Ilaria Mazzini

Ilaria Mazzini
Italian National Research Council | CNR · Institute of Environmental Geology and Geoengineering IGAG

PhD

About

110
Publications
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1,545
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2008 - present
Italian National Research Council
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (110)
Article
Full-text available
During the last century, Grotta Romanelli (Southern Italy) has been a reference site for the European Late Pleistocene stratigraphy, due to its geomorphological setting and archaeological and palaeontological content. The beginning of the sedimentation inside the cave was attributed to the Last Interglacial (MISs 5e) and the oldest unearthed eviden...
Presentation
Grotta Romanelli è una cavità carsica localizzata nel sud-est della Puglia nel comune di Castro (Lecce), inserito nel Parco Naturale Regionale Costa Otranto S.M. di Leuca - Bosco di Tricase. In questa area sono presenti numerose grotte, i cui depositi rappresentano un esteso archivio di dati paleontologici, archeologici e paleoclimatici . Grotta Ro...
Article
Full-text available
The Sumerian culture flourished within the Tigris and Euphrates rivers floodplains and along their deltaic systems, which ca. 6000 yr were located ~250–260 km inland from the present Persian Gulf. Here, large floodplains and marshes were crossed by an intricate network of channels where several human settlements developed. In this paper, we describ...
Article
Full-text available
Groundwater ecosystems host a rich and unique, but still largely unexplored and undescribed, biodiversity. Several lineages of ostracod crustaceans have subterranean representatives or are exclusively living in groundwaters. The stygobitic genus Pseudolimnocythere Klie, 1938 has a West Palearctic distribution, and includes few living and fossil spe...
Preprint
During the last century, Grotta Romanelli (Southern Italy) has been a reference site for the European Late Pleistocene stratigraphy, due to its geomorphological setting and archaeological and palaeontological content. The beginning of the sedimentation inside the cave was attributed to MISs 5e and the oldest unearthed evidence of human occupation,...
Conference Paper
Grotta Romanelli, a key site for prehistoric studies in Italy, is located on the Adriatic coast of southern Apulia near Castro (LE). Discovered in 1871, its deposits were the subject of extensive studies from the early twentieth century until the 1970s. Since then the field activities were suspended until 2015, when a new excavation campaign was st...
Conference Paper
New fieldwork activities at Grotta Romanelli started in 2015, coordinated by Sapienza, University of Rome and in collaboration with IGAG CNR and other research institutions. This coastal cave, located in the administrative territory of the Castro municipality, within the Otranto-Santa Maria di Leuca Coast and Tricase Woods regional natural parks (L...
Conference Paper
Grotta Romanelli is a coastal cave inhabited by humans since the Middle Pleistocene and considered a symbol of the Palaeolithic period in Europe. The site, facing the Ionian Sea, is located in the administrative territory of the Castro (Lecce) municipality, at the south-eastern extremity of Apulia.This area, also known as Salentine Peninsula, docum...
Article
Despite their high abundance and diversity, ostracods adapted to a particular chemosynthetic environment and its surroundings have rarely been studied. Therefore, the thresholds and environmental characteristics shaping their assemblages are poorly known. Here, we report a detailed study of the ostracod assemblages occurring around the Zannone Gian...
Article
Suidae remains recovered from the late Pliocene site of Collepardo (Latium, central Italy) are described and assigned to Sus arvernensis, a small-sized Ruscinian to Early Villafranchian (MN14-MN16a) species. In Italy, S. arvernensis only occurs in the Triversa Faunal Unit (MN16a), supporting the recently revised chronology of Collepardo. CT-scan me...
Article
Grotta Romanelli can be counted among the most interesting sites for the late Upper Palaeolithic of the Mediterranean area, since returned a consistent record of lithic artefacts, faunal remains, mobiliary and parietal art, and human fossils which represent the least-known materials from the context. The resumption of the investigations in 2015, af...
Article
Full-text available
The study of the past is of fundamental importance in understanding the processes that control the functioning of the Earth System and the interaction between ecosystems, human society and natural variability. The Quaternary scientist produces a variety of proxies derived from the investigation of natural, archaeological and historical records cove...
Article
Pollen analyses have been carried out on the infilling deposits of Grotta Romanelli (Apulia, Italy), a reference site for the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic of Italy. The analysis focused on Terre rosse, a fine unit till now ascribed to an interstadial phase following the Würm acme, and on the uppermost unit (Terre brune), recently dated to the late...
Article
The Romanelli Cave in south-east Italy is an important reference point for the so-called ‘Mediterranean province’ of European Upper Palaeolithic art. Yet, the site has only recently been subject to a systematic investigation of its parietal and portable art. Starting in 2016, a project has recorded the cave's interior, discovering new parietal art....
Article
Ostracoda, minute aquatic crustaceans with calcitic shells, are highly versatile proxies in geoarchaeological contexts. Their species-specific ecological preferences and ranges allow the reconstruction of palaeoenvironments and anthropogenic impacts in detail. Environmentally driven morphological variability and shell chemistry signatures as stable...
Article
The karst fissures known as “ventarole”, located in the Salentine Peninsula (southernmost part of Apulia, Italy), were first studied by Mirigliano in 1941. These fissures are generally filled with reddish sediments or “terre rosse” in the lower part, and with brownish sediments or “terre brune” in the upper one. Both deposits are particularly rich...
Preprint
Ostracods, charophytes and pollen were retrieved from sediments of the Baynunah Formation. Autoecological characteristics of the ostracods and the charophytes, together with detailed observations on the taphonomy of ostracod valves, provide a reconstruction of the depositional environments of the Baynunah freshwater system. These microfossil assemb...
Article
Full-text available
A river otter hemimandible has been rediscovered during the revision of the historical collections of G.A. Blanc from Grotta Romanelli, complementing the ongoing multidisciplinary research fieldwork on the site. The specimen, recovered from the level G (“terre rosse”; early Late Pleistocene or late Middle Pleistocene), is here assigned to Lutra lut...
Article
Full-text available
Nel parco Naturale Regionale Costa Otranto Santa Maria di Leuca - Bosco di Tricase sono presenti cavità carsiche che rappresentano preziosi archivi naturali dei cambiamenti climatici avvenuti nel corso del Quaternario e dell ' antica presenza umana sul territorio. Tra queste cavità, Grotta Romanelli ha attirato l' attenzione degli studiosi sin dall...
Poster
Les environnements lagunaires sont des milieux attractifs pour les sociétés humaines et leurs activités (pêcheries, salines, abris côtiers naturels ou ports, etc.) ainsi que des systèmes fortement impactés par les interventions anthropiques (entretien des graus, canalisations, bonifications, etc.) à des échelles de temps multi-centennales, voire mi...
Poster
Les lagunes sont des zones d'interface entre les systèmes hydrologiques océaniques et continentaux et des milieux privilégiés pour l'étude des événements géologiques associés à ces environnements. Les ostracodes, crustacés millimétriques possédant une coquille carbonatée bien préservée dans les archives sédimentaires, sont des bio-indicateurs très...
Article
The progradation of the Medjerda delta has been the subject of many studies since the 19th century. The scale and the rapidity of this phenomenon interested researchers in various fields early on, such as geomorphology, geology, palaeogeography, history, archaeology, or geoarchaeology. Indeed, the delta prograded by around 10 km over 3 millennia. A...
Poster
Full-text available
The Mesopotamian culture flourished on the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, in a landscape that was interested by several changes in the last 6000 yr after the stabilization of the sea-level following the last post-glacial rise. Evidence suggests that the shoreline was located about 250-260 km inland from the present coastline and that two...
Article
Caves as geosites structurally illustrate the strict dependence of human occupation on geological and geomorphological processes, playing a crucial role in the development of human civilisation. Grotta Romanelli embodies such a kind of geosite, being a coastal cave occupied by humans since the Middle Pleistocene and considered a symbol of the Palae...
Presentation
Full-text available
The Salentine Peninsula (southernmost part of Apulia) is well known for its vertebrate paleontological record coming from caves, located both on the Adriatic and Ionian coasts (e.g., Grotta Romanelli, Grotta Zinzulusa, Grotta del Cavallo) and from karst fissures, locally known as ventarole (e.g., Sternatia, Fondo Cattìe). These latter are generally...
Article
In this paper, we present the results of the accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon (AMS ¹⁴ C) dating campaign performed on samples selected from different levels in Grotta Romanelli (Castro, Italy). Grotta Romanelli is one of the key sites for the chronology of Middle Pleistocene–Holocene in Mediterranean region. After the first excavation camp...
Article
In 1981, a large mammal assemblage was recovered from a laminated travertine exposed in the region of the village of Collepardo (Frosinone, central Italy). The Collepardo mammal assemblage reported in the literature included ungulates and carnivorans. It was referred to the middle Villafranchian for its similarities with the Saint Vallier (France)...
Poster
Full-text available
Grotta Romanelli, (Apulia. Southern Italy), is considered a key site for the Mediterranean Pleistocene for its archaeological and palaeontological contents.In 1914, G.A. Blanc led a pioneering excavation campaign. He studied the in-filling deposits and distinguished: the upper complex, the “terre brune” (layers A-E) bearing upper Palaeolithic tools...
Poster
Full-text available
“Grotta Romanelli” is a natural cave located along the Adriatic coast of the Salento Peninsula in Southern-East Italy in the territory of Castro (Lecce). The cave can be regarded as one of the key Paleolithic sites in Italy. It was discovered in 1871, but it was only thanks to the systematic excavations carried out at the beginning of 1900 that its...
Presentation
Full-text available
Grotta Romanelli, located on the Adriatic coast of the Apulian Region, was discovered in 1874 but only in 1900 was recognised as a site of remarkable importance becoming the first report of the Late Palaeolithic in Italy. The stratigraphic succession can be subdivided in two main parts: the upper and the lower complexes divided by the stalagmitic...
Article
Full-text available
Grotta Romanelli, located on the Adriatic coast of southern Apulia (Italy), is considered a key site for the Mediterranean Pleistocene for its archaeological and palaeontological contents. The site, discovered in 1874, was re-evaluated only in 1900, when P. E. Stasi realised that it contained the first evidence of the Palaeolithic in Italy. Startin...
Article
Ostia is one of the most extensively excavated cities of the Roman period. The port-city of Rome, which today lies 4 km from the coastline, was established in a very constrained environment at the mouth of the River Tiber. Based on a review of the geoarchaeological and archaeological research at Ostia, 4 new cores analysed through palaeoenvionmenta...
Article
Due to its geographic position and geomorphological configuration, Grotta Romanelli acted as a sediment trap since at least MIS 5. The so-called 'terre brune' sequence is a deposit mainly of eolian origin bearing upper Palaeolithic artefacts and fossil re-mains of vertebrate fauna; it was deposited during the Glacial-Interglacial transition and the...
Article
Full-text available
p>Ostracod assemblages from Lake Trasimeno (Umbria, central Italy), the largest endorheic lake in Italy, were investigated relating their species distribution and ecology to modern physical, chemical and biological parameters. Nineteen living species were collected in the lake ( Darwinula stevensoni, Candona (Candona) candida, Candona (Neglecandona...
Article
Here we present a multiproxy record (δ13C, δ18O, major and minor element composition, mineralogy, and low-resolution biogenic silica content) from a lacustrine succession in the Sulmona Basin, central Italy. Based on previous tephrochronological constraints and a new 40Ar/39Ar dating of a tephra matching the widespread X-6 tephra, the record spans...
Article
Full-text available
Although studies on ostracods dwelling in inland subterranean habitats of Italy have increased in the last decades, highlighting a considerable taxonomic diversity, available information is still far from sufficient to understand phylogenetic and biogeographic relationships. Mixtacandona Klie 1938 is one of the most common and diverse genera of ost...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The ALErT project targets on climate and tectonic hazards in the densely populated regions in the Central Anatolian Plateau (CAP), within the framework of the Marie Curie FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN program, The CAP extends in a wide area in between zone the Aegean extensional zone and Bitlis /Zagros compressional zone. Çankırı Basin (in the middle CAP) is...
Article
Full-text available
New detailed palynological and ostracodological analyses together with texture data from a sediment core drilled in Ostia Antica confirm the existence of the ancient Ostia harbour and its location by the Tiber River. Using the different proxies analysed in this work and chronologically framing the sediment record with three AMS radiocarbon dates, f...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Central Anatolian Plateau (CAP) extends in a wide area between the Bitlis/Zagros compressional zone and the Aegean extensional zone. The Neogene unit in the study area is Bozkır formation and Süleymanlı formation of Messinian to Pliocene age. The Bozkır formation deposited in the Çankırı Basin, which is localized in central Anatolia, bounded to...
Article
We examine three fundamental changes in river systems induced by innovations of the biosphere, these being: 1) the evolution of oxygenic photosynthesis; 2) the development of vascular plants with root systems; and 3) the evolution of humans. The first two innovations provide context for the degree of human-induced river change. Early river systems...
Article
Full-text available
Ilyocypris Brady and Norman (1889) is a widespread freshwater ostracod genus including about 30 living and 190 fossil species. The specific identification of the living Ilyocypris relies mainly on the appendages. An identification exclusively based on valves is rather complicated because of a high intraspecific variability of their characters in se...
Article
Full-text available
A b s t r a c t The ancient lagoon of Ostia played a key role in the development of the cultures of central Italy and especially that of Rome. The evolution of its environmental history and its partial transformation into a saline body of water during Antiquity remain as poorly known to archaeologists and historians as to geologists and geographers...
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between ostracod and macrophyte communities has been seldom studied, especially in urban parks. The main purpose of this research is to explore such a relationship in the area of Rome (Italy), and in particular in the Appia Antica Regional Park, to provide information about the environmental characteristics influencing both the ass...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The sediments recovered from the Republican harbour of Ostia and from the Imperial harbour of Portus in the Tiber delta area (Rome, central Italy, Fig. 1) have been the subject of multidisciplinary analyses involving, among others, stratigraphy, palynology, ostracodology, geochemistry. The purpose of the study is investigating the natural environme...