Imre Horvath

Imre Horvath
Delft University of Technology | TU · Department of Sustainable Design Engineering

Dr.univ., Ph.D., C.D.Sc.

About

417
Publications
195,625
Reads
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3,634
Citations
Introduction
Imre Horvath is a professor emeritus of the Delft University of Technology. The research topic of Imre's team was cognitive engineering of smart cyber-physical systems. Imre is interested in systematic methodologies of design research, cognitive engineering, system theory and engineering, design/system thinking, and the theories of synthetic system knowledge. Imre is fellow of ASME. He initiated the International TMCE Symposia. He has an extensive coaching, publication and editorial portfolio .
Additional affiliations
April 1997 - present
Delft University of Technology
Position
  • Head of Section
September 1982 - January 1997
Budapest University of Technology and Economics
Position
  • Associate professor - Head of the Computer Aided Design Group
Description
  • Head of the Computer Aided Design Group

Publications

Publications (417)
Article
Full-text available
Machlup used the words alpha, beta, and gamma to identify humanities, science, and social science as three distinct fields of academic learning and knowing, in addition to general knowledge. Gilles and Paquet identified a fourth type of disciplinary knowledge and labeled it as delta. This includes the knowledge of creative disciplines such as desig...
Article
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Applicability testing of constructive computational mechanisms (CCMs) is a new challenge for both the academia and the industry. The overwhelming majority of the existing validation approaches focuses on the internal validity of CCMs (e.g. consistency, bias), while there is a shortage of efficient approaches for assessing the external validity (e.g...
Article
This paper presents the findings of a bibliometric survey over the past 25 years of the Journal of Integrated Design & Process Science (JIDPS), which is the flagship publication forum of the Society of Design and Process Science (SDPS). The discussion is of a retrospective, statistical, and narrative nature. The goal of the survey was not only to e...
Article
Full-text available
Nautical traffic management in The Netherlands is shifting from local traffic control to corridor traffic management. Current traffic management systems do not sufficiently support operators in perceptual and cognitive process to interpret and understand the large amounts of information needed for corridor traffic management. Newly developed user i...
Article
Full-text available
Though they can be traced back to different roots, both smart design and smart systems have to do with the recent developments of artificial intelligence. There are two major questions related to them: (i) What way are smart design and smart systems enabled by artificial narrow, general, or super intelligence? and (ii) How can smart design be used...
Article
Full-text available
Sympérasmology was proposed as the theory of synthetic system knowledge (SSK), which is seen as the fuel for the engine of systelligence. There are two main reasons why the proposal is made: (i) rapidly growing, SSK represents a third category of knowledge beside common personal knowledge and testified scientific knowledge, and (ii) though importan...
Article
Full-text available
Owing to the results of research in system science, artificial intelligence, and cognitive engineering, engineered systems are becoming more and more powered by knowledge. Complementing common-sense and scientific knowledge, system knowledge is maturing into a crucial productive asset. However, an overall theory of the knowledge of intellectualized...
Article
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Cyber-physical systems (CPSs) have sophisticated control mechanisms that help achieve optimal system operations and services. These mechanisms, imply considering multiple signal inputs in parallel, to timely respond to varying working conditions. Despite the advantages that control mechanisms convey, they bring new challenges in terms of failure pr...
Article
The deposition process of wire and arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) is usually planned based on a bead geometry model (BGM), which represents the relationship between bead geometries (e.g. width, height) and required deposition parameters. However, the actual deposition situation may deviate from the one in which the BGM is built, such as varied h...
Article
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Computational mechanisms (complex structures of functionally connected algorithms) are developed very frequently by both the academia and the industry for specific applications, but the transferability to other applications is seldom addressed and systematically tested. This raises the need for application validity of constructive computational met...
Article
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The proposed methodological framework concerns axiomatic theory fusion (ATF) of non-additive engineering design theories. ATF includes seven steps: (i) semantic discretization of the composite theories, (ii) deriving epistemological entities by logical/semantic analysis, (iii) establishing and representation of relations among all relevant epistemo...
Article
An approach to repairing surface defects of metal parts is proposed, which includes a combined application of (i) groove machining, (ii) wire and arc additive manufacturing (WAAM), and (iii) finishing machining. The completed analysis revealed that (i) the inclination angle of the groove to be machined is strongly influenced by the manufacturing pa...
Article
Smart CPSs (S-CPSs) have been evolving beyond what was identified by the traditional definitions of CPSs. The objective of our research is to investigate the concepts and implementations of reasoning processes for S-CPSs, and more specifically, the frameworks proposed for the fuzzy front end of their reasoning mechanisms. The objectives of the pape...
Article
Malfunction or breakdown of certain mission critical systems (MCSs) may cause losses of life, damage the environments, and/or lead to high costs. Therefore, recognition of emerging failures and preventive maintenance are essential for reliable operation of MCSs. There is a practical approach for identifying and forecasting failures based on the ind...
Article
Full-text available
To be able to provide appropriate services in social and human application contexts, smart cyber-physical systems (S-CPSs) need ampliative reasoning and decision-making (ARDM) mechanisms. As one option, procedural abduction (PA) is suggested for self-managing S-CPSs. PA is a knowledge-based computation and learning mechanism. The objective of this...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Smart CPSs (S-CPSs) have been evolving beyond what was identified by the traditional definitions of CPSs. The objective of our research is to investigate the concepts and implementations of S-CPSs, and more specifically, the frameworks proposed for the fuzzy front end of their reasoning processes. The objectives of the paper are: (i) overview of th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Companies are getting increasingly interested in learning how different customers use their products. Collecting data about the use of products provides useful insights and facilitates design enhancements. Effective data analytics needs dedicated tools. In this paper, we summarize the results of our literature research done with special attention t...
Conference Paper
Various system-engineering frameworks (SEFs) have been developed for composable systems, whose overall operation is the sum of the operations of their components. However, smart cyber-physical systems (S-CPSs) are compositional in nature. Their reasoning capability and system knowledge assume an ‘ampliative’ (inter)operation of all hardware, softwa...
Article
Mathematical modelling of the shape-forming process of multi-layer multi-bead parts dealing with (i) a single layer, (ii) inclination angles and (iii) various slopes, is carried out. In the layers-overlapping model, material shortage areas are generated at the edges of layers. To solve the problem, the deposition amount of beads at the edges of the...
Article
Full-text available
Robotic wire and arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) systems are required to provide predictable and efficient operations to fabricate solid metallic parts with high morphological fidelity and geometric accuracy. Since the metallic parts are fabricated based on a layer-by-layer principle, the interactions between the neighboring beads and layers stro...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The ultimate goal of companies producing consumer durables is to maintain their competitiveness over the longest possible period. They can achieve it only by perpetually enhancing their products and services based on real life use, work and failure data. Reportedly, choosing the most relevant ones from the wide repertoire of tools available on the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The ultimate goal of companies producing consumer durables is to maintain their competitiveness over the longest possible period. They can achieve it only by perpetually enhancing their products and services based on real life use, work and failure data. Reportedly, choosing the most relevant ones from the wide repertoire of tools available on the...
Conference Paper
In the Proceedings of the TMCE 2016 Symposium, a concept for a web-based refrigeration engineering education system was presented. This concept was developed based on blending of cognitive, social and technological enablers. This concept has been tested and a detailed prototype has been implemented. Utilizing the concept and outcome of the testing...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Informing cyber-physical systems (I-CPSs) are to create and distribute context-dependent and customized messages for humans or other system stakeholders. In most of the hazard-intense human-in-the-loop situations, such as evacuation of building in fire, message generation and communications should happen in quasi-real time and by taking the dynamic...
Article
Smart cyber-physical systems (S-CPSs) are complex engineered systems empowered by cyber-physical computing and equipped with the capability of reasoning, learning, adapting, and evolving. As an outcome of data-driven dynamic computing, reasoning capabilities, and the run-time obtained own knowledge, nonlinear and emergent behavior of S-CPSs whilst...
Article
Wire and arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) is a competitive technology for fabricating metallic parts with complex structure and geometry. It enables the fabrication of multi-layer multi-bead (MLMB) parts. The basis of planning the deposition paths is the beads overlapping model (BOM). The existing overlapping models consider only the geometric are...
Article
Full-text available
There has been an increase in the amount and complexity of traffic on Dutch inland waterways. Traffic management shifted from local traffic control to corridor traffic management. Due to these changes, operators in nautical traffic management centers experience difficulty to gain and maintain sufficient situation awareness. In our previous research...
Conference Paper
The mission of design research is to discover and investigate not or partially known phenomena, and to formulate statements concerning their manifestations and relationships with other phenomena. Identification of phenomena happens in the fuzzy front end of research projects and the early explorative phases of research cycles. In spite of their det...
Conference Paper
Authors belonging to different institutions (‘schools’) of cyber-physical systems (CPSs) research and development report on largely different objectives, underpin their work with different theories and methodologies, and target characteristics which can actually better characterize other categories and families of engineered systems. This has resul...
Conference Paper
Some sort of ‘intellectual’ mechanisms are needed for second generation cyber-physical systems (CPSs) to be self-aware and self-adaptive. This paper (i) proposes procedural abduction (PA) as one possible mechanism for enabling smart reasoning, (ii) introduces the fundamental concepts and the computational procedure, and (iii) argues for their pract...
Article
There are many real life processes whose smart control requires processing context information. Though the issue of processing varying context information has been addressed in the literature, domain independent solutions that can support reasoning and decision making according to time-varying process scenarios in multiple application fields are sc...
Article
This paper presents an analysis scheme which aims to support a systematic study of required situation awareness (RSA). This scheme supports identification of deficiencies of support for situation awareness (SA). Information needs are goal and task dependent and can be defined using existing cognitive task analysis (CTA) methods. RSA, however, is a...
Book
Full-text available
Preface for the special issue of TMCE 2016 International Symposium on Tools and Methods of Competitive Engineering
Article
Maintaining and enhancing engagement of patients during stroke rehabilitation exercises are in the focus of current research. In the preceding phase of our research, an entry-level cyber-physical stroke rehabilitation system (CP-SRS) has been developed, with the aim of enhancing patients' overall engagement during rehabilitation exercises. As a fol...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
There are many real life processes whose smart control requires processing context information. Though the issue of processing varying context information has been addressed in the literature, domain independent solutions that can support reasoning and decision making according to time-varying process scenarios in multiple application fields are sc...
Conference Paper
Brain signal and eye tracking technology have been intensively applied in cognitive science in order to study reading, listening and learning processes. Though promising results have been found in laboratory experiments, there are no smart reading aids that are capable to estimate difficulty during normal reading. This paper presents a new concept...
Article
Enhancing engagement of patients during stroke rehabilitation exercises are in the focus of current research. Various methods and computer supported tools have been developed for this purpose, which try to avoid mundane exercising that is prone to become a routine or even boring for the patients and leads to ineffective training. This paper introdu...
Article
Speeding because of time pressure is a leading contributor to traffic accidents. Previous research indicates that people respond to time pressure through increased physiological activity and by adapting their task strategy in order to mitigate task demands. In the present driving simulator study, we investigated effects of time pressure on measures...
Preprint
Full-text available
Speeding because of time pressure is a leading contributor to traffic accidents. Previous research indicates that people respond to time pressure through increased physiological activity and by adapting their task strategy in order to mitigate task demands. In the present driving simulator study, we investigated effects of time pressure on measures...
Chapter
As an introduction, a brief overview of the types and process of experimental research is provided and the concept of research phenomenon is discussed. Then, various kinds of theories, such as: (i) explorative, (ii) descriptive, (iii) explanatory, (iv) predictive, and (v) regulative theories, are considered as milestones of progression of knowing,...
Article
Our long-term objective is to develop a software toolbox for pre-embodiment design of complex and heterogeneous systems, such as cyber-physical systems. The novelty of this toolbox is that it uses system manifestation features (SMFs) for transdisciplinary modeling of these systems. The main challenges of implementation of the toolbox are functional...
Article
This paper presents an analysis scheme which aims to support a systematic study of required situation awareness (RSA). This scheme supports identification of deficiencies of support for situation awareness (SA). Information needs are goal and task dependent and can be defined using existing cognitive task analysis (CTA) methods. RSA, however, is a...
Article
Full-text available
The main assumption is that complicated systems, e.g. cyber-physical systems (CPSs), can be modelled by specific compositions of system manifestation features (SMFs). SMFs are regarded as architectural domains of systems having significance from operational viewpoint. As system modelling entities, SMFs represent both physical and computing transfor...
Article
Maintaining and enhancing engagement of patients during stroke rehabilitation exercises are in the focus of current research. There have been various methods and computer supported tools developed for this purpose, which try to avoid mundane exercising that is prone to become a routine or even boring for the patients and leads to ineffective traini...
Article
Since driving in haste influences traffic safety negatively, we try to identify its indicators automatically. At studying driving in haste in a driving simulator, the major issue is how to reproduce it and how to keep drivers in this state. We assumed that it could be replicated by driving under time pressure. Unfortunately, the literature did not...
Article
Complementing our previous publications, this paper presents the information schema constructs (ISCs) that underpin the programming of a specific system manifestation feature (SMF) orientated information management and composing system models. First, this paper shortly presents (i) the general process of pre-embodiment design with SMFs, (ii) the pr...
Article
Complementing our previous publications, this paper presents the information schema constructs (ISCs) that underpin the programming of a specific system manifestation feature (SMF) orientated information management and composing system models. First, this paper shortly presents (i) the general process of pre-embodiment design with SMFs, (ii) the pr...
Conference Paper
There has been an intense foundational research in complex technical systems (CTSs) in the last half century. These systems are exemplified by advanced mechatronics systems, embedded control systems, real-time systems, agent-based smart systems, distributed software systems, internet of things systems, and cyber-physical systems. The objective of t...
Article
There has been intense foundational research in complex technical systems (CTSs) over the last half century. These systems are exemplified by advanced mechatronics systems, embedded control systems, real-time systems, agent-based smart systems, distributed software systems, internet of things systems, and cyber-physical systems. The objective of th...
Article
Designers require insight into deficiencies of current support for situation awareness (SA) to be able to improve operators’ SA through better system design. The current methods proposed in literature to gain insight into sources of SA errors are not suitable to identify deficiencies in the field of nautical operational network management. This pap...
Conference Paper
The main statement of this paper is that synergetic modeling and co-design of the hardware, software and cyberware parts of complex cyber-physical systems (CPSs) are yet not solved, even from the perspective of an underpinning transdisciplinary theory. CPSs contain functionally tightly connected analog and digital hardware, control and application...
Conference Paper
Interaction with cyber-physical systems (CPSs) is a new challenge for system developers and human-system interaction designers, and but also for end-users. Due to the lack of proper insights, there are many unknowns, open issues, and eventually new challenges. For this reason, there is a need for a comprehensive theory that considers all aspects of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper proposes a method of behaviour-attentive prototyping (BAP). BAP differentiates an approach of prototyping that provides a comprehensive description of the main features of the evolving system based on the conjoint behaviours of users, computers, and the designed system. The goal of BAP is to produce a rough working model of the designed...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This article describes the development of a web-based 3D simulation of an engineering workshop in refrigeration plant maintenance and the challenge of moving the application from a knowledge and skills acquisition model to a problem-solving edugame model across a range of possible scenarios within the restrictions of an academic programme's learnin...
Article
Our intention with compiling this special issue for the Journal of Engineering Computations was to cast light on the advancements in terms of the methods and tools for modelling products and systems. It is well known from the literature that there are many new research problems and open issues concerning complex product and system modelling due to...
Article
Cyber-physical systems (CPSs) are rapidly proliferating in different applications. Their system features largely differ from those of linear complex systems (LCSs). Consequently, they pose novel challenges with regard to ensuring dependability of system operation. Maintenance of CPSs is one of the new theoretical and practical issues. To guarantee...
Article
Full-text available
Motor interaction in virtual sculpting, dance trainings, and physiological rehabilitation requires close virtual proximity of users, which may be hindered by low resolution of images and system latency. This paper reports on the results of our investigation aiming to explore the pros and cons of using ultrahigh 4K resolution displays (4096 × 2160 p...
Conference Paper
Smart materials have drawn substantial attention and interest in a broad range of applications, due to their unique and superior characteristics. However there is a blurry image over the potential applications of smart materials in consumer durables. This has stalled further research and decision making in innovating consumer durables based on smar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Cyber-physical systems (CPSs) are characterized by a high-level synergy among hardware, software and cyberware constituents. Though there has been intense research in various fields of complex engineering systems, still no advanced and comprehensive system design methodologies are available that would facilitate design and development of CPSs in va...
Conference Paper
The paradigm of cyber-physical systems (CPSs) is changing in our days. While a decade ago they were regarded as technical systems, they are now intellectualized as socially deeply embedded and behaviorally personalized systems. This has influence on the manifestations of CPSs and on the interaction with these systems. First, the paper casts light o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Successful rehabilitation of stroke patients is strongly dependent on the engagement of patients. During a whole rehabilitation program, mundane rehabilitation exercises can easily become routine for patients, leading to boredom and as a result to ineffective functional recovery. This has been taken into consideration just by few rehabilitation sys...
Article
Efficacious stroke rehabilitation depends not only on patients' medical treatment but also on their motivation and engagement during rehabilitation exercises. Although traditional rehabilitation exercises are often mundane, technology-assisted upper-limb robotic training can provide engaging and task-oriented training in a natural environment. The...