Igor Gurkov

Igor Gurkov
National Research University Higher School of Economics | HSE · Faculty of Management, Moscow

Professor
Studying strategy and organization of manufacturing subsidiaries of MNCs and HQ-subsidiary relations

About

211
Publications
101,980
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1,079
Citations
Introduction
Currently I am working on management and innovations in Russian subsidiaries of multinational corporations (MNCs) using interviews, surveys and obeservation studies.
Additional affiliations
June 2020 - present
National Research University Higher School of Economics
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Teaching to and supervision of Ph.D. students, research on Russian subsidiaries of foreign multinational corporations
December 2002 - May 2014
Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration
Position
  • Head of Department
Description
  • teaching strategic management and related courses,methodological advice to colleagues in different units of the Academy on curriculum development, academic leadership for corporate training programs
September 1998 - December 1998
University of Michigan
Position
  • Professor
Education
September 1982 - January 1990
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Field of study
  • Economics

Publications

Publications (211)
Article
This study aimed to reveal the policies applied to determine the total expenses for managerial remuneration in manufacturing subsidiaries during the COVID-19 pandemic. We analyzed the annual financial reports of Russian manufacturing subsidiaries containing data on managerial remuneration and compared the dynamics of annual revenues and the amount...
Article
The aim of this study is to depict the performance of Russian manufacturing subsidiaries of multinational corporations during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. Using a unique handcrafted database of financial reports from 259 subsidiaries for 2019 and 2020, we retraced three indicators of business robustness: the dynamics of revenues, positi...
Article
Abstract Purpose - This paper aims to detail the actions of the Russian suЬsidiary of а multinational 1Т company, during the СОVЮ-19 pandemic, aimed toward the exploration and exploitation of unexpected business opportunities. It depicts the strategic and tactical actions of the suЬsidiary and corporate initiatives during the pandemic, revealing te...
Article
Purpose-This study aims to describe how large corporations, facing digitalization and sustainability, can use established models and theories to find appropriate organizations design for these "new" challenges. Design/methodology/approach-The information processing perspective presented by Jay Galbraith (Galbraith, 1974) can be an appropriate platf...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to outline the current and future influence of digitalization on the corporate parenting styles (CPSs) of multinational corporations (MNCs). Design/methodology/approach The authors used conceptual modeling in this study. Findings The authors identified five types of CPSs (Hypnos, Cronus, Rhea, Zeus and Athena). The overall...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate how the attitudes of Russian managers are affected by personal attributes, environmental conditions and also cognitive processes. Design/methodology/approach Based on social cognitive theory, the authors developed hypotheses and tested them against data collected from 173 Russian managers via an...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to address issues related to better identification of strategic orientation of the firm and the impact of strategic orientation on sustainable development of the firm. Design/methodology/approach The paper presents an overview of the existing literature on strategic orientation of the firm, reexamines the major...
Presentation
Full-text available
Презентация показывает возможности восстановления потока иностранных инвестиций в Россию при реализации прогнозируемых UNCTAD новых глобальных траекторий разития отдельных отраслей промышленности и сферы услуг.
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Purpose This paper explores the phenomenon of ribbon-cutting ceremonies for new overseas subsidiaries and demonstrates the possibility of modifying such ceremonies to place greater emphasis on intra-organizational communications. Design/methodology/approach A careful study of 200 videos on 73 ribbon-cutting ceremonies in Russia between 201...
Article
Drawing on foundational arguments from the literature on emerging market institutional strategies, and employing a realist historical analysis, we present a retrospective on the Russian automotive industry. We begin by tracing the origins of the sector and synthesizing salient post World War II developments. We then recount the subsequent expansion...
Preprint
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to address issues related to better identification of strategic orientation of the firm and show how it can be applied to sustainability. The paper presents an overview of the existing literature on strategic orientation of the firm, reexamines the major findings and fills the discovered gaps in theoretical constructs a...
Article
Full-text available
The short paper presents the intellectual legacy of Prof. Yair Aharoni
Preprint
В ходе анализа количественных и качественных данных были выделены основные мотивы развития производственных инвестиций, связанные с тремя уровнями свободы (вынужденности) действий: 1) Увеличение объема общекорпоративных продаж при уровне отдачи на капитал, превышающей соответствующий параметр в других (странах) регионах присутствия международной ко...
Article
Full-text available
Стержнем экономических реформ, проводимых в России начиная с 1992 года, является приватизация. От ее результатов во многом зависят успех или провал политики реформ в целом. Сейчас, когда принят второй этап приватизации, возникла не только необходимость, но и возможность оценить социально-экономические результаты первого этапа.
Preprint
Full-text available
The overall number of newly installed oversea factories is counted in thousands. In many developing and emerging markets, especially in SouthEast Asia, Latin America and Russia, ribbon-cutting ceremonies for new facilities opened by foreign investors are mandatory. We ran a study identifying all videoed ribbon-cutting ceremonies for new facilities...
Preprint
Full-text available
Восстановление российской экономики после эпидемии короновируса будет трудным при любой конфигурации макроэкономической политики и размерах государственной поддержки населения и бизнеса. Однако, мы можем точно указать момент выхода на «нормаль» развития экономики-запуск проектов создания новых промышленных предприятий. Вряд ли много подобных проект...
Article
Full-text available
The paper describes a new form of investment attraction recently introduced in Russia—territories of outrunning socio-economic development (TOSEDs). These initiatives provide tax and other benefits to 20 territories in the Far East and to 90 cities in which a considerable number of jobs are concentrated in a single factory (mono-cities). Using seco...
Chapter
Full-text available
В ходе обследования производственных подразделений зарубежных корпораций, функционирующих в России, мы пытались понять общие задачи и особенности организации УЧР данных предприятий. Решая задачи достижения качества на уровне мировых стандартов при приемлемом уровне издержек, данные фирмы ведут УЧР, которое имеет свои особенности, значительная часть...
Preprint
Full-text available
The paper describes a new form of investment attraction recently introduced in Russia—territories of outrunning socio-economic development (TOSEDs). These initiatives provide tax and other benefits to 20 territories in the Far East and to 90 cities in which a considerable number of jobs are concentrated in a single factory (mono-cities). Using seco...
Preprint
Full-text available
Communities of practices (CoPs) are groups of people with a common area of expertise or professional practice who interact to exchange, share, and learn from one another. CoPs play a crucial role in distinguishing, memorizing, and exchanging novel effective practices within the organization, enabling the organization to improve its performance. In...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Using the experience and results of our eight-year-long study of the strategic actions of Russian manufacturing subsidiaries of multinational enterprises (MNEs), we argue that the existing definitions of phenomenon-based research (PBR) are incomplete as such definitions omit the key aim of ―capturing, documenting, and conceptualizing an observed ph...
Article
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The article presents the process of globalization, i.e. “the growing interdependence between nations” as a superposition of particular elements of mutual dependence of nations over the past several thousand years. Four waves of globalization, following one another, namely – trade, financial, industrial and innovation globalization are presented. Th...
Article
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This paper retraces the development of Russian manufacturing subsidiaries of Western multinational corporations from the late 1980s until 2019. Using secondary sources and a unique hand-crafted database on significant extensions of manufacturing facilities of Western multinational corporations in Russia during 2012–2018, we present the position of...
Article
Industrial enterprises owned by foreign corporations continue to occupy important positions in many sectors of the Russian economy, including the automotive industry, many sectors of the food industry, a number of machinery industry segments, certain segments of construction and finishing materials production, and pharmaceuticals. The study illustr...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper retraces the development of Russian manufacturing subsidiaries of Western multinational corporations from the late 1980s until 2019. Using secondary sources and a unique hand-crafted database on significant extensions of manufacturing facilities of Western multinational corporations in Russia during 2012-2018, we present the position of...
Article
Full-text available
В статье представлены результаты исследования развития российских промышленных предприятий зарубежных корпораций в 2012–2018 гг. На основе их междисциплинарного анализа обобщена разнородная информация об этих предприятиях и выявлена их высокая адаптивность к изменяющимся экономическим и институциональным условиям.
Preprint
Full-text available
В работе представлены процесс и результаты исследования развития российских промышленных предприятий зарубежных корпораций в 2012-2018 гг.. Обозначен как общий подход к исследованию, основанный на междисциплинарном детальном описании изучаемого феномена (“phenomenon-based research”), так и последовательная смена основных исследовательских вопросов,...
Article
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This study presents a snapshot of investment projects in manufacturing that were implemented by foreign investors in Russia during 2017–2018. We assemble a unique database of all new plants opened by foreign companies in Russia during 2012–2018 to clarify the distribution of investment projects implemented during 2017–2018 across industries and ter...
Presentation
Full-text available
A presentation for Master Students at Vienna University of Economics and Business in November 2019
Article
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В статье представлен процесс глобализации, то есть «увеличения взаимозависимости между нациями», как наложение отдельных элементов увеличения взаимозависимости на протяжении последних 5 тысяч лет. Выделяется четыре стороны глобализации – торговая, финансовая, промышленная и инновационная. Указаны основные характеристики каждой из данных волн и особ...
Presentation
Full-text available
Short presentation for geographers on the results of a study of Russian manufacturig subsidiaries of foreign MNCs
Preprint
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An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations» (первое издание вышло в 1776 году), нация включает в себя как государственные органы, так и общественные и коммерческие организации, а также население (воспрещаемое, в зависимости от фокуса анализа, как работники либо потребители) отдельной страны. Таким образом, мы можем рассматривать...
Article
We explore the meaning of rituals of public plant‐opening ceremonies, which are popular in many countries and mandatory in Russia for greenfield investment projects implemented by multinational corporations. The study is based on the analysis of videos from the public opening ceremonies supplemented with the analysis of financial data on the studie...
Article
Full-text available
Factories owned by foreign corporations retain vital positions in many industries of the Russian economy, including car manufacturing, food production, machinery, construction materials production, and pharmaceuticals. Using the secondary data sources, we had identified all new factories, opened by foreign multinational corporations in Russia in 20...
Method
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Пособие для преподавателей по контролю работы студентов в RG и оценке эффективности их работы
Method
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Детальная пошаговая инструкция для размещения технических вопросов в Research Gate для студентов магистратуры социальных и бизнес специальностей
Method
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Наиболее сложным моментом становления начинающего ученого является переход от пассивной вовлеченности в мировой научный процесс (чтение книг, научных статей и докладов на конференциях, просмотр видеоматериалов о конференциях) к активной вовлеченности в научный процесс-привлечению внимания научной общественности к результатам или хотя бы к процессу...
Technical Report
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Целью исследования является анализ малоизученного феномена международного бизнеса – торжественных церемоний открытия новых заводов международных корпораций. Дизайн исследования. Основой исследовательского дизайна является анализ видеоматериалов, освещающих проведение подобных церемоний в России в 2012-2017 гг. Всего было проанализировано 119 видеом...
Article
This paper reports on the performance dynamics of Russian manufacturing subsidiaries of foreign multinational corporations that were established in 2012-2016. We collected balance sheets, annual income statements, and other annual reports of the representative sample (141 plants) of the general population of manufacturing plants opened in Russia by...
Article
Purpose-The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new research construct to depict more accurately organisational structure and the direction of organisational changes in large multinational corporations. Design/methodology/approach-The paper presents an overview of the existing literature on the phenomenon of anisotropy in natural sciences and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Данная работа посвящена результатам деятельности российских предприятий западных корпораций, открытых в 2012-2016 гг. На основе годовых балансов, отчетов о финансовых результатах, а также отчетах об изменении капитала и о движении денежных средств, которые мы собрали по 141 новому заводу за период после их открытия до конца 2016 года, мы провели ан...
Article
Full-text available
Цель. Целью исследования является анализ малоизученного феномена междуна- родного бизнеса — церемоний открытия новых заводов международных корпораций. Дизайн исследования. Основой исследовательского дизайна является анализ видеоматериалов, освещающих проведение подобных церемоний в России в 2012–2017 гг. Всего было проанализировано 119 видеоматериа...
Article
Full-text available
На базе интервью и опросов руководителей российских подразделений международных компаний анализируется общее положение местных представительств зарубежного бизнеса в 2012–2016 гг. Предложена модель разделения корпоративных звеньев на «ядро» и «периферию» с дальнейшим вычленением в последней отдельных классов в зависимости от интенсивности создания...
Article
Full-text available
We analyze the positions of the Russian manufacturing subsidiaries of Western MNCs in 2012–2016. The analysis is based on a series of interviews with the heads of said subsidiaries, a repeated survey of plant managers and upon secondary data on subsidiaries’ activities. We propose a new portfolio model that distinguishes between “the core” and “the...
Article
Opening ceremonies for new manufacturing plants are commonplace and yet, they are surprisingly under-documented. Although these ceremonies may, at first glance, appear to simply serve as celebrations to mark the successful completion of an industrial project, they are based on symbolic actions, and usually very well planned and executed. Consequent...
Preprint
Full-text available
Opening ceremonies of oversea manufacturing facilities of multinational corporations serve, at the first glance, just as festivities upon successful completion of important industrial projects, but their real meaning is mutual acceptance by foreign investors and by the authorities of host country largely different criteria of efficiency of newly er...
Presentation
Full-text available
The presentation describes the experience of manufacturing subsidiaries of Western MNCs in Russia in 2012-2017
Presentation
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Based on a repeated survey of heads of Russian manufacturing plants in ownership of Western subsidiaries, we trace both continuity and changes in prevailing HRM arrangements during the times of higher business uncertainty.
Chapter
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3.1 Позиционирование бизнеса на рынке. Товары и услуги, предлагаемые фирмой, практически никогда не бывают уникальными. Соответственно, потребители сравнивают данные товары с товарами, предлагаемыми другими фирмами. Основные моменты сравнения-цена и качество товара.
Chapter
Full-text available
«Все успешные фирмы похожи друг на друга, все неуспешные фирмы не успешны по-своему»,-так, перефразируя Льва Толстого, можно открыть данную главу. В чем же похожи успешные фирмы? Они смогли идентифицировать, развить и реализовать свои корневые компетенции. Корневые компетенции-знания, умения и связи фирмы, позволяющие ей добиваться стратегического...
Chapter
Full-text available
«Дорога в десять тысяч ли начинается с одного шага»,-гласит старая китайская поговорка. Она особенно уместна применительно к реализации стратегии фирмы. В большинстве случаев реализация стратегии-не «исторические заявления» руководства и «героические усилия» подчиненных по их внедрению, а рутинная работа по прохождению стратегических траекторий-улу...
Chapter
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Проведя исходное позиционирование бизнеса на рынке и в отрасли, мы можем не только понять его истинное экономическое положение, но и «вчерне» определить возможные направления действий по улучшению существующего положения. Для этого достаточно совместить матрицы потребителя и производителя. Сразу скажем, что сочетание «высокое качество»-«низкие ключ...
Chapter
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Корпорация-объединение различных бизнесов под общим финансовым контролем. Различие в бизнесах состоит в том, что они ведутся на различных рынках. Таким образом, в данном контексте объединение крупных угольных шахт, поставляющих уголь на одну-две электростанции, не является корпорацией, а небольшой заводик, производящий фрезерные станки и в придачу...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this article is to determine the rationale for the ‘irrational’ investment behaviour of multinational corporations (MNCs) in Russia. During the on-going recession in a number of major sectors, MNCs have undertaken only a very limited number of divestments and, instead, have commissioned a record number of new manufacturing facilities (by...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The paper identifies the factors that shape the intensity and perceived effectiveness of communications between heads of manufacturing units of multinational corporations (MNCs). Design/methodology/approach The paper is based on a survey of heads of MNCs’ manufacturing subsidiaries in Russia. Findings We found that the intensity of mos...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To retrace the sources of robustness of the operations of Russian manufacturing subsidiaries of Western multinational corporation during the downturn, from the point of view of applied human resource management practices Design/methodology/approach A repeated survey of heads of Russian manufacturing plants of Western multinational corpor...
Article
Strategic agility requires having a keen awareness of incipient trends, the ability to quickly make bold decisions, and knowing how to reconfigure business systems and redeploy resources. Strategic persistence is the ability to learn from an experiment, even if it takes a long time. Both are key features of HEM Ltd., a medium-size company based in...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports on a study of formal opening ceremonies of new plants of multinational corporations in Russia. We argue that such ceremonies have profound symbolic meanings, namely managing anxiety and signaling commitment, as well as practical importance, particularly when top executives of corporate parents meet with top officials from the hos...
Presentation
Full-text available
The presentation depicts the last actions implemented by manufacturing subsidiaries of Western MNCs in Russia facing recession and uncertainty in local markets.
Presentation
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The presentation shows the recent and current strategic actions of German companies in Russia with a special emphasis on German corporations owning Russian manufacturing subsidiaries
Article
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We advance a revised and extended typology of multinational corporate parenting styles designed to capture different approaches identifiable in multinational headquarter - subsidiary interactions. Invoking ancient Greek mythology, we propose a four-way classification of the observed dominant styles. Multinational corporations pursuing a Cronus pare...
Conference Paper
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Ситуация с подбором персонала на типичное российское предприятие высокого уровня технологической культуры чаще всего можно представить в виде коктейльной рюмки (широкое основание, тонкая ножка, конусообразно расширяющаяся верхняя часть) -- обычно пул претендентов на самые нижние позиции «ручного труда при машинах и механизмах» (упаковщиков, сортиро...
Technical Report
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1. Цели работы: • описание практик компаний из развитых рыночных экономик, перенесенных в страну с переходной экономикой, испытывающую экономический спад и рост внешнеполитической напряженности; • увеличение корпуса знаний о важном сегменте российской экономики - российских производственных подразделениях зарубежных корпораций, • описание опыта реш...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper reports the results of a survey of top executives at Russian manufacturing subsidiaries of multinational corporations (MNCs). We examine the prevailing types of job contacts and the use of monetary and non-monetary benefits and compare such arrangements with those in locally owned industrial companies. These findings are supplemented by...
Book
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Il presente rapporto, che preferirei definire “documento di discussione” è il risultato di un’indagine svolta nel 2012-2016 su strategie, tattiche e particolarità che contraddistinguono l’organizzazione delle imprese produttive russe controllate da holding occidentali. Данный доклад, а, скорее, дискуссионный материал, является результатом работы...
Article
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ПРОБЛЕМА Непохожесть людей в коллективе — по возрасту, опыту, образованию, культуре — делает работу интересной, повышая адаптивность фирмы и ее способность к инновациям. Однако среди российских компаний заметна тенденция к «выравниванию» анкетных и прочих характеристик, особенно среди офисных сотрудников. Гомогенность персонала снижает уровень и ор...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides an overview of the current strategies of Russian manufacturing subsidiaries of Western multinational corporations (MNCs). Through a series of interviews with the heads of regional subsidiaries, a repeated survey of plant managers and a unique hand-crafted database on all new plants opened in Russia by Western MNCs from 2012 to t...
Article
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Based on a review of allied literatures, along with evidence from two waves of research conducted in a range of wholly owned multinational subsidiaries operating in Russia, we seek to reignite interest in corporate parenting theory. In an effort at so doing, we advance a revised and extended typology of multinational corporate parenting styles desi...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports the results of a survey of top executives at Russian manufacturing subsidiaries of multinational corporations (MNCs). We examine the prevailing types of job contacts and the use of monetary and non-monetary benefits and compare such arrangements with those in locally owned industrial companies. We also reveal differences in human...
Article
Full-text available
Based on a survey of production divisions in foreign corporations operating in Russia, the article examines the organizational features of these companies that enable them to take part in innovation, a significant part of which are routines organically integrated into regular management.
Article
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Using a series of interviews with the heads of Russian subsidiaries of Western multinational corporations and a unique database registering the openings of their new manufacturing plants in Russia during 2014-2015, we trace the changing demography, geography, and economics of foreign direct investments in industrial assets in Russia. We demonstrate...
Article
Oriflame CIS, a regional subsidiary of a Swedish beauty and cosmetics company operating in the countries of the former Soviet Union, generated 43 percent of global sales and 62.2 percent of operating profits for the parent company in 2014—despite the fact that markets in Russia and Ukraine were stagnant or declining. Using an attractive remuneratio...
Article
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В статье прослежены процессы развития российских предприятий в составе зарубежных корпораций. Особое внимание уделено периоду 2012-2015 гг. -- обозначены общая география и паттерны размещения новых заводов, построенных в России зарубежными корпорациями, отраслевая и национальная принадлежность предприятий. Детально проанализированы основные адаптац...
Technical Report
Full-text available
В данном отчете объектом исследования будут выступать российские производственные подразделения зарубежных международных корпораций. Задачами исследования являлись:  увеличение корпуса знаний о важном сегменте российской экономики - российских производственных подразделений зарубежных корпораций,  описание опыта решения многообразных взаимосвяза...