Ina Blau

Ina Blau
The Open University of Israel | openu · Department of Education and Psychology

PhD

About

86
Publications
45,598
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Introduction
My research interests include integration of innovative technologies in K-12 and academia; e-learning and digital literacy competencies; computational thinking, visual programming and educational robotics; social aspects of e-communication; and psychological ownership in e-collaboration. Some of my studies are conducted within either quantitative or qualitative research paradigm, while others employ mixed methods. I choose methods which are best suited to different research questions.
Additional affiliations
September 2011 - May 2016
The Open University of Israel
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (86)
Article
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Background Hyper‐video technology allows reflection on learning materials by writing personal notes and by interactions with lecturers and peers through shared posts and replies. While research shows that integrating hyper‐videos in educational systems can promote the learning processes and outcomes, an open question remains regarding its actual ut...
Article
This study mapped instructional strategies that promote core digital literacies, as conceptualized by three theoretical frameworks: the digital competencies (DC) model (Eshet-Alkalai, 2004; 2012) the five core-competencies (5C) model (Hwang, Lai, & Wang, 2015) and the DigComp framework (Ferrari, 2013). Findings from a large qualitative sample of 65...
Article
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One-to-one laptop initiatives have become prevalent in schools aiming to enhance active learning and assist students in developing twenty-first-century skills. This paper reports on a qualitative investigation of teachers in a junior high school in Northern Israel, who were gradually implementing one-to-one computing. The research reported in this...
Article
This study explored the degree of teachers’ centrality in the classroom while developing digital literacies of their students and the pedagogical strategies which are employed by teachers in this process. We conducted a bottom-up analysis on 65 semi-structured interviews (n = 4372 statements) based on two conceptual frameworks: the Digital Literacy...
Article
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The integration of visual programming in early formal education has been found to promote computational thinking of students. Teachers' intuitive perspectives about optimal learning processes – "folk psychology" – impact their perspectives about teaching "folk pedagogy" and play a significant role in integrating educational technologies, such as vi...
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Collaborative learning is perceived as an important component of Information Communication Technologies (ICT) integration in schools. The purpose of this study was to examine an initiative of the Ministry of Education that promoted intra‐school and inter‐school digital collaborative learning projects. The participants were 159 district ICT leaders,...
Article
The teaching profession has become more demanding as a result of technology integration in teachinglearning- assessment processes. These changes are particularly challenging for teachers-mothers. This study aimed at understanding how technological changes that are integrated in the teaching profession shape the social roles of teachers-mothers. Sem...
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This study aimed to address the gap in the literature through a comprehensive comparison of different types of violations of academic integrity (VAI), cheating, plagiarism, fabrication and facilitation (Pavela in J College Univ Law 24(1):1–22, 1997), conducted in analog versus digital settings, as well as students’ and faculty members’ perceptions...
Article
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Interactive features of the hyper-video environment, such as indexing, bookmarks, links to learning materials, multiple-choice questions, and personal and shared annotations, can enhance learning processes. This paper examines integration of the Annoto hyper-video platform in three large undergraduate courses (A, B & C) at a large university. The s...
Article
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This study explored teacher experience in leading Emergency Remote Teaching (ERT) in K-12 and conducting blended synchronous and asynchronous instruction during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study’s purpose was to understand the pedagogical, technological, and organizational challenges and benefits of computing-enhanced digital learning environments,...
Article
This study explored (1) pedagogical strategies in Educational Coding and Robotics (ECR) learning which can develop computational thinking of students and (2) the degree of teacher centrality in the ECR classroom. In addition, we investigated (3) the added value of the Small Private Online Course (SPOC) to teacher professional development (TPD). We...
Article
This research explored how digital leaders, being teachers responsible for integrating technologies into teaching, envisaged their roles. Bottom-up content analysis of metaphors from 55 digital leaders revealed a typology describing them as change agents across three 'extent' and two 'depth' dimensions. Most leaders described the extent of change a...
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The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of online collaborative learning experiences on students' digital collaboration skills and on the sustainability of e‐collaboration in schools' culture—comparing individualistic versus collectivistic cultures. In addition, we explored how the leadership experience of schools' ICT coordinators w...
Article
With technological development, social networking has become a powerful resource for building relationships, improving collaboration and facilitating learning processes. However, while the majority of educational research on this topic has focused mainly on university students' use of social media, less is known about the potential of social media...
Article
This study examined the level of parental resistance to the use of smartphones in schools, as well as the predictors and the factors underlying parental resistance. Data was collected from a sample of 220 parents of elementary and secondary school students who completed an online questionnaire. The participants ranked four different factors for res...
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Questions about purpose, life meaning, and life satisfaction drive central debates about what good education should look like in schools. This study compares adolescent purposes, life meaning, social support and life satisfaction in Singapore and Israel. Meaning in life refers to finding one’s significance; purpose uses this significance in ways be...
Article
Keywords: Digital literacy skills Pedagogical design Online communication and collaboration Psychological ownership Self-regulated learning strategies Cognitive, emotional and social perceived learning A B S T R A C T The wide expansion of digital technologies in higher education has introduced the need for an examination of the added value of vari...
Article
Digital technologies provide opportunities for enhancing teaching, learning and teacher professional development (TPD). Some TPD courses can now be learned online and require trainees to conduct self-regulated learning (SRL). The revised Self-Regulated Learning Model (RSRLM; Nodoushan, 2012) defines seven components of self-regulation: motivation,...
Conference Paper
This study examined parental resistance to the use of smartphones in schools, the resistance factors underlying the parental resistance and other factors that predict this resistance. The data was collected from 220 parents who filled in an online questionnaire. The participants reported on their level of resistance to the use of smartphones in sch...
Article
Academic dishonesty has been growing in both digital and analog settings. The present study aimed to generalize the ethical dissonance index (EDI), which was established in a sample of Israeli school students as the gap between the pervasiveness of academic dishonesty and its perceived legitimacy. Furthermore, the study examined how technology, dis...
Chapter
Real-time mobile assessment (RTMA) can function as assistive technology, since the anonymity of feedback promotes active participation in lessons without being exposed to criticism. This field experiment explored the impact of RTMA, beyond a whole-class technology, on academic achievement, students' perceived learning, academic self-efficacy, learn...
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This study examined the characteristics of youth with different types of purpose in life, as well as the associations between adolescents’ life satisfaction, purpose in life, meaning in life, social support, and problematic digital use. The sample included 193 participants aged 14–18 who completed self-report questionnaires on life satisfaction, pu...
Article
The widespread belief is that youth, “digital natives” who live their entire lives in media-rich digital environments and are ubiquitously connected through social networks, naturally develop digital competencies. This study investigated digital literacies among 280 junior-high-school students with the aim of comparing participants’ perceived digit...
Article
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“Student voice” (SV) refers to listening to and valuing students’ views regarding their learning experiences, as well as treating them as equal partners in the evaluation process. This is expected, in turn, to empower students to take a more active role in shaping their learning. This study explores the role played by digital technologies in creati...
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This study examines the meaning attributed to the contribution of technology to pedagogical practices from the perspective of school ICT leaders. While previous studies use metaphors for bottom-up exploration, this study employs an innovative combination of bottom-up and top-down metaphor analysis based on two frameworks: (a) metaphors of general l...
Article
This study explores students' participation in synchronous e-learning interactions to understand its nature and improve its effectiveness. An innovative synchronous videoconferencing technology was used to examine the assumptions of the Medium Naturalness Theory (Kock, 2005), which compares the characteristics of different media to face-to-face com...
Article
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This preface presents the papers included in the ninth issue of the Interdisciplinary Journal of e-Skills and Lifelong Learning (IJELL) special series of selected Chais Conference best papers. The Chais Conference for the Study of Innovation and Learning Technologies: Learning in the Technological Era, is organized by the Research Center for Innova...
Article
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Purpose is an intention over the long-term to have an effect on the world that is both meaningful to oneself and to others. What are schools doing to help students use the knowledge and skills they learn in school in their own lives and aspirations? This is the first study that compares adolescent purposes and life satisfaction in Singaporean and I...
Article
In traditional flipped classroom (FC), learning of new content mostly occurs through watching videos and transferring information from instructor to students utilizing technological tools. The present study devised and examined a novel extension of the FC model. This model adds components that acknowledge the roles of instructor, learners, peer ass...
Article
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This controlled experiment examined how academic achievement and cognitive, emotional and social aspects of perceived learning are affected by the level of medium naturalness (face-to-face, one-way and two-way videoconferencing) and by learners’ personality traits (extroversion–introversion and emotional stability–neuroticism). The Media Naturalnes...
Article
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Technological changes in the digital age require schools to integrate innovative technologies in learning and the curriculum. This study analyzes data collected from elementary schools toward the end of the second and the third years of the national program for the gradual integration of ICT in Israeli schools. The study examines how school princip...
Article
This study examined gender differences in perceptions and adoption of a shared digital navigation system, Waze. The study was exploratory within the qualitative methodology paradigm and employed semi-structured interviews. The 37 Israeli drivers, 20 women and 17 men aged 22–63 who used, Waze, for at least six months, were interviewed on their drivi...
Article
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This study examines how the leaders of technology integration in educational institutions - school principals and ICT facilitators - assess systemic changes that occurred in their schools. The study collected the data from Israeli elementary schools towards the end of the third and the fourth years of the gradual National ICT program. The research...
Article
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http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10639-016-9487-8 Abstract Digital educational data management has become an integral part of school practices. Accessing school database by teachers, students, and parents from mobile devices promotes data-driven educational interactions based on real-time information. This paper analyses mobile access of e...
Article
This paper explores the rapidly-expanding phenomenon of technology-based academic dishonesty (AD). One hundred and twenty seven 7th graders received scenarios of AD, based on Pavela's (1997) framework of AD types (i.e. cheating, plagiarism, fabrication, and facilitation), in digital and non-digital settings. Participants reported on the pervasivene...
Conference Paper
SCAFFOLDING GAME-BASED LEARNING AT SCHOOL: BRIDGING FORMAL AND INFORMAL KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATIONS Tz. Rosenfeld ¹, S. Barzilai ², I. Blau ¹ 1Open University of Israel (ISRAEL) 2University of Haifa (ISRAEL) The study examined the effect of adding a conceptual scaffold to a learning game, played at school, on learners’ ability to solve financial-ma...
Conference Paper
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During the last years, an increasing portion of face-to-face teaching-learning processes in the academia is being replaced with online synchronous sessions. According to the Media Naturalness Theory [1], the effectiveness of e-learning is affected by differences in naturalness level of the communication media. The present study compared between lea...
Article
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This article investigates a pilot of integrating tablet computers in the elementary education. The research questions address the impact of tablet integration on learning and pedagogy. This qualitative case study crosschecks non-participated observations on students who work with tablet PCs, the school staff reflection on the integration as present...
Article
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Creative computing is one of the rapidly growing educational trends around the world. Previous studies have shown that creative computing can empower disadvantaged children and youth. At-risk youth tend to hold a negative view of self and perceive their abilities as inferior compared to “normative” pupils. The Implicit Theories of Intelligence appr...
Article
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This study examined the phenomenon of academic dishonesty among university students. It was based on Pavela’s (1997) framework of types of academic dishonesty (cheating, plagiarism, fabrication, and facilitation) and distinguished between digital and “traditional”- analog dishonesty. The study analyzed cases of academic dishonesty offenses committe...
Article
Full-text available
This preface presents the papers included in the eighth issue of the Interdisciplinary Journal of e-Skills and Lifelong Learning (IJELL) special series of selected Chais Conference best papers. The Chais Conference for the Study of Innovation and Learning Technologies: Learning in the Technological Era, is organized annually by the Research Center...
Article
Full-text available
Transforming a school from traditional teaching and learning to a one-to-one (1:1) classroom, in which a teacher and students have personal digital devices, inevitably requires changes in the way the teacher addresses her role. This study examined the implications of integrating 1:1 computing on teachers’ pedagogical perceptions and the classroom’s...
Article
The seventh issue of the Interdisciplinary Journal of e-Skills and Lifelong Learning (IJELL- formerly Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects - IJELLO) special series includes a selection of best papers presented at the 10th Chais Conference for the Study of Innovation and Learning Technologies: Learning in the Technological Er...
Article
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This study explores the relationships between application usage, online communication patterns, problematic Internet use (PIU) of online applications, and online self-disclosure among children from culturally different groups. An online survey was administered in Hebrew and Arabic among 3867 Israeli 7–17 year old, including Jews, Arabs, and Bedouin...
Conference Paper
This paper explores how student perceived learning in an IS course can be impacted by learning medium and student's cognitive styles. Some people are better at processing words; others are better at processing pictures. This statement, deeply engrained in the educational folklore, refers to visualizer–verbalizer cognitive styles. The visualizer–ver...
Article
Full-text available
One-to-one (1X1) laptop initiatives become prevalent in schools aiming to enhance active learning and assist students in developing twenty-first-century skills. This paper reports a qualitative investigation of all 7th graders and their 15 teachers in a junior high-school in Northern Israel gradually implementing 1X1 model. The research was conduct...
Article
In recent years, school management systems have become an important tool for effective e-leadership and data-based decision making. School management systems emphasize information flow and e-communication between teachers, students and parents. This study examines e-leadership by secondary-school principals through the Mashov school management syst...
Chapter
This paper discusses different ways for the exchange of knowledge in networks - within, between, and without institutions, as well as their implication on networks in economy and society. Network systems based on technologies and architectures of participation offer a new model of online knowledge sharing, cooperation, and collaboration, that are d...
Article
The integration of School Systems in K-12, opens new possibilities for online interaction among teachers, students, and their parents. This paper examines three years of teacher–student and teacher–parent online interactions in seven Israeli secondary schools during the implementation of a school system called Mashov (meaning “feedback” in Hebrew,...
Article
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This study compares dialogic behavior in asynchronous course forums from blended learning environments with non-mandatory student participation at a campus-based college and at a distance education, Open University. The goal is to document similarities and differences in students' and instructors' dialogic behavior that occur in two similar instruc...
Article
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The development of digital technologies increases the use of distance synchronous (real-time) interactions among people. The study explores whether the readiness to participate, the degree of actual participation, and the quality of contribution to synchronous online group discussions is affected by participant personality, media characteristics, a...
Article
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The goal of this study is to further corroborate a hypothesized population parameter for the frequencies of social presence versus the sum of teaching presence and cognitive presence as defined by the community of inquiry model in higher education asynchronous course forums. This parameter has been found across five variables: academic institution...
Article
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This study investigates student interactions in a blog-based learning community in a university course. In addition, this study explores the dynamics of group interactions in individual blog-based environments compared with collaborative wiki-based educational activities. A learning community of 56 graduate students wrote individual blogs and weekl...
Article
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This study compares three groups of teachers that (1) work in one-to-one laptop classrooms, (2) received a laptop from the state for pedagogical use, and (3) teach without technology. The influence of openness to change and attitudes towards ICT implementation on online communication and information search by 97 Israeli middle school teachers was...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses different ways for the exchange of knowledge in networks-within, between, and without institutions, as well as their implication on networks in economy and society. Network systems based on technologies and architectures of participation offer a new model of online knowledge sharing, cooperation, and collaboration, that are dif...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores the relationships between Internet abuse (IA)—self-disclosure, online application usage, and relationship types—traditional long-distance, purely virtual, and migratory mixed-mode. An online ques-tionnaire was administered to 2884 children and youth. According to the hypotheses, applications differed in their relationships with...
Article
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Collaborative writing may evoke conflict between individuals’ feeling of contribution and their sense of ownership toward the collective outcomes. The present study tested the relations between perceived psychological ownership, perceived quality of the product, and perceived learning in five experimental conditions: two collaborative, two sharing,...
Article
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The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between disciplinary difference (exact and natural sciences versus humanities) and the dialogic behavior that occurred in Open University course forums. Dialogic behavior was measured in terms of students’ and instructors’ active participation in the forum (posting a message) as well as...
Chapter
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This study examines differences between two learning environments : audio-written conferencing and traditional face-to-face instruction . We investigated whether medium richness [media richness theory ; Daft and Lengel (Research in organizational behavior. JAI, Greenwich, 1984)], medium naturalness [media naturalness theory ; Kock (IEEE Trans Prof...
Article
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The integration of Learning Management System – LMS in K-12 opens new possibilities for online interaction among teachers, students, and parents. This paper examines the implementation of LMS called Mashov (meaning "feedback" in Hebrew, as well as the acronym of "Immediacy, Transparency, and Supervision") in ten Israeli secondary schools during 200...
Article
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One hundred and eighteen undergraduate students participated in an experiment which tested the differences between shared-and collaborative-writing of an assignment. Participants were randomly allocated to one of five groups that carried out different types of collaborative writing. Psychological ownership and responsibility for the document qualit...
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Upon completion of a graduate level course at the Open University of Israel, one instructor received very high student ratings while the other received very low ratings. We utilized this exceptional situation to perform ad hoc analyses of their course forums. The objective of this study was to map the dialogic behavior that occurred and to create s...
Conference Paper
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The development of instructional technology increases the use of synchronous e-learning procedures which enable real-time interactions. The study explores whether the willingness to participate as well as actual participation in synchronous group discussions is affected by participant personality (extroversion-introversion), medium characteristics...
Article
Full-text available
One hundred and eighteen Open University of Israel undergraduate students participated in an experiment that was designed to test the differences between sharing and collaborating on a written assignment. Participants were randomly allocated to one of five groups that differ in types of collaboration: two groups share their draft with either an unk...
Article
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Using educational blogs promotes the improvement of online learning by creating a peer dialogue in the form of a reader response or a question-and- answer sequence. The present study explores interpersonal and group interactions using blogs. The findings show that, as predicted by the theory of electronic propinquity (TEP), the feeling of nearness...