Inga Ulnicane

Inga Ulnicane
De Montfort University | DMU

Doctor of Philosophy

About

47
Publications
7,153
Reads
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363
Citations
Introduction
Dr. Inga Ulnicane has more than 15 years of international and interdisciplinary experience of teaching, research and engagement, in particular in the field of science, technology and innovation policy and governance. Her scientific publications address topics such as international research collaboration, European Research Area, higher education and Grand societal challenges. Her recent work focuses on topics such as governance of emerging technologies, Artificial Intelligence and dual use.
Additional affiliations
December 2017 - September 2021
De Montfort University
Position
  • Senior Researcher
September 2015 - September 2015
Georgia Institute of Technology
Position
  • Researcher
March 2014 - November 2017
University of Vienna
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
October 2008 - June 2013
University of Twente
Field of study
  • Science, Technology and Policy Studies
September 2002 - May 2005
Central European University
Field of study
  • Political Science
October 2000 - September 2001
University of Basel
Field of study
  • European Studies

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
In recent years, the ‘Grand Challenges’ idea has become widely used in research and innovation policy around the world, shifting the focus to tackling global societal problems in areas such as energy, health and environment through boundary spanning collaborations. This paper traces origins and global diffusion of the concept and analyses it in the...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines how the governance in AI policy documents have been framed as way to resolve public controversies surrounding AI. It draws on the studies of governance of emerging technologies, the concept of policy framing, and analysis of 49 recent policy documents dedicated to AI which have been prepared in the context of technological hype...
Article
Full-text available
Recent advances in Artificial Intelligence (AI) have led to intense debates about benefits and concerns associated with this powerful technology. These concerns and debates have similarities with developments in other emerging technologies characterized by prominent impacts and uncertainties. Against this background, this paper asks, What can AI go...
Chapter
Full-text available
In recent years, national governments, international organizations and stakeholders have launched numerous Artificial Intelligence (AI) strategies and reports. Recent research has mostly focused on AI ethics, while topics of AI policy and governance have received less attention. To address this research gap, this chapter addresses two main question...
Article
Full-text available
Responsible Research and Innovation is promoted by research funders and scientific communities as a way to place societal needs and values at the centre of research and innovation. In practice, however, legal compliance still tends to dominate the RRI agenda. In order to move beyond the dominance of legal compliance and address a broader societal a...
Preprint
Full-text available
This chapter examines the politics of public research funding by focusing on one of the most prominent international initiatives, namely the European Union's Framework Programme. It investigates how over the years policy frames combining certain values and interests have contributed to the emergence and expansion of the EU public research funding....
Article
Full-text available
This Open Forum contribution critically interrogates the use of space race rhetoric in current discussions about artificial intelligence (AI). According to this rhetoric, similar to the space race of the twentieth century, AI development is portrayed as a rivalry among superpowers where one country will win and reap major benefits, while others wil...
Chapter
This introductory chapter to the technology section provides an overview of complex relationships between technologies and European integrations. First, it highlights that in European integration literature the term ‘technology’ is often in multiple ways typically without explicit reflection on its meaning. While the term technology is frequently u...
Chapter
Full-text available
In the context of recent advances in Artificial Intelligence (AI) and launch of AI policy documents and ethics guidelines around the world, since 2017, the European Union (EU) is developing its approach to AI. This chapter examines the key EU AI policy documents and the way the EU is positioning its AI policy vis-à-vis other global players. It draw...
Article
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Drawing on more than eight years working to implement Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) in the Human Brain Project, a large EU-funded research project that brings together neuroscience, computing, social sciences, and the humanities, and one of the largest investments in RRI in one project, this article offers insights on RRI and explores i...
Chapter
Full-text available
As international collaboration within the scientific community is increasing, for scientific and political reasons, it is necessary to deepen our understanding of tension between self-organising and steering. To do so, this contribution contrasts two in-depth case studies of international collaboration in nanosciences. Tracing the emergence and evo...
Research
Full-text available
The Ethics and Society Subproject has developed this Opinion in order to clarify lessons the Human Brain Project (HBP) can draw from the current discussion of artificial intelligence, in particular the social and ethical aspects of AI, and outline areas where it could usefully contribute. The EU and numerous other bodies are promoting and implement...
Article
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The interdisciplinary field of neurorobotics looks to neuroscience to overcome the limitations of modern robotics technology, to robotics to advance our understanding of the neural system’s inner workings, and to information technology to develop tools that support those complementary endeavours. The development of these technologies is still at an...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter analyzes ongoing European Union (EU) policy changes that affect Big Science and Research Infrastructures. These changes are part of a broader EU political agenda to strengthen the EU’s global position, facilitate growth and enhance coordination among EU member states. Important initiatives for Big Science and Research Infrastructures i...
Chapter
Full-text available
Recently, major research powers around the world have made unprecedented investments in neuroscience as one of the most promising technologies of the twenty-first century. However, advances in neuroscience can be used for beneficial as well as harmful purposes. This chapter analyses the governance of dual-use research in the EU by focusing on the m...
Article
While international research collaboration has a long history of facilitating knowledge exchange, creativity and discoveries (Wagner, 2008), it has also been noted that ‘… there might be a danger of ossified, “old boy” networks of collaboration locking out newcomers and new ideas’ (Hicks and Katz, 1996: 44). During the past decades, international r...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This paper aims to critically assess approaches to sex and gender in the Human Brain Project (HBP) as a large information and communication technology (ICT) project case study using intersectionality. Design/methodology/approach The strategy of the HBP is contextualised within the wider context of the representation of women in ICT, and cr...
Article
Full-text available
Current discussions of the ethical aspects of big data are shaped by concerns regarding the social consequences of both the widespread adoption of machine learning and the ways in which biases in data can be replicated and perpetuated. We instead focus here on the ethical issues arising from the use of big data in international neuroscience collabo...
Data
Ethical issues, associated data lifecycle stages and references.
Article
Full-text available
The increasing use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) to help facilitate neuroscience adds a new level of complexity to the question of how ethical issues of such research can be identified and addressed. Current research ethics practice, based on ethics reviews by institutional review boards (IRB) and underpinned by ethical princ...
Research
Full-text available
Current and newly emerging insights and technologies arising from research in brain sciences increase capabilities to access, assess and affect thought, emotion and behaviour. While much of this research and development is directed towards clinical use, it also has applications in other settings, notably in the political, security, intelligence and...
Article
Soon after the establishment of the European Research Council (ERC) in 2007, it had become considered a success story of European research policy. Its funding for excellent science has attracted the interest of the scientific community, stakeholders and policy-makers. Social science research of the ERC helps to understand its role and impact. This...
Chapter
This chapter provides an overview of universities and higher education system in Latvia with a particular focus on its development over past 25 years, its funding, governance and academic profession. It discusses ongoing developments and specific features of Latvia’s higher education such as current funding reform to introduce performance-based fun...
Chapter
An important element of the EU policy discourse during times of crisis has been a call to invest more in research and innovation as sources of future growth. To study the effects of crisis in this policy area, this article draws on an analysis of expert interviews, policy documents and relevant literature. It argues that the crisis has led to incre...
Article
While the scientific community has already for centuries collaborated across borders, science policy and funding are predominantly decided at a national level. Over the past decades, European-level science policy and funding mechanisms have developed, supporting collaboration and competition beyond the national level. A new book edited by Wedlin an...
Chapter
Full-text available
This research paper analyses the European Research Area initiative launched in 2000 to facilitate the free circulation of researchers, scientific knowledge and technology in the EU. In particular, the first three closely related ERA priorities are studied: more effective national research systems, transnational cooperation, and open labour market f...
Article
An important element of the EU policy discourse during times of crisis has been a call to invest more in research and innovation as sources of future growth. To study the effects of crisis in this policy area, this article draws on an analysis of expert interviews, policy documents and relevant literature. It argues that the crisis has led to incre...
Article
It is often argued that the unintended consequences of science policy transformation over the last 50 years—increased role of fixed-term project funding, evaluation and temporary contracts—are short-termism, fragmentation and limited freedom to choose research topics and collaborators. This paper focuses on a phenomenon that should be highly unlike...
Article
Full-text available
This editorial introduces the notion of the Europe of Knowledge and places it in the European integration research agenda. We first describe what the concept means before suggesting how to approach the Europe of Knowledge as a new case for investigating European integration dynamics. This discussion revolves around the evolution of policy developme...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this article is to analyse the evolution of the ideational framework of the most ambitious initiative in supranational research governance so far – the European Research Area (ERA), launched by the European Commission in 2000. In order to do so, the ERA initiative is analysed against the background of the long-term development of the sci...
Book
Full-text available
Chou, M-H. and I.Ulnicane (2015), guest editors, a special issue “New Horizons in the Europe of Knowledge”, Journal of Contemporary European Research 11 (1): 1-152.
Book
While for centuries scientific activities have spanned national borders, research has been organised largely nationally and locally with diverse missions, reward systems, hierarchies and funding structures. Diversity of research governance facilitating development of a wide variety of competences and approaches can ensure opportunities for highly c...
Chapter
La Lettonie est un petit pays de 2,3 millions d’habitants, situé dans le Nord-est de l’Europe, sur la côte est de la mer Baltique. C’est un pays en voie de rattrapage économique qui a subi une transformation politique et économique radicale pendant les années 1990, passant d’un régime autoritaire communiste et d’une économie socialiste planifiée à...
Chapter
Full-text available
Latvia is a small country with 2.3 million inhabitants located in the North-East Europe at the Eastern coast of the Baltic Sea. It is a catching-up economy, which in the 1990s underwent political and economic transformation from an authoritarian communist party rule and centrally planned socialist economy to a democratic multiparty government and l...
Article
Full-text available
As a small European country that joined the European Union in 2004 after being part of the USSR for half a century, Latvia and its system of higher education and research is continually adapting to changing conditions, both nationally and internationally. While it experienced a certain depression in the 1990s, conditioned by the reorientation from...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This analytical country report has been prepared as part of the ERAWATCH project. ERAWATCH is a joint initiative of the European Commission's Directorates General for Research and Joint Research Centre. For further information on ERAWATCH see http://cordis.europa.eu/erawatch. The analytical framework and the structure have been developed by the Ins...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The INNO-Policy TrendChart, previously TrendChart on Innovation, has been running since January 2000. It now tracks innovation policy developments in all 27 EU Member States, plus Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, Croatia, Turkey, Israel, Brazil, Canada, China, Japan, the USA and India. This document has been prepared within the framework of an initiat...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The INNO-Policy TrendChart, previously TrendChart on Innovation, has been running since January 2000. It now tracks innovation policy developments in all 27 EU Member States, plus Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, Croatia, Turkey, Israel, Brazil, Canada, China, Japan, USA and India. This document has been prepared within the framework of an initiative...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Trend Chart on Innovation has been running since January 2000. It now tracks Innovation policy developments in all 25 EU Member States, plus Bulgaria, Iceland, Israel, Liechtenstein, Norway, Romania, Switzerland and Turkey. It also provides a policy monitoring service for three other non-European zones: NAFTA/Brazil, Asia and the MEDA countries...
Chapter
Full-text available
One of the priorities of the European Union is building of knowledge-based economy. However, Eastern enlargement has widened gap within the EU member states in innovation performance. In order to build innovation capacities in Central and Eastern Europe, issue of the role of public policy to facilitate innovation is of particular importance. Howeve...
Chapter
Full-text available
The aim of the article is to discuss the impact of European Union (EU) research, technological development and innovation (RTDI) policy on national RTDI policies in the new EU member states in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). RTDI issues belong to the EU policy domains where main policy-making instruments are financial programmes and policy coordi...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
While scientists have collaborated across borders for centuries, in recent decades international research collaboration has intensified due to a number of scientific, technological, political and other reasons. Increased role of international research collaborations raises a lot of questions: How do creative and productive international research collaborations emerge? What scientific, institutional, social and other motivations facilitate emergence, continuation and renewal of collaborations? What formal and informal forms collaborations take? What is the role of governance, funding agencies and research organizations in the launch and organization of international research collaborations? What is seen as a successful collaboration by different actors involved? What kind of collaborations can address Grand societal challenges and contribute to achieving the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals?
Project
Governance of emerging sciences and technologies is a major site of contestation about values, facts, interests, ideologies as well as possible and desirable futures of societies. While each of current or past emerging sciences and technologies – Artificial Intelligence, neuroscience, robotics, nanotech and others – have their distinctive characteristics, they also have common features such as uncertainty about their impacts, fast growth and radical novelty. They are associated with hypes as well as positive and negative expectations which have performative function and impact on decisions and actions. This raise a number of questions and challenges for governance of these novel fields. What is the role of governance in facilitating the development and use of emerging sciences and technologies in socially beneficial ways? What is the relationship between different actors – national governments, international organizations, experts, civil society and industry – in governing emerging sciences and technologies? And what are dynamics of cross-national convergence and remaining national and regional diversity in governing novel technologies?
Project
What drives European integration in science, technology and innovation? What rationales, policy paradigms and frames underpin EU research and innovation policy? Why and how is this policy area expanding with new initiatives and instruments?