Ignacio Perez-Ramos

Ignacio Perez-Ramos
Spanish National Research Council | CSIC · Biogeochemistry, Plant and Microbian Ecology

Dr

About

107
Publications
31,682
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
3,577
Citations
Citations since 2016
48 Research Items
2616 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
Additional affiliations
November 2014 - present
Spanish National Research Council
Position
  • PostDoc Position
January 2010 - March 2014
Spanish National Research Council
Position
  • PostDoc Position
October 2007 - September 2009
French National Centre for Scientific Research
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (107)
Article
Mediterranean savannahs (dehesas) are agro-sylvo-pastoral systems with a marked seasonality, with severe summer drought and favourable rainy spring and autumn. These conditions are forecasted to become more extreme due to the ongoing global climate change. Under such conditions, it is key to understand SOM (soil organic matter) dynamics at a molecu...
Article
Sustainability and functioning of silvopastoral ecosystems are being threatened by the forecasted warmer and drier environments in the Mediterranean region. Scattered trees of these ecosystems could potentially mitigate the impact of climate change on herbaceous plant community but this issue has not yet tested experimentally. We carried out a fiel...
Article
Full-text available
Lack of tree fecundity data across climatic gradients precludes the analysis of how seed supply contributes to global variation in forest regeneration and biotic interactions responsible for biodiversity. A global synthesis of raw seedproduction data shows a 250‐fold increase in seed abundance from cold‐dry to warm‐wet climates, driven primarily by...
Article
Increasing air temperatures and decreasing rainfall can alter Mediterranean ecosystems, where summer heat and drought already limit plant regeneration. Manipulative field studies can help to understand and anticipate community responses to climate changes. In a Mediterranean oak wooded pasture, we have investigated the effects of warming (W, via op...
Article
Full-text available
The relationships that control seed production in trees are fundamental to understanding the evolution of forest species and their capacity to recover from increasing losses to drought, fire, and harvest. A synthesis of fecundity data from 714 species worldwide allowed us to examine hypotheses that are central to quantifying reproduction, a foundat...
Article
Increasing temperature and aridity predicted by climate change models in the Mediterranean region will pose a significant challenge for the survival of some plant species. The mechanisms by which species modify their phenotype across generations in response to the environment have been identified as essential to cope with the new climatic condition...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of the present study was to analyse the fruit yield and the lipid and phenolic composition of the seeds from the edible halophyte Crithmum maritimum growing in different types of soil with variable physicochemical properties. Seed oil content ranged between 8.39-11.66% and showed high nutritional value, and the phenolic composition (4...
Article
Crithmum maritimum L. is an edible halophyte with large potential in human nutrition field. However, it is unclear whether its nutritional value is maintained throughout the contrasting habitats where it commonly grows (cliffs, sandy and rocky beaches) and the nutritional profile of cultivated plants still remains uncertain. In this work, we provid...
Article
Full-text available
Extensive research efforts are devoted to understand fine root trait variation and to confirm the existence of a belowground root economics spectrum (RES) from acquisitive to conservative root strategies that is analogous to the leaf economics spectrum (LES). The economics spectrum implies a trade-off between maximizing resource acquisition and pro...
Article
Full-text available
AimsSoil abiotic factors influence plant defensive traits by shaping the costs of defence production and these bottom-up effects on plants can in turn affect insect herbivory. However, few studies have disentangled direct and indirect effects of soil abiotic factors on plant defences and insect herbivory.Methods To address this gap, we tested the i...
Article
Soil respiration (RS) is one of the most important carbon fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems, and it is considered as a keystone in predicting ecosystem functioning. Changes in climate and land use may alter RS, triggering feedbacks between RS and other ecosystem components. Different factors might simultaneously alter RS, but the consequences of the...
Article
Mycorrhizal fungi are key components of whole-plant adaptive strategies to cope with different abiotic and biotic constraints. Although they are particularly sensitive to different global change drivers, there are still many gaps on the mechanisms underpinning shifts in mycorrhizal associations under different climatic and management scenarios. We...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of reduced rainfall and increased temperatures forecasted by climate change models on plant communities will depend on the capacity of plant species to acclimate and adapt to new environmental conditions. The acclimation process is mainly driven by epigenetic regulation, including structural and chemical modifications on the genome that...
Article
Full-text available
1. Many studies have quantified the functional variation of fine root traits to understand the overarching trade-off between maximizing resource acquisition or conservation (root economics spectrum -RES-). However, we know remarkably less on how plant strategies along the RES are actually constrained by the amount of photosynthates required to cons...
Article
Full-text available
Research has shown that warming and drought change plant phenolics. However, much of this work has centered on the effects of individual abiotic stressors on single plant species rather than the concurrent effects of multiple stressors at the plant community level. To address this gap, we manipulated rainfall and air temperature to test for their i...
Article
Full-text available
Ecologists have long argued that higher functioning in diverse communities arises from the niche differences stabilizing species coexistence and from the fitness differences driving competitive dominance. However, rigorous tests are lacking. We couple field-parameterized models of competition between 10 annual plant species with a biodiversity-func...
Chapter
Iberian oak forests and woodlands are vital providing a variety of ecosystem services. They provide raw materials like cork, wood and fuel, and fodder (acorns) for wild and domestic animals. Oak trees provide a climate regulating service by their capacity to sequester carbon and therefore to mitigate the effects of climatic change. There is an incr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Quantifying the functional variation of fine root traits and their interactions with symbiotic organisms is an uprising research topic to understand the overarching trade-off between maximizing resource acquisition or conservation (root economics spectrum -RES-). The currency of root traits economy is based on the carbon required to construct them;...
Article
The increasing aridity due to climate change is considered a threat for biodiversity conservation and for the provision of ecosystem services, especially in savanna-like ecosystems (dehesas). We carried out a field experiment combining rainfall exclusion and warming in dehesas of southwestern Spain, using 36 experimental plots equally distributed b...
Preprint
Full-text available
With ongoing biodiversity loss, it is important to understand how the mechanisms that promote coexistence relate to those that increase functioning in diverse communities. Both coexistence and biodiversity functioning research have unified their mechanisms into two classes. However, despite seeming similarities, theory suggests that coexistence and...
Article
Understanding why co-occurring plant species show differential phenological sensitivities to climate fluctuations, and more specifically to the joint variation in temperature and precipitation, is critical to make accurate predictions on how climate change could alter community dynamics and ecosystem functioning. However, the role that some relevan...
Article
Climate change and exotic pests and pathogens are causing alarming forest declines worldwide. However, we still lack a comprehensive understanding of how damage caused by exotic pests and pathogens might vary under the different scenarios of water availability imposed by a changing climate, particularly in water-limited forests as those that occupy...
Preprint
Full-text available
Functional traits are expected to modulate plant competitive dynamics. However, how traits and their plasticity in response to contrasting environments connect with the mechanisms determining species coexistence remains poorly understood. Here, we couple field experiments under two contrasting climatic conditions to a plant population model describ...
Article
Full-text available
Functional traits are expected to modulate plant competitive dynamics. However, how traits and their plasticity in response to contrasting environments connect with the mechanisms determining species coexistence remains poorly understood. Here, we couple field experiments under two contrasting climatic conditions to a plant population model describ...
Article
The changes in climate registered at the planetary scale threaten the persistence of current populations for many plant species, with effects particularly evident at the edges of species distributions. However, intraspecific differences in functional traits could modulate the plant responses to the expected increase in drought. Using a trait-based...
Article
Premise of the study: The influence of weather conditions on masting and the ecological advantages of this reproductive behavior have been the subject of much interest. Weather conditions act as cues influencing reproduction of individual plants, and similar responses expressed across many individuals lead to population-level synchrony in reproduc...
Article
Very little is known about how variation in environmental conditions alters the strength and the structure of competitive networks and what are the consequences of this for species coexistence. We performed a competition experiment with 10 annual plant species to parameterise a population model describing species’ dynamics according to their vital...
Article
Full-text available
Key message This study reinforces the existence of the leaf economics spectrum in Mediterranean woody species, and demonstrates the strong influence of phylogeny, leaf habit and environmental context as main drivers of variability in structural and nutrient traits of leaves. Abstract Leaf structural and nutrient traits are key attributes of plant...
Article
Full-text available
Water availability is one of the most important factors determining species distribution, plant community structure and ecosystem functioning. We explore how the functional structure of Mediterranean woody plant communities varies along a regional gradient of aridity in the Andalusian region (south Spain). We question whether communities located in...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aims Root traits play a critical role in plant resource-use strategies and ecosystem functioning, but there is great controversy regarding their identity and functionality in different dimensions of belowground functional variation. Here, we explored the level of covariation among a suite of key root traits (i.e. specific root length...
Article
Understanding how different factors mediate the resistance of communities to climatic variability is a question of considerable ecological interest that remains mostly unresolved. This is particularly remarkable to improve predictions about the impact of climate change on vegetation. 2.Here we used a trait-based approach to analyse the sensitivity...
Article
Full-text available
According with niche theory the species are specialized in different ecological niches, being able to coexist as result of a differential use of resources. In this context, the biogeochemical niche hypothesis proposes that species have an optimal elemental composition which results from the link between the chemical and morphological traits for the...
Article
Full-text available
In the last two decades, widespread tree decline and mortality have been documented in forests worldwide. These mortality events usually show certain level of host-specificity, translating into rapid changes in the relative abundance of the adult community. Despite these short-term changes, it is poorly understood whether the decline and mortality...
Article
Quercus open-woodlands, dehesas in Spain, are one of the most important ecosystems of the Mediterranean Basin, but their sustainability and persistence could be seriously affected by global change and exotic pathogen introductions. This study examines the interactive effects of climate change and land-use (over-grazing) changes on production of spo...
Article
The predator satiation hypothesis poses that synchronous and variable seed production during masting events increases seed escape through seed predator satiation. The success of this strategy depends upon the type of consumer functional response, in this case defined as the change in seed consumption rate by a predator as a function of change in se...
Article
Questions How are ectomycorrhizal (ECM) and arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) traits related to other plant traits at the community level? Which abiotic factors drive the variability of these ECM and AM traits? What is the relative importance of plant species turnover and plant intraspecific differences on mycorrhizal trait variability among communities?...
Article
Although the functional basis of variable and synchronous seed production (masting behavior) has been extensively investigated, only recently has attention been focused on the proximate mechanisms driving this phenomenon. We analyzed the relationship between weather and acorn production in 15 species of oaks (genus Quercus) from three geographic re...
Article
Full-text available
Aims Extreme climatic events mayhave important consequences forplant community structure and composition. In 2005, a severe drought together with a cold winter promoted extensive damage and mortality in shrubland communities of southwest Spain (DoñanaNational Park). Here, we aim to identify the mechanisms underlying community stability (resistance...
Article
Full-text available
Extreme climatic episodes, likely associated with climate change, often result in profound alterations of ecosystems and, particularly, in drastic events of vegetation die-off. Species attributes are expected to explain different biological responses to these environmental alterations. Here we explored how changes in plant cover and recruitment in...
Article
Full-text available
QuestionsIs there any evidence of coordination among leaf, stem and root traits, and thereby of the existence of a plant economics spectrum at the species and community level in Mediterranean forests? Are these traits related to plant size and seed mass?LocationMediterranean forests and shrublands, Sierra Morena mountains, Córdoba, southern Spain.M...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies have shown that accounting for intraspecific trait variation (ITV) may better address major questions in community ecology. However, a general picture of the relative extent of ITV compared to interspecific trait variation in plant communities is still missing. Here, we conducted a meta-analysis of the relative extent of ITV within a...
Article
Understanding which factors and rules govern the process of assembly in communities constitutes one of the main challenges of plant community ecology. The presence of certain functional strategies along broad environmental gradients can help to understand the patterns observed in community assembly and the filtering mechanisms that take place. We u...
Article
Understanding the proximate factors that govern the widespread mast-seeding process is a question of considerable interest that remains poorly understood. The identity and effect of these factors may vary among coexisting species that differ in leaf habit, potentially resulting in temporally asynchronous patterns of seed production.In this study we...
Article
Full-text available
In forests, the vulnerable seedling stage is largely influenced by the canopy, which modifies the surrounding environment. Consequently, any alteration in the characteristics of the canopy, such as those promoted by forest dieback, might impact regeneration dynamics. Our work analyzes the interaction between canopy neighbors and seedlings in Medite...