Indrajit Pal

Indrajit Pal
Asian Institute of Technology · Disaster Preparedness, Mitigation and Management Program (DPMM)

Doctor of Philosophy

About

123
Publications
33,264
Reads
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879
Citations
Introduction
Interdisciplinary Researcher Working on Risk Characterization, Risk Perception and Community Resilience, Critical Infrastructure Resilience, Delta research, DRR Education #CDRI #GCRF #Livingdeltas #Risk
Additional affiliations
October 2006 - November 2014
LBSNAA
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (123)
Book
Full-text available
The geo-climatic conditions of South and SouthEast Asian countries are diverse and vulnerable to multiple natural hazards such as drought. Drought evolves over months or even years, affects a large spatial extent and causes enormous damages. Drought Risk Management in South and SouthEast Asia is a comprehensive reference on overall perspectives and...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The effects of population growth in the developing world and climate change have increased the stress on available water resources. The majority of Rajshahi city, Bangladesh, is facilitated with groundwater withdrawal. As Bangladesh is a country of monsoon climate, reserved rainwater can be contributed as an alternative to extracted groundw...
Article
Full-text available
The climate of India reflects the instability and variability of the monsoon in the tropical regions of the country. Monsoon in India occurs annually, with variations in rainfall that adversely affect water resources, agriculture, and other regional conditions. The perception of the variability of the monsoon season is one of the critical problems...
Chapter
Pandemic has affected different parts of life. Higher education institutions (HEIs) are no exception to that. With the sudden pandemic, the HEIs suffered the most in Spring and Fall semester in 2020 with disruption of classes, changing to online education, student management, etc. In this chapter, the impacts are analyzed with six different issues:...
Chapter
COVID-19 pandemic has affected higher education to a great extent. Educational institutes have either closed for few months or changed their session time worldwide due to the outbreak of COVID-19. The chapter explores different instructional strategies adapted in the education institutes in Asia–Pacific region. When traditional and interactive teac...
Chapter
Higher educational institutions (HEIs) have had to undergo significant transformations during the COVID-19 pandemic. Some countries have also experienced both the pandemic and natural hazards, which meant that they have had to move their conventional educational systems to digital and online modes and to cancel or postpone important events. However...
Chapter
COVID-19 pandemic and its global impacts pushed higher education institutions into various levels of difficulties. They are struggling to change their organizational and management strategies to make it functional. In this muddled situation, adapting to the new normal for education continuity is becoming a prime challenge. The rapid adaptation of d...
Chapter
Full-text available
Hydro-meteorological hazards in the recent years extensively impacted the Asian region, especially in the urban context. The present research is focused to analyze the factors which affected the city of Chennai in the east coast of India in the context of 2015 flood. In 2015, floods extensively impacted the cities of Puducherry and Chennai, about 5...
Article
Underground coal mining is a high-risk industry for fatal and non-fatal injuries. As a result of their constant exposure to a hazardous environment with a low safety climate, coal miners in Pakistan are at danger of serious injuries. This study explores the association between coal miners’ safety behaviors and injuries which was found a gap in Paki...
Article
Flood is a hazard, but it is also essential for the local communities in the Mekong Delta, as it also provides nutrients for agriculture and resists saltwater intrusion. In recent years, changes in flood patterns have been observed in the Mekong Delta with erratic fluctuations in the flooded area, especially in the downstream provinces. It causes a...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study is to understand through the qualitative assessment, how the current strategy plans are geared toward reducing urban flood risks and achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 11 and 13. Design/methodology/approach The Bangkok Metropolitan Region (BMR) plays a major role in Thailand’s economic development. Thu...
Preprint
Drought is one of the most frequent and widespread natural hazards in Tien Giang province of Vietnam, which is aggravating under the influence of climate change. As agriculture is the primary economy of the province, it is crucial to understand the influence of climate change on drought severity and how the local farmers perceive and adapt to clima...
Article
Purpose To minimize risk of coastal communities arising from cyclones, several risk mitigation initiatives have been taken in countries. Cyclone shelters have proven to be an important critical infrastructure in saving lives from cyclones. A large number of coastal critical infrastructure in the form of multi-purpose cyclone shelters (MPCS) are bui...
Article
Full-text available
The geo-climatic setting of the Odisha coast is prone to natural calamities like cyclones, storm surges, inundation, along with changing sea level, which indicates a higher level of coastal vulnerability. Climate-induced natural hazards are frequent on the Odisha coast, which leads to adverse impacts on life and property and intensive crop damage....
Chapter
Full-text available
Coastal areas have become more susceptible and vulnerable to natural and human‐made hazards. The rise in sea level and associated erosion are slow onset hazards. It usually takes months or even years to observe the consequences of erosion; thus, it is generally known as a ‘Slow onset Coastal Hazard’. This work addresses the threats from rising sea...
Article
Full-text available
Mainstreaming flood risk reduction into spatial planning (MFRRSP) recognizes the urgent need for sustainable human settlement planning. Despite official recognition of MFRRSP in Thailand, repetitive damage from floods demonstrates gaps in concept and implementation. This paper examines the transition and challenges of flood risk reduction (FRR) pra...
Article
Full-text available
This study presents an alternative vertical total electron content (VTEC) anomaly detection technique based on diurnal VTEC values. In order to assess the consistency of the results, Mw7.9 Wenchuan earthquake occurred on May 12, 2008 was chosen as case study because several researches were performed on this earthquake event. In this detection techn...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to provide a general overview of the international Tsunami warning system mandated by the United Nations, particularly on cataloging past studies and a strategic focus in the Indian Ocean, particularly on the Bay of Bengal region. Design/methodology/approach Present research assimilates the secondary non-classified data on...
Chapter
Sustainability and resilience should be highest priorities in urban planning and city development to sustain life through the adverse effects of disasters. This chapter summarizes the contents of the book volume on City Resilience and Sustainable Infrastructure. The book discusses key topics such as resilient infrastructure in construction, innovat...
Chapter
This chapter presents the definitions and concepts of disaster risk reduction and its relation to the discipline of civil engineering. It is important to have the infrastructure resilient to disaster. In addition, civil engineering has the potential to offer solutions that can reduce the risk during a disaster. The disaster risk can be reduced by r...
Chapter
Amphan was the strongest cyclone to hit the Indian coast nearly two decades after the Odisha Super Cyclone of 1999. The cyclone affected many countries of the Indian Ocean region and shadowed its peril on several Indian states. The eastern state of West Bengal was worst affected by the cyclone, and it caused severe damages to lives and property. Se...
Book
This book presents the select proceedings of the Virtual Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (VCDRR 2021). This book discusses various relevant topics such as Disaster resilience and Infrastructure, Risk reduction and structural measures, Evidence based approach for DRR Case studies, Numerical modelling and Constructions methods, Prevention Metho...
Book
The book is a comprehensive volume on multi-hazards and their management for a sustainable built environment. It focuses on the role of civil engineering in building disaster resilient society. This book brings together all diverse disciplines of civil engineering and related areas (for example, geotechnical engineering, water resources engineering...
Article
Full-text available
The utilization of remote sensing and GIS is increasing in importance across the world for disaster preparedness, assessments, mitigation, and governance. A major focus is on extracting and disseminating useful information from satellite and airborne data sources for effective planning and decision making during and after disasters. This study pres...
Article
Full-text available
A short span of abnormal precipitation in the year 2018 has ravaged the southwestern state of Kerala. It has resulted in widespread flooding and landslides with more than 400 casualties. The present study has implemented the SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar)-based Sentinel 1 C band satellite data. The researchers have analyzed the remotely sensed data...
Chapter
The chapter focuses on the application of geospatial technologies specially satellite remote sensing data and methods to assess the challenges and threats of Sundarbans originated from natural and man-made sources. Discussions are provided at the outset about the historical mapping activities during the beginning of twentieth century using airborne...
Article
Full-text available
This study's purpose is to analyze the degree of risk and vulnerability involved in landslide and flash flood prone community areas in Thepparat sub-district, Sichon district, Nakhon Si Thammarat province, Thailand. It also aims to analyze and understand the socioeconomic impacts on the community at the household level, and assess the community's r...
Article
Full-text available
The study aims to get insights into virtual land, water flows from producers' perspectives for cereal crops and trade in Bangladesh and provides insights into the carbon emissions from agriculture. For this purpose, FAO's cereals area, production and yield, food balance sheets, detailed trade matrix, GHG emissions, and population data for the year...
Article
Full-text available
COVID 19 recovery path, economic growth path and climate resilient path have much in common to help in building back better for Bangladesh which experienced multiple hazards due to hydro-meteorological disasters during the pandemic year. Changing the framework around this intersection of sustainable developmental actions can strengthen the producti...
Article
Full-text available
143 This white paper recognises that for the decision makers and policy makers implementation of any intervention for changing the existing service delivery model, production model, market or regulatory model that impacts consumers and citizens are the most challenging tasks. Uncertainties about consumers and citizens' responses lead to delays or s...
Article
Full-text available
Energy security is one of the key priorities of the United Nations' sustainable development agenda of 2030. Limited studies have focused on accessibility, availability, and security of energy across the provinces of Vietnam using household data. The present study considers aims to fill this gap and by quantifying the level of electricity and cookin...
Article
Full-text available
Agriculture, global biodiversity and distribution of species are increasingly influenced by changing climate. Assessing the future distribution of biodiversity under different climate change scenarios is an essential step towards conservation planning and policy implementations. To understand the climate change impacts, the present study used Garci...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the influence of climate factors on malaria incidence in the Sundargarh district, Odisha, India. The WEKA machine learning tool was used with two classifier techniques, Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) and J48, with three test options, 10-fold cross-validation, percentile split, and supplied test. A comparative analysis was carr...
Article
Full-text available
The local population of Sundarbans, an environmentally vulnerable delta region in south-eastern India, is currently affected by combined negative impacts of cyclone Amphan and the COVID-19 pandemic. The lockdown measures have created an additional burden on the health care system, while flooding during Amphan increased the risk of spreading water-b...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Energy security is one of the key priorities of the United Nations' sustainable development agenda of 2030. Limited studies have focused on accessibility, availability, and security of energy across the provinces of Vietnam using household data. The present study considers aims to fill this gap and by quantifying the level of electricity and cookin...
Article
Full-text available
This white paper recognises that for the decision-makers and policymakers implementation of any intervention for changing the existing service delivery model, production model, market or regulatory model that impacts consumers and citizens are the most challenging tasks. Uncertainties about consumers and citizens' responses lead to delays or subopt...
Article
Full-text available
Extreme weather is becoming one of the fierce symptoms of rapidly changing climate era which is causing long and short term damage at different aspects of our day-today life. Extreme weather events like heavy rains cause sewers to overflow and may result in urban flooding a common scenario to the cities in developing countries like Bangladesh. With...
Article
Full-text available
Bangladesh, a country of 160 million people with declining population growth rate, to deliver human wellbeing equitably is justifiably poised for high economic growth rate. Framing 21st century economic growth agenda to achieve not only narrowly focused GDP (Gross Domestic Product) growth but focused towards human wellbeing is especially challengin...
Article
Full-text available
Children spend more than two-thirds of their total daytime in schools and becoming more persuasive in shielding them from potential hazards. Schools have a responsibility to protect students in the event of disasters and to promote a culture of preparedness by keeping them prepared and aware. If schools do not handle emergencies effectively, the ed...
Article
Full-text available
Field-based academic researches play a vital role in the identification of key issues contributing to disaster vulnerability and in uncovering of policy recommendations that will help in reducing vulnerability and improving community resilience. Vulnerability to disasters is embedded in a complex system of societal structures and processes. It is d...
Chapter
Education-based initiatives must be equitable in order to reduce the likelihood of disasters among the most disadvantaged and exposed people and facilities. In different contexts, education is a significant enabler of sustainable development with relevance for the various outcomes of development. The amalgamation of education, awareness, and inform...
Chapter
Estimation of economic loss due to flood often becomes necessary for flood damage assessment. Conventional practices to estimate damage by postflood survey are laborious and time-consuming. This study presents a framework of rapid estimation of flood damage using earth observation satellite data to minimize the time and efforts for damage assessmen...
Chapter
It has been observed that a single disaster can destroy the investment and years of work led by communities, governments, and development organizations. Therefore, to achieve the goals of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda’s central focus should lie on disaster resilience. Increasing frequency and intensity of natural disasters in Asia have be...
Chapter
Education plays a significant role in disaster risk reduction and achieving human security in an effort to accomplish sustainable development. Education has indicated beneficial outcomes in disaster risk management. Disaster education is an interdisciplinary topic, which has links to various sectors. DRRE can be seen to be linked with the environme...
Chapter
Disaster diplomacy is a fairly new academic field that deals with the impact of disasters on international relations. This paper examines the academic embeddedness of disaster diplomacy as an evolving discipline based on the empirical scientometric analysis. The content analysis of about 54 journal papers and 135 citing items appeared for the key t...
Chapter
This chapter presents a conceptual approach to explore the linkage between natural hazards, insurance, and poverty. Specifically, it proposes a methodological and conceptual framework to assess the role of and quantify the effects of insurance on poverty outcomes as well as vulnerability to poverty in the presence of natural hazards. Two main hypot...
Chapter
The global environmental change and disaster trends urge us to implement new techniques for hazard mitigation, exposure, and vulnerability reduction. However, it is really difficult to choose the appropriate hazard mitigation techniques. Ecosystem for disaster risk reduction (DRR) is a tested solution for the sustainable development and adaptation...
Chapter
In recent years, the human influence on the frequency and severity of disaster events has become more evident. Multiple risks, including relative sea-level rise (SLR) and human alterations, are at risk in the tropical delta regions, rendering them increasingly vulnerable to severe flooding, cyclones, storm surges, intrusion of salinity, and other h...
Chapter
Full-text available
Natural hazards are increasing in magnitude, frequency, and intensity. Human beings all around the globe are affected directly or indirectly by natural hazards. Small island developing states (SIDS) are the most vulnerable countries based on characteristics such as small landmass, small economies, isolation from other islands and continents, rapid...
Chapter
Water scarcity in arid and semiarid parts of Maharashtra is a dominant pattern. The situation exacerbates during prolonged drought years. Therefore, it is fundamental to understand the characteristics of historical drought events. This chapter focuses on the characterization of meteorological droughts in a representative drought-prone catchment of...
Article
Full-text available
COVID 19 recovery path, economic growth path and climate resilient path have much in common to help in building back better for Bangladesh which experienced multiple hazards due to hydro-meteorological disasters during the pandemic year. Changing the framework around this intersection of sustainable developmental actions can strengthen the producti...
Chapter
Disasters are becoming routines in the present world and the loss of life, property, infrastructure, economy, causing hindrance to growth and development. While improving the technologies and strengthening of facilities are important for disaster prevention, the enhancement and implementation of proactive disaster risk governance for long-term miti...
Article
Full-text available
Bangladesh is prone to various hydrometeorological hazards due to its geophysical location. The exposures and resulting impacts of these natural hazards are aggravated by persistent social, economic and environmental status. Compounded with the country's current dependence on imported fossil fuels and other challenges, this study seeks to stimulate...
Article
Full-text available
Extreme weather is becoming one of the fierce symptoms of rapidly changing climate era which is causing long and short term damage at different aspects of our day-today life. Extreme weather events like heavy rains cause sewers to overflow and may result in urban flooding a common scenario to the cities in developing countries like Bangladesh. With...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate the climatic influence on COVID-19 transmission risks in 228 cities globally across three climatic zones. The results, based on the application of a Boosted Regression Tree algorithm method, show that average temperature and average relative humidity explain significant variations in COVID-19 transmission across temperate and subtrop...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines the association between intensity of COVID-19 spread and causing factors across climatic regions using Boosted Regression Tree algorithm. The results show that average temperature and average relative humidity are the major contributors in explaining the differentials of COVID-19 transmission in temperate and subtropical regions...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in North Darfur of Sudan have been experiencing serious public health risks such as high prevalence rate, and outbreaks of communicable diseases. Public health risk assessment is complex as researchers engaged in disaster science and management use different quantitative models with different interpre...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, several drought indices have been developed and used to monitor local to regional scale droughts on various temporal scales. However, to our knowledge, these indices do not possess generalized criteria to define a threshold in which to declare a national-scale drought. We present a statistical methodology to identify national-scale...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: India has a rising rate of malaria as well as a high mortality rate despite awareness and efforts being focused on the issue. Some regions are profoundly affected than others, such as in Odisha, where the prevalence of malaria is nearly a third of the whole country. This study investigated the influence of climate factors on the inciden...
Article
Pupils constantly face risks as they spend most of their time in schools and become easy victims of natural hazards. It is also important for schools in countries like Pakistan where disaster preparedness is subject to a choice rather than a compulsory obligation to provide a robust disaster risk reduction (DRR). The current research employs a prag...
Article
Full-text available
The study is the first attempt to assess the role of climatic predictors in the rise of COVID-19 intensity in the Russian climatic region. The study used the Random Forest algorithm to understand the underlying associations and monthly scenarios. The results show that temperature seasonality (29.2 ± 0.9%) has the highest contribution for COVID-19 t...
Article
Full-text available
This study highlights the major players in the global food balance, potential implications of COVID-19 on global cereal supply, and SDG-2 (zero hunger). It found that developing countries, fifteen from Africa followed by ten from Latin America, six from Oceania, and four from Asia are the most vulnerable to changes food supply shocks. It concludes...
Article
The study aims to identify attributes of communities with high social resilience in flood-prone areas of Myanmar. This study outlines a conceptual indicator-based framework for assessing the social resilience to floods using five components: social demographic, sense of place, adaptive capacity, flood risk level, and the social resilience status of...
Poster
Full-text available
International Energy Journal Call for Papers for: Bangabandhu Chair Special Issue Title of Special Issue: Energy, Disaster, Climate Change: Sustainability and Just Transitions in Bangladesh
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers form in the Himalaya and its catchment is shared among five countries and ultimately deposits the freshwater and sediments in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna (GBM) delta shared between Bangladesh and India. The delta is strongly influenced by neighbouring countries' water and sediment management decisions in addition...