Ignacio Munilla

Ignacio Munilla
Munilla Biodiversidade · Biodiversity Services and Ecological Consultancy

Dr.

About

51
Publications
9,385
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,168
Citations
Citations since 2016
13 Research Items
529 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
Introduction
My experience as researcher, teacher and manager covers a wide range of fields and topics in the biological and environmental sciences, from ecology and botany to more applied subjects such as environmental impact assessment and, certainly, conservation biology. I am familiar with a wide array of organisms and levels of organization, from fleshy-fruited plants to carnivores and from species and communities to landscapes.
Additional affiliations
September 2020 - present
Munilla Biodiversidade
Position
  • Consultant
December 2007 - April 2014
University of Santiago de Compostela
Position
  • Fellow
Description
  • Teaching: Foundations of Applied Biology / Botany / Biological Oceanography / Plant Conservation Research: Interactions between plants and animals / Conservation of endangered plant species and their habitats
January 2000 - April 2007
University of Vigo
Position
  • Managing Director
Description
  • ACTIVITIES: Management of green areas / Habitat creation and repair / Environmental Education / Mitigation of environmental impacts / Management of urban and hazardous wastes.

Publications

Publications (51)
Article
Full-text available
Human activities and changing environmental conditions are the main drivers of ecosystem change. One major change near the western Iberian coast has been the collapse of the Atlanto-Iberian sardine Sardina pilchardus stock, with important cascading effects on marine top predators. We investigated the effect of long-term changes in fishery landings,...
Article
Full-text available
O cambio global ameaza a biodiversidade, principalmente a través de cambios no clima e no uso da terra. O uso da terra pode afectar a di-versidade de especies en paisaxes dominadas por humanos. As terras agrícolas están sendo abandonadas en moitas rexións de Europa por causa do despoboamento do medio rural (1). Este abandono é seguido polo crecemen...
Poster
This poster shows the preliminary results of the paper "Anthropogenic food resources, sardine decline and environmental conditions have triggered a dietary shift of an opportunistic seabird over the last 30 years on the northwest coast of Spain" https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10113-020-01609-6
Article
Full-text available
Land use affects diversity in human-dominated landscape mosaics. Thus, bird species richness may be affected by the balance between agriculture and rural abandonment in long-term human-dominated landscapes. We explored whether land abandonment is related to species richness and abundance of birds in a rural area of SW Europe. We conducted avian poi...
Conference Paper
Human activities can affect the structure and dynamics of wild populations, communities, and overall ecosystems. Commercial fisheries and climate change are responsible for modifying the stability of marine food webs, shaping the ecology and behaviour of several marine species. Anthropogenic activities can also generate huge amounts of waste that c...
Technical Report
European shag (P. aristotelis) • The total population of European shags in the National Park was estimated at 944 pairs distributed in 8 main colonies. This represents 67% of the Galician population as censused in 2017. About two thirds of the shags breed in Ons, 25% in Cíes and the remaining 9% in Sagres. The largest colony is located in the nort...
Technical Report
Full-text available
European shag (P. aristotelis) • The total population of European shags in the National Park was estimated at 944 pairs distributed in 8 main colonies. This represents 67% of the Galician population as censused in 2017. About two thirds of the shags breed in Ons, 25% in Cíes and the remaining 9% in Sagres. The largest colony is located in the nort...
Technical Report
Full-text available
European shag (Phalacrocorax aristotelis) • The number of breeding European shags was estimated for three large sectors distributed in the major breeding colonies totalling 116 nest: O Faro island (Cíes), Xubenco-Fontenova (Ons) and Sagres de Fóra (Sálvora archipelago). Compared to 2015 the population breeding in the monitoring sectors declined by...
Article
Full-text available
Non-native invasive species are one of the most serious threats to biodiversity and are considered the leading cause of extinction of several bird taxa, including seabirds. Introduced American mink (Neovison vison) have caused devastating effects on island populations of several colonial seabird species. In this study, we investigated the direct an...
Article
Full-text available
Seabirds are colonial vertebrates that despite their great potential for long-range dispersal and colonization are reluctant to establish in novel locations, often recruiting close to their natal colony. The foundation of colonies is therefore a rare event in most seabird species and little is known about the colonization process in this group. The...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this study, we analysed the viability of seabird populations, specifically the European shag, after the invasion of the American mink. In the last decade the shags at Cíes islands, the southernmost archipelago of the Park, experienced a population collapse in parallel with a similar reduction in its level of heterozygosity. Data from marked indi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This is the second monitoring year of the breeding population of the Yellow-legged gull (Larus michahellis) in the Atlantic Islands of Galicia National Park after the complete census of 2011 (16,837 breeding pairs). The number of apparently occupied territories (AOT) was estimated for six sectors distributed within the major breeding colonies. Comp...
Article
Key Message Synchrony and fluctuation in reproductive output was not associated in individual trees. Abstract In a study conducted at the central Cantabrian Range, northern Iberia, we analyzed the fruiting pattern of 54 rowans (Sorbus aucuparia), a fleshy-fruited tree, over 16 consecutive years. Our objectives were: (a) to assess the covariation...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The breeding population of the Yellow‐legged gull (Larus michahellis) in the Atlantic Islands of Galicia National Park was monitored in 2013. This is the first monitoring after the complete census of 2011 (16,837 breeding pairs). The number of apparently occupied territories (AOT) was estimated for six sectors distributed within the major breeding...
Article
Full-text available
The 11th Conference of the Spanish Association of Terrestrial Ecology, held in Pamplona, Spain, on 6–10 May 2013, included a symposium on alpine ecological research in the Iberian Peninsula. This session offered an excellent opportunity to assess the state and progress of alpine ecology in this region, identify knowledge gaps, and discuss further d...
Data
Full-text available
This paper analyzes the effect of woodlot size and land-use intensity on the species richness of vascular plants, birds, beetles, and ants in Castanea sativa (chestnut) woodlots of the northwestern Iberian Penin-sula included in the category "9260 Castanea sativa woodland", "Annex I, DC 92/43/European Commu-nity". The results show that the surface...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Census of breeding populations of European shags and Yellow-legged gulls in the National Park of the Atlantic islands of Galicia (NW Spain) and establishment of monitoring areas. Effects of mink predation on European shag populations. Population trend in the yellow-legged gull and relationship with landfill closures. Gull nesting and dune flora.
Article
Full-text available
The main aim of our study was to investigate the coupling between the winter abundance of a seed-eater, the Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula, and the abundance of rowanberry Sorbus aucuparia seeds. We detected a numerical response of Bullfinches to temporal and spatial variation in the abundance of rowanberry seeds throughout the Cantabrian Range in nor...
Article
Full-text available
Notwithstanding the potential applications of stable isotopes in feeding and migration studies, the simultaneous influence of diet, foraging behavior and spatial variation on the stable isotope signatures of seabirds is poorly understood. Many studies have interpreted their isotopic signatures without considering local baseline and prey isotopic si...
Article
Full-text available
In the winter of 2002–03 the Prestige tanker spilled 60,000 tons of oil over the northern half of the Iberian Coastal Large Marine Ecosystem (northern Portugal to France). Most (c. 85%) of the 22,981 oiled seabirds reported were alcids (i.e., auks): Common Murres (Uria aalge), Razorbills (Alca torda) and Atlantic Puffins (Fratercula arctica). Here...
Article
Full-text available
The provision of recreational opportunities is one of the important human goals of marine protected areas. However, as levels of recreational use increase, human disturbance is likely to cause significant detrimental effects upon wildlife. Here we evaluate the best managing options to mitigate the impact of sea-based tourism on the foraging activit...
Chapter
Full-text available
SUMMARY The study has succeeded in filling major knowledge gaps that are relevant to the conservation of the European shag, Phalacrocorax aristotelis, in the National Park of the Atlantic islands of Galicia (north-wes-tern Spain). This terrestrial and marine protected area holds over 50% of the European shag population breeding in Atlantic Iberia....
Article
Despite the well known fact that carnivore mammals are important fruit consumers and legitimate seed dispersers in temperate habitats, little is known about their quantitative responses to fruit availability. Here we show the results of two studies conducted at two different temporal and spatial scales, that were intended to assess the response of...
Article
Full-text available
The widespread omnivory of consumers and the trophic complexity of marine ecosystems make it difficult to infer the feeding ecology of species. The use of stable isotopic analysis plays a crucial role in elucidating trophic interactions. Here we analysed δ15N, δ13C and δ34S in chick feathers, and we used a Bayesian triple-isotope mixing model to re...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we measured via surgical sampling hepatic EROD activity in yellow-legged gulls from oiled and unoiled colonies, 17 months after the Prestige oil spill. We also analyzed stable isotope composition in feathers of the biopsied gulls, in an attempt to monitor oil incorporation into marine food web. We found that yellow-legged gulls in oi...
Article
Here we present a novel non-intrusive approach that can be useful to assess oil effects on seabirds based on the monitoring of oiling rates in live free-ranging gulls.To assess the feasibility of this method, we established a monitoring scheme to record oiling rates in live gulls in a coastal area affected by the Prestige oil spill disaster in Gali...
Article
Full-text available
It has been suggested that sexual signals may be a useful measure of environmental quality as they represent the sum of environmental pressures on the animal. Accordingly, it has been proposed that carotenoid-based coloration may be especially valuable in monitoring and detecting the sublethal effects of toxic pollutants in the environment. Here, w...
Article
-Here we document long-term changes (1977-2004) occurred in the bird as semblages of two woodland patches in relation to the pattern of change in land use and bird populations at the landscape level. The patches selected are representative of the main forest ecosystems in the area: mixed deciduous and chestnut woodland. The study was conducted in C...
Technical Report
Action Plan for the conservation of the European shag (Phalacrocorax aristotelis), the Common guillemot (Uria aalge) and the Black-legged kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) in Galicia (NW Spain).
Article
1.The objectives of the present study were to describe and analyse the composition and structure of aquatic Coleoptera and Hemiptera assemblages in three coastal lagoons of north-western Spain during a one year cycle, in order to evaluate their relative adequacy to provide information about the conservation value of lagoonal habitats and sites. The...
Book
Full-text available
This is the action plan for the conservation of the European shag (Phalacrocorax aristotelis) at the Atlantic Islands of Galicia National Park (NW Spain). This area holds one of the largest breeding population for the species worldwide.
Article
Full-text available
In this study we tested the use of seabird blood as a bioindicator of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) pollution in the marine environment. Blood cells of breeding yellow-legged gulls (Larus michahellis) were able to track spatial and temporal changes consistent with the massive oil pollution pulse that resulted from the Prestige oil spill. Th...
Article
Systems comprising avian frugivores and fleshy-fruited plants are commonly used as models to study how animals respond to temporal and spatial variations in food abundance and distribution. Results have been far from conclusive, partly because of methodological constraints. In this study we investigated the fulfilment of a necessary condition for f...
Article
Full-text available
Here we document long-term changes (1977-2004) occurred in the bird assemblages of two woodland patches in relation to the pattern of change in land use and bird populations at the landscape level. The patches selected are representative of the main forest ecosystems in the area: mixed deciduous and chestnut woodland. The study was conducted in Cau...
Article
Full-text available
The Prestige oil spill in November 2002 is considered the biggest large-scale catastrophe of its type in Europe, thousands of seabirds dying in the subsequent months. Here, the total concentration of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (TPAH) was measured in the blood cell fraction of adult and chick yellow-legged gulls (Larus michahellis) from uno...
Article
In the first half of the XXth century, the common guillemot (Uria aalge) was the seabird with the largest breeding population in Atlantic Iberia (ca. 20,000 individuals), the low-latitude limit of the species breeding range. However, this population suffered a dramatic decline and is quasi-extinct at present. The decline was believed to be associat...
Article
We studied consumption of wild fruits by redwings (Turdus iliacus) at two sites in the SW coast of Iceland, just prior to their autumn migration. Fruit production in the main study site reached c 800000 fruits ha−1. Most of these (c 90% of fresh weight) were Crowberries (Empetrum nigrum) but fruits of Bog bilberry (Vaccinium uliginosum), Berberry (...
Article
Full-text available
We describe the seabird community and the distribution of seabirds in the Flemish Cap in the summer of 2002. Data were collected by means of sixty-six 300 m wide boat transects of varied length in the first half of July. A total of 802 seabirds and 8 species were counted within census transects. Over 70% of seabirds were Great Shearwaters (Puffinus...
Article
Full-text available
In 2003, immediately following the 'Prestige' oil spill in Galicia, Spain, we studied the reproductive performance of European shags Phalacrocorax aristotelis at Illas Cíes, the main breeding ground for the species in Spain. Over the 10 yr preceding the spill, we monitored the breeding and the dynamics of the Illas Cíes population. We performed 100...
Article
An analysis of the contents of 2562 pellets sampled from 1987 to 1993 at breeding colonies and roosting sites showed that Henslow's swimming crabs (Polybius henslowii) are by far the most important marine prey for yellow-legged gulls (Larus cachinnans) on the coasts of Galicia (north-western Spain), occurring in 36.4% of pellets. The results also s...
Article
Full-text available
Movements of Yellow-legged Gulls Larus cachinnans in the north of the Iberian Peninsula. Available ringing data from the Atlantic coasts of Northern Spain (Galicia, Asturias, Cantabria and Basque Country) of Yellow-legged Gulls ringed as chicks at breeding colonies are analyzed and compared with available recoveries of birds ringed in Gerona, the p...
Article
Full-text available
Available ringing data from the Atlantic coasts of Northern Spain (Galicia, Asturias, Cantabria and Basque Country) of Yellow-legged Gulls ringed as chicks at breeding colonies arc analyzed and compared with available recoveries of birds ringed in Gerona, a province holding most of the breeding population in the Spanish Mediterranean. The Atlantic...
Article
Full-text available
The influence of predators on the consumption of Crataegus monogyna fruits by blackbirds and thrushes. We studied the behaviour of Redwings and Blackbirds feeding on hawthorn berries along two hedgerows in southern Scotland representing two levels of disturbance. Hedgerow A runs alongside a heavily frequented path, so that birds are continuously di...
Article
Full-text available
In this studywetested the use of seabird blood as a bioindicator of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) pollution in the marine environment. Blood cells of breeding yellow-legged gulls (Larus michahellis) were able to track spatial and temporal changes consistent with the massive oil pollution pulse that resulted from the Prestige oil spill. Thus...

Questions

Questions (3)
Question
I am looking for a methodology, other than biological controls, that can be applied in woodland temperate ecosystems outside the native range of these species. Thank you!
Question
I am aware that a few pairs of Mediterranean origin nested near Arcachon a few years ago, but I am not sure whether they continue to do so. I would greatly appreciate any other information about recent nesting attempts of Cory´s shearwaters in Atlantic France.
Vous pouvez me répondre en Francais. Merci. 
Question
I just want to know if they grow in acidic, neutral and/or calcareous soils. I am trying to develop an argument based on the premise that Gentiana lutea taxa are mainly plants from acidic soils.

Network

Cited By

Projects

Project (1)