Ilyas R.A.

Ilyas R.A.
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia | UTM · Department of Chemical Engineering

Doctor of Philosophy
Currently a senior lecturer in the School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

About

383
Publications
133,209
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8,583
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Introduction
My research interests include polymer engineering, material engineering, natural fibres, biocomposites and nanocomposites. I was the recipient of MVP Doctor of Philosophy Gold Medal Award UPM 2019 for Best PhD Thesis and Top Student Award, INTROP, UPM. In 2018, I was awarded with Outstanding Reviewer by Carbohydrate Polymers, Elsevier United Kingdom, and Malaysia National Book Award 2018.
Additional affiliations
November 2020 - present
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Position
  • Senior Lecturer
Description
  • Senior Lecturer
October 2019 - November 2020
Universiti Putra Malaysia
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Doing research on advanced composites.

Publications

Publications (383)
Article
Oil palm nanocellulose has been demonstrated to display a wide range of unique properties for many fields. They are suitable for biomedical applications and have been used in this domain for decades. The current variety of nanocellulose fibers allows the development of new nanocomposites. This work fabricated oil palm nanocellulose with variations...
Article
Full-text available
A thermal behavior study of lipid-extracted Nannochloropsis gaditana (LEA) was performed in a thermogravimetric analyzer. The study was performed by heating the sample under different heating rates (5, 10, and 15 °C/min) from room temperature to 1000 °C using N2 gas as the medium. This is crucial for thermal stability studies in a kinetic control r...
Article
Full-text available
Additive Manufacturing of Polymer–Fiber Composites is a newly open Special Issue of Materials, which aims to publish original and review papers on new scientific and applied research, and make great contributions to the finding and understanding of the fabrication of fiber-reinforced polymer composites using current advanced additive manufacturing...
Article
Full-text available
The advancement of 3D-printing technology has ushered in a new era in the production of machine components, building materials, prototypes, and so on. In 3D-printing techniques, the infill reduces the amount of material used, thereby reducing the printing time and sustaining the aesthetics of the products. Infill patterns play a significant role in...
Article
In recent, the efforts to reduce environmental pollution by developing biodegradable material has received wide interest. The aim of this paper is to investigate the effect of durian skin fiber (DSF) on the properties of thermoplastic cassava starch (TPCS) matrix as the biodegradable material. The composites were prepared by using hot press techniq...
Article
Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) is one of the most efficient and frequently used methods for the development of biomedical implants, bio-sensors, and customized products. In the FDM process, the filament made of polymers or composites is passed through a nozzle in which heaters are provided to melt the feedstock filament. The addition of copper par...
Article
The aim of this paper is to investigate the effect of cogon grass fiber (CGF) on the thermal and mechanical properties of thermoplastic cassava starch (TPCS)/beeswax matrix. The alteration of TPCS/beeswax reinforced with cogon grass fiber was performed by incorporating various amount of CGF (0,10,20,30,40 wt.%) into the polymer matrix. The samples...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, thermoplastic cassava starch-palm wax blends, reinforced with the treated Cymbopogan citratus fiber (TPCS/ PW/ CCF) were successfully developed. The TPCS were priorly modified with palm wax to enhance the properties of the matrix. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of alkali treatments on the TPCS/PW/CCF biocompos...
Article
The demand for biodegradable material has been an important issue, especially in food packaging applications. Among many biodegradable materials, starch biopolymer has been recognised as a completely biodegradable material that can be produced from various plants. It is one of the richest resources that are renewable, biodegradable, and available a...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the thermal and flammability properties of woven kenaf/polyester-reinforced polylactic acid hybrid laminated composites. The effects of the fiber content and stacking sequences of hybrid composites were examined. The hybrid composites were fabricated using the hot press method. Thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In recent years, there has been an increase in the development of composites reinforced with materials derived from renewable resources. Renewable resources are suitable materials for replacing synthetic compounds. The use of natural fibres as reinforcement during the production of starch-based composites is an effective method for improving the fu...
Article
Full-text available
Composite materials are emerging as a vital entity for the sustainable development of both humans and the environment. Polylactic acid (PLA) has been recognized as a potential polymer candidate with attractive characteristics for applications in both the engineering and medical sectors. Hence, the present article throws lights on the essential phys...
Article
Full-text available
Membrane separation processes are prevalent in industrial wastewater treatment because they are more effective than conventional methods at addressing global water issues. Consequently, the ideal membranes with high mechanical strength, thermal characteristics, flux, permeability, porosity, and solute removal capacity must be prepared to aid in the...
Article
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In this decade, all researchers and industry players compete to develop sustainable product design by exploring natural fibre composites in product design development. One of the essential methodologies in creating composite products is concurrent engineering (CE). Industrial design and production engineering should be involved in the development o...
Article
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The development of environmentally benign silicone composites from sugar palm fibre and silicone rubber was carried out in this study. The mechanical, physical, and morphological properties of the composites with sugar palm (SP) filler contents ranging from 0% to 16% by weight (wt%) were investigated. Based on the uniaxial tensile tests, it was fou...
Article
Full-text available
Materials that exhibit highly nonlinear behaviour are intricate to study. This is due to their physical properties, as they possess a very large deformation. Silicone rubber is among the materials that can be classified as possessing such characteristics, despite their being soft and frequently applied in medical applications. Due to their low mech...
Article
Full-text available
In the era of globalisation, decreasing synthetic resources, especially petroleum, have encouraged global communities to apply biomass waste as a substitute material for green technology development. The development of plastic products from lignocellulosic fibre-reinforced composites has been a hot topic among material scientists and engineers due...
Article
Full-text available
This research is driven by strict government environmental regulations that requires the use of environmentally friendly products. In this study, the physical, environmental as well as sand barrier properties of arrowroot fiber (AF) reinforced arrowroot starch (AS) composites film were investigated by using different percentage of arrowroot fiber (...
Article
In the present study, waste of tasar silk fiber was used as reinforcement in the epoxy resin. Tasar silk fiber waste (TSFW) was pre-treated with NaOH coupling agent before reinforcing it with epoxy matrix. Treated and untreated TSFW-epoxy composites were made using the compression moulding technique. Composites were characterized for physical, mech...
Article
Full-text available
Concrete is a composite material that is commonly used in the construction industry. It will certainly be exposed to fires of varying intensities when used in buildings and industries. The major goal of this article was to look into the influence of mineral additions such as foundry sand and marble dust on the residual characteristics of concrete....
Article
Plant and animal fibers are getting recognition from researchers and academicians as a potential reinforcement for polymer composites due to their ecofriendly nature and sustainability. In the present study, the fabrication has been carried out on Jute and Vetiver fiber reinforced Epoxy composites using hand lay-up technique with a varying mass of...
Article
Man-made composites are vastly implemented in various engineering applications, particularly in cross-arm component of latticed transmission tower. However, their practice in this sector has increased pollutant emissions and landfill areas. Thus, scientists and engineers have been driven to look for other ‘greener’ alternative materials that have l...
Article
Dyes, inorganic and organic solvents, heavy metals and oils represent a substantial danger to water supplies, which is a major global problem. Advanced research and development in the manufacture of green-adsorptive membranes as well as simple operation, high separation efficiency, low energy consumption, eco-friendly and affordable cost have led t...
Article
The concerning waste management issue of natural fibers and the downsides of synthetic fibers have governed natural fibers’ utilization as reinforcements in composites. Incorporating a single type of reinforcing fiber does not inevitably produce composites that meet exceptional quality standards, particularly in dynamic mechanical properties. Vario...
Article
Using the solution casting method, a novel biodegradable thermoplastic arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea) starch (TPAS) films containing arrowroot fiber (AF) at different concentrations (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 wt%) were developed and characterized in terms of thermal, antibacterial activity, water vapor permeability (WVP), biodegradability, and light t...
Article
Full-text available
This research is being driven by environmental legislation that requires the consumption and usage of environmentally friendly products. The focus of this research is to develop and characterize thermoplastic arrowroot starch (TPAS) based biocomposite films incorporating arrowroot fibre (AF) at various compositions (0–10 wt.%) using the solution ca...
Article
Full-text available
Biocomposite films were prepared using corn starch (CS), sorbitol as a plasticiser, and multi-scale kenaf fibre as reinforcing filler. The microstructure and the physical, tensile, and water barrier properties of corn starch reinforced with kenaf fibre were characterised and investigated. The biocomposite films were developed via the solution casti...
Article
Full-text available
Biomimetics is the field of obtaining ideas from nature that can be applied in science, engineering, and medicine. The usefulness of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) and their excellent characteristics in biomimetic applications are exciting and promising areas of present and future research. CNCs are bio-based nanostructured material that can be isola...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigates the preference index of natural fibers such as sisal, coir, and rice straw fibers in stone matrix asphalt mixtures (SMA), using waste marble as filler. Waste marble was used as the filler in asphalt mixtures and was crushed by abrasion machine and sieved according to SMA filler requirements. The SEM topography and EDS...
Article
Using computational models, engineers and researchers are able to observe the results of their research beyond the range of their tested experimental parameters. Process modelling resembles the approximation behaviour. This paper reports the development of a mathematical model in predicting the water flux from Pre-Treated Palm Oil Mill Effluent (PO...
Article
The increasing depletion of petroleum resources, as well as increased awareness of global environmental problems linked with the usage of petroleum-based plastics, are the key driving factors for the widespread acceptance of natural fibres and biopolymers composites. Sugar palm fibre (Arenga pinnata Wurmb. Merr) is one of Malaysia's most abundant a...
Article
Full-text available
Natural-fiber-reinforced composites, especially bamboo, are an alternative material to compete with conventional materials. Their environmentally friendly, renewable, low-cost, low-density, non-toxic, and fully biodegradable properties are concerning for researchers because of their advantages over synthetic polymers. This comprehensive review pres...
Article
The interest in nanocellulose has recently increased in many fields due to its natural abundance, exceptional mechanical/optical properties, and better biocompatibility. During the production of cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) via sulfuric acid hydrolysis, sulfate groups are introduced, which decrease the thermal stability of CNCs and, thus, have a p...
Article
Full-text available
Ever since the introduction of 3D printing, industries have seen an exponential growth in production and efficiency. Three-dimensional printing is the process of additive manufacturing (AM) in which the conventional method of material removal is challenged. Layer-on-layer deposition is the basic principle of the AM. Additive manufacturing technolog...
Article
Full-text available
The hydrogels responding to pH synthesized by graft copolymerization only and then concurrent grafting and crosslinking of monomer N-isopropyl acrylamide (NIPAAM) and binary comonomers acrylamide, acrylic acid and acrylonitrile (AAm, AA and AN) onto chitosan support were explored for the percent upload and release study for anti-inflammatory diclof...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reviews the mechanical performance of bamboo fiber reinforced polymer composites (BFRP) for structural applications. Bamboo fibers are very promising reinforcements for polymer composites production due to their high aspect ratio, renewability, environmentally friendly, non-toxicity, cheap cost, non-abrasives, full biodegradability, and...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, serious reduction in petroleum resources and concerns about the usage of synthetic plastics have prompted global communities to accept the use of natural fibres and biopolymers in many products. Lignocellulosic fibre polymer biocomposites have attracted the attention of scientists and engineers because of their wide availability, l...
Article
At this time, the material made from plastic is widely used because it has strong and inexpensive properties. However, the amount of plastic waste is an environmental problem in every region. One way to overcome is to create environmentally friendly plastics that can decompose naturally. The purpose of this study was to prepare and investigate the...
Article
Full-text available
New product development review article aims to consolidate the principles and current literature on design for sustainability to seek the field’s future direction. In this point of view, the design for sustainability methods can be established under the idea of sustainability in dimensions of ecology, economy and social pillars. Design for sustaina...
Article
Natural fiber-reinforced composites are progressively being earning attention in the aerospace, automotive, aeronautics, and marine sectors due to their good strength-to-weight ratio, long-lasting, and cost-effective. Traditional machining methods have trouble machining such composite materials. However, Abrasive Water Jet Machining (AWJM) provides...
Article
Full-text available
There has been much effort to provide eco-friendly and biodegradable materials for the next generation of composite products owing to global environmental concerns and increased awareness of renewable green resources. This review article uniquely highlights the use of green composites from natural fiber, particularly with regard to the development...
Article
The need of developing Radar absorbing materials which meet the structural requirement of Defense applications is growing swiftly due to extensive use of electromagnetic (EM) waves in Radars. With major development and extensive use of Radar in military applications, the role of Radar absorbing structures with light weight and high strength has bec...
Article
Full-text available
This manuscript reviews previous literature on filament-wound polymer composites and their potential applications as cross arm structures in latticed transmission towers. The current trends of cross arms implement pultruded glass fibre-reinforced polymer composites without any additional configurations. However, extreme tropical climate and dynamic...
Article
Oil palm nanocellulose has been demonstrated to display a wide range of unique properties for many fields. They are suitable for biomedical applications and have been used in this domain for decades. The current variety of nanocellulose fibers allows the development of new nanocomposites. This work fabricated oil palm nanocellulose with variations...
Article
Full-text available
Oil palm nanocellulose has been demonstrated to display a wide range of unique properties for many fields. They are suitable for biomedical applications and have been used in this domain for decades. The current variety of nanocellulose fibers allows the development of new nanocomposites. This work fabricated oil palm nanocellulose with variations...
Article
This study presents the fabrication of polyethyleneimine (PEI)–graphene-derived rice husk char (GRHC)/activated carbon nanofiber (ACNF) composites via electrospinning and physical activation processes and its adsorption performance toward CO2. This study was performed by varying several parameters, including the loading of graphene, impregnated and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Plastics and Non-biodegradable materials remain the most common material used by the food industry for packaging applications. As a result, the widespread use of these traditional plastics has resulted in a dangerous negative environment. Several studies have been conducted over the years to replace plastic packaging materials with environmentally...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The importance of carbon-based nanomaterials for various uses in today's world has prompted efforts to develop simple, cost-effective synthesis methods from abundantly available wastes. By thermally processing organic waste, pyrolysis in a broad spectrum is commonly used for the creation of carbon nanostructures. The growth of carbon nanomaterials...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The widespread use of biopolymers in the place of standard plastics would help to reduce the weight of waste. Therefore, biodegradable materials take part in the natural cycle “from nature to nature” and play an important role for environmental sustainability. Various parts from the green plant fibre can be utilized as the bionanocomposites product...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Polymer blending is yet another adapted method to offset the drawback of a polymer with another superior polymer. However, the developed polymer blend is often ended up with inferior properties due to their poor immiscibility. The introduction of compatibilizers effectively stabilize the interconnection of the two phases allowing finer dispersion o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Production of pulp for paper making from non-wood fibrous raw materials is growing increasingly derived by the increasing demand for pulp and paper products and the insufficient wood supply. As a fast-growing and widely distributed graminaceous plant, bamboo has appeared as an important raw material for pulping and papermaking to mitigate the short...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The widespread acceptance of natural fibers and biopolymers as green materials is being driven by the rapid exhaustion of petroleum resources, as well as growing awareness of global environmental problems associated with the usage of conventional plastics. The concerns over current environmental issues have forced scientists and engineers to find s...
Book
Industrial Applications of Nanocellulose and Its Nanocomposites provides an extensive, up-to-date review of this fast-moving research field. The chapters cover a wide range of aspects, including synthesis, surface modification, and improvement of properties toward target applications. The main objectives of the book are to reflect on recent advance...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing environmental awareness and concern have shifted the focus of research and development towards biodegradable materials development. In the current study, Cymbopogan citratus fibre (CCF) were incorporated into thermoplastic cassava starch (TPCS) with various content of CCF (10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 wt.%) via compression moulding. The determ...
Article
Full-text available
This research is driven by stringent environmental legislation requiring the consumption and use of environmentally friendly materials. In this context, this paper is concerned with the development and characterization of thermoplastic arrowroot starch (TPAS) based biocomposite films by incorporating arrowroot fiber (AF) (0−10%) into a glycerol pla...
Article
Full-text available
Polylactic acid (PLA) is a thermoplastic polymer produced from lactic acid that has been chiefly utilized in biodegradable material and as a composite matrix material. PLA is a prominent biomaterial that is widely used to replace traditional petrochemical-based polymers in various applications owing environmental concerns. Green composites have gai...
Article
Full-text available
Recent developments within the topic of biomaterials has taken hold of researchers due to the mounting concern of current environmental pollution as well as scarcity resources. Amongst all compatible biomaterials, polycaprolactone (PCL) is deemed to be a great potential biomaterial, especially to the tissue engineering sector, due to its advantages...
Article
Full-text available
Sustainable technologies are vital due to the efforts of researchers and investors who have allocated significant amounts of money and time to their development. Nowadays, 3D printing has been accepted by the main industry players, since its first establishment almost 30 years ago. It is obvious that almost every industry is related to technology,...
Article
Full-text available
Citation: Azlin, M.N.M.; Ilyas, R.A.; Zuhri, M.Y.M.; Sapuan, S.M.; Harussani, M.M.; Sharma, S.; Nordin, A.H.; Nurazzi, N.M.; Afiqah, A.N. 3D
Chapter
2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) or widely called as COVID-19 has spread vigorously throughout 2019 until present. This Wuhan-originated virus had been the cause of global pandemic and thus, impaired global economy, industry as well as health issues. Various approaches, non- and pharmaceutical remedies, had been practiced by the publics. The best...
Chapter
This chapter discusses on the introductory and background of safety and health in general aspect. In this section, the elaborations on theories and theroretical frameworks of accident and its causes are outlined accordingly. Later, this section narrows toward the foundation of safety and health in term of composites and engineering perspectives, su...
Chapter
This chapter introduces the basic fundamental and concept for design for safety. It reveals the technical gaps between design for safety and current state of the art to produce a new products. This chapter introduces the background of design for safety which covers those ten paradigms for safe designs to guide the designer to do right things at the...
Chapter
This book chapter reviews the issues of occupational safety and health administration in the composites industry in three countries, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Malaysia. In the United States, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) was established in 1971 under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. It was the...