Indra D. Bhatt

Indra D. Bhatt
GB Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment

Ph.D.

About

255
Publications
166,198
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4,495
Citations
Citations since 2016
164 Research Items
3599 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800

Publications

Publications (255)
Article
Berberis jaeschkeana fruits, source of nutraceutically important polyphenolics were investigated. A total of 32 experimental run were conducted under Plackett-Burman and Central Composite design. Microwave power, methanol and HCl concentration significantly (p<0.05) affect extraction of polyphenols under linear, quadratic and interactive effect. Th...
Chapter
The genus Fragaria (Strawberry) contains 25 species worldwide including four species from India (viz., Fragaria nubicola, Fragaria indica, Fragaria bucharica, and Fragaria daltoniana). The fruits of these species are delicious in taste, attractive and natural sources of various nutritional contents (viz. phenolics, phenolic acid, flavonoids, tannin...
Chapter
Pyus pashia Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don and Pyrus pyrifolia (Burm. f) Nakai are two very important wild edible fruits of the Indian Himalayan region. Both the species are good sources of various bioactive constituents such as chlorogenic acid, gentisic acid, arbutin, catechin, epicatechin, quercetin, rutin, and leupirol. Both the species are known for diff...
Chapter
Rhus chinensis Mill (also known as Rhus semialata Murray, Family Anacardiaceae) is a deciduous underutilized wild edible fruit tree. It is native to China and Japan and distributed in tropical and subtropical regions at an altitude of 1300 to 2400 m asl in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Malaysia, Mayamar, Java, Europe, Ceylon, Korea. Fruits and galls (Galla...
Chapter
Wild edible plants are an important source of nutrition and are known to ensure food security all over the globe. Among various parts of the world, the use of bio-resources such as wild edible fruits and berries is evident in the mountain region by the mountainous communities. Among mountains, Himalayas represents 4 out of 36 global biodiversity ho...
Chapter
Feeding millions of undernourished people in the Himalayan region depends not only on the increased productivity of a limited number of domesticated crops but would require optimal use of biodiversity. Wild edible plants are an important source of nutritional and alternative food in the region. Among others, Pyracantha crenulata (P. crenulata) is a...
Chapter
The increasing interest in wild fruit and berries-derived nutraceuticals, functional foods, and food supplements as potential agents in the maintenance of good health and the prevention and treatment of diseases is widely recognized all across the globe. Wild fruits are consumed in the Himalayan region for their nutritional values and health benefi...
Chapter
The genus Mahonia (family: Berberidaceae) is medicinally and economically an important plant species. This genus is widely used to prepare dyes and traditional-modern medicine system for curing various diseases such as diarrhea, blood dysentery, jaundice and skin disorders (i.e., eczema, psoriasis), etc. The species is good source of alkaloid conte...
Chapter
The berries are rich source of nutraceutical compounds and daily intake promotes human health, prevents chronic illness and metabolic disorders. The genus Rubus includes 600-800 species, which are mainly distributed in hilly regions of Asia, Europe, Africa and North-America. The berry of the Rubus attract attention due to its taste, aroma and healt...
Chapter
Wild edibles are widely recognized as the potential source of diverse bioactive compounds having significant health benefits. The Indian Himalayas has a rich diversity of wild edibles and their nutraceutical importance is well known. Among others, Bischofia javanica Blume is a deciduous tree having several therapeutic properties. Its fruits/berries...
Book
Himalayan Fruits and Berries: Bioactive Compounds, Uses and Nutraceutical Potential presents nutraceutical fruits and berries from the region and highlights their potential use in nutraceutical products. The book includes coverage of the traditional, ethnomedicinal and local uses of potential nutraceutical wild fruits and berries and analyzes distr...
Article
Full-text available
Analyzing plant species richness across a broad geographic gradient is critical for understanding the patterns and processes of biodiversity. In view of this, a species richness map was developed by stacking the ranges of 51 tree species along an elevational gradient in the Western Himalaya using stacked species distribution models (SSDMs). Among m...
Article
Full-text available
Paeonia emodi is one of the ethno therapeutically important Himalayan plants used to cure various diseases. However, a systematic investigation of the effect of altitude on phytochemical, antioxidant, and antimicrobial activity has not been reported so far. The present study assessed the variation in the bioactive compounds, antioxidant and antimic...
Article
Paeonia emodi is one of the ethno therapeutically important Himalayan plants used to cure various diseases. However, a systematic investigation of the effect of altitude on phytochemical, antioxidant, and antimicrobial activity has not been reported so far. The present study assessed the variation in the bioactive compounds, antioxidant and antimic...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Rubus ellipticus (family Rosaceae) is used for its delicious edible fruits in the Himalayan region and other parts of the globe. However, the full potential of the species is yet to be harnessed. The current review focuses on the phytochemical, traditional uses, morphological, molecular and pharmacological potential of R. ellipticus. Ke...
Article
Full-text available
Polygonatum cirrhifolium (Wall.) Royle is an important medicinal herb of the family Asparagaceae used to cure several ailments. The rhizome of the species forms an important ingredient of “Chyavanprash” which is identified for its rejuvenating properties. However, P. cirrhifolium is least explored scientifically and systematically till date. Theref...
Article
A great deal of research has been conducted in the mountains; however, most of the scientific information remains scattered with minimal use in the policy and governance. We systematically reviewed and evaluated the published scientific literature on the Himalaya and identified 77,912 research outputs from 12,258 sources. Agriculture and Biological...
Article
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The recent declaration of 'UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration' recognizes the need to massively accelerate global restoration of degraded and human altered ecosystems to provide multiple environmental benefits, including mitigation of climate change impacts. Commitment to various global obligations like UNCCD and SDG-15 to achieve land degradation...
Chapter
Plants and their bioactive compounds are used in medicinal practices since ancient times. The Himalayan region possesses a large number of medicinal plants, which have been used to prevent and cure several human diseases. Diabetes is a major public health problem, which affects millions of people worldwide. Due to its complexity and impact on whole...
Article
Full-text available
There are a few regions in the world, where climate change impacts are more intense than other regions of the world, and Himalaya is the case. The Himalaya, one of the biodiversity hotspot regions and provider of ecosystem services to billion of people all across the world. Present study reviewed and synthesized climate change studies in the Himala...
Article
Phytobased bioactive compounds are herbal scavengers and beneficial in skin disorders, aging and oxidative damage. Himalayan Cherry (Prinsepia utilis) is a good source of fatty acids; however, screening and optimization of polyphenolics in leftover waste of seeds after oil extraction have not been studied. The present study focuses on the optimizat...
Chapter
The in vitro production of phenolic compounds in different plant culture techniques offers an attractive substitute rather than separation from plant materials. The variability and instability of phenolic compound composition hinders the standardization and quality assurance of crude materials. Therefore, in vitro studies offer several allied advan...
Chapter
Plants are one of the most reliable resources of nutrient supplements and pharmaceutical compounds, but rapidly losing from the wild due to intensified harvesting for the bioactive secondary metabolites of nutraceutical interest. Recent resurgence in the nutraceutical and its importance in the human health has aroused worldwide researchers to find...
Article
Full-text available
The antimicrobial potential of in vitro (callus) and in vivo (leaf and rhizome) plant parts of Himalayan peaony (Paeonia emodi) has been investigated with particular reference to solvent polarity and altitudinal variation (1827–2350 m above sea level). Five different solvents, i.e., methanol, ethanol, acetone, ethyl acetate, and hexane, and three g...
Article
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Climate variability coupled with anthropogenic pressures is the most critical driver in the Himalayan region for forest ecosystem vulnerability. Dactylorhiza hatagirea (D.Don) Soo is an important yet highly threatened medicinal orchid from the Himalayan region. Poor regenerative power and growing demand have resulted in the steep decline of its nat...
Article
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The polar protic (methanol, ethanol) and polar aprotic (acetone, ethyl acetate) solvents were utilized to study the polyphenolics, antioxidants, and antimicrobial activities of Curcuma caesia rhizome. Methanol extracted significantly higher TPC (721.83mg±3.82GAE/100g DW), TFC (271.57± 5.41mg QE/100g DW), and TTC (242.86 ±12.20 mg TAE/100g DW). Chlo...
Article
Full-text available
Zanthoxylum armatum DC. (Family Rutaceae) is an important species gaining tremendous popularity owing to its multiple uses in diverse medicine systems. The species is harvested from the wild to meet the demand for pharmaceutical and domestic purposes. However, overexploitation of Z. armatum has imposed severe pressure on this species in its natural...
Article
The extraction of bioactive compounds from plant sources has always posed the question of stability, which largely depends on the extraction conditions. This study is, therefore, designed to evaluate the stability of polyphenolics from Berberis jaeschkeana fruit extracted under optimal ultrasonic-assisted extraction (UAE) conditions, and make compa...
Article
The paper enumerates 95 plant species of medicinal importance used by the inhabitants of the villages around the Changthang plateau of Ladakh Union Territory, India. Leaves (27 spp.), shoots (23 spp.), flowers and root (19 spp., each) were utilized in majority cases. Maximum species were used for gastrointestinal diseases followed by cold, cough, f...
Article
Full-text available
Forests are under stress due to variety of climatic and non-climatic factors. Therefore for suitably managing the forests, vulnerability of the forests needs to be understood. The present paper attempts to estimate the vulnerability of various temperate forests of Western Himalaya due to climate change by analyzing the patterns of different taxonom...
Article
The protocol for the propagation of Mahonia jaunsarensis, an endemic plant of the Western Himalaya, was developed using stem cuttings. Our results indicated the best regeneration response during the rainy season using a mist chamber. After one year, >95% survival rate was recorded. These results will be useful for the propagation of M. jaunsarensis...
Article
Rhododendron arboreum Smith flowers constitute a valuable dietary supplement or food additive and are novel therapeutic agents. The present work demonstrates and optimizes an effective, enzyme-based ultrasonic approach for polyphenols extraction as a potential alternative to conventional extraction methods. Enzyme-based extraction constitutes an ef...
Article
Full-text available
Cinnamomum tamala belongs to family Lauraceae, commonly known as Tejpat or Indian bay leaf is an evergreen, moderate size, multipurpose tree species. The species is therapeutically and economically important medicinal tree species required conventional method for germination (cultivation packages). Based on the review, several multipurpose tree spe...
Chapter
Full-text available
Mountains are highly significant regions in the context of climate change and sustainable development, at the intersection of accelerated warming and a large population depending directly or indirectly on them. They are regions of high biological and cultural diversity and provide vital goods and services to people living in and around mountain reg...
Article
Full-text available
Among the various types of cancer, lung cancer is the second most-diagnosed cancer worldwide. The kinesin spindle protein, Eg5, is a vital protein behind bipolar mitotic spindle establishment and maintenance during mitosis. Eg5 has been reported to contribute to cancer cell migration and angiogenesis impairment and has no role in resting, non-divid...
Article
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total phenolics and flavonoids, while total tannin was higher at Nainital (PU-6) population (2000 m asl). The antioxidant activity measured by 2, 2-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) was found higher in Narayan Ashram (PU-9) population (2750 m asl), while ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) was significantly higher in Bad...
Article
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Plant functional traits (PETs) are an important indicator of structure and function of forest ecosystem. However, the succinct accounting of the linkages across the various forest types are lacking across the literature. Therefore, the objective of the study was to synthesize current knowledge about and ecosystem function and services along with th...
Chapter
Full-text available
Mountains are highly significant regions in the context of climate change and sustainable development, at the intersection of accelerated warming and a large population depending directly or indirectly on them. They are regions of high biological and cultural diversity and provide vital goods and services to people living in and around mountain reg...
Article
Full-text available
The study aims to identify the fatty acid composition in Prinsepia utilis seeds collected from diverse populations of Western Himalaya, India. The seeds contained higher saturated fatty acid (SFA- 43.09%; Average of all populations) followed by polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA - 29.57%) and monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA - 25.53%), however vari...
Article
Bioactive compounds of Rubus ellipticus fruits are known for their potential in nutraceutical and functional food; however, systematic investigation on optimization of extraction conditions for improving yield is lacking. In the present study, extraction of bioactive compounds was per- formed using Plackett-Burman (PBD) and Central Composite Desi...
Article
Full-text available
More than just a health crisis, COVID-19 pandemic has stressed across social, economical and emotional dimensions of human well being and health. The sudden enforcement although willful and honest, perpetuated a sense of insecurity and uncertainty as a result of livelihood loss, especially for the people employed in unorganized and private sectors...
Chapter
Malaxis acuminata is one among the 300 species of the genus with medicinal properties and hence used in traditional Indian medicine system. The species is a perennial, monopodial, threatened terrestrial orchid distributed in moist ground and in rocks laden with mosses in south Asia including, Himalaya and southern Indian hills, Australia, and weste...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study we compared the community composition, structure, regeneration status and carbon stock of a human managed arboretum (restoration site) during three decades with a natural forest in western Himalaya. Results reveal that ecological restoration activities in the arboretum enhanced the species richness of woody plants by 66.4% with...
Chapter
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In vitro culture techniques have emerged as a promising source for production of various nutraceutical compounds and are employed in a variety of industries, including agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, flavours, fragrances, food colouring, etc. Recognizing the importance of nutraceutical compounds, different strategies have been extensively studied o...
Article
Hippophae tibetana is valuable wild edible berry, which is utilized as a supplement of food, traditional‐folk medicine system by rural populace of the Johar valley, Pithoragarh district India. The study focused on quantitating the nutrient composition, polyphenols, and free radical scavenging activities of the specie (in different solvent extracts)...
Preprint
Full-text available
Polygonatum cirrhifolium is an important medicinal herb of family Asparagaceae used to cure several ailments. Its rhizome forms an important ingredient of “Chyavanprash” which is identified for its rejuvenating properties. However, P.cirrhifolium is least explored scientifically and systematically till date. Therefore, in this study genetic diversi...
Article
Full-text available
Assessing global progress on human adaptation to climate change is an urgent priority. Although the literature on adaptation to climate change is rapidly expanding, little is known about the actual extent of implementation. We systematically screened >48,000 articles using machine learning methods and a global network of 126 researchers. Our synthe...
Article
Present study is an attempt to understand the distribution pattern of five dominant invasive alien plants in forests of the Hat-Kalika watershed in Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand, Kumaon Himalaya. The results of the study revealed that among selected five invasive alien plants, only Ageratina adenophora was present in all studied forests with...
Article
Understanding patterns in forest communities and its driving factors play a critical role in ecological studies. In view of this, present study attempts to understand the role of environmental and anthropogenic factors towards shaping species diversity and composition along the altitudinal gradient (700–3800 m asl) in Indian western Himalaya. A tot...
Article
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Over 1 billion people are living at the frontlines of climate change in mountain areas, where warming rates outpace the global average and are driving significant changes in environments and ecosystem services. These changes are exacerbating socioeconomic difficulties faced by many mountain communities, and are already intensifying vulnerabilities...
Article
Full-text available
The present study synthesizes existing literature on Forest Ecosystem Vulnerability (FEV) assessments across the world's mountain regions. The synthesis reveals a globally substantial number of studies are available on FEV assessment. However, such studies are limited in the mountain regions. Of the total 75 peer-reviewed research papers considered...
Article
Dactylorhiza hatagirea, an important source of ‘Salep,’ is a highly valued but underutilized medicinal plant of the Himalayan region. Health benefits of the species are associated with the presence of natural antioxidant that alleviates glycemic activity and oxidative stress. The present study aimed to optimize and propose an effective ultrasound-a...
Chapter
Valeriana jatamansi is a medicinal herb generally known as Indian Vale rian belongs to family Caprifoliaceae. This is an herbal plant blended with many medicinal properties such as stimulant, carminative, antispasmodic, cytotoxic and aromatic property. The herb is used in custom and advanced medicine system for curing various ailments and in flavor...
Article
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Globally, Indigenous Knowledge Systems (IKSs), which have evolved through rigorously tested methods and practices, are a testimony of human intelligence and endurance. The diversity of goods such as food, beverages, herbs, etc., and its associated systems, which form an integral part of modern cuisine and healthcare systems, are deeply rooted in IK...
Article
Polygonatum verticillatum (L.) All. is an important medicinal herb that belongs to the family Asparagaceae. The rhizome of the species is used in Chyavanprash preparation and several other ayurvedic formulations. Numerous active constituents like saponins, alkaloids, phytohormones, flavonoids, antioxidants, lysine, serine, aspartic acid, diosgenin,...
Article
Forest vulnerability assessment with ground realities/ data has great implications for adaptation and management planning at local and regional scale. However, such assessments are still limited across globe including the Himalaya. In view of this, present study derived a spatial map of inherent forest vulnerability using ground based observation a...
Article
Full-text available
As habitats change, species with higher intraspecific variation have more resources to adapt. Medicinal plants in the Himalayas are increasingly threatened by climate change and other anthropogenic influences. The intraspecific variation within and among 17 populations of the high-elevation herb Trillium govanianum Wall. ex D.Don was studied as an...
Article
Community Forests (CFs) are considered as an important means of forest management, biodiversity conservation, poverty reduction and ecological sustainability all across the world. Present study is an attempt to understand if CFs in west Himalayan part of India (referred as Van Panchayat) is effective in performing such role of conservation and sust...
Article
Valeriana jatamansi Jones and Hedychium spicatum Ham-ex-Smith are important medicinal herbs of the Himalayan region, which are highly demanded by pharmaceutical industries. Climatic variability especially increasing temperature and water deficit affects the growth and productivity of these species. In addition, increased temperature and water defic...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Genus Fragaria (family - Rosaceae), popular edible berry fruits with delicious flavor and considerable health benefits has many wild relatives in the Himalayan region. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to characterize variability in morphology, physicochemical properties, phytochemicals, and antioxidant activity in wild Himalay...
Article
Full-text available
The Himalaya, as provider of goods and range of ecosystem services, is vital for sustaining life of millions of people in uplands and billions in lowlands. Indian National Action Plan on Climate Change has recognized the region vital for ecological security of the country. However, growing demand for bio-resources, combined with inadequate apprecia...