Ignas Niemegeers

Ignas Niemegeers
Eindhoven University of Technology | TUE · Department of Electrical Engineering

PhD

About

299
Publications
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4,960
Citations

Publications

Publications (299)
Article
It is a huge challenge to run IoT devices/sensors powered solely through ambient harvested energy. Since the harvested energy is less and is stochastic in nature, it is extremely challenging to achieve low latency and high reliability. To this end, we propose a distributed, energy-management module called ReNEW, using Constructive Interference (CI)...
Article
Full-text available
Power allocation plays a central role in cell-free (CF) massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. Many effective methods, e.g., the weighted minimum mean square error (WMMSE) algorithm, have been developed for optimizing the power allocation. Since the state of the channels evolves in time, the power allocation should stay in tune with...
Article
Full-text available
Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) is a key technology in 5G. It enables multiple users to be served in the same time-frequency block through precoding or beamforming techniques, thus increasing capacity, reliability and energy efficiency. A key issue in massive MIMO is the allocation of power to the individual antennas, in order to achi...
Preprint
IEEE 802.11ad specifies a hybrid medium access control (MAC) protocol consisting of contention as well as noncontention-based channel access mechanisms. Further, it also employs directional antennas to compensate for the high freespace path loss observed in 60GHz frequency band. Therefore, it significantly differs from other IEEE 802.11(b/g/n/ac) M...
Preprint
60GHz wireless local area networks (WLANs) standards (e.g., IEEE 802.11ad and IEEE 802.15.3c) employ hybrid MAC protocols consisting of contention based access using CSMA/CA as well as dedicated service periods using time division multiple access (TDMA). To provide the channel access in the contention part of the protocol, quasi omni (QO) antenna p...
Article
The constructive interference (CI) phenomenon has been exploited by a number of protocols for providing energy-efficient, low-latency, and reliable data collection and dissemination services in wireless sensor networks. These protocols consider CI to provide highly reliable packet delivery. This has attracted attention to understand the working of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Channel congestion is one of the most critical issues in IEEE 802.11p-based vehicular ad hoc networks as it leads to unreliability of safety applications. As a counter measure, the European Telecommunications Standard Institute (ETSI), proposes a mandatory Decentralized Congestion Control (DCC) framework to control the channel load, by tuning trans...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Channel congestion is one of the most critical issues in IEEE 802.11p-based vehicular ad hoc networks because congestion may lead to unreliability of applications. As a counter measure, the European Telecommunications Standard Institute (ETSI), proposes a mandatory Decentralized Congestion Control (DCC) framework to control the channel load. DCC al...
Article
IEEE 802.11ad specifies a hybrid medium access control (MAC) protocol consisting of contention as well as noncontention- based channel access mechanisms. Further, it also employs directional antennas to compensate for the high freespace path loss observed in 60GHz frequency band. Therefore, it significantly differs from other IEEE 802.11(b/g/n/ac)...
Article
Full-text available
Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) require Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) communication. In dense traffic, the communication channel may become congested, impairing the reliability of the ITS safety applications. Therefore, European Telecommunications Standard Institute (ETSI) demands Decentralized Congestion Control (DCC) to control the channel...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the IEEE 802.11 standard meager effort has been invested towards devising greener WLAN communication. Especially with the massive deployment of Enterprise WLAN in indoor networks a lot of access points (APs) are densely packed for increasing the capacity offered. But most of the APs deployed are idle for a larger period of time in a day. This pa...
Conference Paper
Massive MIMO is a key technique for next generation wireless networks due to its potential for significant capacity improvement. To achieve good performance, accurate channel state information (CSI) is needed, especially at the transmitter, to calculate the beamforming matrices. This problem exists for traditional MIMO systems and becomes more chal...
Conference Paper
Small cell networks (SCN) and massive MIMO are both promising techniques for improving the network capacity. In this paper, we consider applying both concepts for indoor communications based on a radio-over-fiber (RoF) infrastructure. We give a comparison of the achievable sum-rates using the same system configurations which include the same set of...
Article
Full-text available
Several service applications have been reported by many who proposed the use of wireless LANs (WLANs) over a wide variety of outdoor deployments. In particular, the upcoming IEEE 802.11ah WLAN protocol will enable a longer transmission range between WLAN access points (APs) and stations (STAs) up to multiple kilometers using carrier frequencies at...
Article
Full-text available
Rapid proliferation of wireless communication devices and the emergence of a variety of new applications have triggered investigations into next-generation mobile broadband systems, i.e., 5G. Legacy 2G--4G systems covering large areas were envisioned to serve both indoor and outdoor environments. However, in the 5G-era, 80\% of overall traffic is e...
Article
Ambient energy harvesting for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) is being pitched as a promising solution for long-lasting deployments in various WSN applications. However, the sensor nodes most often do not have enough energy to handle application, network and house-keeping tasks because amount of energy harvested highly varies spatially and temporal...
Conference Paper
Large MIMO systems are recognized as an effective technique for increasing the spectral and energy efficiency of wireless networks. The attractiveness of this technique for WLAN is that it can be an alternative approach to cell densification for providing high data rate wireless access. Here we consider large MIMO systems in indoor WLANs for multi-...
Article
The 60 GHz unlicensed frequency band has been adopted to support high data rate WLAN applications. The problem of this frequency band is that the wireless signal is vulnerable to the shadowing of objects. Especially in indoor scenarios, humans may frequently block the signal paths that cause disconnections of devices. This problem can be mitigated...
Article
Enterprise WLANs encompassing supernumerary Access Points (APs) are being used to provide capacity to indoor environments. The approach of over dimensioned deployment of APs to meet the capacity needs of users at critical time points are advocated without little concern towards the important issue of power wastage. For a sustainable greener environ...
Article
Full-text available
Communication at mmWave frequencies has been the focus in the recent years. In this paper, we discuss standardization efforts in 60 GHz short range communication and the progress therein. We compare the available standards in terms of network architecture, medium access control mechanisms, physical layer techniques and several other features. Compa...
Article
Full-text available
The new long-range WLANs will enable a simple and cost-efficient setup of wireless ambient systems, including smart city and smart grid communication networks. The emerging IEEE 802.11ah WLAN standard utilizes carrier frequencies at 900 MHz in the ISM-band and facilitates multi-antenna MIMO-OFDM. In order to further increase the wireless coverage,...
Conference Paper
Radio over Fiber (RoF) based IEEE 802.11x (where x can be a, b, g, n, ac) Fiber Wireless (Fi-Wi) LANs are being thought of as a better solution towards deployment of Enterprise WLAN. It provides optimized load distribution among Access Points (APs) and also better efficient power management of the overall network. In most of the existing works abou...
Article
Full-text available
Wireless LANs (WLANs) are increasingly becoming popular. Indeed the trend is to use WLAN interfaces in many instruments and devices. This increasing number of user terminals in WLANs has thrown new access issues. This motivates the redesign of the current wireless media access schemes. We analyze the performance of such high density WLANs and discu...
Conference Paper
Large MIMO is a new and promising technique for boosting wireless link capacity. Currently, the research of large MIMO focuses on the theoretical aspects while work on the practical implementations and analysis are very limited. In this paper, we present some critical investigations on the behaviors of large MIMO in real propagation environment bas...
Conference Paper
As more bandwidth hogging applications like video streaming or video conferencing are entering the telecom market, indoor networks need to be more efficient, failure-resilient and flexible. WiFi have predominantly been the most ubiquitous indoor wireless technology. WiFi Access Points (APs) are placed progressively in indoor locations resulting in...
Article
Full-text available
IEEE 802.22 is the first world-wide standard for wireless regional area networks using cognitive radio technologies. Major drawbacks of these networks are limited network capacity and low energy efficiency. One potential solution for these drawbacks is device-to-device communication, which can be incorporated as D2DWRAN. D2DWRAN features direct int...
Article
Full-text available
Context awareness is one of the building blocks of smart applications that constitutes smart spaces. With the emergence of cyber physical systems, it is now possible to create spaces that are truly adaptable and smart. In these spaces, contextual parameters are captured by many wireless sensor nodes. This collected data is processed to understand t...
Conference Paper
IEEE 802.22 standard is the first worldwide standard using cognitive radio (CR) technology for wireless regional area networks (WRANs). Orthogonal frequency-division multiple access (OFDMA) is employed for point-to-multi-point (P2M) communication between base stations (BS) and customer premises equipments (CPEs) in WRANs. The large coverage of a si...
Conference Paper
IEEE 802.22 wireless regional area network (WRAN) standard employing cognitive radios is gaining much attention recently. The WRAN standard targets reuse of unused TV channels. We propose a device-to-device wireless regional area network (D2DWRAN) to extend the capacity of IEEE 802.22. Network capacity can be increased by supporting direct intra-ce...
Article
Full-text available
The pervasiveness of wireless technology has indeed created massive opportunity to integrate almost everything into the Internet fabric. This can be seen with the advent of Internet of Things and Cyber Physical Systems, which involves cooperation of massive number of intelligent devices to provide intelligent services. Fairness amongst these device...
Article
Full-text available
We propose two novel energy-aware routing algorithms for wireless ad hoc networks, called reliable minimum energy cost routing (RMECR) and reliable minimum energy routing (RMER). RMECR addresses three important requirements of ad hoc networks: energy-efficiency, reliability, and prolonging network lifetime. It considers the energy consumption and t...
Conference Paper
60 GHz wireless local area networks (WLANs) standards (e.g., IEEE 802.11ad and IEEE 802.15.3c) employ hybrid MAC protocols consisting of contention based access using CSMA/CA as well as dedicated service periods using time division multiple access (TDMA). To provide the channel access in the contention part of the protocol, quasi omni (QO) antenna...
Article
Full-text available
IEEE 802.15.4 Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) and IEEE 802.11b/g Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) are often collocated, causing a coexistence issue since these networks share the same 2.4GHz Industrial, Scientific, and Medical band. In our previous work, we built a coexistence model of IEEE 802.15.4 WSNs and IEEE 802.11b/g WLANs. By identifying...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In a home environment, a Smart Grid Home Area Network (SG-HAN) platform facilitates collection and delivery of power consumption information for load profiling and informed decisions on energy management. However, one of the main challenges in HAN is the overcrowded unlicensed 2.4-GHz ISM frequency band, occupied by several types of radio technolog...
Conference Paper
IEEE 802.22 is the first standard to utilize cognitive radio technology for wireless regional area networks (WRANs). It has adopted a cellular topology containing one base station (BS) and multiple customer premises equipments (CPEs) in a cell. It covers a very large area with radius ranging up to 100 km. Orthogonal frequency-division multiple acce...
Conference Paper
Radio-over-fiber (RoF) technology is a promising candidate to provide high data rates and ubiquitous coverage by distributing small cells over the service area. For wireless LAN (WLAN) application in RoF systems, an access points (AP) can be shared among multiple small cells. The medium access mechanisms in the distributed coordination function (DC...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The challenge in future unlicensed wireless networks will be the coordination of spectrum access among wireless LAN (WLAN) nodes in high dense areas. New WLAN standards, such as IEEE 802.11ah, will provide optimized outdoor WLAN coverage with a range of 1 km, thus exceeding the number of associated WLAN nodes. Hence, massive access schemes are requ...
Article
A personal network (PN) is a network of devices belonging to a person. It can consist of a number of ad hoc sub-networks which are linked together through the Internet. We study battery-aware routing for multi-hop connectivity in sub-networks of PNs, and propose a new algorithm. The proposed algorithm takes the advantage of having mains-connected d...
Conference Paper
Successive Interference Cancellation (SIC) is a well-known technique for enhancing wireless channel efficiency by allowing concurrent transmissions from multiple users. This multiuser detection technique is usually used in cellular systems. In this paper we adapt it to Radio-over-Fiber (RoF) system for the same purpose. Due to the similarity to usi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Devices in future Internet of Things (IoT) will be scavenging energy from the ambiance for all their operations. They face challenges in various aspects of network organization and operation due to the nature of ambient energy sources such as, solar insolation, vibration and motion. In this paper we analyze the classical two-way algorithm for neigh...
Conference Paper
IEEE 802.22 is proposed for reusing the TV channels with cognitive radio technology to build Wireless Regional Area Networks (WRANs). The cellular topology of a WRAN makes the spectrum management easy. However, this topology reduces the network capacity significantly, because in one slot only one user can be allocated with a channel. Therefore, Pee...
Article
Personal networks (PNs) have been thoroughly studied by many researchers. It is expected to play an important role in the near future along with its new form of Internet of Things (IoT). A PN is formed around a person’s IoT. Most wireless devices in PNs are battery powered and need to keep track of available energy. Additionally, users always requi...
Conference Paper
We propose energy harvesting technologies and cooperative relaying techniques to power the devices and improve reliability. We propose schemes to (a) maximize the packet reception ratio (PRR) by cooperation and (b) minimize the average packet delay (APD) by cooperation amongst nodes. Our key result and insight from the testbed implementation is abo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Even though 60 GHz frequency band has limited coverage, due to the availability of higher bandwidth worldwide (unlicensed, approximately 5 GHz between 57-62 GHz), it is one of the promising candidates for future broadband employing both Fiber and Wireless (Fi-Wi) technology. In this article we briefly explain an in-home radio over fiber (RoF) archi...
Conference Paper
Homes, offices and vehicles are getting networked. This will enable context aware, autonomous operation of many support systems that could be controlled remotely. To achieve this there would be a large number of tiny devices - sensors and actuators - which are networked and they are termed generally as Internet of Things (IoT) devices. In future, t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Using multiple antennas at the transceivers has become a necessity in high data rate wireless communication systems. Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) has been adopted as a mandatory modulation scheme in the upcoming IEEE 802.11ah standard. IEEE 802.11ah will specify carrier frequencies for Wire...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We explore the performance boundaries of sub-1 GHz Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) and summarize the limitations of our proposed narrow-band WLAN system that uses carrier frequencies at 920 MHz with 1 MHz channel bandwidth. While there are several evaluation reports on WLAN testbeds available, no report is available that discusses the boundari...
Data
Full-text available
Wireless communication is playing an important role in our daily life since it offers flexibility and mobility. New multimedia services demand data-rates of up to hundreds of Mbps and thus higher frequency bands are being explored to support these new high data rate services. However, to support mobility, handoff is a must in many of these networks...
Data
Full-text available
The newer context-aware applications require many inputs and amongst them the location information is one of the most important. In the near future, we see the potential in using wireless sensors deployed inside buildings to support in generating the location information besides their other routine tasks.This paper records the efforts involved in d...
Conference Paper
Peer to peer wireless regional area network (P2PWRAN) is proposed as an extension to support peer to peer communication based on IEEE 802.22 [1]. Multiple channel allocation and reuse of channels in the same time slot in P2PWRAN significantly increase the network capacity compared to standard IEEE 802.22 networks. One of the key issues in bringing...
Conference Paper
Wireless Regional Area Networks(WRAN), IEEE 802.22 standard, adopts a centralized cellular topology including base station (BS) and customer-premise equipments (CPEs). However this may lead to limited network capacity, since every CPE needs to communicate to the BS and only one channel can be used to communicate in the whole cell per time slot with...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Wireless communication in the sub 1GHz band is going to be one of the key enabler for the wireless smart grid. As part of the smart grid, home area networks (HAN) have to be reliable, robust, and secure. Frequency bands at 2.4 GHz are widely used, e.g., by Wi-Fi and ZigBee systems, but are highly congested. Frequency bands below 1 GHz, such as the...
Conference Paper
With the advent of Internet of Things (IoT), many newer possibilities of service provisioning are opening up. Truly Google like searching for objects in our daily life is not ruled out in near future. Towards this aim, we have proposed Approximate service provisioning in our previous works [18, 19]. In this paper we propose a model for such a servi...
Conference Paper
One of the sources of the energy waste in wireless sensor networks is idle listening, the time in which a node monitors the free channel. In applications where the events occur sporadically, energy consumption due to idle listening can be further reduced by dual-radio cooperation. In dual- radio cooperation, nodes in the network have two stacks. On...
Article
Full-text available
Researchers can use bond graph modeling, a tool that takes into account the energy conservation principle, to accurately assess the dynamic behavior of wireless sensor networks on a continuous basis.