Igor Calzada

Igor Calzada
Cardiff University | CU · School of Social Sciences

Fulbright Scholar PhD (Cum Laude), BSc (First Class Honours) MBA FeRSA
www.igorcalzada.com/publications GoogleScholar: h-index 22/i10-index 43 2840 citations 56 articles 13 books 24 chapters

About

192
Publications
44,221
Reads
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1,127
Citations
Introduction
Senior Researcher at Cardiff University, WISERD, Senior Research Affiliate at the University of Oxford, and Senior Adviser at UN-Habitat. Former Senior Scientist at the European Commission, DG Joint Research Centre (JRC), Digital/AI Transformations. +Info: www.igorcalzada.com/publications GoogleScholar: 2545 citations/h-index 21/i10-index 38
Additional affiliations
January 2021 - present
Cardiff University
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • Senior Researcher in Urban/Digital/Political Transformations: I have 23 years of experience in/outside the academy with expertise in social innovation, smart cities and city-regions research and policy projects. My main research interests are comparing techno-political processes in cities and regions.
January 2016 - January 2018
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Position
  • Visiting Research Fellow 2016
Description
  • He will work on political innovation and smart urban transformation initiatives in order to develop a comparative metropolitan and regional devolution case study. Workshop on ‘Political Innovations and Smart Urban Transformations,’ July 2016.
January 2016 - January 2021
University of Oxford
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • The Future of Cities: Best Sustainable Practice Summer Course is designed to provide a selected group of talented and advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students from leading Chinese universities.
Education
May 2007 - May 2011
Mondragon Unibertsitatea
Field of study
  • Business Administration
January 2003 - January 2006
University of Deusto
Field of study
  • Humaniities and Knowledge Society
January 1998 - January 2000
University of Deusto
Field of study
  • Business Administration

Publications

Publications (192)
Data
This survey was conducted for HanHemen/BasqueGlobalNetwork from 1st February to 31st March 2022 by team led by Dr Calzada from Cardiff University, WISERD. N= 1385 Respondents: 419 https://hanhemen.eus/es/euskal-komunitate-globala-diaspora-biziberritzeko-prest/ Related source and to cite this source please use this citation: Calzada, I. (2022), H...
Article
This special issue aims to rethink the concept of digital citizenship by connecting it to the increasing digitalization of the urban scenario as a corollary of the pandemic crisis. This aim is based on two leading assumptions. First, the Covid-19 outbreak has generally expanded the impact of digital technologies on our everyday life and experience...
Research
Full-text available
The aim of this special issue is: to establish a bridge between theory and practice in the built environment by examining in-depth the consequences for citizens. Any of the latest research findings and innovative approaches, will help to redefine contemporary built environments in relation to the different perspectives. A broad outline of the speci...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Right to Have Digital Rights in Smart Cities by Igor Calzada Sustainability 2021, 13(20), 11438; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011438 - 16 Oct 2021 Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2001 Abstract New data-driven technologies in global cities have yielded potential but also have intensified techno-political concerns. Consequently, in recent years, several d...
Chapter
Citation: Calzada, I. (2022), "Introduction: Digital Citizenship Regimes in the Postpandemics", Emerging Digital Citizenship Regimes, Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-80382-331-720221001
Chapter
Citation: Calzada, I. (2022), "Future Research and Policy Avenues", Emerging Digital Citizenship Regimes, Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 169-188. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-80382-331-720221006
Chapter
Citation: Calzada, I. (2022), "Algorithmic Nations: A Conceptual Assemblage for Postpandemic Technopolitical Democracies", Emerging Digital Citizenship Regimes, Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 99-129. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-80382-331-720221004
Chapter
Citation: Calzada, I. (2022), "Digital Citizenship Regimes Rescaling Nation-States?", Emerging Digital Citizenship Regimes, Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 23-55. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-80382-331-720221002
Chapter
Citation: Calzada, I. (2022), "Taxonomy for Emerging Digital Citizenship Regimes", Emerging Digital Citizenship Regimes, Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 57-97. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-80382-331-720221003
Chapter
Citation: Calzada, I. (2022), "Trends, Aftermaths, Emancipations", Emerging Digital Citizenship Regimes, Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 131-167. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-80382-331-720221005
Chapter
Full-text available
[The chapter is in Spanish] COVID-19 has hit citizens dramatically during 2020, not only creating a general risk-driven environment encompassing a wide array of economic vulnerabilities but also exposing them to pervasive digital risks, such as biosurveillance, misinformation, and e-democracy algorithmic threats. Over the course of the pandemic, a...
Article
Full-text available
This provocation shows how five emerging digital citizenship regimes are rescaling European nation-states through a taxonomy: (i) the globalised/generalisable regime called pandemic citizenship that clarifies how post-COVID-19 datafication processes have amplified the emergence of four digital citizenship regimes in six city-regions; (ii) algorithm...
Book
Full-text available
In the context of COVID-19, the production and governance of urban space has experienced a rapid digitalization and datafication, creating new challenges for citizenship. The urban realm is not only the environment where a new standard for digital development is set but also the realm from which rescaling nation-states are pervasively emerging. Em...
Preprint
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This article argues that, since the COVID-19 outbreak, ‘digital diasporas’ worldwide may have been shaped through stringent postpandemic societal pressing patterns by increasingly further exposing diasporic citizens’ digital rights unwittingly towards unprecedented technopolitical risks. Against this backdrop, this article poses a novel term entitl...
Book
Full-text available
La ponencia ‘digitalización (potencialmente federalizante)’ se enmarca en el curso de verano titulado ‘Sobre el Futuro de Europa: Una Visión desde Euskadi’. En la misma, el autor interpreta desde un punto de vista estratégico—conectando lo regional con lo internacional, pasando por lo europeo—las políticas públicas en el ámbito digital en un contex...
Article
Full-text available
Northern Ireland (NI) has pervasively been a fragile and often disputed city-regional nation. Despite NI’s slim majority in favour of remaining in the EU, de facto Brexit, post-pandemic challenges and the Northern Ireland Protocol (NIP) have revealed a dilemma: people of all political hues have started to question aspects of their own citizenship....
Preprint
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Building on the Millennium Development Goals, the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are the cornerstone of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, billed by the UN as “An Agenda of unprecedented scope and significance.” The seventeen ambitious goals, which are intended to be reached by 2030, are conceived as integrated, indivisible, and...
Article
Full-text available
This article develops a conceptual taxonomy of five emerging digital citizenship regimes: (i) the globalised and generalisable regime called pandemic citizenship that clarifies how post-COVID-19 datafication processes have amplified the emergence of four intertwined, non-mutually exclusive, and non-generalisable new techno-politicalised and city-re...
Preprint
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This is an essay published in the digital magazine .EUS around postpandemic geek hyperbole based on the movie 'Matrix' and advocating a Trans-Disciplinary approach to understanding postpandemic times.
Poster
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Great policy research from academic institutions isn’t always able to cut-through and make an impact. But when research does resonate with policymakers, it has the potential to steer the direction of government. Academic research remains a vital source of information and innovation. This is why Apolitical invited public servants to nominate the aca...
Article
Full-text available
Declarations and manifestos have emerged across the world claiming to protect citizens’ digital rights. Data-driven technologies in global cities not only have yielded techno-euphoria but also have intensified techno-political concerns as reflected in UN-Habitat’s flagship program called “People-Centered Smart Cities” (PCSC) that advocates the will...
Research
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This is a Call for Papers in new Special Issue for the Journal Frontiers in Political Science, Politics of Technology entitled: 'Postpandemic Technopolitical Democracies' https://lnkd.in/gk8b5UMg
Preprint
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Definition Digital rights are fundamental rights in the digital age related to privacy protection in smart cities. In this vein, it has encouraged the United Nations to take an advocacy role regarding the ‘right to have digital rights’ and create the Hub for Human Rights and Digital Technology: ‘Together, as we seek to recover from the pandemic, w...
Article
Full-text available
New data-driven technologies in global cities have yielded potential but also have intensified techno-political concerns. Consequently, in recent years, several declarations/manifestos have emerged across the world claiming to protect citizens' digital rights. In 2018, Barcelona, Amsterdam, and NYC city councils formed the Cities' Coalition for Dig...
Book
Full-text available
COVID-19 has hit citizens dramatically during 2020, not only creating a general risk-driven environment encompassing a wide array of economic vulnerabilities but also exposing them to pervasive digital risks, such as biosurveillance, misinformation, and e-democracy algorithmic threats. Over the course of the pandemic, a debate has emerged about the...
Article
Full-text available
Against the widespread assumption that data are the oil of the 21st century, this article offers an alternative conceptual framework, interpretation, and pathway around data and smart city nex-us to subvert surveillance capitalism in light of emerging and further promising practical cases. This article illustrates an open debate in data governance...
Preprint
Full-text available
To cite this keynote conference: Calzada, I. (2021), Smart City-Regions’ Citizenship: Data Devolution in Pandemic Times. The making of city-regions: Mobility, innovation and networks. SwissLab_2021. Lugano-Locarno (Switzerland). 9-10 September. doi:10.13140/RG.2.2.20408.26888.
Preprint
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The paper entitled 'digitalisation (potentially federalizing)' will be presented in the scope of the summer school entitled 'About the Future of Europe: A Vision from the Basque Country'. The author interprets 'the regional fact' from an strategic/prospective manner being connected with an international view. In doing so, the paper examines the dig...
Preprint
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This article published in the portal Sarean.EUS addressed the digitalisation process from the strategic formulation perspective by addressing how digitalisation could be federalised through data ecosystems. In doing so, this article suggests a wake up call by asking to technological stakeholders in the Basque Country whether digital public policy a...
Article
In the context of COVID-19 the production and governance of urban space has experienced a rapid digitization, creating new challenges for citizenship (Leszczynski, 2020). The urban realm is the environment where a new standard for digital development is set. This special issue explores roles played by digital citizenship in the context of the polit...
Article
Full-text available
Throughout the history of urban design, the lack of interdisciplinary studies between architecture and urbanism was the main gap in the literature which leads to lots of socio-economic and cultural problems in the cities and regions worldwide. In this regard, and paying attention to the particular aftermath and recovery of COVID-19, this special is...
Preprint
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Over the last decades, globalisation has led to a new class of ‘global citizens’. However, this cosmopolitan globalisation rhetoric of a borderless would has been drastically slowed down by COVID-19, by particularly affecting the understanding of diasporas and how much they rely on the potential of hyperconnected societies driven by digital technol...
Preprint
Full-text available
Amidst this volume on “democratic deepening”, this chapter introduces the new term “postpandemic technopolitical democracy” as a way to figure out emerging forms and scales for developing democracy and citizen participation in hyper-connected and highly virialised postpandemic societies. Insofar as the digital layer cannot be detached from the curr...
Preprint
Full-text available
This is a translated article published in Public Seminar journal. To cite this present version: Scholz, T. & Calzada, I. (2021), Datu-kooperatibak pandemia sasoian, Tu Lankide. May 2021. DOI:10.13140/RG.2.2.32598.16967/1. To cite the previous version: Scholz, T. & Calzada, I. (2021), Data Cooperatives for Pandemic Times. Public Seminar journal. D...
Preprint
Full-text available
Europe increasingly operates online; a scattered geography creates a different reality in which political decisions and national laws transform physical space into virtual territory. Digital economies are integrated, populations are mobile, and the cyber- or techno-political domain is merging with physical reality or the city-regional domain. Howev...
Preprint
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This article entitled 'Deciphering Pandemic Citizenship' aims to set the scene to understand the aftermath of COVID-19 for citizenship. The article introduces the term 'Pandemic Citizenship' to address global issues including datafication, global digital order, privacy ethics, data sovereignty, the end of the global citizen as a norm rather than an...
Chapter
Full-text available
Amidst this volume on “democratic deepening”, this chapter introduces the new term “postpandemic technopolitical democracy” as a way to figure out emerging forms and scales for developing democracy and citizen participation in hyper-connected and highly virialised postpandemic societies. Insofar as the digital layer cannot be detached from the curr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Quando a COVID-19 atingiu populações em todo o mundo, ficou claro como as práticas de dados estão conectadas profundamente à democracia. Um relatório recente, por exemplo, encontrou uma “desigualdade de dados” destacando as divisórias no acesso, conhecimento e consciência das tecnologias digitais de saúde usadas na pandemia. As tão pesquisadas “des...
Preprint
Full-text available
To avoid ‘co-op whitewashing,’ experiments with data co-ops should be co-developed with communities connected to the long history and analysis of the various forms of cooperatives. To cite this article: Scholz, T. & Calzada, I. (2021), Data Cooperatives for Pandemic Times. Public Seminar journal. Retrieved from: https://publicseminar.org/essays/d...
Article
Full-text available
Yet, what is the significance of nation-states and citizenship in this rapidly shifting context? All sort of pandemic adjustments are having different consequences both for directly citizens (depending to which country they call home and their living conditions) and indirectly for nation-states. Therefore, the main hypothesis of this Academia Lette...
Preprint
Full-text available
This article draws on the proliferation of "Living Labs" in the Basque Country. After revolving around previous initiatives and projects that were deployed in the past, the author concludes with several policy recommendations and final remarks. To cite this article: Calzada, I. (2021), LABorategiak, Retrieved from https://www.sarean.eus/LABorategi...
Poster
Full-text available
This conversation will focus on the ways in which cooperatives create worker power in the US and Europe To cite this talk: Scholz, T., O’Brien, D., Spicer, J., Lurie, R., & Calzada, I. (2021), Can Co-operatives Build Worker Power? Platform Co-operativism Consortium RadFest, The New School. 6th April.
Preprint
Full-text available
COVID-19 has hit citizens dramatically during 2020, not only creating a general risk-driven environment encompassing a wide array of economic vulnerabilities but also exposing them to pervasive digital risks, such as biosurveillance, misinformation, and e-democracy algorithmic threats. Over the course of the pandemic, a debate has emerged about the...
Book
Full-text available
This volume presents the key outcomes and research findings of the Digitranscope research project of the European Commission Joint Research Centre. The project set out to explore during the period 2017-2020 the challenges and opportunities that the digital transformation is posing to the governance of society. We focused our attention on the govern...
Preprint
Full-text available
Unlike the nation-state governance, smart city governance has opened up a plethora of factors, such as data devolution, in which citizens might take a more prominent role in reorienting ongoing implementations. Moreover, in light of the giant technological flagship firms of surveillance capitalism, such as Google, Facebook, and Amazon, assuming man...
Book
Full-text available
This volume presents the key outcomes and research findings of the Digitranscope research project of the European Commission Joint Research Centre. The project set out to explore during the period 2017-2020 the challenges and opportunities that the digital transformation is posing to the governance of society. We focused our attention on the govern...
Book
Full-text available
This brochure summarises the key findings of the Digitranscope research project of the European Commission Joint Research Centre. The project set out to explore during the period 2017-2020 the challenges and opportunities that the digital transformation is posing to the governance of society. We focused our attention on the governance of data as a...
Article
Full-text available
Against the backdrop of the current hyperconnected and highly virialised post-COVID-19 societies, we, ‘pandemic citizens’, wherever we are located now, have already become tiny chips inside an algorithmic giant system that nobody really understands. Furthermore, over the last decade, the increasing propagation of sensors and data collections machin...
Preprint
Full-text available
Gure burbuila digital eta esistentzialetan urtebete daramagu sartuta buru-belarri, COVID-19aren normalitateari gorazarre eginez (edo agian ekidinezina denari men). To cite this article: Calzada, I. (2021), Arrakala eta Lubaki Digitalak/Digital Divide and Cleavages, Retrieved from https://www.sarean.eus/arrakala-eta-lubaki-digitalak/ DOI:10.13140/R...
Preprint
Full-text available
"The sharing economy was a promise that has been completely devalued in the hands of large corporations" To cite this interview: Calzada, I. (2021), The sharing economy was a promise that has been completely devalued in the hands of large corporations, Retrieved from https://www.uoc.edu/portal/en/news/entrevistes/2021/008-igor-calzada.html DOI:10....
Preprint
Full-text available
Against the backdrop of the current hyperconnected and highly virialised post-COVID-19 societies, we, ‘pandemic citizens’, wherever we are located now, have already become tiny chips inside an algorithmic giant system that nobody really understands. Furthermore, over the last decade, the increasing propagation of sensors and data collections machin...
Preprint
Full-text available
Igor Calzada is a senior researcher at universities like Oxford and Cardiff with a focus on urban, regional and technopolitical transformations, considering data issues and social innovation. In November 2020, he launched the book Smart City Citizenship, which proposes another framework at smart cities based on democratic governance and citizenship...
Conference Paper
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The imperative of addressing the dual complexities of climate change and the wider sustainability challenge has never been of more importance (Hoegh-Guldberg et al., 2019). Without meaningful, purposeful and actionable steps being embraced by the global community and adopted by civil society, climate change will continue unabated and cause average...
Chapter
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This prologue introduces the book by presenting an amalgamation of critical aspects to better understand the contemporary research and policy issues related to smart city citizenship. This prologue thus draws on the current data-driven debate stemming from the artificial intelligence (AI) disruption in the post-GDPR European realm by pointing out t...
Chapter
This chapter addresses the problem of replication among smart cities in the European Commission’s Horizon 2020 Smart Cities and Communities (EC-H2020-SCC) framework programme. To illustrate this issue, this chapter revolves around a fieldwork action research conducted during 2019 in the EC-H2020-SCC Replicate project through a webinar series encomp...
Chapter
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This chapter focuses on the hegemonic smart city approach in the European H2020 institutional framework that is slowly evolving into a new citizen-centric paradigm called the experimental city. While this evolution incorporates Social Innovations—including urban co-operative platforms that are flourishing as (smart) citizens are increasingly consid...
Chapter
In recent years, in sharp contrast to the powerful technological infrastructures in the United States and China, where big technology corporations and the superstate power, respectively, mostly drive artificial intelligence and data governance paradigms, a debate emerged in European cities and regions about the role of citizens and their relationsh...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter explores the subtle notion of unplugging to critically analyse the technological determinism of the smart city. This exploration suggests that being digitally connected should not be perceived as gaining social capital. This chapter critiques the assumptions of the smart city and proposes a 10-dimension conceptual framework. The first...
Chapter
This chapter examines in-depth how the smart cities’ policy approach has been intensively implemented in European cities under the Horizon 2020 programme. Nevertheless, this chapter argues that smart cities’ policy implementations not only reduce the interdependencies among stakeholders to technocratic public-private-partnership (PPP) models but al...
Chapter
This epilogue concludes the book by pointing out the current reset the global world through its smart cities is facing. The epilogue suggests that smart city citizenship may evolve from the present ‘the new normal’ towards new emerging typologies of citizenship amidst the post-COVID-19 hyperconnected and virialised societies, including pandemic, di...
Chapter
This chapter explores the substantial effect that the critical understanding and techno-political consideration of data are increasingly having in European smart city-regional strategies. Particularly, this chapter presents several results of a comparative study funded by the European Commission’s Marie Curie Fellowship about four case studies of s...
Chapter
This chapter examines how the city of Barcelona has marked a transition since 2015 from the conventional, hegemonic smart city approach to a new paradigm—the experimental city. Against the backdrop of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) taking effect in the European Union (EU) in May 2018, a debate emerged about the role of citizens and t...
Preprint
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The DigiTranScope Autumn Institute was an opportunity to share and discuss the findings of the project with external experts and with professionals from academia, business, and public administration selected on the basis of an open competition and their expression of interest. The Institute was originally planned to take place in May 2020 in Fieso...
Preprint
Full-text available
This article has been published in the platform www.sarean.eus, which is the official Internet domain for the Basque language and culture. The article revolves around the importance to consider digital rights within a broader strategic scope in the Basque Country, particularly exacerbated in the post-COVID-19 era. The article lists 18 digital right...
Book
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Smart City Citizenship provides rigorous analysis for academics and policymakers on the participatory processes and practices of smart cities to help integrate ICT-related innovation into urban life. Unlike other smart city books that are often edited collections, this book focuses on the business domain and the technological disruptions themselves...
Article
Full-text available
Many European pandemic citizens will likely be unemployed during the COVID-19 crisis. This article explores whether it is possible to alter existing data governance extractivist models to incentivize the emergence of platform and data co-operatives to protect European pandemic citizens’ labor and digital rights. As such, this article aims to deciph...
Article
Full-text available
The smart cities policy approach has been intensively implemented in European cities under the Horizon 2020 programme. However, these implementations not only reduce the interdependencies among stakeholders to technocratic Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) models, but also fail to question the identities of strategic stakeholders and how they priori...
Data
In light of the recent ‘tourism-phobia’, there is a need to better understand how tourism could be transformed through new business and social models. Attempts have been made, for example, to identify which experimental tourism models would align with the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Nonetheless, research remains scant...
Article
Full-text available
This article addresses the problem of replication among smart cities in the European Commission’s Horizon 2020: Smart Cities and Communities (EC-H2020-SCC) framework programme. This article initially sets the general policy context by conducting a benchmarking about the explicit replication strategies followed by each of the 17 ongoing EC-H2020-SCC...
Preprint
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This dissemination article published in the Basque newspaper BERRIA examines the current post-BREXIT status alongside the post-COVID-19 aftermath. The article elucidates that both phenomena are mutually reinforced in a uncertain dynamic that is increasingly intertwined with the AI disruption. The article argues that the future of the UK will lie in...
Preprint
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In Europe, many citizens will likely be unemployed in the course of COVID-19. Yet the COVID-19 pandemic has shown that platform work can offer opportunities-alongside also exposing citizens to pervasive multifaceted vulnerabilities and precarious labour conditions-to continue working and earning even during times of crisis. But...
Preprint
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We may dare to ask about rationale behind the recent devotion caused by Artificial Intelligence (AI). Whether it could be produced by the fear or, by contrast, it stems from the inner ignorance and uncertainty that blind us by attempting to give a quick explanation to a massive technological disruption directly caused by COVID19. AI is not a new ph...
Preprint
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In the current global digital realm, localised privacy policies that protect the data and digital rights of citizens will inevitably emerge as timely in the aftermath of the social disruption caused by Covid-19. The European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) provides a thorough framework for organisations to adhere to, with hefty fi...
Preprint
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This article has been written as a request from the association managing the Internet domain .EUS (https://www.domeinuak.eus/en/) in the Basque Country (Spain). This article, in light of the current post COVID-19 momentum characterised by a pervasive dataveillance threat, suggests replacing or at least updating the terms ICT, digital environment, o...
Book
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This is the book review published in the International Journal of Iberian Studies. To cite this review: Calzada, I. (2020) [Review of the book Smart City Barcelona: The Catalan Quest to Improve Future Urban Living, by A. Vives]. International Journal of Iberian Studies 33(1): 103-104. DOI: 10.1386/ijis_00018_5. To access the review: https://www.i...
Technical Report
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The JRC's Centre for Advanced Studies (CAS) was created in 2016 to help improve and bridge the interface between science and policy in order to enhance the JRC's capacity to better inform and influence the regulatory frameworks needed to address the new and emerging societal challenges confronting the EU and our societies as a whole. By creating t...
Preprint
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This article aims to examine the current and timely situation that has recently emerged as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic crisis by proposing a strategic wake up call in the Basque Country regarding the need to reimagine the international role of stateless nations through a not less urgent techno-political response and standpoint. Despite the fa...
Chapter
Full-text available
In light of the recent ‘tourism-phobia’, there is a need to better understand how tourism could be transformed through new business and social models. Attempts have been made, for example, to identify which experimental tourism models would align with the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Nonetheless, research remains scant...
Preprint
Full-text available
In light of the recent ‘tourism-phobia’, there is a need to better understand how tourism could be transformed through new business and social models. Attempts have been made, for example, to identify which experimental tourism models would align with the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Nonetheless, research remains scant...
Preprint
Full-text available
ABSTRACT: This article draws on the thorny topic of the Social Innovation (SI). Particularly, it revolves around the role of those social movements promoting the Basque language not only in relation to their organisational models but also to their holistic strategy to tackle inevitably digital, urban, and political challenges surfaced by the disrup...
Book
In the modern world, as states find it increasingly difficult to manage their territories, politically and economically, territory – in a new form understood as the ‘city-region’ – has re-emerged as an important element in political life. The interests of these city-regions are bound up with a wide range of territorial strategies, including devolut...
Article
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This viewpoint paper aims to spark a debate by (i) presenting the need for developing data ecosystems in Europe that meet the social and public good while committing to democratic and ethical standards; (ii) suggesting a taxonomy of data infrastructures and institutions to support this need; (iii) using the case study of Barcelona as the flagship c...
Preprint
Full-text available
Over the last decades, globalisation has led to a new class of global citizens. While the access to this global citizenship is still not spread evenly, many have enjoyed the freedom to move, work, and travel with no limits. However, this cosmopolitan globalisation rhetoric of a borderless world has been drastically slowed down by Covid-19. This pa...
Preprint
Full-text available
Video conference in YouTube: https://www.igorcalzada.com/liverpool-2/ To cite this conference: Calzada, I. (2020), Data Ecosystems and Democracy: Techno-Politics in Smart Cities. ‘Building Smart Cities with Citizens and for the Commonweal: A Symposium’, Heseltine Institute for Public Policy, Practice and Plce, University of Liverpool, 9 March, Liv...
Preprint
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This article examines the General Elections 2020 outcome in Ireland and analyses political potential effects on issues such as reunification and the Unity Referendum, among others. Calzada, I. (2020), Irlanda, gure bihotzean (Ireland, in our heart). Berria. DOI:10.13140/RG.2.2.22426.39369/1. Open Access: https://www.berria.eus/paperekoa/1876/016/...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper explores the subtle notion of unplugging to critically analyze thetechnological determinism of the Smart City. This exploration suggests that being digitally connected should not be perceived as gaining social capital. This article critiques the assumptions of the Smart City and proposes a 10-dimension conceptual framework. The first sec...
Preprint
The hegemonic ‘smart city’ approach in the European H2020 institutional framework is slowly evolving into a new citizen-centric paradigm called the ‘experimental city’. While this evolution incorporates social innovations—including urban co-operative platforms that are flourishing as (smart) citizens are increasingly considered decision-makers rath...
Poster
Full-text available
DigiTranScope Spring Institute 2020: Governance of Digitally Transformed Societies Fiesole (Florence), Italy 11-15 May 2020 Call for Abstracts
Preprint
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The REPLICATE EU Lighthouse project (#ReplicateEU) has been working on its Replication main activity entitled ‘City-to-CityLearning Programme 2019′ (#City2CityLearning) led by the University of Oxford (Dr Igor Calzada, PI) with the participation of the Lighthouse (San Sebastián, Florence, and Bristol) and follower/fellow (Essen, Lausanne, and Nilüf...
Experiment Findings
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This is a periodistic article published on September 8, 2019, in the Basque newspaper Berria, which is entirely in Basque language. The article revolves around the volatile Brexit context by giving several insights referring to the democratic dysfunctional nature of Brexit whatsoever and elaborating from an sketchy and nuanced analysis on the unequ...
Article
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The Spanish nation-state is gradually being rescaled by Catalonia’s “secession crisis”. Recently and dramatically, in the aftermath of the “illegal” and “constitutive referendum” that took place on 1 October 2017, 2,286,217 Catalan citizens attempted to exercise the “right to decide” to ultimately become “stateless citizens”. This article examines...
Preprint
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To cite this article: Calzada, I. (2019), Data Spaces and Democracy, RSA Journal. Vol. 165, Issue 2 (5578): 40-43. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/26850855. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.35392/89601/2.
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To cite this chapter: Calzada, I. (2020), Emerging Citizenship Regimes and Rescaling (European) Nation-States: Algorithmic, Liquid, Metropolitan and Stateless Citizenship Ideal Types. In Sami Moisio, Andrew EG Jonas, Natalie Koch, Christopher Lizotte, Juho Luukkonen and Matthew Sparke (eds), Handbook on the Changing Geographies of the State: New S...
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The hegemonic ‘smart city’ approach in the European H2020 institutional framework is slowly evolving into a new citizen-centric paradigm called the ‘experimental city’. While this evolution incorporates social innovations—including urban co-operative platforms that are flourishing as (smart) citizens are increasingly considered decision-makers rath...
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A widespread hegemonic assumption by urban scholars asserts that the generic category ‘nationalism’ must inevitably and necessarily be presented negatively, opposed to the progressivist, metropolitan, and urban citizenship view. Nonetheless, already in 1979 Berlin noted that ‘nationalism’ seemed the strongest force in the world, shedding light on t...
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The relationship between city and nation has been subject to change in recent decades, following devolution of powers world-wide and the growing freedom of cities to build, brand and promote themselves, independent of the nation-state. In this paper I argue that the term nationalism is slippery concept and, despite the related methodological critic...
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This paper examines a transformative tourism case study driven by local entrepreneurship in the coastal and post-violence/peripheral village of Zumaia, in the Basque Country (Spain). This paper aims at addressing an innovative methodology called ‘Tourism Living Lab through Multistakeholders’ Penta Helix framework’ in response to a globalised trend...

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Question (1)
Question
Can AI be emotionally intelligent (whatever AI, emotional, or intelligent may mean to you)?
Research addresses machine recognition and modeling of human emotional expression, including the invention of new software tools to help people gather, communicate, and express emotional information and to better manage and understand the ways emotion impacts health, social interaction, learning, memory, and behavior.
Having said that, can AI be emotionally intelligent? What may it mean?

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Project
Igor Calzada Fulbright Scholar-In-Residence (S-I-R) Award, California State University, Bakersfield (CSUB) – Institute for Basque Studies Dr Igor Calzada MBA is a Senior Researcher intersecting digital, urban, and political transformations, particularly researching on digital citizenship, digital rights, data co-operatives, and rescaling nation-states. He has been recently nominated among 100 Most Influential Academics in Government by Apolitical and has published two monographs ‘Emerging Digital Citizenship Regimes: Postpandemic Technopolitical Democracies’ (Emerald, 2022) and ‘Smart City Citizenship’ (Elsevier, 2021). Since 2021, he is Senior Researcher at WISERD, (Wales Institute of Social and Economic Research and Data) at Cardiff University, School of Social Science, and SPARK (Social Science Research Park). Dr Calzada's Fulbright teaching, engagement, and research activities will focus on Digitalisation/Datafication as Emerging Digital Citizenship Regimes in Postpandemic Urban Realms. He is really looking forward to actively design the new curriculum of the Institute for Basque Studies, by setting up international networks, meeting key players in California, and resulting in a three-way MoU between Wales, Cardiff University, WISERD/SPARK (UK), Basque Country, Basque Government – Presidency, General Secretary of External Affairs (Spain), and CSUB, Institute for Basque Studies (USA) through the action research project www.hanhemen.eus on digital citizenship and e-diaspora. He hopes his work can contribute understanding and entrepreneurial networks between Wales, Basque Country, and California, and most importantly, bringing positive change in social, institutional, academic, and diasporic communities overall. https://www.fulbright.org.uk/about-us/meet-our-fulbrighters/2022-23-us-uk-fulbright-award-grantees/2022-23-british-scholar-award-grantees
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Providing geospatial perspectives on all aspects of research in politics and political sciences with a focus on analysing spatial patterns and geographic data visualisation