Article
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The paper briefly describes the heterogeneous context and history of the Latin American region with specific attention to STI policies and institutions, as well as the particular challenge of effectively linking STI to social needs. It highlights the important historic contribution of the Latin American School on Science, Technology and Development...
Article
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El presente manuscrito es uno de una serie de documentos de trabajo relacionados con experiencias regionales sobre ideas propuestas por el Nuevo Manifiesto del Centro STEPS de la Universidad de Sussex en el Reino Unido, luego de discusiones de mesa redonda llevadas a cabo en Venezuela, Argentina y Colombia en 2010. El artículo presenta una breve di...
Article
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In his comment in this issue “On the use of paleoecologicalevidence to assess the roleofhumans intheoriginoftheGranSabana (Venezuela),” Valenti Rull ( 2009) suggests that recentstudies that have attempted to determine Pemon perspectiveson the use of fire and clarify the causes of a long-standingdisagreement on the use of fire in this area, have poo...
Article
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Resumen: Se discuten los resultados de dos estudios sobre el conocimiento pemón del uso del fuego en la Gran Sabana con el fin de argumentar a favor de la importancia de desarrollar una gestión intercultural del fuego en esta zona. Se demuestra que los pemón tienen un conocimiento ancestral profundo sobre el uso del fuego en la Gran Sabana que, de...
Article
Full-text available
In order to understand the causes of a long term conflict over the use of fire in Canaima National Park, Venezuela, it is important to analyze the Pemon indigenous people's knowledge of fire ecology in comparison with that of opposing scientists and technicians. For decades managers have tried to eliminate savannah burning in the National Park by t...
Article
Full-text available
1962 and covered an area of 10. 000 km 2 . Its size was increased to 30. 000 km 2 in 1975 in order to safeguard the watershed functions of its river basins. The best known features of Canaima Nationa l Park are its flat-topped mountain formations known as 'tepui'. The National Park is home to the Pemón indigenous people. Their entire population app...

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Projects

Projects (6)
Project
There is growing acknowledgement that when conservation respects local values, practices and institutions, then better conservation outcomes will result. Yet this idea remains contrary to the conventional logic behind much conservation practice globally. We believe the lack of applied research linking governance, conservation effectiveness and the wellbeing of Indigenous Peoples and local communities represents a key evidence gap that hinders progress in conservation and social policy. This project aims to address that gap through 1) a global review of existing empirical evidence and 2) assembling a series of diverse case studies from around the world exhibiting progressive and innovative conservation governance. The project was initiated by members of IUCN CEESP's Theme on Human Wellbeing and Sustainable Livelihoods and funded by IUCN CEESP https://www.iucn.org/commissions/commission-environmental-economic-and-social-policy .
Project
The goal of this research is to contribute to reducing conflicts between conservation and local livelihoods. This proposed research aims to generate new knowledge that will support this and other national and international processes that are working towards more just and effective forest conservation. We will achieve this overall goal by focusing our research on the currently neglected issue of local people's conceptions of fairness and justice and the ways in which these local conceptions converge with and diverge from justice framings built into forest conservation initiatives designed by national and international aid agencies, NGOs and public policy-makers.
Project
This project seeks to explore how indigenous knowledge can inform more just, inclusive and sustainable development. We engage indigenous communities in 3 developing countries – in Lomerio in eastern Bolivia, Karamoja in northeast Uganda and Ok Tedi in western Papua New Guinea - to explore how a strengthened local engagement can provide platforms for indigenous ancestral and place-based knowledge to respond to social and environmental challenges and to overcome political asymmetries. In each country we draw on partnerships with civil society organisations and academics boasting extensive grassroots experience and connections, broad national and international policy networks and a proven track-record for policy engagement. Funding has been provided by the UK Global Challenges Research Fund-ESRC under their call 'New Models of Sustainable Development: Transitions towards sustainable and inclusive societies' Our approach comprises 3 concurrent, interrelated streams: 1) Action research supporting the expression of indigenous knowledge, its contribution to social and ecological outcomes, and visions for the future. A range of co-designed research methods and media may be utilised within partnering communities, not only by academics but, by Indigenous, community researchers. Methods may include storytelling, life history interviews, mapping exercises, landscape walks, focus groups, participatory video, visioning/ scenario-building exercises and digitial storymapping. 2) Local, regional and national policy events: In response to emerging community perspectives and evolving policy processes we will promote forums for the co-production of pathways towards more sustainable, just and inclusive development among indigenous representatives and government/non-government stakeholders. 3) Inform and influence at international level: We aim to facilitate international discussions at the UNFCCC, Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative, UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues and an INDIS project Stakeholder Summit to inform and influence policymakers and stakeholders internationally.