Ilaria Bruni

Ilaria Bruni
Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca | UNIMIB · Department of Biotechnology and Biosciences

PhD

About

76
Publications
24,301
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1,593
Citations
Additional affiliations
November 2010 - present
Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca
Position
  • Technician

Publications

Publications (76)
Preprint
The artichoke ( Cynara cardunculus L. subsp. scolymus Hegi) is an intriguing source of indigestible sugar polymers such as inulin-type fructans. In this study the amount and the quality of inulin-type fructans have been evaluated in the cultivated artichoke ( Cynara cardunculus L. subsp. scolymus Hegi) as well as in the wild cardoon ( C. cardunculu...
Article
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Age-related injuries are often connected to alterations in redox homeostasis. The imbalance between free radical oxygen species and endogenous antioxidants defenses could be associated with a growing risk of transient ischemic attack and stroke. In this context, a daily supply of dietary antioxidants could counteract oxidative stress occurring duri...
Article
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Couroupita guianensis Aubl. (Lecythidaceae) "Cannonball tree" is a tropical plant with ethnobotanical uses. The present study is focused on analyzing the essential oil composition of Couroupita guianensis (C. guianensis) fresh flowers collected in El Salvador. Steam distillation, coupled with GC/FID and GC/MS analysis were employed to characterize...
Article
Full-text available
This study is aimed at valorizing artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus L.) by-products as source of inulin, a fiber showing relevant prebiotic properties, through the realization of a waste value chain. Starting from artichoke by-products, the inulin fraction was assessed both in terms of total amount and degree of polymerization as a functi...
Article
A genuine nutritional product is pivotal for getting proper health benefits and preventing pathologies. However, with the increase in global trading of raw and processed food products, reliable authentication is essential for correct labelling to ensure consumer safety. The use of DNA-based tools has become a prospective solution in the near future...
Article
Full-text available
The global market of food supplements is growing, along with consumers demand for high-quality herbal products. Nevertheless, substitution fraud, and adulteration cases remain a common safety problem of global concern. In the last years, the DNA barcoding approach has been proposed as a valid identification method and it is now commonly used in the...
Article
Full-text available
The genetic variability of the ex situ cultivated plants of Ribes sardoum, obtained from seeds collected from the unique natural population, was investigated. Our results revealed that plants cultivated ex situ captured a higher amount of genetic diversity and this will be useful in future translocation of this threatened species.
Article
Full-text available
Dried herbal preparations, based on “Zornia latifolia,” are commonly sold on web, mainly for their supposed hallucinogenic properties. In this work, we demonstrate that these commercial products contain a different Fabacea, i.e., Stylosanthes guianensis, a cheaper plant, widely cultivated in tropical regions as a fodder legume. We were provided wit...
Article
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A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
Article
It is estimated that about 7000 plant species and a large number of cultivars and varieties have been cultivated for consumption in human history. However, <0.5% of these currently provide the majority of human food energy needs worldwide (e.g., rice, wheat, maize, and potato). Global issues such as climate change, diffusion of pests, and resistanc...
Article
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The most anthropized regions of the world are characterized by an impressive abundance of invasive plants, which alter local biodiversity and ecosystem services. An alternative strategy to manage these species could be based on the exploitation of their fruits in a framework of bioprospecting to obtain high-added value compounds or phytocomplexes t...
Article
Full-text available
Grape berries harbor a wide range of microbes originating from the vineyard environment, many of which are recognized for their role in the must fermentation process shaping wine quality. To better clarify the contribution of the microbiome of grape fruits during wine fermentation, we used high-throughput sequencing to identify bacterial and fungi...
Data
ANOVA result on alpha diversity values for 16S and ITS1. The ANOVA and Pairwise Post-hoc test results performed for each locality considering the three fermentation steps. (DOCX)
Data
ADONIS test results. Results of ADONIS test performed to explore beta diversity patterns. (DOCX)
Data
Run performance detail Table. (DOCX)
Data
Table of unique OTUs distribution. Dataframe of unique OTUs distribution for localities based on Venn diagrams analysis. (XLSX)
Book
Full-text available
Il libro, organizzato principalmente in schede, riporta i risultati del progetto AKINAS nel quale sono state analizzate 130 varietà coltivate in Sardegna per i seguenti aspetti: CARATTERIZZAZIONE GENETICA: profilo genetico per 22 SSR (pubblicato), studio sulle sinonimie ed omonimie, confronto in database privato di circa 2000 accessioni italiane ed...
Article
Nutritional factors play a pivotal role for healthy aging and longevity. This is related to the antioxidant properties of the molecules present in some foods. Due to the high content of polyphenols, Green Coffee Extract (GCE) is a powerful antioxidant. Nevertheless, little is known about its effect on aging. We demonstrated the benefic effects of G...
Article
The progressive loss of knowledge about the use of plants in traditional medicine practices is an issue of major concern with social, economic, and health implications for local communities, especially in developing countries. The Peruvian Amazon is one of the principal scenarios where this phenomenon is occurring at a growing rate. We investigated...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sotto la denominazione di “Cannonau bianco” vengono indicati diversi antichi vitigni a bacca bianca presenti principalmente in tre aree della Sardegna: la Barbagia, l’Ogliastra e il Campidano di Cagliari. Il nome di questi vitigni rimanda al Cannonau ed è presumibilmente dovuto al buono spirito di osservazione dei viticoltori del passato. In questo...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the genetic background of complex behavioral traits, showing multigenic control and extensive environmental effects, is a challenging task. Among such traits, migration is known to show a large additive genetic component. Yet, the identification of specific genes or gene regions explaining phenotypic variance in migratory behavior has...
Data
Appendix S1. Determination of feather δ2H and genetic analyses. Appendix S2. Comparison of F ST of neutral microsatellites (from Clegg et al. 2003) between southern and northern Wilson's warblers. Table S1. Wilson's warbler Adcyap1 allele frequencies, observed heterozygosity (H o) and mean (SE) allele size. Table S2. Phenotypic distribution of m...
Chapter
Food safety and quality depend on raw materials characteristics and on the chemical, physical and biotechnological processes adopted during food transformation. Since thousands of years, many microorganisms are used in food production; bread is composed of both flour and yeast and a bottle of wine contains grape juice and several bacteria and yeast...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
4.3 PHARMACOGNOSTIC STUDY AND ANTIVIRAL PROPERTIES OF COMBRETUM MICRANTHUM SARA BISSO1, LAURA CORNARA1, OLIVIERO E. VARNIER2, STEFANO BANFI3, ENRICO CARUSO3, JENNIFER MCDERMOTT2, ISABELLA MARTINI2, LUCA CHIODAROLI3, ILARIA BRUNI4, SERENA CAVALLARI5,7, PAOLO VIGANO’6,7 1DISTAV, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy; 2Dep. of Microbiology, University of...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decades, food science has greatly developed, turning from the consideration of food as mere source of energy to a growing awareness on its importance for health and particularly in reducing the risk of diseases. Such vision led to an increasing attention towards the origin and quality of raw materials as well as their derived food produ...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to give results about position of Lamyropsis microcephala within an already existing phylogeny of Lamyropsis genus on the Mediterranean area, by analyzing external transcribed spacer/internal transcribed spacer sequence data. The four Lamyropsis species considered in the model can be recognized as distinct taxa originated...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, we investigated DNA barcoding effectiveness to characterize honeybee pollen pellets, a food supplement largely used for human nutrition due to its therapeutic properties. We collected pollen pellets using modified beehives placed in three zones within an alpine protected area (Grigna Settentrionale Regional Park, Italy). A DNA...
Article
Full-text available
Among plants, several groups have toxicities that are dangerous for humans. Plant exposures are indeed one of the most frequent cases reported to poison control centers. A rapid and easy screening test is required for accurate medical treatment. However, it is usually based on the morphological analysis of ingested plant portions that is expensive...
Article
Full-text available
Hybridization between Rhododendronferrugineum L. and R. hirsutum L. in south-eastern Alps was examined in order to (i) evaluate the breeding direction and the extent of backcrossing between hybrids and the parental species, (ii) define which processes facilitate speciation and maintain species identities and (iii) clarify the role of rock geochemis...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, the genetic constitution of wild grape populations distributed in the Zagros Mountains in the north-west part of Iran was investigated to assess their risk of extinction and to identify the most suitable conservation strategy. A total of 65 wild grapevine samples from five different populations were analysed using 23 SSR loci. Consis...
Article
This study investigated the conservation status of Marsilea quadrifolia, an endangered fern found in paddy fields, irrigation ditches and ponds. An evaluation at the European level based on IUCN criteria showed that the extent of occurrence (EOO) of M. quadrifolia has decreased from 5,930,000 km2 to 5,774,000 km2 during the past decade, whereas its...
Article
Full-text available
We evaluated the utility of the core barcode regions (matK and rbcL) and the plastid intergenic spacer trnH-psbA to distinguish between Thymus spp. This is a taxonomically complex group that has been investigated so far mainly using morphological approaches. Thirty-six samples representing nine different morphospecies were collected and used for mo...
Article
Full-text available
Identification keys are decision trees which require the observation of one or more morphological characters of an organism at each step of the process. While modern digital keys can overcome several constraints of classical paper-printed keys, their performance is not error-free. Moreover, identification cannot be always achieved when a specimen l...
Data
List of the analysed plants collected from Mt. Valerio flora. For each sample the voucher number (V.N.), the species name (Nomenclature follows [45], [46]) and the Accession Numbers corresponding to DNA sequences of the three analysed markers are also included; “-”: sequencing failure. To evaluate the contribution of intraspecific variability, thre...
Data
Evaluation of intraspecific genetic variability. For a subset of 50 plant species from the Mt. Valerio the mean values of intraspecific variability and the standard error for the three tested makers are provided. Sampling details can be retrieved from Table S1. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Vegetation surveys have a long tradition in ecological studies, but several limitations in the morphological identification of species have been recognized. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of DNA barcoding in plant species identification to save field technicians time and resources. Vegetation surveys were performed in...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, the genetic diversity of three Rhododendron ferrugineum L Apennine populations (AP1, AP2, and AP3) was analyzed and compared to three populations of the Maritime Alps and six populations of Central-Eastern Alps. Genetic variations across microsatellite markers revealed that the Apennine populations show some clonal individuals and th...
Article
Full-text available
2011): Genetic variability of relict Rhododendron ferrugineum L. populations in the Northern Apennines with some inferences for a conservation strategy, Plant Biosystems -An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, This article may be used for research, teaching, and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic repr...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of the present work is to evaluate the efficacy of a DNA barcoding approach as a tool for the recognition of commercial kitchen spices belonging to the Lamiaceae family that are usually sold as enhancers of food flavor. A total of 64 spices samples, encompassing six different genera (i.e. Mentha, Ocimum, Origanum, Salvia, Thymus and R...
Article
Full-text available
In this report, the toxic effect of TCE (trichloroethylene), PCE (tetrachloroethylene), and potassium dichromate on P. subcapitata was investigated. The test was conducted at different concentrations of pollutants, starting from the European Community limit values defined for each analysed contaminant. Mixtures of pollutants were also tested to ver...
Data
Accession numbers corresponding to DNA sequences of the five analysed markers for each considered species.
Article
Full-text available
The plant exposures are one of the most frequent poisonings reported to poison control centres. The diagnosis of intoxicated patients is usually based on the morphological analysis of ingested plant portions; this procedure requires experience in systematic botany, because the plant identification is based on few evident traits. The objective of th...
Article
La terra, nel corso della sua storia, ha subito molteplici cambiamenti con la comparsa e scomparsa di numerose specie animali e vegetali. Attualmente, l’estinzioni delle specie, la riduzione degli areali e il depauperamento degli ecosistemi è da ricollegare alle attività dell’uomo. Per tali motivi, in questi ultimi decenni si è iniziato a dare impo...

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