Iñigo García-Martínez de Lagrán

Iñigo García-Martínez de Lagrán
National Distance Education University | UNED · Department of Prehistory and Archaeology

About

93
Publications
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914
Citations
Citations since 2017
30 Research Items
722 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140

Publications

Publications (93)
Chapter
Aunque los datos actuales para definir una neolitización temprana de la península Ibérica y del Mediterráneo occidental son realmente escasos, existen un conjunto de evidencias que permiten, al menos, plantear una serie de ideas o líneas de trabajo como base para proponer una hipótesis general del proceso de neolitización de esta zona. El objetivo...
Article
Full-text available
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been infecting humans for millennia and remains a global health problem, but its past diversity and dispersal routes are largely unknown. We generated HBV genomic data from 137 Eurasians and Native Americans dated between ~10,500 and ~400 years ago. We date the most recent common ancestor of all HBV lineages to between ~...
Article
Full-text available
Sheep remains constitute the main archaeozoological evidence for the presence of Early Neolithic human groups in the highlands of the Southern Pyrenees but understanding the role of herding activities in the Neolithisation process of this mountain ecosystem calls for the analysis of large and well-dated faunal assemblages. Cova de Els Trocs (Bisaur...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Abstract: The archaeological research at Els Trocs cave is a good example of a successful transdisciplinary project. Together with a great team of specialists in different areas of knowledge, we present an update of our research process. The site is a cave that was occupied for more than two millennia, from the Early Neolithic (the end of the 6th m...
Preprint
Full-text available
Abstract: (Survival of dual Hunter-Gatherer ancestry in the Iberian Peninsula): The Iberian Peninsula conformed a periglacial refugium for Pleistocene hunter-gatherers (HG) during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) which served as a potential source for the re-peopling of northern latitudes. After 14,000 years ago, the genetic signature was dominated b...
Article
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Violence seems deeply rooted in human nature and an endemic potential for such is today frequently associated with differing ethnic, religious or socio-economic backgrounds. Ethnic nepotism is believed to be one of the main causes of inter-group violence in multi-ethnic societies. At the site of Els Trocs in the Spanish Pyrenees, rivalling groups o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
En este curso de introducción totalmente práctico y presencial aprenderás a utilizar diferentes tecnologías relacionadas con la digitalización y análisis espacial del registro arqueológico. Para alcanzar los objetivos y competencias te introduciremos en el uso de los diferentes softwares siguiendo el hilo conductor de una reconstrucción virtual de...
Article
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The knowledge of climatic and environmental changes at the onset of the Holocene and its impact on human populations and cultures is key for the understanding of their both past and future evolution. In this sense, the study through trenching and cores of the Holocene archaeosedimentary record in the surroundings of the Los Cascajos Neolithic archa...
Article
The Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe represents an important test case for the study of human population movements during prehistoric periods. During the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), the peninsula formed a periglacial refugium [1] for hunter-gatherers (HGs) and thus served as a potential source for the re-peopling of northern latitudes [2]....
Article
Full-text available
Durante el año 2016 y de la mano de la Fundación Española para la Ciencia y la Tecnología (FECYT) hemos desarrollado un Proyecto didáctico y divulgativo que tiene su origen en las investigaciones arqueológicas llevadas a cabo por nuestro equipo en la Cueva de Els Trocs (Bisaurri, Huesca). La constatación en este yacimiento de las primeras actividad...
Article
Full-text available
The rapid diffusion of farming technologies in the western Mediterranean raises questions about the mechanisms that drove the development of intensive contact networks and circulation routes between incoming Neolithic communities. Using a statistical method to analyze a brand-new set of cultural and chronological data, we document the large-scale p...
Data
Method and criteria used for the design of the bead-type, pottery decoration and radiocarbon date databases. (PDF)
Data
Database of the archaeological sites, layers, variables and radiocarbon dates used in the analysis. (XLSX)
Chapter
Full-text available
RESUMEN La utilización de la estadística bayesiana en el análisis de las dataciones radiocarbónicas, no es una novedad en los estudios de la Prehistoria Reciente del Sureste ni tampoco en la costa mediterránea peninsular. Sin embargo es un método que hasta la fecha no se ha aplicado a la periodización de la Edad del Hierro en el valle del Ebro. En...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is a state-of-art of the Neolithisation process and Early Neolithic in Iberia's inlands, specifically in the mid and upper Ebro Valley and Central Meseta of Spain. Firstly, a historiographical review of the hypothesis and models of the last decades are presented. In this section, the paper shows that the main theoretical concepts and ide...
Article
Full-text available
Agriculture frst reached the Iberian Peninsula around 5700 BCE. However, little is known about the genetic structure and changes of prehistoric populations in diferent geographic areas of Iberia. In our study, we focus on the maternal genetic makeup of the Neolithic (~ 5500–3000 BCE), Chalcolithic (~ 3000–2200 BCE) and Early Bronze Age (~ 2200–1500...
Poster
Full-text available
La utilización de la estadística bayesiana en el análisis de las dataciones radiocarbónicas, no es una novedad en algunos estudios de la Prehistoria Peninsular, tanto los referidos a la Prehistoria Reciente del Sureste como a la costa mediterránea. Sin embargo es un método que hasta la fecha no se ha aplicado a la periodización de la Edad del Hierr...
Article
Full-text available
The passage grave of El Teriñuelo is located in the village of Aldeavieja de Tormes (province of Salamanca). It is part of one of the most important and well-documented megalithic areas of inner Iberian Peninsula. Since before 1930 several archaeological works have taken place at this passage grave, thanks to which it has been possible to reconstru...
Data
Full-text available
The beginnings and development of the Neolithic in North-West Africa is a subject about which little information is available. The archaeological work undertaken in Morocco during the French and Spanish colonial periods was followed by a time of ostracism and neglect until the 1970s, when the team of Professor P. Daugas re-initiated research on the...
Article
Full-text available
During the last decades we have gained a considerable amount of data about the Mesolithic lithic toolkit in the Western Mediterranean. A large set of instruments probably existed for a variety of purposes: foraging practices (both hunting and fishing), food processing, crafting activities, etc. Disposable tools, scarcely elaborated, coexisted with...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of the first excavation campaign of the Artusia rock shelter in Unzué, Navarre, Spain. Chronocultural and archaeobiological analyses revealed five different occupation phases (Artusia I-V) within the regional Mesolithic timeline, specifically in the Mesolithic of Notches and Denticulates (Artusia I and II) and the Ge...
Article
Full-text available
The analysis of the human remains from the megalithic tomb at Alto de Reinoso represents the widest integrative study of a Neolithic collective burial in Spain. Combining archaeology, osteology, molecular genetics and stable isotope analysis (87Sr/86Sr, δ15N, δ13C) it provides a wealth of information on the minimum number of individuals, age, sex,...
Data
Example of isolated skulls (Rein 17 and Rein 23) found close to individual Rein 8. (TIF)
Data
Assemblage of a skull (Rein 29) and postcranial bones which appeared like an intentional arrangement. (TIF)
Data
Photo of the individuals buried closely together in the bottom layer. (TIF)
Data
Geological map of northern Spain with the localities of Alto de Reinoso and the comparative dataset of Alegria Durantzi. Based on: Geological Map of the Iberian Peninsula, Balearic and Canary Islands", by the Spanish Geomining Technological Institute and Portuguese Geological and Mining Institute, Madrid, 1994, Scale 1:1.000.000. Reproduced with ki...
Data
Modelling the three 14C data measured at the radiocarbon lab MAMS (see S2 Table) using phase analysis of OxCal 4.2 [147–148]. We obtained a period of use of the tomb between 3710–3690 and 3640–3630 cal BC, around 60–80 years. (DOCX)
Data
Sex estimation of the Alto de Reinoso individuals based on the left pelvis. (DOCX)
Data
Demographic information about the Alto de Reinoso community based on age and sex estimations of the crania and mandibles. (DOCX)
Data
HVR I and HVR II primers sequences. HVR I primers are named after the last 5ˈ base of the primer, HVR II primers are named after the first base or last base respectively of the amplified DNA fragment. (XLSX)
Data
Relative mtDNA haplogroup frequencies used for the principal component analysis. Culture information and references to comparative data are presented in S10 Table. (XLSX)
Data
Selection of grave goods from the Neolithic ossuary. Polished axes (1–4); microliths (5–10), blades (15–19) and other flint tools (11–14); bone spatula-idols (20–21); necklace pieces of different raw materials (22–24) and perforated boar tusk (25). Grave goods from the funerary reuse event at the beginning of Bronze Age (SU 2): undecorated pottery...
Data
Results of osteological, molecular genetic and isotopic analyses for all human individuals sampled from Alto de Reinoso. The numbering of sampled teeth for aDNA and strontium isotope analyses followed FDI pattern (Fédération Dentaire Internationale). Ind. = Individual; Inv. = Inventory Number; Infans I = 0–6; Infans II = 7–12; Juvenile = 13–20; Adu...
Data
Results of the H-Plex [70]. SNP profiles are presented in comparison to the revised Cambridge Reference Sequence (rCRS; [149]). Derived SNPs are colored in dark gray, derived SNPs with a peak height fewer than 50 in light gray. Ancestral SNPs that had a peak height lower than 50 are marked in bold. A dash indicates an allelic dropout. (XLSX)
Data
Summary of prehistoric comparative mtDNA data. The palaeogenetic information over various archaeological sites was classified according to archaeological, chronological information and/or geographical distribution. (XLSX)
Data
Report on all methods and protocols applied in this study. (DOC)
Data
Minimum number of adults and subadults based on different parts of the skeleton. (DOC)
Data
Sex determination of the Alto de Reinoso individuals based on the crania of 21 adults. (DOCX)
Data
Radiocarbon data with the 1 sigma and 2 sigma calibrations. Dating of human bone samples from Alto de Reinoso megalithic tomb was carried out in Klaus Tschira Laboratory for Radiometric Dating Methods at Curt Engelhorn Centre Archaeometry gGmbH, Mannheim, Germany. (XLSX)
Data
Results of the GenoCoRe 22. SNP profiles are presented in comparison to the revised Cambridge Reference Sequence (rCRS; [149]). SNPs can either be detected in forward (L-strand) or in reverse direction (H-strand). Underlined SNPs in the headline were detected in reverse direction. Derived SNPs are colored in dark gray, derived SNPs with a peak heig...
Data
Strontium and carbon and nitrogen isotopes analyses on faunal samples. Results of the strontium isotope analysis in the faunal remains used as comparative data for the local range at Alto de Reinoso and results of the carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis of the faunal remains from Alto de Reinoso. (XLSX)
Chapter
Full-text available
The aim of this work is to provide new data to the current discussion about the Neolithization in the inner Iberian Peninsula. In this sense, the outcome obtained after the excavation in Cova de Els Trocs, in the high Pyrenees Mountains, and in Valmayor XI, in the Bajo Aragon region,allows us to take part in the debate about the different models of...
Chapter
Full-text available
Photogrammetry is the technique which allows to convert 2D images to 3D models to obtain the object´s geometric characteristics. To achieve that, the most important step is the capture of the photographs that will serve as a base for the next processing made by a photogrammetric software. The final result is a 3D model with a photorealistic texture...
Chapter
Full-text available
RESUMEN: La Cueva de Els Trocs se localiza en el término Municipal de San Feliú de Veri, dentro del Ayuntamiento de Bisaurri, Huesca. Su ubicación exacta se halla equidistante de dos de los ríos más importantes de la comarca de la Ribagorza, el río Ésera y el río Isábena. Ambos discurren en este sector profundamente encajados formando las gargantas...
Research
Full-text available
No nos podíamos imaginar a finales de junio de 2009 que aquellos rebaños que veíamos aparecer por el paso de las Aras y se diseminaban como mancha de aceite por los claros de las montañas, primero hacia las crestas de los “dosmiles” para bajar paulatinamente a las planicies de mil quinientos metros, podrían ser los herederos directos de una tradici...
Chapter
Full-text available
No nos podíamos imaginar a finales de junio de 2009 que aquellos rebaños que veíamos aparecer por el paso de las Aras y se diseminaban como mancha de aceite por los claros de las montañas, primero hacia las crestas de los “dosmiles” para bajar paulatinamente a las planicies de mil quinientos metros, podrían ser los herederos directos de una tradici...
Article
This paper presents the results of the first excavation campaign of the Artusia rock shelter in Unzue�, Navarre, Spain. Chronocultural and archaeobiological analyses revealed five different occupation phases (Artusia IeV) within the regional Mesolithic timeline, specifically in the Mesolithic of Notches and Denticulates (Artusia I and II) and the G...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Megalithism in the Duero Basin shows a wide range of different monuments, both the more orthodox types (simple dolmens and passage graves) and others lacking the orthostatic structures (simple mounds, “lime-kiln” tombs). In this article two recent discoveries are presented that were found and excavated in the Burgos and Soria provinces. Differe...
Chapter
Full-text available
The “Els Trocs” Cave is located in San Feliú de Veri (Bisaurri, Huesca). It is situated between two of the most important rivers of the region of Ribagorza, the Ésera and the Isábena. Both of them run deeply embedded creating the gorges of “Congosto de Ventamillo” and “Obarra”. The cave is located at 1500 m above the sea level, controlling the plai...
Chapter
Full-text available
The “Els Trocs” Cave is located in San Feliú de Veri (Bisaurri, Huesca). It is situated between two of the most important rivers of the region of Ribagorza, the Ésera and the Isábena. Both of them run deeply embedded creating the gorges of “Congosto de Ventamillo” and “Obarra”. The cave is located at 1500 m above the sea level, controlling the plai...
Article
This paper discusses recent data on, and approaches to, the Neolithization of the Iberian Peninsula. A brief outline is given of new discoveries and archaeological evidence, together with an analysis of the main sites and their contexts, with special emphasis on Neolithic pioneer communities and the role of the hunters–gatherers in the Neolithizati...
Article
Full-text available
El principal objetivo de este trabajo es el planteamiento de una hipótesis sobre la neolitización de la alta y media cuenca del Ebro y de la Submeseta norte. Para ello, se han precisado una serie de premisas teóricas sobre este proceso histórico, se ha realizado una clasificación particular de los yacimientos implicados sobre la base de estos presu...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we will discuss on a peculiar and interesting feature recently discovered in the archaeological record of Copper Age Bell Beakers in the Ambrona Valley (Soria, Spain), that is the existence of barrows which look like tombs but they were not. They even include valuable items (finely decorated pottery, gold jewellery) but no sign of h...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of the 2009 and 2010 excavation campaigns of the Artusia rock shelter (Unzué, Navarre, Spain). Five different Mesolithic occupation phases (Artusia I-V) have been identified, specifically in the Mesolithic of Notches and Denticulates (Artusia I and II) and the Geometric Mesolithic (Artusia III, IV and V). In addition...
Chapter
Full-text available
The beginnings and development of the Neolithic in North-West Africa is a subject about which little information is available. The archaeological work undertaken in Morroco during the French and Spanish colonial periods was followed by a time of ostracism and neglect until the 1970s, when the team of the Professor P. Daugas re-initiated research on...
Chapter
Full-text available
La fonction de deux types de roche (calcaire et grès) est analysée dans la construction et les modifications apportées aux tombes mégalithiques de La Peña de La Abuela et d’El Túmulo de La Sima, deux monuments situés dans la région de Valle de Ambrona (Soria). Les propriétés physiques de ces matières premières (couleur, résistance au feu) sont étud...
Article
Full-text available
este trabajo presenta los resultados preliminares de la excavación de la Cova de Els Trocs, desarrollada dentrop del proyecto de investigación "Los Caminos del Neolítico". La minuciosa labor de excavación y de registro, han permitido establecer una compleja secuencia estratigráfica con una veintena de dataciones radiocarbónicas sobre eventos de vid...
Article
Full-text available
Estudio preliminar de los resultados de las excavaciones en una cueva del Neolítico antiguo localizada junto al Pirineo Axil y ocupada por una comunidad de pastores trashumantes entre fines del sexto milenio y finales del cuatro milenio a. C. Además de presentar su compleja estratigrafía, se describen sus estructuras, su cultura material, su flora...