Ilona Heldal

Ilona Heldal
Høgskulen på Vestlandet | HVL · Faculty of Science and Engineering

Professor (Chair) of Informatics Ph.D.

About

96
Publications
18,157
Reads
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935
Citations
Introduction
My research area is within Applied Informatics, Interactive Systems, and conduct projects focusing on design, use, usability, user experience evaluation of technologies (virtual reality, serious games, simulations). My current projects are focusing on supporting technology introduction, adoption, acceptance in organizations for training and learning.
Additional affiliations
January 2016 - present
Western Norway University of Applied Sciences
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Interactive Systems: HCI, IS issues for design, development and use of Mixed Reality (VR, AR, etc), Serious Games, and Gamification.
January 2015 - December 2018
University West
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Work Integrated Learning. Using new technology, digitalization for learning.
February 2012 - April 2015
University of Skövde
Position
  • Professor of Informatics
Description
  • ... and Director of the industrial research school ApplyIT.

Publications

Publications (96)
Article
Full-text available
While Virtual Reality (VR) has gained significant attention in different domains of health care and promises benefits for managing vision disturbances, no bibliometric analysis focuses on its use in vision therapy. This study aims to analyze and visualize the scientific literature indexed in the Web of Science databases by visualizing bibliometric...
Preprint
The potential contribution of immersive technology to the improvement of training and training of the Brazilian Fire Department has been recognized and accepted. The methodological approach consisted of quantitative research composed of a literature review and case studies. The theory was based on efforts to use virtual reality (VR) equipment. Info...
Article
Full-text available
Practice-based training in education is important, expensive, and resource-demanding. Digital games can provide complementary training opportunities for practicing procedural skills and increase the value of the limited laboratory training time in biomedical laboratory science (BLS) education. This paper presents how a serious game can be integrate...
Article
Full-text available
An incident commander (IC) is expected to take command in any incident to mitigate consequences for humans, property, and the environment. To prepare for this, practice-based training in realistic simulated situations is necessary. Usually this is conducted in live simulation (LS) at dedicated (physical) training grounds or in virtual simulation (V...
Conference Paper
The rapid growth of eye-tracking technologies promises help for researchers to complement vision screening. However, there is little or no research on bibliometrics and visualization on the use of eye-tracking technologies for this purpose. This study aims to analyze and visualize the published papers from the Web of Science databases. 499 referenc...
Article
Full-text available
Many children have undetected vision problems or insufficient visual information processing that may be a factor in lower academic outcomes. The aim of this paper is to contribute to a better understanding of the importance of vision screening for school-aged children, and to investigate the possibilities of how eye-tracking (ET) technologies can s...
Conference Paper
3D technology has become one of the basic elements of computer-aided workflows, and due to its attention-grabbing effect, it is also used in education, whether it is illustrative methods used in teaching or computer-aided design. In this paper we analyzed the effectiveness of the 2D and 3D environment while performing a problem-solving task using e...
Poster
Full-text available
A poster titled "Eye-tracking technologies for vision screening & therapy". We presented this poster at PhD seminar, Voss and it was organized by the Western Norway University of Applied Sciences. 13-09-2021 - 15-09-2021
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Vision problems affect academic performance, social and mental health. Most traditional vision screening methods rely on human expert assessments based on a set of vision tests. As technology advances, new instruments and computerised tools are available for complementing vision screening. The scoping review based on this protocol ai...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Rehabilitation is a complex process based on interaction and communication. The patient's wants and needs, health records, relationship status, and living conditions impact priority setting, aims, and means in the rehabilitation process. Designing a well-fitting rehabilitation trajectory implies sharing of information, coordination, and collective...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the COVID-19 restrictions, on-site Incident Commander (IC) practical training and examinations in Sweden were canceled as of March 2020. The graduation of one IC class was, however, conducted through Remote Virtual Simulation (RVS), the first such examination to our current knowledge. This paper presents the necessary enablers for setting up...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Emergency response and management training is challenged by quick changes in society today. Education and training need to develop and adjust at the same pace to make sure the emergency professionals are well prepared. New types of complex incidents and unexpected events can be difficult and expensive to train in realistic live simulations. Virtual...
Article
Full-text available
Several children struggle with vision difficulties caused by problematic coordination between their left and right eye muscles, i.e., oculomotor dysfunction (OMD). Many OMDs can be improved by training the eyes via physical exercises defined and supervised by vision experts. The aim of this paper is to investigate the feasibility of utilizing Serio...
Article
Full-text available
ORCID Tobba Therkildsen Sudmann https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7482-9984 ORCID Eva Haukeland Fredriksen https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5609-8308 ORCID Ingebjørg Traeland Børsheim https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4706-7790 ORCID Ilona Heldal https://orcid.org/ Abstract: In today's society, all citizens who need digital information to manage their everyday life...
Conference Paper
The aim of this paper is to contribute to a better understanding of children's vision care from the identification to treatment, with, in particular, a better understanding of the use of eye tracking (ET) technologies. While there are indications that these technologies can support vision care, a comprehensive understanding of the possibilities is...
Conference Paper
Mixed reality and serious games are often advocated as promising technologies in supporting training and increasing the skills necessary to deal with new, complex, and often unexpected situations. This paper explores the feasibility of an Augmented Reality- (AR) based cyber-physical solution to complement live training for the treatment of serious...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Due to the development of digital tools in the information society, all arenas of society are constantly changing, including the process and methods of education and learning. Both students and educators familiar with the use of digital devices have a significant presence of digital technology in their daily lives, not only in connection with teach...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Eye movement tracking systems offer the opportunity to observe and study a complex cognitive process such as programming. As a consequence of the growing number of program systems, software developers need to be able to use more and more programming technologies effectively. The paper analyses one of the possibilities of the C# programming language...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Experiencing a high presence in training is essential for emergency response and management preparedness. Incident Commanders (ICs) education and training needs to ensure they have enough experience to handle a wide range of usual as well as unusual and new types of incidents. Computer and virtual simulation-based training (CST) offers several bene...
Article
Full-text available
Simulations, serious games, and virtual reality (SSG) applications represent promising support for achieving practical proficiency, but it is difficult to know how to introduce them into a new environment. This paper aims to contribute to a better understanding of introducing new SSGs to a non-computer related educational environment—biomedical lab...
Preprint
Full-text available
Visually demanding tasks such as reading, writing or playing, depend on our ability to maintain accurate and steady eye movements and coordinate the muscles controlling our eyes. Problems in our eye-muscle coordination, oculomotor dysfunctions (OMD) are common visual disturbances and can be trained to be better. The aim of this paper is to illustra...
Article
Full-text available
Recognition of facial expressions is one of the basic skills used to understand the feelings and intentions of others and it represents a crucial ability for establishing interpersonal connections in life. Previous studies have shown that the ability to recognize emotions, the speed and accuracy, with which individuals process emotions, appears to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The continuous visual tracking of activity performed in perception and action activities requires continuous eye motion. The visual computer monitoring, recording and evaluation of human motion provides many opportunities in the development of human-computer interfaces. In most activities performed by humans, eye-hand coordination plays a significa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Through the analysis of eye motion, human cognitive activity, specific cognitive processes may be indirectly monitored. To track eye motion, several video-based devices have been developed, such as Gazepoint GP3. In the demo, the gaze path recording is demonstrated using GP3 device, then the evaluation of gaze fixations using OAGAMA software are ev...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Eye-tracking is a widely used method to examine the hidden cognitive processes. In this paper a program source code debugging process is examined by eye-tracking method. A computer based analysis was elaborated to test the debug process and record the main parameters of eye movement. During the test, two typical groups were established, in case of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Recently, researches based on eye-tracking have more often appeared on the field of cognitive studies, education support systems and virtual reality. Eye-tracking based analysis may be useful in IT, particular in algorithm thinking, program code debugging. The purpose of this paper is to introduce the conditions of Gazepoint GP3 device and OGAMA us...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Training collaboration and work in various contexts in the health sector may be supported by different technologies. Based on a practical study involving Swedish emergency medical services personnel and different simulator technologies, this paper exemplifies the benefit of using processes, narratives, simulations and serious games to design contex...
Article
Full-text available
Life is changing after recognizing a pregnancy. Then the future parents, who are often healthy individuals, need to change their lifestyles, meet different healthcare institutions, follow new rules, and reschedule their everyday activities. This paper illustrates the design and development of a novel mobile application supporting future parents in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Training collaboration and work in various Emergency Management (EM) can be supported by different technologies, in particular simulations and serious games (SSGs). This paper is based on an investigation of why the promising SSG technologies can be difficult to use, even a long time after their procurement by the user organizations. The focus is o...
Article
Full-text available
Due to rapid and substantial changes in the health sector, collaboration and supporting technologies get more into focus. Changes in education and training are also required. Simulations and serious games (SSG) are often advocated as promising technologies supporting training of many and in the same manner, or increasing the skills necessary to dea...
Article
Full-text available
One of the main criteria of effectively managing emergency and crisis situations is good preparedness. Simulation and serious games (SSG) are often advocated as promising technologies supporting training and increasing the skills necessary to deal with new, complex and often unexpected situations. This paper is based on an investigation of why a se...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Spatial hashing is an efficient technique to speed up proximity queries on moving objects in the space domain, suitable for computer entertainment applications and simulations. This paper presents an efficient three-step algorithm for building a 1D hash table for spatial hashing needed to perform fast queries on objects for location and proximity d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A trend over the past years is that simulation systems for training are being connected in simulation networks, allowing the interaction of teams spread in distributed sites. By combining interconnected simulation systems the simulation complexity increases and may affect time-critical simulation tasks in a negative way. As a consequence, the train...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study presents the Thesis Steering Model (TSM), an instrument supporting systematic communication and collaboration between the different stakeholders involved in industrial doctoral projects. The results describe TSM and illustrate its introduction for seven doctoral projects within a postgraduate school in applied informatics. The experience...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Traditional Artificial Cognitive Systems (for example, intelligent robots) share a number of limitations. First, they are usually made up only of machine components; humans are only playing the role of user or supervisor. And yet, there are tasks in which the current state of the art of AI has much worse performance or is more expensive than humans...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Training actors from public safety agencies (PSA), e.g. emergency medical services, fire departments, police departments involves different technologies and communication and collaboration activities. New technologies promise better support, not only for training, but also for logging relevant information for future analysis and learning. However,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Using Virtual Reality (VR) models that support planning and design has become increasingly recognized, especially for visualizing future environmental changes. When designing and communicating these changes they are sometimes simplified while at other times photorealistic representations are used. All the parties involved should trust these represe...
Article
Full-text available
The proliferation of mobile technologies promises to improve quality of life, empower us and make us feel safer and more connected. However, this process is slow in the public safety sector due to its requirements for tailored solutions regarding robustness, accessibility, safety and security. Even if there are specially designed solutions on the m...
Article
Based on an empirical study of the launch of an information and communication technology [ICT] system for the main Public Safety Agencies [PSA] in Sweden, this paper combines concepts from knowledge management [KM] with naturalistic decision-making [NDM] to gain a greater understanding of problems in the implementation and adoption phase of the new...
Article
Full-text available
The introduction of virtual reality (VR)-models in the city planning process will cause changes in the traditional roles of the involved parties. In order to better understand some of these changes, the events involving the use of VR-models in an architectural competition concerning rebuilding-proposals for the city library in a Swedish city were a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Today’s design processes involve many participants and demand new methods of communication for designers, developers and users. Using Virtual Reality (VR) as a design tool has become increasingly common. Regarding visual expression, photorealism is often strived for, even though this might not always be in accordance with the main purpose of the vi...
Conference Paper
The introduction of Virtual Reality (VR) models in the environmental planning process can change the traditional roles of the parties involved. This paper examines the influence of VR-models on the role of professionals in an architectural competition concerning proposals for rebuilding the city library in Gothenburg. The study shows that VR was ex...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
By using Virtual Reality systems, or Virtual Environments (VEs), complex models can be designed and developed on a large scale and their features visualized, simulated, discussed and documented. These models are claimed to replace expensive physical models, and are highly appreciated for projects in architecture. People can, however, experience mod...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Research has identified many different concepts and factors, e.g. immersiveness, presence, performance, interaction, and defined a large number of guidelines that contribute to developing advanced virtual environments (VEs). By reviewing research on differences between individual work and group work, and how it is influenced by these factors, this...
Article
Full-text available
Virtual Reality (VR) systems can translate multifaceted scientific design data into visual information that shows development forecast scenarios. VRs offer several advantages: to overcome traveling problems, to avoid ambiguities during the different phases of the collaboration by visualizing the same processes, they are dynamically changeable, whic...
Article
Full-text available
Research has identified many different concepts and factors, e.g. immersiveness, presence, performance, interaction, and defined a large number of guidelines that contribute to developing advanced virtual environments (VEs). By reviewing research on differences between individual work and group work, and how it is influenced by these factors, this...
Article
Full-text available
Distance collaboration has long been a research area for distributed Virtual Environments (VEs). In these environments people interact with the technology and each other in a computer-generated synthetic world. The aim of this paper is to examine how social interaction influences the usability of distributed VEs, focused on the way people handle co...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes two methods for analyzing interactions in collaborative virtual environments (CVEs): one whereby quantitative data are captured, interaction is categorized into a number of activities, and statistical analysis can be performed on frequencies and sequences of events. The other is based on the transcription of individual fragment...