Ignacio Tiznado Aitken

Ignacio Tiznado Aitken
University of Toronto | U of T · Department of Human Geography

PhD

About

23
Publications
1,848
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256
Citations
Introduction
Visit my website to know more about me: https://tiznadoaitken.cl. I hold a Ph.D. in transportation engineering from the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. During 2018-2019 I was a postgraduate researcher at the Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds. During 2020-2021, I worked as a postdoctoral researcher at the Center for Sustainable Urban Development (CEDEUS). Currently, I’m working as a postdoctoral researcher at the Department of Human Geography, University of Toronto.

Publications

Publications (23)
Article
A growing concern for mobility-related social inclusion and equity is evident from both academic research and planning best practices. Scholarly research promotes accessibility as the main aim of transport planning, assuming it as the evaluative approach that better conveys how mobility contributes to individuals' well-being and participation in so...
Article
The quantitative measurement of accessibility through public transport has become more complex and accurate over time. However, it lacks many of the deeper nuances of how people actually experience their travel environments. Our previous works have highlighted the importance of incorporating the lived travel experiences of passengers within accessi...
Article
Several cities around the world have changed their transportation planning paradigm, understanding that the prime goal is to provide access to opportunities for everyone. To address this goal, public transport plays a fundamental role and, therefore, it is key for developing a sustainable and equitable city. This paper proposes a methodology to ana...
Article
Housing and transport affordability (H + TA) analysis has been receiving increasing attention among academics and practitioners worldwide, particularly in Global North settings. These studies usually overlook spatial and socioeconomic distributional considerations that potentially underestimate the simultaneous impact of transport and housing costs...
Article
There is growing body of research and practice assessing transportation equity and justice. Commuting is an especially important dimension to study since such frequent, non-discretionary travel, can come at the expense of time for other activities and therefore negatively impact mental health and well-being. An ”extreme commuter” is a worker who ha...
Article
Structural socio-economic and institutional limitations can affect the implementation of cycling infrastructure. More stringent cycling infrastructure standards aiming to solve deficiencies might exacerbate disparities, especially in poor districts with fragmentary governance. Using an audit and quantitative and spatial analysis of cycleways, this...
Preprint
There is growing body of research and practice assessing transportation equity and justice. Commuting is an especially important dimension to study since such frequent, non-discretionary travel, can come at the expense of time for other activities and therefore negatively impact mental health and well-being. An "extreme commuter" is a worker who ha...
Article
On-demand delivery services are experiencing a moment of expansion, which the COVID-19 pandemic contributed to foster. For cities in quarantine, these services allow the supply of food and other primary goods without moving from home, making riders move and access them on behalf of the clients. During a pandemic, working as a rider potentially incr...
Preprint
Public transit agencies face a transformed landscape of rider demand and political support as the COVID-19 pandemic continues. We explore people’s motivations for returning to or avoiding public transit a year into the pandemic. We draw on a March 2021 follow up survey of over 1,900 people who rode transit regularly prior to the COVID-19 pandemic i...
Article
Various studies show that bikeshare systems have positive implications for people's health, social cohesion, urban livability, and urban congestion, although many suggest bikeshare systems are not achieving equity goals, particularly regarding low-income people and women. To date, most of these studies come from cities in the Global North, the majo...
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic and the need for physical distancing in public spaces have significant effects on sustainable mobility initiatives. Many cities around the world promoted temporary transformations of streets, redistributing road space to create emergency cycleways and expand sidewalks to allow the movement of people while granting a certain ph...
Article
En Chile, distintos actores gubernamentales y públicos han propuesto una serie de condiciones que deben cumplir aquellas áreas donde se podrán aplicar incentivos normativos para proyectos de vivienda con integración social. En este trabajo, basados en el estado del arte de la geografía de transporte y accesibilidad, analizamos críticamente aquellos...
Article
Full-text available
A pre-analysis of the capability of individuals and municipalities to cope with COVID-19 using sustainable city and health indicators.
Chapter
Latin American cities show deep sociospatial inequalities and urban segregation. This unequal scenario raises key challenges regarding accessibility and affordability of transport and housing, especially for the most vulnerable population which usually experiences the consequences of spatial mismatch. In Santiago de Chile, 60% of households do not...
Article
If sustainable transport is defined by emissions and energy, urban passenger transport in Chile could be considered “sustainable”, with two-thirds of trips made by walking, cycling or public transit. Recent studies, however, reveal that gender and equity issues are highly problematic, pointing to tensions between environmental and social sustainabi...
Article
In this essay, we focus on how (im)mobility reflects wider socio-spatial and health inequalities in a highly segregated city: Santiago de Chile. Such immobility is relevant because it challenges common understandings of mobility in at least three ways: it reconfigures the relationship between mobility and health; it shows that inequality becomes vi...
Article
A central issue in urban inequity has to do with distributive justice in the costs and benefits associated with urban transport, and whether certain population groups are systematically disadvantaged about mobility, accessibility, affordability, and externalities, the preponderant factors in transport poverty. This article proposes a methodology fo...
Article
Most studies of public transport accessibility have focused on proximity to stops, walking distances or time to reach them. This approach ignores other accessibility barriers, such as the quality of the urban environment of these walks. The aim of this research is to analyze both accessibility to public transport stops and the quality of the urban...
Article
Full-text available
Gilbert and Perl (2007) establish how different epochs in human history came with specific “transport revolutions.” Our research suggests that intermodal approaches could constitute an invisible transport planning revolution. Based on a review defining “social” sustainability as it applies to urban passenger transportation, we consider the potentia...
Article
Although many authors have studied regulatory schemes for bus operators of public transport provision, little attention has been given to incentive schemes for bus drivers in terms of economic incentives and labour conditions. Therefore, there is a need to analyse incentive schemes for bus drivers since the level of service of the bus system is dep...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Explore and describe access and mobility of seniors in Chile to develop policy recommendations.
Archived project
Development of a web-based platform for accessibility evaluation and modelling. The platform is called WalkMyPlace in English and CiudadCaminable.com in Spanish.